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The Benefit Transfer Challenges, Kevin Boyle, Nicolai Kuminoff, christopher parmeter, Jaren Pope 2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

The Benefit Transfer Challenges, Kevin Boyle, Nicolai Kuminoff, Christopher Parmeter, Jaren Pope

Christopher F. Parmeter

Presidential Executive Order 12,866 requires federal agencies to design “cost-effective” regulations and to assess “costs and benefits” of these regulations on the basis of “the best reasonably obtainable scientific, technical, economic, and other information.” Benefit transfers are one economic approach used to estimate these benefits and costs, and the use of existing economic information to predict the effects of new policies is well established. However, advancing the practice of benefit transfers is crucial if economists are to play a role in developing federal policies. We review contributions to the benefit-transfer literature and present a unified conceptual framework to guide ...


Estimation Of Hedonic Price Functions With Incomplete Information, Subal Kumbhakar, christopher parmeter 2009 University of Miami

Estimation Of Hedonic Price Functions With Incomplete Information, Subal Kumbhakar, Christopher Parmeter

Christopher F. Parmeter

Existence of persistent price dispersion suggests that some buyers find lower prices through search and information acquisition, while some sellers charge higher prices by gathering information on potential buyers. If buyers are not fully informed of the lowest price available in the market they end up paying a price higher than if they had full information. Similarly, if sellers are not fully informed about the highest price they could charge, they too suffer by receiving a price lower than had they had full information. This paper develops a hedonic price model that incorporates the effects of incomplete information on both ...


Female Political Leadership And The Prevalence Of Water Borne Diseases: Evidence From A Natural Experiment In India, Ambrish Dongre 2009 University of California- Santa Cruz

Female Political Leadership And The Prevalence Of Water Borne Diseases: Evidence From A Natural Experiment In India, Ambrish Dongre

Ambrish A Dongre

This paper examines the relationship between prevalence of water borne diseases and gender of the head of the village councils by exploiting a natural experiment in local governance in India. A constitutional amendment in early 1990s ensured that only women could contest the elections and be the head in at least one- third of the village councils selected through an exogenous process. Utilizing a unique sample survey, we show that having a woman as the council head seems to have no effect on the prevalence of water borne diseases. But if we look into the sub-categories of the female council ...


Has The World Trade Organization Promoted Successful Regional Trade Agreements?, Jason Grant, christopher parmeter 2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Has The World Trade Organization Promoted Successful Regional Trade Agreements?, Jason Grant, Christopher Parmeter

Christopher F. Parmeter

The WTO’s Committee on Regional Trade Agreements (CRTA) is charged with monitoring, examining, and ensuring the compliance of RTAs. In this paper we ask whether oversight and examination has fostered successful RTAs using bilateral trade flows as our metric. We develop a comprehensive dataset covering 290 regional economic integration agreements that have entered into force since 1960. Remarkably, the data reveal that almost half (43%) of all agreements in existence (up to 2005) are neither notified nor accounted for in the RTA database published by the WTO. We then exploit variation in the notification status of an RTA to ...


Trade Growth, Production Fragmentation And China's Environment, Judith M. Dean, Mary E. Lovely 2009 US International Trade Commission

Trade Growth, Production Fragmentation And China's Environment, Judith M. Dean, Mary E. Lovely

Mary E. Lovely

In recent years, China has experienced both rapidly growing trade and serious environmental degradation. The large literature on trade and environment lends some credence to the idea that these are causally related: trade growth for a relatively poor country is thought to shift the composition of industrial output towards dirtier products, aggravating environmental damage. However, much of China’s trade growth is attributable to the international fragmentation of production and the growing dominance of trade in parts and components. This kind of trade could lead to “cleaner” trade if fragmented production occurs in cleaner goods or China specializes in cleaner ...


