Community-Scale Water Treatment Systems In The Dominican Republic, 2018 Purdue University
Community-Scale Water Treatment Systems In The Dominican Republic, Jonathan Racey, Annabelle Papai, Elise Fischer, Becca Johnson
Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship
Engagement and Service-Learning Summit: Reciprocal and Sustainable Partnerships
Development Of A Food Safety Training For A Prison Farm: Challenges And Solutions, 2018 Iowa State University
Development Of A Food Safety Training For A Prison Farm: Challenges And Solutions, Angela M. Shaw, Kara Helterbran
Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications
Workers on prison farms in the United States commonly grow produce and row crops and raise livestock. Teaching good agricultural practices to prisoners and prison staff increases the safety of the food produced and reduces the likelihood of an illness outbreak. We developed a food safety curriculum for use on prison farms in Iowa. In developing the curriculum, we encountered many challenges that resulted in modifications in the content and delivery method. We present the content of the curriculum and provide educators with a better understanding of challenges and potential solutions related to working with prison farms.
Understanding Consumer Attitudes Towards Antimicrobial Risk Reducing Practices, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Understanding Consumer Attitudes Towards Antimicrobial Risk Reducing Practices, Sabrina Gulab
Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics
The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance is a natural evolutionary reaction to antimicrobial exposure. However, the misuse and overuse of antimicrobial drugs in human medicine and in agriculture are speeding up the process. Antimicrobials have been used in food-producing animals for therapeutic purposes as well as to promote growth by applying low concentrations in animal feed. Antimicrobial resistant pathogens can enter the food chain through food containing residues of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and cause infections in humans. In the United States, millions of people are infected every year with antimicrobial resistant bacterial diseases causing approximately 23,000 deaths (CDC 2013 ...
Risk And Return Comparisons Of Pre-Harvest Marketing Strategies, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Risk And Return Comparisons Of Pre-Harvest Marketing Strategies, John Leander Turner V
Theses and Dissertations
This paper analyzes risk and returns associated with pre-harvest corn grain marketing strategies for the state of Arkansas. Farming is characterized by a volatile environment. Numerous risks are taken by producers in order to provide commodities that are bought and sold by various parties in the supply chain. Price, yield, and production costs vary daily and can have large variation between years. Risk and Return Comparisons of Pre-harvest Marketing Strategies examines the effectiveness of using pre-harvest marketing strategies to enhance returns and to mitigate inherent price risk in the Memphis cash corn market. Thirteen strategies are compared to the October ...
Risks And Opportunities Of Gm Crops: Bt Maize Example, 2018 Iowa State University
Risks And Opportunities Of Gm Crops: Bt Maize Example, Andrea K. Carzoli, Siddique I. Aboobucker, Leah L. Sandall, Thomas T. Lubberstedt, Walter P. Suza
The anticipated world population growth emphasizes a need to produce more food on less land. Cutting-edge technologies, including genetic engineering, can help to develop improved crop varieties and protect natural resources. In spite of the potential for genetically-modified (GM) crops to make crop production more efficient, they remain a polarizing issue due to safety concerns. This paper provides an overview of the risk assessment process. The safety of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins is used as an example for how risk assessment is applied to GM crops. Risks associated with GM crops have proven to be low to non-existent. Developing countries ...
‘Haciendas And Plantations’: History And Limitations Of A 60-Year-Old Taxonomy, 2018 CUNY Graduate Center
‘Haciendas And Plantations’: History And Limitations Of A 60-Year-Old Taxonomy, Marc Edelman
Publications and Research
In 1957, Eric R Wolf and Sidney W Mintz published ‘Haciendas and Plantations in Middle America and the Antilles’ in the Jamaican journal Social and Economic Studies. This article discusses the production of the Wolf and Mintz article, its analytical framework and the theoretical tensions it contains, and its subsequent influence, mainly though not exclusively on anthropological and historical scholarship about large landed properties in Latin America and the Caribbean. ‘Haciendas and Plantations’ appeared at a time when anthropologists such as Elman Service, Charles Wagley, and Marvin Harris were trying to make sense of agrarian Latin America by developing typologies ...
Corn Exports Extrication, 2018 Utah State University
Corn Exports Extrication, Claire Hutchins
All Graduate Plan B and other Reports
Annual corn exports, as a percentage of total use, exhibit a persistent, downward trend starting in the mid-1970s. Changes in government policy and domestic supply-demand dynamics are widely held as the determinants for corn price movement over the same period. However, significant disputes have emerged since 2013 which attribute the last five years of corn market underperformance to minor trade vicissitudes between the U.S. and China. This report estimates a corn price determination model which demonstrates that foreign exports play an insignificant role in the U.S. corn market between 1997 and 2018.
