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Probabilistic Models For Identifying And Explaining Controversy, Myungha Jang 2019 Facebook

Probabilistic Models For Identifying And Explaining Controversy, Myungha Jang

Doctoral Dissertations

Navigating controversial topics on the Web encourages social awareness, supports civil discourse, and promotes critical literacy. While search of controversial topics particularly requires users to use their critical literacy skills on the content, educating people to be more critical readers is known to be a complex and long-term process. Therefore, we are in need of search engines that are equipped with techniques to help users to understand controversial topics by identifying them and explaining why they are controversial. A few approaches for identifying controversy have worked reasonably well in practice, but they are narrow in scope and exhibit limited performance ...


Fear, Power, & Teeth (2007), Olivia Hockenbroch 2019 University of Montana

Fear, Power, & Teeth (2007), Olivia Hockenbroch

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Vagina dentata is the myth of the toothed vagina; in most iterations, it serves as a warning to men that women’s vaginas must be conquered to be safe for a man’s sexual pleasure (Koehler, 2017). The vagina dentata myth has been carried forth from ancient ancestors in numerous cultures all over the world (Koehler). It is one of many destructive cultural myths that guides discourses about sex and women’s bodies. In this paper, I explore a recent articulation of the myth, the 2007 film Teeth, and I argue that in this film, the vagina dentata is made ...


Movements In Dialogue: Kaleidoscope And The Discourse Of Underground News, Jeb Ebben 2019 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Movements In Dialogue: Kaleidoscope And The Discourse Of Underground News, Jeb Ebben

UReCA: The NCHC Journal of Undergraduate Research & Creative Activity

From 1967 to 1971, Kaleidoscope shared new and revolutionary ideas, challenged its readers, and created an important venue for intramovement dialogue. Beginning as an outlet for Milwaukee’s burgeoning counterculture and evolving into an important part of the mass movement, Kaleidoscope’s willingness to honestly interrogate the issues facing the community it served meant that it was an arena for tensions to be resolved. That Kaleidoscope, unlike many of the underground papers of the era, never transformed into an unofficial party organ for the New Left allowed it to be uniquely critical of the politics of the mass movement while ...


The Ethics Of Identifiers And Causal Relations In Journalism, Alycia Wilson 2019 University of New Hampshire, Durham

The Ethics Of Identifiers And Causal Relations In Journalism, Alycia Wilson

Honors Theses and Capstones

The AP Stylebook, a guide used by many journalism organizations to inform editorial decision making, says identifiers such as race should be included in news stories when "pertinent." But how do we determine when an identifier is pertinent? My analysis of news stories demonstrates that sometimes identifiers can suggest a causal relation between an identity and an event. For example, journalists will identify race in any story involving a white police officer shooting a black suspect, even if the facts of the story suggest that the shooting was justified. Journalists also widely reported the sexual orientation of the victims in ...


“Bullets Of Truth”: Julian Assange And The Politics Of Transparency, Mark Fenster 2018 University of Florida Levin College of Law

“Bullets Of Truth”: Julian Assange And The Politics Of Transparency, Mark Fenster

Mark Fenster

This essay updates (to early 2019) earlier work on the WikiLeaks story in order to consider what more recent developments reveal about the theoretical promise that Assange articulated at the time of the website’s emergence. Assange has characterized secrecy as both a form and symptom of corruption, and ultimately as the foundation of a “conspiracy” of governance that states like the U.S. inflict on their subjects and the world. He advocates a non-political, vigilante form of transparency in which WikiLeaks serves as a neutral entity that will save the public and free the world with information. He predicted ...


Feed: State Transparency Amidst Informational Surplus, Mark Fenster 2018 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Feed: State Transparency Amidst Informational Surplus, Mark Fenster

Mark Fenster

An email arrives, promising inside information about the perfidious forces that secretly rule the nation. A Twitter feed from a prominent insider at an establishment think-tank announces the latest disclosure about the president’s secret role in the Russian conspiracy to manipulate the election that elevated him with the blast of toy cannon. Meanwhile, the President’s tweets serve to annoy, distract, humor, or comfort those who see them, and they above all announce some truth about his presidency. 

Debates about government transparency presume that the state controls an informational spigot, which can be made to allow information to flow ...


