Essays On The Role Of Government Regulation And Policy In Health Care Markets, 2018 University of Kentucky
Essays On The Role Of Government Regulation And Policy In Health Care Markets, Grayson L. Forlines
Theses and Dissertations--Economics
Understanding how health care markets function is important not only because competition has a direct influence on the price and utilization of health care services, but also because the proper functioning, or lack thereof, of health care markets has a very real impact on patients who depend on health care markets and providers for their personal well-being. In this dissertation, I examine the role of government policies and regulation in health care markets, with a focus on the response of health care providers. In Chapter 1, I analyze the impact of Medicare payment rules on hospital ownership of physician practices ...
Ethics And Cost-Effectiveness Of Naloxone, 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
Ethics And Cost-Effectiveness Of Naloxone, Allison Groch
Augustana Center for the Study of Ethics Essay Contest
This essay discusses the ethical components involved with using, distributing, and making naloxone readily available for reversing opioid overdoses. The cost-effectiveness of naloxone is also discussed as a reason why naloxone should be widely used in order to help fight the opioid epidemic.
Essays On Transfer-Program Interactions Among Low-Income Households, 2018 University of Kentucky
Essays On Transfer-Program Interactions Among Low-Income Households, Nicholas S. Moellman
Theses and Dissertations--Economics
This dissertation consists of three essays examining the role of transfer-program interactions for families and households who participate in the social safety net. The safety net is comprised of many different programs, run by different agencies, governed by different rules, and often administered by disparate and secluded entities. However, many households participate in multiple programs, subjecting them to the milieu of administrative hurdles. In this dissertation, I try to untangle some of the intended and unintended effects of program participation that may be experienced by these households.
In Essay 1, I examine the effect of the Patient Protection and Affordable ...
National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder
National Competent Authorities As The Reference Member State: Understanding The Variables Affecting Their Regulatory Decisions, Christian Martin
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The pharmaceutical medicines in one member state of the European Union do not belong in any other member state unless that member state’s national medicines agency has approved them. In this paper I look at the two procedures that exist, the mutual recognition procedure and the decentralized procedure. I ask what affects the variation in ease and stringency within the regulatory decisions of the national competent authorities when acting as the reference member state. I hypothesize that institutions and economic political ideology influence the regulatory decisions, leading to more or less finalized procedures. Multi-variate regressions confirm the permeability of ...
The Impact Of Noxious And Carcinogenic Pollutants In Adams County Colorado, 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder
The Impact Of Noxious And Carcinogenic Pollutants In Adams County Colorado, Ahnika Leroy
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This paper will explore how carcinogenic and noxious pollutants emitted from Toxic Release Sites (TRI) effect housing prices in an urban area of Colorado. This is possible in an empirical model that considers the influence of commercial and industrial properties. My approach addresses an important source of omitted variable bias like issues of sorting and agglomeration by disaggregating pollutant types and sites. I will also compare estimates using a hedonic and repeat sales model. Since I am using the repeat sales model, this can control for bias due to sorting. Results indicate that pollutant coefficients in the repeat sales model ...
Identifying Barriers To Attendance In Counseling Among Adults In The United States: Confirming The Factor Structure Of The Revised Fit, Stigma, & Value Scale, Michael T. Kalkbrenner, Edward S. Neukrug
Counseling & Human Services Faculty Publications
The primary aim of this study was to cross-validate the Revised Fit, Stigma, & Value (FSV) Scale, a questionnaire for measuring barriers to counseling, using a stratified random sample of adults in the United States. Researchers also investigated the percentage of adults living in the United States that had previously attended counseling and examined demographic differences in participants’ sensitivity to barriers to counseling. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis supported the factorial validity of the three-dimensional FSV model. Results also revealed that close to one-third of adults in the United States have attended counseling, with women attending counseling at higher ...
The Economic Impact Of Medicaid On West Virginia's Economy, 2018 West Virginia University
The Economic Impact Of Medicaid On West Virginia's Economy, Christiadi, John Deskins
Bureau of Business & Economic Research
No abstract provided.