Financial Outcomes From Selection Of Insurance Intervals, 2018 Utah State University
Financial Outcomes From Selection Of Insurance Intervals, Shana Anderson Stewart
All Graduate Plan B and other Reports
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the potential value of enrolling in rainfall-index for pasture, rangeland, and forage insurance for Utah producers. A stochastic optimization model is used to identify the optimal selection of insurance intervals that will provide the maximum indemnity payments less premiums. Four Utah counties were selected for analysis. Results indicate that positive returns will occur greater than 60% of the time in all counties with the selected insurance intervals. The optimal months to insure varied in each county.
Assessing Rice Consumers’ Preferences And Willingness To Pay In Haiti, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Assessing Rice Consumers’ Preferences And Willingness To Pay In Haiti, Cleeford Pavilus
Theses and Dissertations
In the last 30 years, rice has become the number one food staple in Haiti, and rice imports have outpaced domestic production to supply the country’s increasing rice demand. Policy makers support the claim that increasing local rice supply will not only reduce the dependency on imported rice but also upheave the national economy. However, there is a lack of information on Haitian consumers’ preferences for rice to aid the development of the local rice supply chain. This research aims to bridge that gap by assessing Haitian consumer preferences and willingness to pay for selected rice quality characteristics. The ...
Imperfect Produce Pricing: Relationships Between Price Percent Discount And Demographic Traits Of Customers, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Imperfect Produce Pricing: Relationships Between Price Percent Discount And Demographic Traits Of Customers, April Foster
Theses and Dissertations
This research sought to understand the impact of price reductions on consumer spending behaviors related to the purchase of imperfect produce. Additionally, the correlation between consumers’ demographics and their willingness to purchase imperfect produce at various price points was evaluated. The data was viewed with mindfulness toward reducing food loss as a function of the world food crisis. More specifically, the purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between Washington County, Arkansas consumers’ demographic traits and the percent discount at which they are willing to alter their behavior to purchase specific imperfect produce items. Using the Theory of ...
Floral Consumer Experience Study, 2018 Missouri State University
Floral Consumer Experience Study, Wenonah Marie Marlin
MSU Graduate Theses
The main objectives of this research is to identify the retailer controlled variable that are significant to increase floral purchases. Surveys were sent to MSU alumni and dispersed through social media. Respondents answered questions regarding floral purchasing patterns, floral product selection and quality, consumer attitude and socio-demographics. Responses were separated and compared by generation. Results show that Baby Boomers and older are more likely to purchase flowers more often, floral purchases are seasonal and flower type and a stylish shop are important to consumers.
Annual Net Returns To Cover Crops In Iowa, 2018 Iowa State University
Annual Net Returns To Cover Crops In Iowa, Alejandro Plastina, Fangge Liu, Wendiam Sawadgo, Fernando E. Miguez, Sarah Carlson, Guillermo Marcillo
Journal of Applied Farm Economics
Despite the active promotion of cover crops as a key conservation practice, their adoption is very limited. We developed a series of partial budgets based on a statewide survey of Iowa farmers to evaluate the changes in net returns resulting from the incorporation of cover crops into a corn or soybean production system. The average net returns to cover crop use for farmers who did not use cover crops for grazing livestock or forage were consistently negative across different planting and termination methods, tillage practices, and experience levels. Only farmers who used cover crops for grazing livestock or forage and ...
Uncertainty Undermines Area-Wide Pest Management For Citrus Greening In Florida, 2018 University of Florida
Uncertainty Undermines Area-Wide Pest Management For Citrus Greening In Florida, Ariel Singerman, Sergio H. Lence, Pilar Useche
Sergio H. Lence
Area-wide pest management targets the pest population of an entire area rather than a single farm. Such collective efforts are more efficient in the use of pest-control inputs and therefore have more lasting effects relative to individual (uncoordinated) farm sprays when pest populations are highly mobile. Coordinated sprays may also help reduce pesticide resistance (Vreysen, Robinson, and Hendrichs, 2007). From an economic standpoint, growers are expected to join an area-wide management group and coordinate pest management practices whenever the benefits outweigh the costs.
Remarkably, Florida citrus growers’ participation in area-wide pest management has not been commensurate with evidence regarding its ...
