Community Forest In Liberia: The Interface Between Sustainable Charcoal Production And Deforestation, 2019 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad
Community Forest In Liberia: The Interface Between Sustainable Charcoal Production And Deforestation, Amavie Clement
The available data establishes a direct correlation between charcoal production and forest degradation and deforestation in Liberia. Charcoal is the primary energy source for Liberians, especially in urban areas where the bulk of the population lives. It is expected to be the mainstay energy source for years to come because it is affordable, accessible, and convenient to use compared to other forms of energy (i.e. electricity and petroleum gas). However, the current model of charcoal production, based on indiscriminate felling of trees, poses a danger to the environment as it results in widespread forest degradation and deforestation. Therefore, any ...
Augmenting Marine Food Production Through Fisheries Management And Mariculture, 2019 University of Chittagong
Augmenting Marine Food Production Through Fisheries Management And Mariculture, S M. Sharifuzzaman, M I. Golder, M. Shahadat Hossain
Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
There is new aspiration of sustainable exploitation of marine resources and to achieve sustainable development goals (SDG 14) in recent years. In this context, this document delineates new scope of venturing into the blue economy relative to marine fisheries and mariculture. Potential interventions in marine fisheries include – (i) expansion of the commercial fishing area (beyond the 80 m depth) for harvesting high value fish species (such as tuna, lakkha), (ii) exploration for new fishing grounds and fisheries, (iii) value addition and reducing post-harvest losses, and (iv) assessment of fisheries stocks for estimation of potential yields and optimum sizes of harvest ...
Community Based Global Learning, 2019 University of Dayton
Community Based Global Learning, Anthony N. Talbott, Molly Maccready, Matt Maroon
Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights
This panel explores frameworks for effective implementation and assessment of community-based learning. Relationships between universities and community partners must be just and reciprocal—meeting student learning outcomes and improving the capacity of the partner organizations. Case studies of both international and US-based community engaged learning will be presented.
Interrogating Discourses Of Global Education: Reconceptualizing Education As A Common Good?, 2019 Western University
Interrogating Discourses Of Global Education: Reconceptualizing Education As A Common Good?, Prachi Srivastava
This contribution analyses UNESCO's framework of education as a common good in the context of the Global South. It argues that dominant conceptions view education in a narrow, instrumentalist perspective. Despite its promise to reorient education as a broader social endeavour towards human wellbeing to lead meaningful lives (Sen, 1999), UNESCO's framework has failed to gain significant traction. I argue this is linked to challenges associated with: education and unemployment; global mobility and learning assessment systems; citizenship education; and the global governance of education policymaking.
Self-Determination Through Circus Arts: Exploring Youth Development In A Novel Activity Context, 2019 The Pennsylvania State University
Self-Determination Through Circus Arts: Exploring Youth Development In A Novel Activity Context, Jennifer P. Agans, Jacqueline L. Davis, Spyridoula Vazou, Tal Jarus
Youth development takes place in many contexts, with different resulting participant outcomes. Broadening the scope of research to include non-traditional contexts such as youth circus arts programs, which are both similar to and different from other out-of-school-time contexts, may promote better understanding of the ways in which these programs impact youth development. The present study examined the prevalence of support for basic psychological needs and positive developmental outcomes among youth circus program participants. Single time-point quantitative surveys were completed by 111 youth members of the American Youth Circus Organization (62% female), ranging in age from 10 to 21. Results indicated ...
9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, 2019 The Texas Medical Center Library
9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association
MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts
The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.
The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.
The Effect Of Peer Collaboration On Kinematic Problem Solving, 2019 Seton Hall University
The Effect Of Peer Collaboration On Kinematic Problem Solving, Alyssa Deronda
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
Kinematic problems, a type of physics problem that involves object motion, pose a challenge for adults (Caramazza, McCloskey, & Green, 1981; Kozhevnikov, Motes, & Hegarty, 2007; McCloskey, 1983b; McCloskey, Washburn, & Felch, 1983). Adults often incorrectly predict the path of a moving object despite having prior experience with moving objects or formal physics education (Caramazza et al., 1981; Kaiser, Jonides, & Alexander, 1986). One way to improve kinematic problem solving may be through peer collaboration. Working together with a partner to solve a problem allows both people to help each other remember important parts of a complex problem and discuss different perspectives (Dimant & Bearison, 1991; Fawcett & Garton, 2005; Kozhevnikov & Thornton, 2006; Vygotsky, 1978). The current study investigated whether peer collaboration can improve kinematic problem solving by evaluating adults’ performance on near and far transfer tasks after completing kinematic practice problems. Of special interest was the use of spatially-oriented language. Participants were assigned to one of three practice conditions: Collaborative, Alone-Talk, or Alone-Quiet. Results showed that peer collaboration did not affect performance on practice problems or near and far transfer tasks. However, analysis of ...
