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2,335 full-text articles. Page 64 of 69.

Book Review: The Economics Of Services: Development And Policy. By Jan Owen Jansson, Henk LM Kox 2010 CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

Book Review: The Economics Of Services: Development And Policy. By Jan Owen Jansson, Henk Lm Kox

Henk LM Kox

No abstract provided.


A Logica De Acumulação Capitalista E O Racionamento Da Oferta De Crédito, Amilton Bispo dos Reis 2010 Universidade Federal da Bahia

A Logica De Acumulação Capitalista E O Racionamento Da Oferta De Crédito, Amilton Bispo Dos Reis

Amilton Bispo dos Reis

Este texto deriva da dissertação de mestrado do autor - Crédito para MPES: Análise da Experiência Brasileira Recente - e pretende analisar o atendimento à demanda de crédito das micro e pequenas empresas por parte do sistema bancário, enfatizando as peculiaridades do mercado brasileiro, com o objetivo de identificar em que medida esse caso particular se aproxima ou se afasta do padrão geral apresentado no resto do mundo. Parte-se dos conceitos expostos por Marx sobre o desenvolvimento do sistema de crédito, demonstrando a sua importância fundamental no processo de reprodução do capital. Posteriormente, a partir da constatação de que as MPEs não ...


Opinion Polls And Presidential Campaign In Colombia, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Opinion Polls And Presidential Campaign In Colombia, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The polls, these surveys do not withstand any rigorous testing. And contrary to expand the formation of public opinion, impaired. To overcome this defect should propose means fewer surveys and more discussions. Presidential campaigns should seek democratic enlargement, and a less massive media exposure to foot the surveys. Simplify


Determinants Of Housing Prices In Pittsylvania County, Jason Hall 2010 Lynchburg College

Determinants Of Housing Prices In Pittsylvania County, Jason Hall

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

The purpose of this research is to determine the implicit factors influencing housing prices in Pittsylvania County, a rural county in Southside Virginia. Currently in Pittsylvania County there is a debate over whether or not to mine what is believed to be the largest deposit of uranium in the United States, containing approximately 119 million pounds of uranium ore at an estimated value of $7 billion to $10 billion. The Virginia Coal and Energy Commission issued its final approval for the National Academy of Sciences to study the debate from a socio-economic standpoint. The $1.2 million study is currently ...


The Social Infrastructure And The Civil Institutions In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

The Social Infrastructure And The Civil Institutions In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Contemporary Sudanese society endures many hardships which are manifested in economic retraction, inflation, recession and stagflation. However, social conflicts are also manifested in simple man's daily complaints to open rebellions. Most academicians agree on one point, that the society endures abnormal conditions. The current paper aims delves into a historical context of civil society as a concept in general which originated in the west. Next it displays differences between it and the Sudan supposing that there is unique experience appropriate to the Sudanese state of affairs. Therefore that possibility of creating an appropriate term that fully describes the social ...


Reconstruction Of Concept Of Paradigm In Thomas S. Kuhn, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Reconstruction Of Concept Of Paradigm In Thomas S. Kuhn, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article aims to discuss an evaluation of the concept of paradigm of T. Kuhn in his representative work: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions ERC, [Ku96] and the complementary version by W. Stegmüller, Structure and dynamics of theories EDT, [Steg83]. This refined interpretation of the concept of paradigm allows for a more complete set of central Kuhnian concept.


Democracy In Dangerous Places: Colombia. Vote With Paramilitary Preferences, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Democracy In Dangerous Places: Colombia. Vote With Paramilitary Preferences, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This paper discusses the problem of paramilitary violence in Colombia and its effects on democracy. The elections were part of the purpose of self defense and constituted a disguised form to retain its drug trafficking economy. The impacts on institutional technology have been negative: representative democracy, the electoral system and voting, they were not the same. With paramilitary violence changed the electoral map in areas contested by the traditional political parties. Voting with paramilitary preferences mean the biggest challenge is constitutional democracy in Colombia.


The Impacts Of Water Pollution On Economic Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed 2010 Department of Economics. Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

The Impacts Of Water Pollution On Economic Development In Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Water pollution is a chronic crisis in Sudan that is rarely researched. However, it is combined with scarcity, disputes and uncertainty. In The current paper we introduce its concepts with emphasis on the growing problems of pollution combined with scarcity. A Case study of the growing problem of pollution is introduced and analyzed using economic parameters.


Countervailing Power In Wholesale Pharmaceuticals, Sara F. Ellison, Christopher M. Snyder 2010 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Countervailing Power In Wholesale Pharmaceuticals, Sara F. Ellison, Christopher M. Snyder

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Using data on wholesale prices for antibiotics sold to U.S. drugstores, we test the growing theoretical literature on ‘countervailing power’ (a term for the ability of large buyers to extract discounts from suppliers). Large drugstores receive a modest discount for antibiotics produced by competing suppliers but no discount for antibiotics produced by monopolists. These findings support theories suggesting that supplier competition is a prerequisite for countervailing power. As further evidence for the importance of supplier competition, we find that hospitals receive substantial discounts relative to drugstores, attributed to hospitals' greater ability to induce supplier competition through restrictive formularies.


