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Gender, Race, Sexuality, and Ethnicity in Communication Commons

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Censoring Hate In The Music Industry: Shifting Perspectives In Pursuit Of Cultural Equity, Joey A. Tan 2019 University of the Pacific

Censoring Hate In The Music Industry: Shifting Perspectives In Pursuit Of Cultural Equity, Joey A. Tan

Backstage Pass

Music is intended to be expressive and unconstrained, a tool of communicating emotion and bridging humanity. As such, censorship is widely despised among music creators, listeners, publishers, distributors, and other music industry stakeholders. “Freedom of expression,” however, proves to be an applicable argument for both sides of the matter when the censorship concerns hate directed at marginalized communities. Analyzing the concept of censorship through the lens of those with privilege and power fails to recognize the extent to which hate speech impacts its victims and the indirect recipients of the message. As a powerful influencer of popular and youth cultures ...


Say Their Names: Black Feminist Thought And The Power Elite, Francisco Gaspar 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Say Their Names: Black Feminist Thought And The Power Elite, Francisco Gaspar

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

This article investigates the critical affinities between contemporary sociological theory and Black feminist thought. It specifically aims to assert the significance of Kimberlé Crenshaw’s “Say Her Name” report through the lens of C. Wright Mills, who uses the concept of the power elite to describe political, economic, and militaristic affairs. By providing a comparative analysis of this theoretical framework, I intend to convey how misogynoir and other oppressive ideologies have informed the dissemination of social justice work and knowledge production. Throughout this article, I reference several Black feminist scholars’ works in conversation with Crenshaw’s report. Additionally, I offer ...


What Advantage Does Difference Make? Leveling The Imperial Playing Field, Daniel Heinz 2019 Justus Liebig University Giessen

What Advantage Does Difference Make? Leveling The Imperial Playing Field, Daniel Heinz

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

In this article, I revisit the last ten years of international sport policies on gender testing in order to revise normative constructions of the athletes’ bodies. Specifically, I focus on the International Association of Athletics Federation’s (IAAF) new regulation from 2018 governing the eligibility of certain female athletes with differences of sexual development accompanied by elevated levels of natural testosterone. I argue that the IAAF testosterone regulation is based on a colonial continuity of upholding gender norms and racial hierarchies.


Not All Your Neighbors Are Free: Community Building With Incarcerated Folks In San Luis Obispo, Gianna Bissa 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Not All Your Neighbors Are Free: Community Building With Incarcerated Folks In San Luis Obispo, Gianna Bissa

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

The American criminal justice system is rooted in white supremacist ideology that is predicated on the murder, displacement, exploitation, and marginalization of people of color. Scholars and activists recognize the American prison system as a modern form of slavery. Only three miles away from Cal Poly’s campus, the California Men’s Colony State Prison (CMC) operates as one of thirty-four state prisons in California. Nearly 4,000 men, trans women, and nonbinary people are being held at the CMC. Not only can mass incarceration be identified as one of the most dreadful state projects that violates human freedom, but ...


Queer Life Is Tragic: Lauren Berlant’S “Cruel Optimism” And Lee Edelman’S Negative Queerness In Life Is Strange, Tara Fredenburg 2019 Rhodes College

Queer Life Is Tragic: Lauren Berlant’S “Cruel Optimism” And Lee Edelman’S Negative Queerness In Life Is Strange, Tara Fredenburg

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

Life is Strange (2015), by Raoul Barbet and Michel Koch, has sparked outrage for “queerbaiting” lesbian and bisexual women in the gaming community, but criticisms pointed toward the game have failed to address its most pernicious argument. By placing the controversy within the historical context of the 1930s Hays Production Code, examining one of the game’s central lessons in conversation with philosopher Lauren Berlant’s concept of “cruel optimism” and critical theorist Lee Edelman’s anti-reproductive definition of queerness, I contend that Life is Strange (2015) reveals the inability of adherents to heteropatriarchal ideals to conceive a world beyond ...


(W)Holes Of Your Heart: Trans Utopian Performance In Janelle Monáe’S “Pynk”, carlos j. gómez 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

(W)Holes Of Your Heart: Trans Utopian Performance In Janelle Monáe’S “Pynk”, Carlos J. Gómez

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

This essay wields trans methods to trace the trans cultural production of Black feminist thought, specifically by asking the following question: what is trans about Janelle Monáe’s Black feminist theorizing in “Pynk?” Thinking of Black feminist studies astrans studies allows us to disorient the white, which is to say anti-Black, disposition of trans studies. In this analysis, I describe the trans utopian performance of Black feminist sociality, inhabitation, and fugitivity. Moreover, I delineate the trans critiques of sex/gender essentialism, individualism, the State, and the body embedded in Monáe’s film and suggest the radical potential of a ...