A Tactful Conceptualization Of Joint Attention: Joint Haptic Attention And Language Development, 2019 East Tennessee State University
A Tactful Conceptualization Of Joint Attention: Joint Haptic Attention And Language Development, Lauren P. Driggers-Jones
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Research investigating associations between joint attention and language development have thus far only investigated joint attention by way of visual perceptions while neglecting the potential effects of joint attention engaged through other sensory modalities. In the present study, I aimed to investigate the joint attention-language development relationship by investigating the possible links between joint haptic attention and language development, while also exploring the likely contributions of joint visual attention through a mediation analysis. Using video recordings from an archival dataset, measures of joint haptic attention and joint visual attention were derived from behavioral tasks, and measures of vocabulary development were ...
Factors In Refugee Resilience Building During Humanitarian Response, 2019 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad
Factors In Refugee Resilience Building During Humanitarian Response, Rachel Starner
If countries hosting refugees want to build resiliency and reduce dependency on foreign relief, humanitarian response and local development need to be addressed simultaneously, and collaboration at all levels of stakeholders needs to take place in planning and decision making. Additionally, innovation and strong leadership are strong factors in creating and leading new ideas as funding and world leadership dynamics change, especially with traditional leaders such as the US and the UN losing influence. Observations made at the Mahama Refugee Camp in Rwanda as well as existing document analysis reflect these traits by active efforts of camp administrators and humanitarian ...
Should Twins Share An Elementary School Classroom?, 2019 Cedarville Univeristy
Should Twins Share An Elementary School Classroom?, Heather S. Amundson
Master of Education Applied Research Projects
In any child’s educational experience, there are positive and negative aspects. However, when jealousy and competition, identity and dependence, separation anxiety, and a host of other emotionally charged aspects of school life, are added to the situation, the elementary classroom becomes a minefield for all involved, especially for twins. It is this minefield that parents, states, and educational professionals walk students through, all while seeking each child’s best interest. However, there are conflicting opinions, research, and practices that mark the historical landscape of whether to educate twins in a shared elementary school classroom. The historical trend within the ...
Discrepant Self-Perceptions As Predictors Of Rule Violating Behavior Among Juvenile Offenders, 2019 The University of Southern Mississippi
Discrepant Self-Perceptions As Predictors Of Rule Violating Behavior Among Juvenile Offenders, Kimberly Barajas
Numerous studies have examined discrepancies between youths’ self-perceptions and others’ ratings across different domains of competence (i.e. academic, behavior, social) (e.g., Jia, Jiang, & Mikami, 2016; Kistner, 2006; Owens et al., 2007) and it is well-established that discrepant self-perceptions are risk factors for maladaptive outcomes (e.g., aggression, depression) in children and adolescents (David & Kistner, 2000; Jia et al., 2016; Kistner et al., 2006). Only one study has examined discrepant self-perceptions (e.g., perceptual bias) in a sample of male juvenile offenders (JOs) (Smith, Lynch, Stephens, & Kistner, 2015). This study sought to extend the literature examining discrepant self-perceptions within juvenile offenders in two important ways: first, by examining whether two separate facets of discrepant self-perceptions (i.e., perceptual bias and inaccurate self-perceptions) in the behavioral domain were predictive of JOs’ rule violations following their incarceration; second, by examining if race moderated the relationship between discrepant self-perceptions and rule violating behaviors. A series ...
The Diffusion Of Telehealth: System-Level Conditions For Successful Adoption, 2019 The University of Southern Mississippi
The Diffusion Of Telehealth: System-Level Conditions For Successful Adoption, Danika Tynes
Telehealth is a promising advancement in health care, though there are certain conditions under which telehealth has a greater chance of success. This research sought to further the understanding of what conditions compel the success of telehealth adoption at the systems level applying Diffusion of Innovations (DoI) theory. System-level indicators were selected to represent four components of DoI theory (relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, and observability) and regressed on 5 types of Telehealth (Teleradiology, Teledermatology, Telepathology, Telepsychology, and Remote Monitoring) using multiple logistic regression.
Analyses included data from 84 states leveraging data from the World Health Organization, World Bank, ICT Index ...
Environmental Degradation And Economics Growth: Testing The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis (Ekc) In Six Asean Countries, 2019 Minnesota State University, Mankato
Environmental Degradation And Economics Growth: Testing The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis (Ekc) In Six Asean Countries, Zhen Yang (Rex) Chng
Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato
Environmental issues have been widely reported in recent years. From climate change to plastic waste, environmental quality is deteriorating at an unprecedented speed in human history. Environmental degradation is believed to have tied to the different stages of a country’s economic growth, as the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis suggested. Despite the proliferation of research about the EKC hypothesis, no consensus has been reached in the field regarding the validation of the hypothesis. This paper employs time-series methods to empirically investigates the impacts of economic growth, trade openness, energy consumption, and foreign direct investment on environmental degradation in six ...
Building Financial Management Capacity For Community Ownership Of Development Initiatives In Rural Zambia, 2019 Right to Care Zambia
Building Financial Management Capacity For Community Ownership Of Development Initiatives In Rural Zambia, Viviane Sakanga, Parker S. Chastain, Kathleen L. Mcglasson, Jeanette L. Kaiser, Misheck Bwalya, Melvin Mwansa, Kaluba Mataka, David Kalaba, Nancy Scott, Taryn Vian
Nursing and Health Professions Faculty Research and Publications
Background: Building financial management capacity is increasingly important in low- and middle-income countries to help communities take ownership of development activities. Yet, many community members lack financial knowledge and skills.
