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A Quick Look At Nebraska’S Youth Population Data From Recent Census Estimates, Randy Cantrell 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Quick Look At Nebraska’S Youth Population Data From Recent Census Estimates, Randy Cantrell

Cornhusker Economics

According to population estimates released by the Bureau of the Census, Nebraska’s population under 18 years of age grew between the years 2000 and 2009, but at a rate much below that of the general population and in a geographically very uneven fashion.

Overall, it is estimated that Nebraska’s population under 18 years of age grew by 0.31 percent between 2000 and 2009 (from 450,242 to 451,641), while the total population grew by 4.98 percent. However, young Nebraskans increased in number in only ten of the state’s 93 counties. Of the 83 counties ...


The Status Of International Negotiations On Climate Change, Federico Trindade, Diego R. Alvarez 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Status Of International Negotiations On Climate Change, Federico Trindade, Diego R. Alvarez

Cornhusker Economics

In the October 20, 2010 issue of this newsletter we talked about the status of United States initiatives in limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Although there are uncertainties associated with the science of climate change, some aspects of the science are known with virtual certainty (they have a greater than 99 percent chance of being true). Scientists know with virtual certainty that levels of greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, have been increasing since pre-industrial times; that the atmospheric buildup of CO2 and other greenhouse gases is largely the result of human activities such as the burning of ...


Understanding The Value Of Water In Nebraska: Future Expectations And Considerations, Christopher L. Thompson, Ray Supalla 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Understanding The Value Of Water In Nebraska: Future Expectations And Considerations, Christopher L. Thompson, Ray Supalla

Cornhusker Economics

Nebraska’s water resources are cost-effective insurance for harnessing the productive potential of cropland. During the last 30 years, intensive irrigation development in Western Nebraska has led to regulations to prevent or reduce the over-use of Nebraska’s share of both surface and groundwater. Despite regulations affecting the amount of available water, farmers have been able to manage water in ways that lead to an acceptable net return, with little impact on land values. However, as stricter regulations are put in place to limit the amount of water that can be withdrawn each year per irrigated acre, it is quite ...


The Economic Impact Of Fruit And Vegetable Production In Southwest Iowa Considering Local And Nearby Metropolitan Markets, Dave Swenson 2010 Iowa State University

The Economic Impact Of Fruit And Vegetable Production In Southwest Iowa Considering Local And Nearby Metropolitan Markets, Dave Swenson

Leopold Center Publications and Papers

This analysis looked at the potential economic impact on 10 counties in southwest Iowa from modest increases in consumption of locally-grown fresh produce.


International Trade In Genetically Modified Products, E. Kwan Choi 2010 Iowa State University

International Trade In Genetically Modified Products, E. Kwan Choi

Economics Publications

This paper investigates competition between two markets that sell close substitutes: a traditional product and a genetically modified (GM) product. Tightening an import quota on the GM product raises the prices of both goods and hurts consumers. Two scenarios are considered under free trade: Cournot–Nash equilibrium and Stackelberg equilibrium. A Stackelberg type monopolist produces more, and the competitive traditional firms produce less, than in Cournot–Nash equilibrium. In the long run, an import ban on the GM product does not help competitive producers of the genetically modified organism (GMO)-free products but benefits only the landowners in Europe.


The Production And Price Impact Of Biotech Crops, Graham Brookes, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid 2010 PG Economics

The Production And Price Impact Of Biotech Crops, Graham Brookes, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid

CARD Working Papers

Biotech crops have now been grown commercially on a substantial global scale since 1996. This paper examines the production effects of the technology and impacts on cereal and oilseed markets through the use of agricultural commodity models. It analyses the impacts on global production, consumption, trade and prices in the soybean, canola and corn sectors. The analysis suggests that world prices of corn, soybeans and canola would probably be, respectively, 5.8%, 9.6% and 3.8% higher, on average, than 2007 baseline levels if this technology was no longer available to farmers. Prices of key derivatives of soybeans (meal ...


Market Impact Of Domestic Offset Programs, Tristan R. Brown, Amani E. Elobeid, Jerome R. F. Dumortier, Dermot J. Hayes 2010 Iowa State University

Market Impact Of Domestic Offset Programs, Tristan R. Brown, Amani E. Elobeid, Jerome R. F. Dumortier, Dermot J. Hayes

CARD Working Papers

Three recent reports have estimated the market impacts of domestic offset programs, including afforestation, contained in the American Clean Energy and Security Act (ACES). The magnitude of these estimated impacts motivates this study. We show that with carbon prices as low as $30 per metric ton, a significant number of U.S. crop acres would be used to grow trees and this would cause price increases for some U.S. commodities. Although we present only one carbon price scenario, the modeling approach that we use suggests that the acreage and price impacts we describe here would increase at higher carbon ...


The Consequences Of Increasing Ocean Acidification On Local And Global Fishing Industries, Alyson N. Stark 2010 Claremont McKenna College

The Consequences Of Increasing Ocean Acidification On Local And Global Fishing Industries, Alyson N. Stark

CMC Senior Theses

As human activities continue to generate accelerating levels of carbon dioxide emissions, the world’s oceanic resources are threatened by variability in seawater chemistry, known as ocean acidification. Recent increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide have resulted in decreased carbonate ion concentrations and ocean pH levels, leading to increasingly acidic waters. The exact consequences of these chemical changes on ecosystems and individual species are difficult to predict; however, research has shown that economically valuable calcifying species will experience reduced reproductive fitness and population declines. Ocean acidification, therefore, poses an immediate risk to both fish stocks and fishery industries. From a local ...


