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¿En Qué Momento Se Jodió El Sur? Crecimiento Económico, Derechos De Propiedad Y Regulación Del Crédito En Las Colonias Británicas Y Españolas En América, Enrique Pasquel 2009 Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas

¿En Qué Momento Se Jodió El Sur? Crecimiento Económico, Derechos De Propiedad Y Regulación Del Crédito En Las Colonias Británicas Y Españolas En América, Enrique Pasquel

Enrique Pasquel

Las instituciones legales de las colonias británicas y españolas pueden ayudar a explicar los distintos niveles de desarrollo económico en esas regiones. Este artículo se centra en el marco legal de los derechos de propiedad y el mercado del crédito en la época colonial, analizando las políticas de asignación de tierras, el establecimiento de registros, los programas de titulación, las cargas sobre la tierra y las restricciones al crédito.


Subsidiarity: Challenging The Top Down Bias, Scott Kelley 2009 DePaul University

Subsidiarity: Challenging The Top Down Bias, Scott Kelley

Scott Kelley

Global poverty has received significant attention in the past decade, particularly after the adoption of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals in 2002. Commentators and ethicists like Peter Singer have long held that the wealthy of the world have an obligation to help the poor. While the sentiments may be positive, there are real harms that have come from this kind of top down thinking. Subsidiarity, to the contrary, is a much more realistic and morally tenable approach to global poverty.


Measuring Poverty And Human Capital Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2009 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Measuring Poverty And Human Capital Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Catastrophes in Sudan are of many dimensions. Food security is a chronic and intrinsic problem in Sub Saharan Africa which is a fact recognized by the international society. Political instability, civil wars and finally recent secession of its Southern part is another fact which may be taken as a vivid example for other regions of that previously largest African country to be followed. The present paper introduces an analysis and assessment of measurements for human development indices in Sudan. It is empirically concluded that human welfare is invisible. The parameters are very low. Strategies are needed to provide for basic ...


Industria Manufacturera Y Crecimiento Económico En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Edgar Campos 2009 Universidad Autonoma de Ciudad Juarez

Industria Manufacturera Y Crecimiento Económico En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Edgar Campos

Isaac Sánchez-Juárez

La frontera norte de México es una región que desde hace varias décadas se caracteriza por su dinamismo, en especial con el cambio de modelo económico orientado a los mercados externos. El desempeño económico de las entidades que la componen ha sido, en términos relativos, mejor que en el resto del país. Con los datos de 1993 a 2008, es posible afirmar que es una zona ganadora en función del comportamiento de la tasa de crecimiento del producto per cápita. En este documento, mediante un marco teórico alternativo al neoclásico de crecimiento, se demuestra que el incremento en las industrias ...


Capitalismo E (Dis)Ordine Mondiale, Giovanni Arrighi 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Capitalismo E (Dis)Ordine Mondiale, Giovanni Arrighi

Mario Pianta

No abstract provided.


Industrial And Innovation Policies In Europa, Mario Pianta 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Industrial And Innovation Policies In Europa, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

No abstract provided.


Industria E Innovazione, Il Ritorno Delle Politiche, Mario Pianta 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Industria E Innovazione, Il Ritorno Delle Politiche, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

Le decisioni su come orientare il cambiamento del sistema produttivo in Europa devono essere riportate all’interno della sfera pubblica, con una nuova generazione di politiche per l’industria e l’innovazione, - più democratiche e trasparenti di quelle del passato - a partire dalle tecnologie dell’informazione, dall’ambiente e dalla salute


Innovation And Employment: A Reinvestigation Using Revised Pavitt Classes, Mario Pianta, Francesco Bogliacino 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Innovation And Employment: A Reinvestigation Using Revised Pavitt Classes, Mario Pianta, Francesco Bogliacino

Mario Pianta

The relationship between innovation and employment is addressed in this article through a model and empirical test at industry level for eight European countries in 1994–2004. We investigate this relationship for manufacturing and services and propose a Revised Pavitt taxonomy (covering both of them) in order to identify specific patterns of technological change and job creation and loss. The contrasting effects of strategies of technological or cost competitiveness are investigated using innovation variables from CIS2 and CIS3. Together with demand, wages and industry dynamics, they account for changes in employees and hours worked. The diversity in these relations across ...


Le Politiche Industriali Del Xxi Secolo, Mario Pianta 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Le Politiche Industriali Del Xxi Secolo, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

Le economie moderne evolvono di continuo, con attività private e pubbliche che nascono e muoiono in tutti i settori, ma alcuni cambiamenti – legati alla struttura dell’economia – sono di grande rilievo e di difficile realizzazione. Esempi di queste trasformazioni sono: il progressivo passaggio dall’agricoltura allo sviluppo industriale nei Paesi più poveri; il declino dell’industria tradizionale e lo sviluppo di servizi avanzati nei Paesi più ricchi; il passaggio da sistemi produttivi basati sulla meccanica e la chimica a un’economia dominata dalle tecnologie dell’informazione e comunicazione; la necessità di rendere la produzione sostenibile dal punto di vista ambientale ...


The Redistributive Effects Of Political Reservation For Minorities: Evidence From India, Nishith Prakash, Aimee Chin 2009 Cornell University

The Redistributive Effects Of Political Reservation For Minorities: Evidence From India, Nishith Prakash, Aimee Chin

Nishith Prakash

We examine the impact of political reservation for disadvantaged minority groups on poverty. To address the concern that political reservation is endogenous, we take advantage of the state-time variation in reservation in state legislative assemblies in India generated by national policies that cause reservations to be revised and the time lags with which revised reservations are implemented. Using data on sixteen major Indian states for the period 1960-2000, we find that increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes significantly reduces poverty while increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes has no impact on poverty. Political reservation ...