Communication & Popular Culture, Marita Gronnvoll 2018 Eastern Illinois University

Communication & Popular Culture, Marita Gronnvoll

Marita Gronnvoll

This course examines popular culture and the emergence of mass culture in the United States. It
starts from the premise that popular culture, far from being a frivolous or debased alternative to
“high culture”, is in fact an important site of popular expression, social instruction, and cultural
conflict, and thus deserves critical attention. We examine theoretical texts that help us to “read”
popular culture, even as we study specific forms and artifacts of popular culture: from television
shows to Hollywood movies, graphic novels to advertisements, and popular music to fiction.
Throughout the course, we ground what we call “culture” in ...


Political Communication, Marita Gronnvoll 2018 Eastern Illinois University

Political Communication, Marita Gronnvoll

Marita Gronnvoll

The purpose of this course is to explore various aspects of political communication in the United
States. Our first topic will be presidential rhetoric and the rhetorical presidency. As we explore
this topic, we will investigate the historical development of presidential communication and the
major genres which help shape and structure that communication. Our second topic will be
political campaigns and the evolution of the “long campaign,” particularly its inescapable
connection to mass media. Our third topic will be grassroots and resistance political
communication. Here, our focus will be on the nontraditional approaches taken by ordinary
citizens and citizen groups ...


Persuasion, Marita Gronnvoll 2018 Eastern Illinois University

Persuasion, Marita Gronnvoll

Marita Gronnvoll

This class will study symbolic communication intended to influence beliefs, attitudes, values, and
behaviors. The course will focus on the critical assessment of persuasive messages, with additional
attention to the theories and research behind persuasive message construction.


Fiduciary Blind Spot: The Failure Of Institutional Investors To Prevent The Illegitimate Use Of Working Americans' Savings For Corporate Political Spending, Leo E. Strine Jr. 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Fiduciary Blind Spot: The Failure Of Institutional Investors To Prevent The Illegitimate Use Of Working Americans' Savings For Corporate Political Spending, Leo E. Strine Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

For decades, American workers have been subjected to increasing pressure to become forced capitalists, in the sense that to provide for retirement for themselves, and to pay for college for their children, they must turn part of their income every month over to mutual funds who participate in 401(k) and 529 programs. These “Worker Investors” save for the long term, often hold portfolios that are a proxy for the entire economy, and depend on the economy’s ability to generate good jobs and sustainable growth in order for them to be able to have economic security. In recent years ...


Stealth Democracy: Authoritarianism And Democratic Deliberation, Peter Muhlberger 2018 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Stealth Democracy: Authoritarianism And Democratic Deliberation, Peter Muhlberger

Journal of Public Deliberation

In Stealth Democracy, Hibbing and Theiss-Morse seek to show that much of the American public desires "stealth democracy"--a democracy run like a business with little deliberation or public input. The authors maintain that stealth democracy beliefs are largely reasonable preferences, and the public does not want and would react negatively to a more deliberative democracy. This paper introduces an opposing "authoritarian stealth democrats thesis" that suggests that stealth democracy beliefs may be driven by authoritarianism and a variety of related orientations including poor political perspective taking and low cognitive engagement. These orientations may be ameliorated through democratic deliberation. Hypotheses ...


Deliberative Mini-Publics As A Partial Antidote To Authoritarian Information Strategies, Robert C. Richards Jr. 2018 University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service

Deliberative Mini-Publics As A Partial Antidote To Authoritarian Information Strategies, Robert C. Richards Jr.

Journal of Public Deliberation

Authoritarian or illiberal regimes control a growing number of states throughout the world. Among the information strategies that these regimes use to gain and maintain support are the dissemination of false or misleading policy information and the use of manipulative policy frames. Deliberative mini-publics can partially counter those strategies by distributing accurate policy information and employing non-exploitative policy frames that affirm the dignity of members of the polity as free and equal citizens.


Telling The Good News, Allyson R. Escobar 2018 Cuny Graduate School of Journalism

Telling The Good News, Allyson R. Escobar

Capstones

In light of recent clergy abuse scandals, cover-ups and leadership shake-downs, it is a divided time in the Catholic Church: but this isn’t the whole story. My final capstone project is a critical essay of how Catholicism (and religion overall) is represented in mainstream media--particularly in secular news publications and entertainment (horror films) in the United States. By examining the coverage and how conversations differ within members of the Catholic Church--from journalists and critics to active Catholics, religious men and women--this project calls for greater accountability, fairness, faith representation in all media, and the overall claim that there are ...