Haunted By Fatness: Medicalization, Diet Culture, And The Failure Of Chrononormativity, Catherine Jeffery 2019 McGill University

Haunted By Fatness: Medicalization, Diet Culture, And The Failure Of Chrononormativity, Catherine Jeffery

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

In the summer of 2016, BBC Three filmed an autopsy of an obese woman in a documentary called Obesity: The Post Mortem. In addition, BBC has released a “behind the scenes” video of the procedure, detailing the real-life process of shipping a body overseas for “medical research.” This essay begins by pointing out the expressions of fears of fatness and of fat people present in Netflix’s full-length version of the autopsy as well as in the behind-the-scenes clip, by focusing on narration in the films as well as stylization such as sound and cinematography choices. I will use the ...


Anti-Colonial Action In Real Time: Mestizx Latinx People, Place, Cisheteropatriarchy, And Our Way Forward, Alejandro Bupara 2019 California Polytechnic State University

Anti-Colonial Action In Real Time: Mestizx Latinx People, Place, Cisheteropatriarchy, And Our Way Forward, Alejandro Bupara

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

Mestizx Latinx peoples, being of both white and Indigenous heritage, are colonized peoples on colonized lands living under the settlers’ systems of white supremacy, cisheteropatriarchy, and capitalism. Mestizx Latinx people have made various attempts to reckon with this colonized status and define an anti-colonial, liberatory way forward for ourselves. This essay explores the contemporary context of Mestizx peoples in the United States, positioning our history within the broader story of settler colonialism. It investigates our disconnection from our ancestral lands and traditions, arguing that Mestizx Latinx people have formed new attachments to places on these colonized lands via the hood ...


Editorial Note, sprinkle Vol. 12 Editorial Team 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Editorial Note, Sprinkle Vol. 12 Editorial Team

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

No abstract provided.


A Sprinkling Of Gratitude: An Introduction To Volume 12, Katie Ettl, Gage Greenspan 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Sprinkling Of Gratitude: An Introduction To Volume 12, Katie Ettl, Gage Greenspan

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

No abstract provided.


Expanding Our Work, Elizabeth Adan 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Expanding Our Work, Elizabeth Adan

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

No abstract provided.


Child's Pose, Kelsey Zazanis 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Child's Pose, Kelsey Zazanis

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

Written from the perspective of my eight-year-old self, this poem illustrates the state-sanctioned power differentials between children and their legal guardians that give birth to incestuous violence. I hope for the reader to recall their own eight-year-old mind, life, and emotional world to further understand this severe power disparity.


Sexual Citizenship, Incest, And The State: "The Unseen Of The Crime", Kelsey Zazanis 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Sexual Citizenship, Incest, And The State: "The Unseen Of The Crime", Kelsey Zazanis

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

This paper analyzes the colonial state’s role in manufacturing sexual violence. Deconstructing parallels between sexual violence in state detention centers and incestuous abuse of children, this paper examines theories of normativity, sexual citizenship, U.S. nationalism, and Marxist interpretations of the family unit. In identifying all citizenship as sexual citizenship—and identifying queer as all those who are denied sexual citizenship—I suggest that liberation from the state is crucial to queer liberation and the amelioration of sexual violence.


The Place For Theory: Reproductive Justice Discourse In N. K. Jemisin’S The Fifth Season, Devon Graham 2019 Oregon State University

The Place For Theory: Reproductive Justice Discourse In N. K. Jemisin’S The Fifth Season, Devon Graham

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

In this paper, I demonstrate how N.K. Jemisin, popular science fiction and fantasy author and winner of three Hugo Awards, is in conversation with Reproductive Justice theory in her novel The Fifth Season. I argue that N.K. Jemisin has resisted the hegemonic academic language and rhetoric by creating expansive theory and critique through her many works of speculative fiction and further demonstrate how Jemisin’s approach using literature as her means of production is crucial to her unique way of theorizing.Centrally, through close textual analysis, I argue that through The Fifth Season Jemisin is in conversation with ...