Methods: As part of a larger health intervention, we designed and conducted financial management training for 83 members from 10 community groups in rural Zambia. Change scores between pre- and post-tests on financial knowledge were calculated and multivariate linear regression models run. Qualitative feedback was elicited.
Results: The training significantly improved knowledge of financial concepts. Participants with some or more than some secondary education had greater improvements in knowledge (by ...
A Population-Based Study On The Correlates Of Trauma And Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Behaviors Among Adolescents Aging Out Of Foster Care., 2019 Abilene Christian University
A Population-Based Study On The Correlates Of Trauma And Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Behaviors Among Adolescents Aging Out Of Foster Care., Jennifer Artis
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Children in foster care are confirmed victims of maltreatment who may suffer from chronic trauma. These adverse childhood experiences will often increase the risk of physical and psychological adversities such as self-harm (SH), substance abuse, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), heart disease, depression, etc. Based on previous and current research studies, youth in foster care are less likely to receive adequate treatment for their self-harm behaviors and mental health needs. Failing to provide proper treatment could lead to harmful activities such as deliberate self-harm and potential suicide. This population-based study focuses on the prevalence of SH among youth in foster ...
Dmt And “The Man Box:” Provoking Change And Encouraging Authentic Living, An Arts-Based Project, 2019 Lesley University
Dmt And “The Man Box:” Provoking Change And Encouraging Authentic Living, An Arts-Based Project, Steven Reynolds
Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses
This thesis explores the mind-body experience through an arts-based research approach to examine, and redefine the emotional capacity and usefulness of males through societal determinants that limits and hinders men from living their authentic selves. Through the lens of a metaphoric “Man Box” 112 men participated in a workshop recreating their personal narratives of socialization through, style of dress, coping mechanisms, belief systems and who they should be as men through society's standards. In the “Man Box,” male bonding, and emotional feelings are discouraged, while the objectification of women, material property and physical/emotional strength are encouraged. This research ...
The Long-Run Effects Of Tropical Cyclones On Infant Mortality, 2019 The University of San Francisco
The Long-Run Effects Of Tropical Cyclones On Infant Mortality, Isabel Miranda
In the United States alone, each tropical cyclone causes an average of $14.6 billion worth of damages. In addition to the destruction of physical infrastructure, natural disasters also negatively impact human capital formation. These losses are often more difficult to observe, and therefore, are over looked when quantifying the true costs of natural disasters. One particular effect is an increase in infant mortality rates, an important indicator of a country’s general socioeconomic level. This paper utilizes a model created by Anttila-Hughes and Hsiang, that takes advantage of annual variation in tropical cyclones using annual spatial average maximum wind ...
A Literature Review Of Nature-Based Expressive Arts Therapy For Bereaved Children, 2019 Lesley University
A Literature Review Of Nature-Based Expressive Arts Therapy For Bereaved Children, Wendy Dalton
Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses
There is a need for increased visibility of child bereavement to expand research in and accessibility of developmentally appropriate supports, which views the child holistically and within their biopsychosocial context. Worden’s (1996) formative work with child bereavement resulting in the "tasks" of child bereavement was the first and most recent study of its scale and kind. This marked an affirming of grief as normative response to death and occurring throughout the developmental lifespan. This work also highlights the need for additional inquiry to expand and deepen understanding of child bereavement. A growing body of research suggests that ecotherapy and ...
Igniting A New Legacy: The Olympics And Sustainable Development At The Tokyo Olympic Games, 2019 The University of San Francisco
Igniting A New Legacy: The Olympics And Sustainable Development At The Tokyo Olympic Games, Alena Ulrichova
Master's Projects and Capstones
With a decreasing number of cities bidding to host and organize the Olympic Games, we see that various places find the prospect of embarking on this mega-event project less appealing and lucrative then in the past. Moreover, in looking at the history of the Games, we recognize a troubling pattern: money is often spent irresponsibly and does not bring any benefits to citizens even though their tax payments and state lottery contribution are used as main source for funding the Olympics. In order to shift this trend, the movement towards the global call for sustainability—as presented mainly by the ...
Analysis Of Michael Wiskow: An Exploration Of Self-Awareness, 2019 Minnesota State University Moorhead
Analysis Of Michael Wiskow: An Exploration Of Self-Awareness, Michael D. Wiskow
Dissertations, Theses, and Projects
Self-awareness is an essential aspect of counselor ethical obligations, effectiveness, and professional competency. It is for these reasons why I decided to conduct an Analysis of Self as my final project. I review my relevant background, analyze my objective self via assessments, reflect on interviews with significant others, and create a theoretical conceptualization of myself in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of who I am. With this information, I reflect on how this process impacted me as well as discuss my plans for continual professional growth. I found this process to be extremely beneficial since it has altered my ...