An Exploratory Study Of Acculturation Experiences Of Graduate Student Immigrants At The University Of San Francisco, Courtney Lamar 2018 The University of San Francisco

An Exploratory Study Of Acculturation Experiences Of Graduate Student Immigrants At The University Of San Francisco, Courtney Lamar

Master's Theses

This study explores the shared challenges during the acculturation process of graduate student immigrants pursuing higher education in the United States. 13 graduate student immigrants at the University of San Francisco discuss their experiences of cultural adjustment into U.S. culture. Through qualitative interviews and thematic analysis, this study seeks to understand the acculturation experiences of graduate student immigrants in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States. This analysis is based on the individual-level experience examining attitudes and acculturation strategies in the dominant society. Analysis, possibly policy implication for institutions of higher education, and possible directions for future ...


Cnl As Outcomes Manager: Improving Communication During The Er To Icu Handoff, Amy Ho 2018 The University of San Francisco

Cnl As Outcomes Manager: Improving Communication During The Er To Icu Handoff, Amy Ho

Master's Projects and Capstones

Emergency room (ER) to Intensive care unit (ICU) handoff reports are often ineffective because the lack of an standardized guideline. The aim of the Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) improvement project was to improve the nurse satisfaction survey scores in the ER and ICU microsystems within a mid-sized community hospital in northern California. Participates included registered nurses, and ER and ICU managers. The failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA), Strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis, and the Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycle were used for this project. Literature reviews were conducted to identify effective theories, patterns, and tools for handoff reports. Nurse ...


Creating Dialogic Moments In Municipal Deliberation: The Case Of Recycling In Nebraska, Janell C. Walther 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Creating Dialogic Moments In Municipal Deliberation: The Case Of Recycling In Nebraska, Janell C. Walther

Communication Studies Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Networked communication has changed the nature of the public sphere by making it more accessible to more people; however, the networked public sphere also creates issues such as echo chambers, information overload, and polarization. Further, use of algorithms that influence media consumption amplifies to role of information on social identity. This “infocentric identity” driven by algorithms may increase polarization among those interacting in the networked public sphere. Previous research indicates that municipalities are often insulated from such national-level polarization. However, given this infocentric identity, many municipalities may experience polarization to some degree. This study examines if , and how, municipal public ...


Art Brut & Bricolage: Manifesting Alternate Imaginaries Of The Waste Cataclysm, Dominic Alan Chequer 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Art Brut & Bricolage: Manifesting Alternate Imaginaries Of The Waste Cataclysm, Dominic Alan Chequer

Communication Studies

Living within a consumer society that boasts increased sustainable consumption as the panacea to large-scale environmental degradation, the social avoidance of waste becomes an interesting psychological battleground in developing an environmentally sustainable future. In light of this situation, I used my participation in the design of a music festival to create a social critique by design. Using artistic techniques of bricolage and aesthetic upcycling, under the visage of art brut. The paper blends theory and practice, ideas with tangible outputs.


"I Just Got Out; I Need A Place To Live": A Business Plan For Transitional Housing, Walker Beverly V 2018 California State University - San Bernardino

"I Just Got Out; I Need A Place To Live": A Business Plan For Transitional Housing, Walker Beverly V

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The United States has a serious epidemic of mass incarceration and high recidivism rates. The U. S. must act on these high recidivism rates by implementing social services programs that help the formerly incarcerated stop committing crimes. The formerly incarcerated are being oppressed by a historic process that has continued to incarcerate and control them, even after they had served their time for their crimes. This project attempts to assist in reducing the high recidivism rates by creating an education-based transitional housing facility with a plethora of supportive services that will be open to formerly incarcerated individuals. This project sheds ...


Integrity, Meritocracy And Inclusiveness: Singapore's Core Values, Tony TAN, Philip ZERRILLO 2018 Singapore Management University

Integrity, Meritocracy And Inclusiveness: Singapore's Core Values, Tony Tan, Philip Zerrillo

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

An interview with the seventh President of Singapore, Dr Tony Tan. The seventh President of Singapore, Dr Tony Tan, talks about the challenges and opportunities for the island-state, in this interview with Philip Zerrillo.


The Effects Of Media On The American Perceptions Of Islam From 2001-2012, Brently Pustelak 2018 Liberty University

The Effects Of Media On The American Perceptions Of Islam From 2001-2012, Brently Pustelak

Senior Honors Theses

This study seeks to understand the correlation between the average American's understanding of a Muslim and the portrayal of Muslims in relevant news events. After defining terms and reviewing previous literature, two news sources will be used to compare various historically-significant events. The major events to be studied are the September 11 attacks of 2001, the American involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the “Arab Spring”. Precedent literature shall be used to determine a baseline understanding of common American perceptions of Muslims. From the baseline understandings of American perceptions and the established definitions regarding Muslims, a connection will be ...


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