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The Changing Nature Of Work, Leadership, And Organizational Culture In Future Ready Organizations, Saloni Dhir 2019 Claremont Colleges

The Changing Nature Of Work, Leadership, And Organizational Culture In Future Ready Organizations, Saloni Dhir

CMC Senior Theses

Abstract

The relationship between individual and organizational performance is a key challenge for leaders in modern organizations, especially with the current disruption in technology and innovation. This thesis is a literature review and compilation of the relevant empirical evidence on various processes of industrial groups and organizational characteristics such as the changing nature of work, leadership, and company culture in detail. I investigate the complex challenges that millennials and organizations are facing in the current VUCA work environment as well as their potential responses to these changes. I map out the evolution of the concept of work and compare changes ...


Neurobehavioral Measurements Of Natural And Opioid Reward Value, Aaron Paul Smith 2019 University of Kentucky

Neurobehavioral Measurements Of Natural And Opioid Reward Value, Aaron Paul Smith

Theses and Dissertations--Psychology

In the last decade, (non)prescription opioid abuse, opioid use disorder (OUD) diagnoses, and opioid-related overdoses have risen and represent a significant public health concern. One method of understanding OUD is as a disorder of choice that requires choosing opioid rewards at the expense of other nondrug rewards. The characterization of OUD as a disorder of choice is important as it implicates decision- making processes as therapeutic targets, such as the valuation of opioid rewards. However, reward-value measurement and interpretation are traditionally different in substance abuse research compared to related fields such as economics, animal behavior, and neuroeconomics and may ...


If The Shoe Fits: A Historical Exploration Of Gender Bias In The U.S. Sneaker Industry, Rodney M. Miller Jr 2019 Bard College

If The Shoe Fits: A Historical Exploration Of Gender Bias In The U.S. Sneaker Industry, Rodney M. Miller Jr

Senior Projects Spring 2019

In its short history, which barely spans 100 years, sneakers have quickly become a polarizing and captivating commodity, gaining the attention of consumers, fashion houses and major retailers everywhere. Unfortunately, the sneaker industry also has a history of implicit, unconscious bias towards women. A thorough examination of the history of sneakers has discovered three major social movements that can be identified as the key contributors to the growth of the sneaker industry: (1) physical activity, (2) professional sports, and (3) Hip-Hop—the culture not the music genre. Upon further examination, it became evident that each of these social factors have ...


Value(S) Based Diversification: Environmental, Social, And Governance Investing Sub-Issue Preferences Mapping Through Forced Trade-Offs, Sophia Justine Logan 2019 Bard College

Value(S) Based Diversification: Environmental, Social, And Governance Investing Sub-Issue Preferences Mapping Through Forced Trade-Offs, Sophia Justine Logan

Senior Projects Spring 2019

Using empirical evidence on consumer preferences for environmental, social, and governance (ESG) investing issues, this author builds upon the economic literature that agents have pro-social inclinations. Evidence from the study shows that ESG preferences are nuanced and heterogeneous, unlike the assumptions in academia and the financial services world today of homogenous preferences across ESG issue categories. This author employs the relatively new methodology of MaxDiff to analyze preferences by forcing trade-offs. A survey with 1,000 respondents was administered to create a rank ordering of ESG issue preferences. The project finds that the highest ranked issues fall within the “social ...


Measuring Preferences For Congestion Managment At Rocky Mountain National Park, Nicholas Keim 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Measuring Preferences For Congestion Managment At Rocky Mountain National Park, Nicholas Keim

Undergraduate Honors Theses

National parks are faced with contradicting missions that make management of congestion issues difficult. The public believes national parks are a commons, meant for all to enjoy, and therefore stand firmly against any management strategies that have the ability to keep others from visiting. In order for national parks to effectively manage congestion they must have public approval. One solution would be to raise the entrance fee price, though this has already received negative public feedback. Another potential solution is the implementation of reservation systems to replace entrance fees during peak season. A choice experiment with three attributes and two ...


Climate Underground: The Effects Of Climate Variability On Groundwater Irrigation, Monica Gronseth 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Climate Underground: The Effects Of Climate Variability On Groundwater Irrigation, Monica Gronseth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study addresses the question of groundwater use sensitivity to changes in climate. We use county fixed effects models to empirically estimate the effect of climatic changes during the growing season on groundwater use for irrigation. This study uses data from USGS reports on industry water use and weather data from NOAA. We find both precipitation and temperature have a significant effect on groundwater irrigation, with particular prominence in areas with lower annual precipitation on average. These effect estimates are then used to model the effects of climate change on groundwater irrigation by the end of the century. We conclude ...