¿En Qué Momento Se Jodió El Sur? Crecimiento Económico, Derechos De Propiedad Y Regulación Del Crédito En Las Colonias Británicas Y Españolas En América, Enrique Pasquel 2009 Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas

¿En Qué Momento Se Jodió El Sur? Crecimiento Económico, Derechos De Propiedad Y Regulación Del Crédito En Las Colonias Británicas Y Españolas En América, Enrique Pasquel

Enrique Pasquel

Las instituciones legales de las colonias británicas y españolas pueden ayudar a explicar los distintos niveles de desarrollo económico en esas regiones. Este artículo se centra en el marco legal de los derechos de propiedad y el mercado del crédito en la época colonial, analizando las políticas de asignación de tierras, el establecimiento de registros, los programas de titulación, las cargas sobre la tierra y las restricciones al crédito.


Subsidiarity: Challenging The Top Down Bias, Scott Kelley 2009 DePaul University

Subsidiarity: Challenging The Top Down Bias, Scott Kelley

Scott Kelley

Global poverty has received significant attention in the past decade, particularly after the adoption of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals in 2002. Commentators and ethicists like Peter Singer have long held that the wealthy of the world have an obligation to help the poor. While the sentiments may be positive, there are real harms that have come from this kind of top down thinking. Subsidiarity, to the contrary, is a much more realistic and morally tenable approach to global poverty.


Measuring Poverty And Human Capital Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2009 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

Measuring Poverty And Human Capital Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Catastrophes in Sudan are of many dimensions. Food security is a chronic and intrinsic problem in Sub Saharan Africa which is a fact recognized by the international society. Political instability, civil wars and finally recent secession of its Southern part is another fact which may be taken as a vivid example for other regions of that previously largest African country to be followed. The present paper introduces an analysis and assessment of measurements for human development indices in Sudan. It is empirically concluded that human welfare is invisible. The parameters are very low. Strategies are needed to provide for basic ...


Industria Manufacturera Y Crecimiento Económico En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Edgar Campos 2009 Universidad Autonoma de Ciudad Juarez

Industria Manufacturera Y Crecimiento Económico En La Frontera Norte De México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Edgar Campos

Isaac Sánchez-Juárez

La frontera norte de México es una región que desde hace varias décadas se caracteriza por su dinamismo, en especial con el cambio de modelo económico orientado a los mercados externos. El desempeño económico de las entidades que la componen ha sido, en términos relativos, mejor que en el resto del país. Con los datos de 1993 a 2008, es posible afirmar que es una zona ganadora en función del comportamiento de la tasa de crecimiento del producto per cápita. En este documento, mediante un marco teórico alternativo al neoclásico de crecimiento, se demuestra que el incremento en las industrias ...


Capitalismo E (Dis)Ordine Mondiale, Giovanni Arrighi 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Capitalismo E (Dis)Ordine Mondiale, Giovanni Arrighi

Mario Pianta

No abstract provided.


Industrial And Innovation Policies In Europa, Mario Pianta 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Industrial And Innovation Policies In Europa, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

No abstract provided.


Industria E Innovazione, Il Ritorno Delle Politiche, Mario Pianta 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Industria E Innovazione, Il Ritorno Delle Politiche, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

Le decisioni su come orientare il cambiamento del sistema produttivo in Europa devono essere riportate all’interno della sfera pubblica, con una nuova generazione di politiche per l’industria e l’innovazione, - più democratiche e trasparenti di quelle del passato - a partire dalle tecnologie dell’informazione, dall’ambiente e dalla salute


Innovation And Employment: A Reinvestigation Using Revised Pavitt Classes, Mario Pianta, Francesco Bogliacino 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Innovation And Employment: A Reinvestigation Using Revised Pavitt Classes, Mario Pianta, Francesco Bogliacino

Mario Pianta

The relationship between innovation and employment is addressed in this article through a model and empirical test at industry level for eight European countries in 1994–2004. We investigate this relationship for manufacturing and services and propose a Revised Pavitt taxonomy (covering both of them) in order to identify specific patterns of technological change and job creation and loss. The contrasting effects of strategies of technological or cost competitiveness are investigated using innovation variables from CIS2 and CIS3. Together with demand, wages and industry dynamics, they account for changes in employees and hours worked. The diversity in these relations across ...