Three Essays On Health, Risk And Behavior, 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Three Essays On Health, Risk And Behavior, Irene Mussio
Health-related decisions could be explained by a variety of factors, ranging from the perception of the risk the activity involves to the knowledge of the long-term effects of the decision. An individual deciding to eat unhealthy or not to exercise could face health problems in the long-run. Individuals with health issues have been found to be more risk averse when it comes to financial decisions, such as portfolio allocation. Financial incentives to engage in healthier behaviors have been successful but short-lived.
Prior research leaves many questions such as: What are the factors that explain why an individual decides to engage ...
Capitalization Of Green Space And Water Quality Into Residential Housing Values, 2018 University of Kentucky
Capitalization Of Green Space And Water Quality Into Residential Housing Values, Willie B. Bedell
Theses and Dissertations--Agricultural Economics
This thesis investigates how proximity to parks, historic district designations, and water quality are valued at residential housing prices. The first essay argues that the negative influences of parks and historic districts, if not noticed, could promote negative externalities and unincentivized investments. I find a negative impact on housing values for a close proximity to a park, suggesting disamenities in park features. When the boundary discontinuity and park amenities are considered, I find a positive valuation for a park. Overall, these results imply a mixed influence of parks on homeowners. From the historic district standpoint, I find a positive valuation ...
Unveil The Mysterious Reality Of Management Healthcare In China: A Case Study On Institutional Arrangement, Yasha Zhang
Scripps Senior Theses
This thesis identifies and analyzes current problems in the healthcare market in China. Although many health indicators of China such as life expectancy and child mortality rates have improved significantly and suggest that the healthcare reform in China is successful, there have been many more reports of patient's violent attack towards the doctor, the sudden death of doctors, and decreasing doctor supplies that suggest otherwise. I observed that the relationship between doctors and patients are intense, doctors experience enormous working pressure, and many doctors are leaving the market. It makes me wonder how did government fail to improve its ...
Out-Of-Pocket Cost For Individuals Being Treated For Opioid Dependence In Rutland County, Vermont, 2018 University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine
Out-Of-Pocket Cost For Individuals Being Treated For Opioid Dependence In Rutland County, Vermont, Christopher T. Veal
Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects
Each day more than 140 Americans die from drug overdoses, 91 specifically due to opioids. In Vermont, more than 50 people die each year from opioid poisoning. With insurance coverage being a critical component of Opioid Dependence Recovery, many people seeking treatment are unaware of the financial barriers to recovery- namely the out-of-pocket costs associated with treatment. This study sought to provide insight on the financial impact of Opioid Dependence Treatment on the patient, and provide financial assistance information to the Rutland County community.
The Effect Of Fast Food Restaurants On Type 2 Diabetes Rates, 2018 Claremont McKenna College
The Effect Of Fast Food Restaurants On Type 2 Diabetes Rates, Grace Bailey
CMC Senior Theses
This paper conducts an analysis of county level data to determine the effect of fast food restaurants on type 2 diabetes rates. Due to endogeneity concerns with respect to the location of fast food restaurants, this paper follows the work of Dunn (2010) and uses the number of interstate exits in a given county to serve as an instrument for fast food restaurants. The strength of the instrument, which is theoretically and empirically tested in this paper, imposes some restraints on the interpretation of the findings. Using the Two-Stage Least Squares estimation method, I find that the presence of fast ...
The Y Can’T Do It All: Examining The Decline Of Participation In Youth Athletics, 2018 University of Southern Maine
The Y Can’T Do It All: Examining The Decline Of Participation In Youth Athletics, Ian Allen
Thinking Matters Symposium
Nationally, since 2008, participation in youth sports (ages 6-17) has dropped significantly. The declining trend--from 45% down to 37%-- can be attributed to many factors
- The rising cost associated with general participation in programs, especially at the middle and high school levels
- Early specialization in one sport along with the introduction of hypercompetitiveness in younger age groups
- The need for coaches to have much more training and certification to get a foot in the door at schools and recreation programs around the country.
These factors cause a significant divide between underprivileged and privileged youth, creating a situation of haves and ...