A Hedonic Analysis Of The Impact Of The 2017 Firestone Explosion On The Effect Of Wells On Home Values In Boulder County, Jason Habib 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

A Hedonic Analysis Of The Impact Of The 2017 Firestone Explosion On The Effect Of Wells On Home Values In Boulder County, Jason Habib

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The use of hydraulic fracturing technology for oil and gas production has rapidly spread across the United States. As fracking production has moved closer to populated regions, concerns have been raised by homeowners and politicians about water contamination, air and noise pollution, and the potential impact of fracking on property values. In this paper, I examine how a deadly 2017 fracking explosion in Firestone, Colorado, impacted the effect of fracking wells on housing values in Boulder County. Using a hedonic pricing model, I control for other factors that influence a home’s price to isolate the effect of fracking wells ...


Trauma And Religiosity, Abdullah Helal 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Trauma And Religiosity, Abdullah Helal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This research explores the impact of six different adverse life events on religiosity by utilizing a nationally representative dataset of the entire Australian population, combining information on religious importance, religious attendance, and a variety of adverse life events. We exploit the longitudinal dimension of the dataset by using fixed-effects estimations to account for time and individual variations. We found that the importance of religious beliefs increases in response to within the past year occurrence of the death of a friend, death of a relative, and personal injury. Being a victim of physical violence cause a higher increase in the importance ...


The Role Of Dual-Self Constructs In Determining Payment Card Choice: Insights For Working With Credit Card Borrowers, Laura Ricaldi, Sandra J. Huston 2019 Utah Valley University

The Role Of Dual-Self Constructs In Determining Payment Card Choice: Insights For Working With Credit Card Borrowers, Laura Ricaldi, Sandra J. Huston

Journal of Financial Therapy

Evidence shows that consumers are always better off using credit cards rather than debit cards as a payment choice (King & King, 2005). This assumes that credit card payers are “convenience users” and do not carry a balance. However, we know there are habitual credit card borrowers (“revolving users”) as well as those that elect to use debit cards, even though the costs outweigh the benefits. By examining the determinants of payment choice, with a specific focus on dual-self constructs (attitudes, myopia, and financial sophistication), results from this study can provide insight for financial professionals to help mitigate the incidence of ...


Mass Atrocities And Their Prevention, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer 2019 College of the Holy Cross

Mass Atrocities And Their Prevention, Charles H. Anderton, Jurgen Brauer

Economics Department Working Papers

Counting conservatively, and ignoring physical injuries and mental trauma, data show about 100 million mass atrocity-related deaths since 1900. Occurring in war and in peacetime, and of enormous scale, severity, and brutality, they are geographically widespread, occur with surprising frequency, and can be long-lasting in their adverse effects on economic and human development, wellbeing, and wealth. As such, they are a major economic concern. This article synthesizes very diverse and widely dispersed theoretical and empirical literatures, addressing two gaps: a “mass atrocities gap” in the economics literature and an “economics gap” in mass atrocities scholarship. Our goals are, first, for ...


Love At First Byte: An Economic Analysis Of The Internet Dating Apocalypse, Hamsa Srikanth 2019 Claremont Colleges

Love At First Byte: An Economic Analysis Of The Internet Dating Apocalypse, Hamsa Srikanth

CMC Senior Theses

We’re often warned that the internet will hasten the dating apocalypse. The internet (it is posited) is depriving us of the elusive in-person magic, and modern courtship is now little more than love at first byte.

There remains uncertainty, however, about what the independent impact of the internet on the dating market has been. Similar to the internet, the telephone also changed the way we communicate, but its effect on the dating market was mostly complementary to the 'traditional' ways of meeting – i.e. calling your school crush at home. So the question remains: Is the effect of the ...


Do Humans Prioritize Time, Energy, Intensity… Or Something Else Altogether When Making Decisions About Walking On Level Vs. Uphill Surfaces?, Helena Gabrielle Meyer 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Do Humans Prioritize Time, Energy, Intensity… Or Something Else Altogether When Making Decisions About Walking On Level Vs. Uphill Surfaces?, Helena Gabrielle Meyer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

During daily life, people walk from one point to another. Sometimes they choose to walk along designated paths; other times they take shortcuts. To determine how humans weigh costs like time, metabolic energy expenditure, and metabolic intensity, I studied subjects making walking decisions about walking up a hill vs. along a level surface for various distances. I hypothesized that subjects would be indifferent to walking uphill at an 8.5% grade vs. on the level when the two options required the same time or the same amount of metabolic energy.

Further, I hypothesized that subjects would walk at speeds such ...


An Ethical Examination Of Libertarian Paternalism: The Impact Of Retirement Savings Nudges On Autonomy And Welfare, Edward E. Dunn V 2019 Bard College

An Ethical Examination Of Libertarian Paternalism: The Impact Of Retirement Savings Nudges On Autonomy And Welfare, Edward E. Dunn V

Senior Projects Spring 2019

Behavioral economists have recommended the use of nudges to promote welfare through public and private policies as a form of ‘libertarian paternalism’. It remains a controversial topic and opponents of nudging claim that it violates individual liberty and autonomy. Even so, nudging has found success in helping people save more for retirement. Automatic enrollment and the Save More Tomorrow™ plan use defaults to encourage higher participation and contribution rates in 401(k) retirement savings plans. I argue that these policies violate individual autonomy and fail to determine individuals’ preferences. Ethical interventions prioritize the intelligibility of preferences, enhance individual autonomy, and ...


