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A Study Into The Relationship Between Nutrition And Income In A College Setting, Alyssa Hicks 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Study Into The Relationship Between Nutrition And Income In A College Setting, Alyssa Hicks

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

Many health related issues in the United States are linked to Americans’ poor diet choices. College students, a subset of that population, establish important trends in their diet habits that they will maintain over their four years in college and beyond. Although previous literature has found income to be a determinant of diet, this paper does not find income to be a significant predictor of student nutrition. One potential explanation is that college provides a unique environment and circumstance. Yet, additional income suggests it could be important for students who suffer from a lack of funds—increasing their income brings ...


Individual Differences In Discounting Delayed Gains, Delayed Losses, And Probabilistic Losses, Yu-Hua Yeh 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Individual Differences In Discounting Delayed Gains, Delayed Losses, And Probabilistic Losses, Yu-Hua Yeh

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Many decisions in one’s daily life involve the discounting of delayed or probabilistic losses: Should we pay off our credit-card balance in full or incur interest; should we buy more collision and liability insurance or risk having to pay more in case of an accident? Despite its importance, however, discounting of losses is understudied, and few studies have focused on individual differences. The current study recruited 407 on-line participants through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk who completed three discounting questionnaires: delayed losses, probabilistic losses, and delayed gains. Magnitude effects were observed with delayed gains (i.e., larger delayed gains were ...


Does The Women, Infants, And Children Program (Wic) Improve Infant Health Outcomes?, Brent Kreider, John V. Pepper, Manan Roy 2018 Iowa State University

Does The Women, Infants, And Children Program (Wic) Improve Infant Health Outcomes?, Brent Kreider, John V. Pepper, Manan Roy

Economics Working Papers

We evaluate causal impacts of prenatal WIC participation on healthy birth outcomes, simultaneously accounting for self-selection of expectant mothers into WIC and systematic underreporting of program participation. In doing so, we extend existing partial identification methods to reflect the institutional details of the program. In particular, we allow for a richer measurement error model and apply a modified regression discontinuity design. Combining survey data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) with administrative data from the USDA, our reduces the prevalence of unhealthy birth weight by at least 21 percent and unhealthy gestation duration by at least 9 ...


Exploitation And Social Reproduction In The Japanese Animation Industry, James Garrett 2018 California State University, Monterey Bay

Exploitation And Social Reproduction In The Japanese Animation Industry, James Garrett

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Japanese animation, or ‘Anime’ is considered a unique creative cultural product that has become a global phenomenon, but little attention is paid to its industrial production process, the poor working conditions of domestic animators, and their position within the structure of labor organization in Japan. By analyzing research concerning the current stakeholders in the industry, historical conditions that led to the creation of television broadcast animation, overseas subcontracting networks, and the development of commercial fan cultures through Maurizio Lazzarato’s concept of Immaterial Labor, Michael Hardt’s concept of Affective Labor, Laikwan Pang’s concepts of the intensification of contradictory ...


Income And Subjective Well-Being: Evidence From Singapore's First National Non-Contributory Pension, Yanying CHEN, Yi Jin TAN 2018 Singapore Management University

Income And Subjective Well-Being: Evidence From Singapore's First National Non-Contributory Pension, Yanying Chen, Yi Jin Tan

Research Collection School Of Economics

We use a new monthly panel and a difference-in-differences strategy to study the effects of an exogenous permanent income shock on subjective well-being along previously unexplored dimensions. This permanent income shock is the introduction of Singapore’s first national non-contributory pension, the Silver Support Scheme. The pension improved the life satisfaction of recipients, and appeared to be driven by social, household income, and economic satisfaction. Consistent with the predictions of standard consumption-savings models, well-being improved when the shock was unanticipated (at announcement), but did not improve significantly further when the shock was anticipated (at disbursement). In addition, we find evidence ...


Imitation In Heterogeneous Populations, Jonas Hedlund, Carlos Oyarzun 2018 University of Queensland

Imitation In Heterogeneous Populations, Jonas Hedlund, Carlos Oyarzun

Carlos Oyarzun

Abstract We study a boundedly rational model of imitation when payoff distributions of actions differ across types of individuals. Individuals observe others' actions and payoffs, and a comparison signal. Two possible inefficiencies may arise: (i) uniform adoption, i.e., all individuals choose the action that is optimal for one type but sub-optimal for the other, or (ii) dual incomplete learning, i.e., only a fraction of each type chooses its optimal action. Which one occurs depends on the composition of the population and how critical the choice is for different types of individuals. In an application, we show that a ...