Imperfect Synthetic Controls: Did The Massachusetts Health Care Reform Save Lives?, 2017 RAND Corporation
Imperfect Synthetic Controls: Did The Massachusetts Health Care Reform Save Lives?, David Powell
Health Policy And The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Health Policy And The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act, Rachel Gershon
Commonwealth Medicine Publications
Congress passed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. What does the Act mean for health policy?
Of Rats And Men, 2017 Cuny Graduate School of Journalism
Of Rats And Men, Thomas S. Walsh
This capstone is a data-driven investigation into New York City's rat problem. By using publicly available government data to map rat activity in NYC, I identified several socio-economic variables that correlate with rat populations at the community district, borough, and city-scale. I used these findings (mainly that rat problems are linked to lower incomes) as the basis of an investigation, which includes interviews with residents, experts, and city officials. Prof. Bobby Corrigan, urban rodentologist and formerly with the NYC Department of Health criticizes the city's efforts for the first time on the record.
Evaluation Of The Cost And Effectiveness Of Direct Nutrition Education To Low-Income Audiences In Iowa: Efnep And Snap-Ed Graduates Practicing Optimal Nutritional Behaviors (Onb), 2017 Iowa State University
Evaluation Of The Cost And Effectiveness Of Direct Nutrition Education To Low-Income Audiences In Iowa: Efnep And Snap-Ed Graduates Practicing Optimal Nutritional Behaviors (Onb), Christine Hradek, Helen H. Jensen, Nicole Schimerowski Miller, Miyoung Oh
CARD Staff Reports
The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) and the Family Nutrition Program (FNP) (the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education, or SNAP-Ed in Iowa) are community outreach programs in Iowa designed to help teens and adults who have limited income and are parenting acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and practices to improve total family diet and nutritional well-being. This study uses current information on Iowa’s EFNEP and FNP today to evaluate the costs and benefits of the two related programs and provides updated information to a study conducted in Iowa from 1998 to 2000.
Full Text 0.33 MB
The Effectiveness And Effects Of Alcohol Regulation: Evidence From India, 2017 Mathematica Policy Research
The Effectiveness And Effects Of Alcohol Regulation: Evidence From India, Dara Lee Luca, Emily Owens, Gunjan Sharma
WCBT Faculty Publications
We provide quasi-experimental evidence on the effects of alcohol regulation on alcohol consumption and associated public health outcomes using detailed individual level and aggregate data from India, where state level laws generate substantial variation in the availability of commercially produced alcohol across people of different ages. We find that despite significant law evasion, men who are legally allowed to drink are substantially more likely to consume alcohol. Further, men who are legally allowed to drink are significantly more likely to commit violence against their partners, suggesting a causal channel between alcohol consumption and domestic violence. We also examine the effects ...
Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, 2017 University of California - Berkeley
Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, Aaron S. Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro
The Supreme Court’s opinion in Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc. provided fundamental guidance about how courts should handle antitrust challenges to reverse payment patent settlements. In our previous article, Activating Actavis, we identified and operationalized the essential features of the Court’s analysis. Our analysis has been challenged by four economists, who argue that our approach might condemn procompetitive settlements.As we explain in this reply, such settlements are feasible, however, only under special circumstances. Moreover, even where feasible, the parties would not actually choose such a settlement in equilibrium. These considerations, and others discussed in the reply ...
Financial Costs Incurred By Living Kidney Donors: Findings From A Canadian Multi-Centre Prospective Cohort Study, 2017 The University of Western Ontario
Financial Costs Incurred By Living Kidney Donors: Findings From A Canadian Multi-Centre Prospective Cohort Study, Sebastian Przech
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
This prospective cohort study across 12 Canadian transplant centres evaluated the costs incurred by 912 living kidney donors. Expenses and resources were captured to 3-months post-donation, and micro-costing was used to appraise the costs incurred by donors. Living kidney donors incurred average total costs of $4790, and direct and indirect costs of $2110 and $2679, respectively. 13.3% of donors incurred total costs exceeding $10,000, and 8.6% of donors incurred costs >25% of their annual household income. Costs incurred by spousal donors were not significantly different from either unrelated or closely related donors. Similarly, costs incurred by kidney ...