Voting Behavior Among Young Adults: An Analysis Of Youth Voters And How Behavioral Economic Concepts Can Be Applied To Increase Young Voter Turnout, Heather Hall 2019 Pace University

Voting Behavior Among Young Adults: An Analysis Of Youth Voters And How Behavioral Economic Concepts Can Be Applied To Increase Young Voter Turnout, Heather Hall

Honors College Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Environmental Factors On Maternal Health, Infant Health And Mental Health, Li Zeng 2019 Lehigh University

The Effects Of Environmental Factors On Maternal Health, Infant Health And Mental Health, Li Zeng

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the effects of environmental factors on adult’s health and infant’s health at birth. The first chapter of this dissertation studies the impact of maternal stress triggered by wildfire on infant birth outcomes. As a common natural event, one of the most noticeable effects of wildfires is the stress caused by their threat to people’s life and property. This study estimates the impact of exposure to wildfire events during pregnancy, especially the effects of maternal stress triggered by wildfire outbreaks, on infant birth outcomes. By linking three data sources – birth records from the New Jersey ...


Circadian Variations And Risky Decision Making, Sana Sra 2019 Claremont Colleges

Circadian Variations And Risky Decision Making, Sana Sra

Scripps Senior Theses

Over the past decades, decision making under risk has garnered a great amount of attention both in the field of economics and psychology. Although state-dependent variabilities of risk taking are well-documented, little is known about the effects of a person’s preferred time of day, or chronotype, in risky decision making. Under circumstances of circadian mismatch (e.g., when an “early bird” makes decisions in the evening), research suggests that decision making may reflect a greater reliance on heuristics, such as using stereotypes in social judgments. However, the effects of circadian mismatch on heuristics in risky decision making are relatively ...


What Drives Merger Waves? A Study Of The Seven Historical Merger Waves In The U.S., Katherine Ching 2019 Claremont Colleges

What Drives Merger Waves? A Study Of The Seven Historical Merger Waves In The U.S., Katherine Ching

Scripps Senior Theses

Historically, merger and acquisition (or M&A) activity has occurred in cyclical patterns, forming what are known as “merger waves.” To date, there have been a total of seven waves. Though it is widely acknowledged that merger waves exist, there is no consensus on what drives these waves. Through both qualitative and quantitative analysis, this paper aims to determine the causes of merger waves and looks at those causes through two different lenses: the neoclassical view, which states that economic shocks cause merger waves, and the behavioral view, which states that increases in merger activity are due to managerial behavior ...


Stock Recommendations In China: Buyer Beware, Singapore Management University 2019 Singapore Management University

Stock Recommendations In China: Buyer Beware, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Research analysts have incentives to issue positive recommendations; social ties with fund managers exert considerable influence


Actual And Self-Assessed Financial Literacy Among Employees Of A South African University, Gizelle D. Willows 2019 The University of Cape Town

Actual And Self-Assessed Financial Literacy Among Employees Of A South African University, Gizelle D. Willows

Numeracy

This study examines the level of financial literacy and self-assessed financial literacy amongst members of a South African tertiary institution’s retirement fund. Based on surveys of the fund’s members, I employ descriptive statistics and multivariate regression analyses to examine differences in financial literacy within and across groups. The results show that, despite working for an employer implementing many best practices identified by financial literacy advocates, respondents from all demographic subgroups possess relatively low levels of financial knowledge. Men, White respondents, and those with a higher cost of employment or higher educational attainment were more likely to have a ...


Monthly Spending Dynamics Of The Elderly Following A Health Shock: Evidence From Singapore, Terence CHENG, Li JING, Rhema VAITHIANATHAN 2019 University of Adelaide

Monthly Spending Dynamics Of The Elderly Following A Health Shock: Evidence From Singapore, Terence Cheng, Li Jing, Rhema Vaithianathan

Research Collection School Of Economics

We use novel longitudinal datafrom 19 monthly waves of the Singapore Life Panel to examine the short-termdynamics of the effects health shocks have on household health and non-healthspending and income by the elderly. The health shocks we study are theoccurrence of new major conditions such as cancer, heart problems, and minorconditions (e.g. diabetes, and hypertension). Our empirical strategy exploits unanticipated changesin health status through the diagnosis of new health conditions, combined withan individual fixed effect framework. We find that major shocks have large and persistent effects while minorshocks have small and mainly contemporaneous effects. We find that householdincome reduces ...


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