Discrimination: Does Perception Of Corruption Affect Our Interactions?, Ramón Garcia Gomez 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Discrimination: Does Perception Of Corruption Affect Our Interactions?, Ramón Garcia Gomez

Honors Theses (PPE)

Does our perception of corruption affect our interactions? This question was answered through an experimental survey of 90 participants and the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) from Transparency International’s 2017 Report. The survey revealed that those who were categorized as low-corrupt with an above average CPI exhibited altruism towards individuals from perceived high-corrupt regions but discriminated negatively against them when restrictions were placed on the interaction. In the experiment, participants were allowed to give any amount between zero and six dollars in both games. Altruism was measured through the dictator game and low-corrupt participants were found to give one dollar ...


Why Give? The Behavioral Economics Of Charitable Giving, Samuel Brackett 2018 University of Wyoming

Why Give? The Behavioral Economics Of Charitable Giving, Samuel Brackett

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Donations are important for the long-term survival of many institutions. However, it is still uncertain exactly why it is that people choose to donate. Behavioral economics combines economics with psychology to better understand how humans make choices in markets. This research project focuses on the psychology of charitable giving, nudges, and the impact of natural resource rents on charitable giving. Without understanding individuals, it is impossible to understand why they donate. Nudges seek to take what has been learned about individuals to manipulate them into behaving the way policy makers desire. Natural resource rents are another facet to consider in ...


Effect Of Government Quality Grade Labels On Consumer Demand For Pork Chops In The Short And Long Run, Jayson L. Lusk, Glynn T. Tonsor, Ted C. Schroeder, Dermot J. Hayes 2018 Purdue Univeristy

Effect Of Government Quality Grade Labels On Consumer Demand For Pork Chops In The Short And Long Run, Jayson L. Lusk, Glynn T. Tonsor, Ted C. Schroeder, Dermot J. Hayes

Economics Publications

Despite ample evidence of pork quality variability, at present there are few signals that would incentivize growers to produce higher quality pork. Using split-sample, choice experiment data from a nationwide online survey of U.S. pork chop eaters, this research determines changes in pork chop demand in response to a potential change in U.S. government policy that would introduce a new pork quality grading system based on color scores. Our simulations include novel short-run projections in which the conditional and latent class logit models are inverted to yield inverse demand curves. The inverse demand curves are used to calculate ...


Career: Location-Aware Social Science For Adaptation: Modeling Dynamic Patterns In Public Perceptions And Behavior, Peter D. Howe 2018 Utah State University

Career: Location-Aware Social Science For Adaptation: Modeling Dynamic Patterns In Public Perceptions And Behavior, Peter D. Howe

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Smarter Lunchrooms, Brianna L. Johnson, Teresa Heck 2018 St Cloud State University

Smarter Lunchrooms, Brianna L. Johnson, Teresa Heck

Huskies Showcase

Award for "Best Applied Experience Display".

Abstract

School lunches are commonly to blame for the rising obesity rates in youth, which pushed law makers to enforce stricter regulations on what schools were able to offer their students. However, with these regulations in place many schools saw a drop in their rate of lunch participation. This led to the creation of The Smarter Lunchrooms Movement, which aims to making the healthy choice the easy choice, without taking the options away. The initial movement began in 2009 where examination of how principles of behavioral economics, the study of how the social and ...


The Impact Of Gap Years On Academic Outcomes For Women: A Case Study From The Missionary Age Change, Margaret Marchant 2018 Brigham Young University

The Impact Of Gap Years On Academic Outcomes For Women: A Case Study From The Missionary Age Change, Margaret Marchant

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Young adults throughout the United States and other countries participate in “gap years,” or time away from school, often for travel, work, or volunteering. This practice is promoted as a way to mature and refocus. However, some worry that it lowers the likelihood of college completion. Previous literature has investigated the academic, social, and personal benefits of gap years with mixed results; however selection into gap years confounds the true impact with unobservable personal characteristics. To overcome selection issues, I exploit an exogenous policy change that lowered age requirements for missionary service, a unique type of gap year, resulting in ...


Where 100% Performance Cotton Stands In The Athleisure Market, Kaycee Criss, Olyvia Hogie 2018 Kent State University

Where 100% Performance Cotton Stands In The Athleisure Market, Kaycee Criss, Olyvia Hogie

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The athleisure market’s newest innovation is producing a 100% cotton fabric that is comfortable, soft yet durable and light enough to be used for athletic activity. Athleisure wear is a large market that cotton has started to capitalize on. This study will question on how performance cotton compares to the favored characteristics of man-made performance fibers when being used during intensified workouts. To answer this research question, this study will design an experiment that will be demonstrated on girls, ages 18-23. During this study, each person will perform a workout in 100% cotton performance wear and then perform a ...


Consumers' Perception On Modified Cotton In The Athleisure Market, McKinna Kahl, Katherine M. Nuss 2018 Kent State University

Consumers' Perception On Modified Cotton In The Athleisure Market, Mckinna Kahl, Katherine M. Nuss

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The cotton industry has seen a rise in demand due to the increasing popularity of the athleisure clothing market. The disruption in the market has created a need for higher preforming materials to better suit the mobility, strength, and performance of the athleisure garments for the user. Modifications to the DNA of the cotton plant have been found to increase these performing factors, along with the combination of synthetic fibers. Studying the effects that modified cotton plants have on the consumer is a key piece of knowledge due to the fact that our clothing is largely based of the product ...