Disney's Mulan And Unlocking Queer Asian-American Masculinity, Jess Kung 2019 California State University, Long Beach

Disney's Mulan And Unlocking Queer Asian-American Masculinity, Jess Kung

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

Disney’s Mulan is a text easily celebrated for its nonwhite and queerable cast of characters. In this paper, I meditate on the ways that this Western interpretation of the myth can be used to explore the intersection between queer gender and Asian-American identity. This paper first looks at the origins of the Mulan myth and its original values of collective goals and filial piety, and then it considers how the Disney movie makes its characters embody “foreign” Western ideas that expose the inherent queerness of Asian-American masculinity. I also take a personal approach, drawing both from theorists and from ...


Men Who Care: Analyzing Masculinity Within Peer Support Organizations, Victoria Ford 2019 McGill University

Men Who Care: Analyzing Masculinity Within Peer Support Organizations, Victoria Ford

sprinkle: an undergraduate journal of feminist and queer studies

This study examines the concept of “healthy masculinity” through qualitative interviews with men in peer support roles. Men involved in peer support organizations highlighted values of empathy, understanding, and protecting others as being central to masculinity. Results revealed that men in peer support roles invoked cultural idioms or phrases of masculinity, which centered around the following themes: the lack of men, how men in peer support are different from other men, and how these are the “right kind” of men.


The Affective Politics Of Twitter, Johnathan C. Flowers 2019 Worcester State University

The Affective Politics Of Twitter, Johnathan C. Flowers

Computer Ethics - Philosophical Enquiry (CEPE) Proceedings

Given the increasing encroachment of Twitter into offline experience, it has become necessary to look beyond the formation of identity in online spaces to the ways in which identities surface through the formation of affective communities organized through the use of technocultural assemblages, or the platforms, algorithms, and digital networks through which affect circulates in an online space. This essay focuses on the microblogging website Twitter as one such technocultural assemblage whose hashtag functionality allows for the circulation of affect among bodies which “surface” within the affective communities organized on Twitter through their alignment with and orientation by hashtags which ...


Rethinking Algorithmic Bias Through Phenomenology And Pragmatism, Johnathan C. Flowers 2019 Worcester State University

Rethinking Algorithmic Bias Through Phenomenology And Pragmatism, Johnathan C. Flowers

Computer Ethics - Philosophical Enquiry (CEPE) Proceedings

In 2017, Amazon discontinued an attempt at developing a hiring algorithm which would enable the company to streamline its hiring processes due to apparent gender discrimination. Specifically, the algorithm, trained on over a decade’s worth of resumes submitted to Amazon, learned to penalize applications that contained references to women, that indicated graduation from all women’s colleges, or otherwise indicated that an applicant was not male. Amazon’s algorithm took up the history of Amazon’s applicant pool and integrated it into its present “problematic situation,” for the purposes of future action. Consequently, Amazon declared the project a failure ...


Sex Sells: How Advertising Agencies' Commodification Of Image Affects Older Women In Advertising, Diane Fittipaldi 2019 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Sex Sells: How Advertising Agencies' Commodification Of Image Affects Older Women In Advertising, Diane Fittipaldi

Diane Fittipaldi

The purpose of this study was to understand how advertising agency culture affects the long-term careers of women account executives as they age. The primary research questions were: 1) How do self-image and cultural stereotypes affect the decision to enter the advertising business; 2) How do women navigate the male-dominated culture of the ad agency; 3) What strategies do women use to get ahead in advertising; 4) How do women survive long term in a culture that favors youth? Qualitative data was collected via unstructured, one-on-one, in-depth interviews with a nationally sourced sample 15 female advertising account executives aged 40 ...


Radical Rejections Of Violence: Resisting Anti-Muslim Racism, Umaymah Mohammad, Isa Naveed, Dennis L. Rudnick 2019 Muslim Youth Collective

Radical Rejections Of Violence: Resisting Anti-Muslim Racism, Umaymah Mohammad, Isa Naveed, Dennis L. Rudnick

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This paper argues that by expanding and critiquing the definition of violence with relation to Islamophobia, implicit manifestations of Islamophobia, anti-Muslim Racism, and structural violence can be exposed. Through the work of the Muslim Youth Collective, we frame anti-Muslim racism as structural violence, and provide considerations for how Muslim communities may actualize resistance in response.


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