Monopoly, Regulation, And Innovation, Matt Bogard 2010 Western Kentucky University

Monopoly, Regulation, And Innovation, Matt Bogard

Economics Faculty Publications

Recently the Justice department has started investigations into alleged anti-trust violations by Monsanto. This has helped fuel a lot of already hyped discontent with one of the world’s leaders in innovative solutions for sustainable agriculture. This article discusses how the regulatory environment could possibly have contributed to more concentration and power in the biotech industry. Increasing regulation would likely have the opposite effect of creating a level playing field in the agriculture industry. From AgWeb, March 27,2010 http://www.agweb.com/blog/Economic_Sense_190/Monopoly_Regulation__and_Innovation_10771/


Market Symmetry In Time Changed Brownian Models, José Fajardo, Ernesto Mordecki 2010 Getulio Vargas Foundation

Market Symmetry In Time Changed Brownian Models, José Fajardo, Ernesto Mordecki

José Fajardo

In this paper we examine which Brownian subordination with drift exhibits the symmetry property introduced by Fajardo and Mordecki [2006. Quantitative Finance 6, 219–227]. We find that when the subordination results in a Lévy process, a necessary and sufficient condition for the symmetry to hold is that the drift must be equal to-1/2. Also, we derive explicit conditions to test whether the NIG, CGMY and Meixner processes are symmetric or not. Finally, we perform some tests with real financial data.


Export Margins And Export Barriers: Uncovering Market Entry Costs Of Exporters In The Netherlands, Roger Smeets, Harold Creusen, Arjan Lejour, Henk Kox 2010 CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

Export Margins And Export Barriers: Uncovering Market Entry Costs Of Exporters In The Netherlands, Roger Smeets, Harold Creusen, Arjan Lejour, Henk Kox

Henk LM Kox

Even though the Netherlands was the world’s sixth largest exporter in 2009, the majority of Dutch firms does not engage in international trade at all, possibly because they are unable to cover the costs to enter specific foreign markets. What are these costs that limited the internationalisation of Dutch firms? Using detailed and unique transaction-level data on export patterns of about 1,200 large Dutch firms in the years 2006-2007, this research opens the black box of market entry costs. First, we find that more productive firms are both more likely to engage in exports (extensive margin) and to ...


Optimal Screening By Risk-Averse Principals, Suren Basov, Xiangkang Yin 2010 La Trobe University

Optimal Screening By Risk-Averse Principals, Suren Basov, Xiangkang Yin

Suren Basov

This paper studies the effects of principal’s risk aversion on principal-agent relationship under hidden information. It finds that the agent’s equilibrium effort increases and approaches the efficient level as the principal’s risk aversion increases and tends to infinity. Allowing for random participation by the agent, his effort can be efficient even when the principal’s risk aversion is finite. For the case of common agency with random participation, it is optimal for the principals to make the agent the residual claimant on profits and the principals’ net profits monotonically decrease to zero when their risk aversion tends ...


Antinomies Of Capitalism (Review Of Globalization Its Discontents Joseph Stiglitz, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Antinomies Of Capitalism (Review Of Globalization Its Discontents Joseph Stiglitz, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

We present the central arguments of the critics on the limits and scope of globalization on the work


Carnap Model (Cm) Visual Field, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Carnap Model (Cm) Visual Field, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The present paper proposes an interpretation theoretical model of the Aufbau of Rudolf Carnap, this interpretation contributes to upgrade the project original carnapiano, in the sense of conferring to the constitutional program of construction logical, less committed analytic equipment with an ontology or clearly defined epistemology. The setting in phenomenal logical reconstruction practice is elaborated for the visual field as a model whose potential user is a fellow ideal percipient, and, a subject epistemic that operates in the same way that a scheduled computer when he has been given basic phenomenal information and some algorithms logical


Facts And Nature Of Scientific Discovery. Ludwick Fleck And Thomas Kuhn, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Facts And Nature Of Scientific Discovery. Ludwick Fleck And Thomas Kuhn, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

Studies of L. Fleck, T. S. Kuhn, N. R. Hanson on the nature of scientific development and thus of a scientific fact, despite their differences, has raised new questions in fields as diverse as the history of science, sociology of science and philosophy of scientific language. At the same time, have pointed unfounded assumptions underlying the current ideas about what are 'facts', and have suggested alternative ways to focus the epistemology of scientific knowledge. Let us identify some detail the implications that flow from our study in this chapter for the proposed research as hypotheses


Patent Examination Policy And The Social Costs Of Examiner Allowance And Rejection Errors, Ron D. Katznelson 2010 Bi-Level Technologies

Patent Examination Policy And The Social Costs Of Examiner Allowance And Rejection Errors, Ron D. Katznelson

Ron D. Katznelson

No abstract provided.


The Leviathan Of Thomas Hobbes, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

The Leviathan Of Thomas Hobbes, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This interpretation of the Leviathan of Thomas Hobbes line of work includes a project from Concept of the Political by Carl Schmitt. It offers a reading from modern political theory as opposed to rational version of the book of Hobbes. The Leviathan from mythological nature preserves from the Biblical and Talmudic tradition, which opens an understanding of the modern State from the medieval stories. Hobbes is one of the first theorists that paves the way for liberalism, but disputed that his work reflects not strictly liberal thought, but the problems of political power during the Monarchies


The Tragedy Of Forced Displacement, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

The Tragedy Of Forced Displacement, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

o far in 2009, due to the intensification of armed conflict, approximately 15 thousand Colombians crossed some border areas of Colombia with Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela. The Lower Putumayo (Putumayo), area of application of Plan Colombia, was the region most affected by armed confrontation and thus it presented a greater number of Colombians uprooted. From this region generated the most significant exodus to Ecuador (about 7 million people).


Diagrams Of Argumentation, Fernando Estrada 2010 SelectedWorks

Diagrams Of Argumentation, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article is aimed at viewing the evidence in the legal and political debate. A relatively little attention in the literature expert. Relying on the philosophy of science and a little less in legal theory, we note that the explanations under inductive legal and political knowledge, and the arguments about evidence and proof, connections are based on probabilistic and assumptions rebuttable and not on speculations embodied theoretical goal. The support base to represent the legal debate - now has strong political component of formal logic and empirical research.


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