Cradle To Grave Cotton Product Life-Cycle: How Can Excess Waste Water Be Recycled ?, Dana Knight, Sade Cole 2018 Kent State University

Cradle To Grave Cotton Product Life-Cycle: How Can Excess Waste Water Be Recycled ?, Dana Knight, Sade Cole

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Through literature review, this study entails concerns of waste- water used in the process of making apparel. Consumers’ behavior was not a determining factor in apparel purchased due to lack of knowledge of harmful environmental effects. This study is about how consumers perceive water waste and practices to extend the life of excess water use attained during the cotton product life-cycle. This study will implement an experimental design to answer the research question. Conducted research will challenge dye inclusive water waste practices by formulating an experiment using the variables 1lb of cotton t-shirts 3 gallons of water, and blue dye ...


Consumer Sustainability Concerns Within The Cotton Industry, Paris Young, Afton Halls 2018 Kent State University

Consumer Sustainability Concerns Within The Cotton Industry, Paris Young, Afton Halls

Undergraduate Research Symposium

One of the most profoundly discussed topics in the past year is about the environmental decline of our planet. Sustainable growth has been confirmed to be the main solution currently outside of Ecology. Innovations for sustainable growth and environmental awareness have been introduced in the fashion world, but seem to have not been successful due to misunderstandings. Taking a closer look at the fashion industry’s role in sustainability you will find that cotton, being one of the most important and most used fabrics in the fashion industry today, has a large impact on our environment. The purpose of this ...


Consumer Value Of Sustainable Water Practices, Ann Marie Elaban, Susan Shaw 2018 Kent State University

Consumer Value Of Sustainable Water Practices, Ann Marie Elaban, Susan Shaw

Undergraduate Research Symposium

As the fashion industry continues to grow so does its environmental impact. While consumers and manufacturers have begun to recognize their impact on today’s natural resources we still face huge amounts of pollution, specifically in our world’s water. One of the most widely used fibers, cotton, has created an industry dependent on water, which is becoming growingly scare. The goal of this case study is to identify and understand consumers’ concerns when it comes to water use in the cotton industry. Reviewing what industry leaders are already doing to help reduce their water waste and pollution is of ...


Cotton Recycling Methods For Large Scale Garment Manufacturing, Lauren Henderson, Morgan Wano 2018 Kent State University

Cotton Recycling Methods For Large Scale Garment Manufacturing, Lauren Henderson, Morgan Wano

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Cotton farming negatively impacts the environment because of high water usage, pesticides, and carbon emissions. Garment manufacturers can adopt methods of cotton recycling to reduce these effects. Large clothing companies have the most influence over the retail environment and therefore should be the first to make the change to more sustainable production methods. If a national retailer was to use recycled cotton in their manufacturing it could cause other retailers to do the same in order to compete. To explore this issue in the fashion industry, the focus of this study is to analyze cotton recycling methods that could be ...


Consumer Perceptions Of Cotton Sustainability Through Advertisements And Marketing Efforts, Maddison Chirumbolo, Aubrey Evans 2018 Kent State University

Consumer Perceptions Of Cotton Sustainability Through Advertisements And Marketing Efforts, Maddison Chirumbolo, Aubrey Evans

Undergraduate Research Symposium

The Fashion Industry has always been an industry full of consumption and waste. From the natural resources used to manufacture garments, to the life cycle of products. With the increase of mass production, sustainability within the industry is a growing concern. Previous research has given great insight into consumer perception of sustainability, but has not yet taken a deeper look into cotton specifically. Through this database research, it has been found that consumers generally do not have a clear understanding of sustainability in cotton products. This may be due to misleading advertisement and lack of transparency of cotton production. Our ...


Understanding The Racial/Ethnic Gap In Bank Account Ownership Among Older Adults, Luisa Blanco, Marco Angrisani, Emma Aguila, Mei Leng 2018 Pepperdine University

Understanding The Racial/Ethnic Gap In Bank Account Ownership Among Older Adults, Luisa Blanco, Marco Angrisani, Emma Aguila, Mei Leng

School of Public Policy Working Papers

The observed racial/ethnic gap in bank account ownership among older adults is substantial. We investigate socio-economic, cognitive and cultural barriers underling it. As additional potential barriers are accounted for, the residual gaps in financial inclusion with respect to Whites is reduced by 19 percent for Blacks and 46 percent for Hispanics. We find that citizenship and “taste for privacy” play a limited role for both minority groups, while real asset ownership, health, cognitive ability and cultural hurdles contribute substantially to the gap. For Hispanics, language barriers explain most of the gap, while neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics are more salient for ...


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