Spatial Variations In The Character Of Off-The-Books Entrepreneurship: Lessons From A Study Of Contrasting Districts In Moscow, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Spatial Variations In The Character Of Off-The-Books Entrepreneurship: Lessons From A Study Of Contrasting Districts In Moscow, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

Although there is growing recognition that many entrepreneurs start-up trading partially or wholly off-the-books, few have evaluated whether the character of this hidden enterprise culture varies spatially. To begin to do so, this paper evaluates whether and how the nature of off-the-books entrepreneurship differs across an affluent, mixed and deprived district of Moscow. Drawing upon 313 face-to-face interviews, the finding is that wholly legitimate enterprises represent just the tip of the iceberg in Moscow. Beneath the surface in all the districts is a large hidden enterprise culture. However, off-the-books entrepreneurship in the affluent district is comprised more of registered businesses ...


Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

In recent decades, the field of entrepreneurship studies has become increasingly interested in the relationship between entrepreneurship and the informal economy. This paper reviews this burgeoning sub-field of entrepreneurship studies that recognizes how entrepreneurs do not always conduct their business affairs wholly by the rulebook. Evaluating this rapidly growing body of literature, it reviews the findings regarding the preponderance of entrepreneurs to engage in the informal economy, the nature of such informal entrepreneurship, the characteristics of informal entrepreneurs and the motives underpinning participation in such endeavor, along with the competing theories that have sought to explain engagement in this type ...


Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

Report to the European Commission on the feasibility of creating a platform for cooperation between labour inspectorates and other relevant monitoring and enforcement bodies, to prevent and fight undeclared work


Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

In recent years, there has been a growing realisation that beyond the realm of legitimate entrepreneurship is a large hidden enterprise culture composed of entrepreneurs conducting some or all of their trade off-the-books. Until now, however, few have evaluated how many entrepreneurs start-up their ventures trading off-the-books and why they do so. Reporting face-to-face interviews conducted in Ukraine during 2005-06 with 331 entrepreneurs, the finding is not only that the vast majority (90%) operate partially or wholly off-the-books but also that they are not all driven by necessity and as a last resort and survival strategy into entrepreneurship. Revealing how ...


Fiscal Decentralization And Fiscal Consolidations In Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton 2009 University of Wales, Bangor

Fiscal Decentralization And Fiscal Consolidations In Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton

John Thornton

Results using event study analysis based on a data panel of expenditure and revenue developments in emerging market economies during 1972–2001 indicate that subnational governments supported fiscal consolidation efforts by cutting their capital expenditure and increasing their revenues.


Government Size And The Stability Of Output: Evidence From Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton 2009 University of Wales, Bangor

Government Size And The Stability Of Output: Evidence From Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton

John Thornton

Fata ́ s and Mihov (2001a, b) reported a negative and statistically significant relation between government size and output variability in a cross-section of 20 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries and concluded that large governments stabilize output. This conclusion does not appear to be valid for Emerging Market Economies (EMEs). Results from cross-section and combined cross-section and time series regressions for a sample of 21 EMEs for the period 1970 to 2001 indicate that the relation between government size and output volatility is statistically significant and positive.


Who Chooses To Adopt Fiscal Responsibility Laws? Evidence From Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton 2009 University of Wales, Bangor

Who Chooses To Adopt Fiscal Responsibility Laws? Evidence From Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton

John Thornton

In recent years, at least 10 emerging market economies have sought to anchor their fiscal frameworks in fiscal responsibility laws. Key factors in the decision appear to include a prior improvement in fiscal discipline, particularly in the context of a federal fiscal system, substantial ethnic fractionalization and vulnerability to adverse shocks, such as real exchange rate volatility and inflation.


Fiscal Sustainability In A Panel Of Asian Countries, John Thornton 2009 University of Wales, Bangor

Fiscal Sustainability In A Panel Of Asian Countries, John Thornton

John Thornton

Panel cointegration techniques indicate that government revenue (REV) and expenditure (EXP) in a panel of five Asian economies for the period 1974 to 2001 were nonstationary and cointegrated series. However, the cointegration coefficient was significantly less than unity, indicating ‘weak’ fiscal sustainability and the likelihood that policy measures would be needed to put the public finances on a more sustainable basis


Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald J. Kochan 2009 Chapman University School of Law

Black Tuesday And Graying The Legitimacy Line For Governmental Intervention: When Tomorrow Is Just A Future Yesterday, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Black Tuesday in October 1929 marked a major crisis in American history. As we face current economic woes, it is appropriate to recall not only the event but also reflect on how it altered the legal landscape and the change it precipitated in the acceptance of governmental intervention into the marketplace. Perceived or real crises can cause us to dance between free markets and regulatory power. Much like the events of 1929, current financial concerns have led to new, unprecedented governmental intervention into the private sector. This Article seeks caution, on the basis of history, arguing that fear and crisis ...


Employee Voice And Intent To Leave: An Empirical Evidence Of Pakistani Banking Sector, Ahmed Imran Hunjra, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Hashim Khan, Kashif Ur Rehman 2009 National College of Business Administration and Economics, Lahore

Employee Voice And Intent To Leave: An Empirical Evidence Of Pakistani Banking Sector, Ahmed Imran Hunjra, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Hashim Khan, Kashif Ur Rehman

Muhammad Irfan Chani

Organizations want to retain their employees in order to benefit from their talent and skills. While working in an organization, employees come across some problems both inside and outside the organization. This study investigates the relationship between field employees’ voice (effectiveness of voice mechanism) and employees’ intent to leave the organization. Further, this study explores the difference between male and female field employees perception regarding their intention to leave the organization. The sample of the study consisted of 250 field employees working in different banks of Rawalpindi and Islamabad through questionnaire; only 188 were returned and processed. The SPSS technique ...


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