Designing Climate Policy: Lessons From The Renewable Fuel Standard And The Blend Wall, 2018 Iowa State University
Designing Climate Policy: Lessons From The Renewable Fuel Standard And The Blend Wall, Gabriel E. Lade, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell, Aaron Smith
Economics Working Papers
Many policies mandate renewable energy production to combat global climate change. These policies often differ significantly from first-best policy prescriptions. Among the largest renewable energy mandates enacted to date is the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which mandates biofuel consumption far beyond what is feasible with current technology and infrastructure. In this article, we critically review the methods used by the Environmental Protection Agency to project nearand long-term compliance costs under the RFS, and draw lessons from the RFS experience to date that would improve the program’s efficiency. The lessons are meant to inform both future RFS rulemaking and the ...
Using Global Goals To Drive Progress In Mountain West, 2018 The Brookings Institution
Using Global Goals To Drive Progress In Mountain West, Anthony Pipa
As part of the Brookings Scholar Lecture Series, Brookings Mountain West invites you to a lecture titled "Using Global Goals to Drive Progress in the Mountain West" by Senior Fellow in Global Economy and Development, Anthony Pipa. This lecture will examine the state of inclusive economic progress and environmental sustainability in the Mountain West, as measured against the globally adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). What cities and states are making progress? Who is being left behind? How can outcome-based goals help address the region’s challenges and spur economic progress?
The Blessing And Curse Of Productivity, 2018 Iowa State University
The Blessing And Curse Of Productivity, Lee L. Schulz, Chad Hart
Agricultural Policy Review
CAN YOU have too much of a good thing? In the case of agricultural products, the answer from a market perspective is yes. Over the past six years, the United States has produced a series of bumper crops, greatly expanded pork production, and seen a signiβicant rebound in beef production. But those production gains have come at the cost of lower prices and incomes. Arguably the largest challenge in agricultural markets today is βinding enough demand growth to keep pace with production increases.
The Costs And Benefits Of Nutrient Reduction Programs, 2018 Iowa State University
The Costs And Benefits Of Nutrient Reduction Programs, Chuan Tang, Yau-Huo Shr, Gabriel Lade, David A. Keiser, Catherine Kling
Agricultural Policy Review
IN THE fall of 1997, the Mississippi River/Gulf of Mexico Watershed Nutrient Task Force was established to better understand and address hypoxia concerns in the Gulf of Mexico. The task force includes representatives from numerous state and federal agencies including the US Army Corps of Engineers, USDA, the US Department of Commerce, US Department of Interior, US Fish and Wildlife Service, EPA, and the National Tribal Water Council. In 2008, the Task Force released an action plan outlining a national strategy to tackle recurrent hypoxic conditions in the Northern Gulf of Mexico and improve water quality in the Mississippi ...
World’S Largest Pork Producer In Crisis: China’S African Swine Fever Outbreak, 2018 Iowa State University
World’S Largest Pork Producer In Crisis: China’S African Swine Fever Outbreak, Yongtong Shao, Minghao Li, Wendong Zhang, Yongjie Ji, Dermot J. Hayes
Agricultural Policy Review
AFTER SUFFERING a major blow from trade disruptions with China and Mexico, US pork producers are keeping close watch on African Swine Fever (ASF) in China and other countries. The βirst case of ASF in China was conβirmed August 2, 2018 in the northeastern city of Shenyang. According to our information, by the end of October 2018, there were 45 cases of ASF in China with 5,439 pigs infected and 3,841 pigs dead (download the ASF cases in China as an Excel βile ).
Using Markets To Balance Agricultural Expansion And Forest Conservation, 2018 Iowa State University
Using Markets To Balance Agricultural Expansion And Forest Conservation, Gil Depaula, Leandro Justino
Agricultural Policy Review
HOW CAN we balance agricultural expansion and forest conservation in developing countries? Brazil has a productive agricultural sector with potential for expansion and a rich endowment of natural vegetation resources located on private land. According to the last Agricultural Census, Brazilian farms possessed about 98.5 million hectares of forestland (IBGE 2006), a little less than the combined land area of France and Germany. In 1975, when agricultural production was concentrated in southeast Brazil (Figure 1), about 60 percent of farmland was native vegetation. However, since then, technological change and market reforms have enabled national agricultural expansion. By 2006, the ...
Land As Power: Pathways For Closing The Gender Gap In Land Rights In India, 2018 SIT Graduate Institute
Land As Power: Pathways For Closing The Gender Gap In Land Rights In India, Rachel Lubitz
This Independent Practitioner Inquiry Capstone sought to uncover whether women in their respective communities in India experience improvements in income, education, health, food security and their livelihoods, if said women farmers are able to secure the rights to both their land and other productive assets. The study used a comparative analysis to highlight the state of women’s land rights in India, in conjunction with a selection of best practices relevant to the context and analyzing a case study assessing the impact of one organization’s women’s land rights efforts in particular: The Human Development and Research Center’s ...