Le Politiche Industriali Del Xxi Secolo, Mario Pianta 2009 Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

Le Politiche Industriali Del Xxi Secolo, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

Le economie moderne evolvono di continuo, con attività private e pubbliche che nascono e muoiono in tutti i settori, ma alcuni cambiamenti – legati alla struttura dell’economia – sono di grande rilievo e di difficile realizzazione. Esempi di queste trasformazioni sono: il progressivo passaggio dall’agricoltura allo sviluppo industriale nei Paesi più poveri; il declino dell’industria tradizionale e lo sviluppo di servizi avanzati nei Paesi più ricchi; il passaggio da sistemi produttivi basati sulla meccanica e la chimica a un’economia dominata dalle tecnologie dell’informazione e comunicazione; la necessità di rendere la produzione sostenibile dal punto di vista ambientale ...


The Redistributive Effects Of Political Reservation For Minorities: Evidence From India, Nishith Prakash, Aimee Chin 2009 Cornell University

The Redistributive Effects Of Political Reservation For Minorities: Evidence From India, Nishith Prakash, Aimee Chin

Nishith Prakash

We examine the impact of political reservation for disadvantaged minority groups on poverty. To address the concern that political reservation is endogenous, we take advantage of the state-time variation in reservation in state legislative assemblies in India generated by national policies that cause reservations to be revised and the time lags with which revised reservations are implemented. Using data on sixteen major Indian states for the period 1960-2000, we find that increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Tribes significantly reduces poverty while increasing the share of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes has no impact on poverty. Political reservation ...


Spatial Variations In The Character Of Off-The-Books Entrepreneurship: Lessons From A Study Of Contrasting Districts In Moscow, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Spatial Variations In The Character Of Off-The-Books Entrepreneurship: Lessons From A Study Of Contrasting Districts In Moscow, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

Although there is growing recognition that many entrepreneurs start-up trading partially or wholly off-the-books, few have evaluated whether the character of this hidden enterprise culture varies spatially. To begin to do so, this paper evaluates whether and how the nature of off-the-books entrepreneurship differs across an affluent, mixed and deprived district of Moscow. Drawing upon 313 face-to-face interviews, the finding is that wholly legitimate enterprises represent just the tip of the iceberg in Moscow. Beneath the surface in all the districts is a large hidden enterprise culture. However, off-the-books entrepreneurship in the affluent district is comprised more of registered businesses ...


Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Entrepreneurship And The Informal Economy: An Overview, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

In recent decades, the field of entrepreneurship studies has become increasingly interested in the relationship between entrepreneurship and the informal economy. This paper reviews this burgeoning sub-field of entrepreneurship studies that recognizes how entrepreneurs do not always conduct their business affairs wholly by the rulebook. Evaluating this rapidly growing body of literature, it reviews the findings regarding the preponderance of entrepreneurs to engage in the informal economy, the nature of such informal entrepreneurship, the characteristics of informal entrepreneurs and the motives underpinning participation in such endeavor, along with the competing theories that have sought to explain engagement in this type ...


Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Joining Up The Fight Against Undeclared Work In Europe, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

Report to the European Commission on the feasibility of creating a platform for cooperation between labour inspectorates and other relevant monitoring and enforcement bodies, to prevent and fight undeclared work


Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, Colin C. Williams 2009 University of Sheffield

Explaining The Off-The-Books Enterprise Culture Of Ukraine: Reluctant Or Willing Entrepreneurship?, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

In recent years, there has been a growing realisation that beyond the realm of legitimate entrepreneurship is a large hidden enterprise culture composed of entrepreneurs conducting some or all of their trade off-the-books. Until now, however, few have evaluated how many entrepreneurs start-up their ventures trading off-the-books and why they do so. Reporting face-to-face interviews conducted in Ukraine during 2005-06 with 331 entrepreneurs, the finding is not only that the vast majority (90%) operate partially or wholly off-the-books but also that they are not all driven by necessity and as a last resort and survival strategy into entrepreneurship. Revealing how ...


Fiscal Decentralization And Fiscal Consolidations In Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton 2009 University of Wales, Bangor

Fiscal Decentralization And Fiscal Consolidations In Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton

John Thornton

Results using event study analysis based on a data panel of expenditure and revenue developments in emerging market economies during 1972–2001 indicate that subnational governments supported fiscal consolidation efforts by cutting their capital expenditure and increasing their revenues.


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