Food And Consumer Economics, Laurian Unnevehr, James Eales, Helen Jensen, Jayson Lusk, Jill McCluskey, Jean Kinsey 2010 United States Department of Agriculture

Food And Consumer Economics, Laurian Unnevehr, James Eales, Helen Jensen, Jayson Lusk, Jill Mccluskey, Jean Kinsey

Economics Publications

Agricultural economists first carried out demand studies in order to understand determinants of farm prices and incomes. The shift to a focus on consumer welfare began with studies of the role of food and food assistance in standards of living. Now the profession is more concerned with how information and quality attributes influence consumer behavior. Agricultural economists’ empirical work in this field has informed the development of household production theory, hedonic price theory, definitions of poverty thresholds, complete demand systems, and survey and experimental techniques to elicit preferences.


Agricultural Trade Liberalization And Downstream Market Power: The Ad Valorem Case, Mohammad Mainul Hoque, John R. Schroeter 2010 Iowa State University

Agricultural Trade Liberalization And Downstream Market Power: The Ad Valorem Case, Mohammad Mainul Hoque, John R. Schroeter

Economics Publications

Exports of agricultural commodities to developed countries play a significant role in the economies of many developing countries. The elimination of import tariffs has the potential to benefit producers in the developing countries, but estimates of the extent of the gains from trade liberalization typically assume perfect competition. Significant concentration in the food processing and retailing sectors of the U.S. and the EU undermine the plausibility of this assumption in the case of agricultural trade, however. Sexton, Sheldon, McCorriston, and Wang (2007) develop a model of the effects of trade liberalization that accounts for the vertically-linked and concentrated characteristics ...


Dynamic Model Pooling Methodology For Improving Aberration Detection Algorithms, Brenton J. Sellati 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Dynamic Model Pooling Methodology For Improving Aberration Detection Algorithms, Brenton J. Sellati

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Syndromic surveillance is defined generally as the collection and statistical analysis of data which are believed to be leading indicators for the presence of deleterious activities developing within a system. Conceptually, syndromic surveillance can be applied to any discipline in which it is important to know when external influences manifest themselves in a system by forcing it to depart from its baseline. Comparing syndromic surveillance systems have led to mixed results, where models that dominate in one performance metric are often sorely deficient in another. This results in a zero-sum trade off where one performance metric must be afforded greater ...


Massachusetts Landowner Participation In Forest Management Programs For Carbon Sequestration: An Ordered Logit Analysis Of Ratings Data, Brenton J. Dickinson 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Massachusetts Landowner Participation In Forest Management Programs For Carbon Sequestration: An Ordered Logit Analysis Of Ratings Data, Brenton J. Dickinson

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The Family Forest Research Center recently conducted a mail survey of about 1,400 Massachusetts landowners. Respondents were given questions about themselves and their land and were then asked to rate three carbon sequestration programs in terms of their likelihood to participate. An ordered logit model is used to estimate probabilities that landowners would participate in various improved forest management programs. There are several estimation issues to consider with the ordered logit model. The relative merits of alternative models, including the multinomial and binomial logit, rank-ordered logit, binary logit and mixed ordered logit are discussed.

Results of the ordered logit ...


Economies Of Scope For Microfinance: Differences Across Output Measures, Valentina Hartarska, christopher parmeter, Denis Nadolynak, Beibei Zhu 2009 Auburn University Main Campus

Economies Of Scope For Microfinance: Differences Across Output Measures, Valentina Hartarska, Christopher Parmeter, Denis Nadolynak, Beibei Zhu

Christopher F. Parmeter

In banking, scope economies of mobilizing deposits and lending are often estimated, while consideration of the same measures for microfinance institutions (MFI) is still in its infancy. An open issue remains regarding what characterizes an output of an MFI. Moreover, depending on the output used, do estimated scope economies differ? We use a novel data set for over 800 MFI across more than 70 countries to estimate economies of scope. Our findings suggest that statistical differences arise between estimates of scope economies. However, our qualitative findings indicate that both of these measures provide similar overviews of the landscape of scope ...


Market Power, Eu Integration And Privatization: The Case Of Romania, Gabriel Asaftei, christopher parmeter 2009 University of Miami

Market Power, Eu Integration And Privatization: The Case Of Romania, Gabriel Asaftei, Christopher Parmeter

Christopher F. Parmeter

This paper investigates the effects on pricing behavior of firms in a transition economy resulting from integration into the European Union’s Common Market and changes in ownership. We use a semiparametric model with a rich panel of manufacturing firms in Romania from 1995 to 2003 to estimate firm-level markups. We find that markups are higher in more concentrated industries and less exposed to foreign competition. Trade integration appears to generally increase competitive pressure on markups. Industries exposed to more international competition experience a larger change in markups following integration into the European Union’s Common Market. However, as the ...


A Distributional Analysis Of Public Private Wage Differential In India, Mehtabul Azam, Nishith Prakash 2009 World Bank

A Distributional Analysis Of Public Private Wage Differential In India, Mehtabul Azam, Nishith Prakash

Nishith Prakash

We investigate the public-private wage differential in India using nationally representative micro data. While the existing literature focuses on average wage differential, we study the differences in the wage distributions. The raw wage differential between public and private sector is positive across the entire distribution for both genders irrespective of area of residence. A quantile regression based decomposition analysis reveals that the differences in observed characteristics (covariate effect) account for only a small part of the wage differential at lower quantiles, but a larger part at higher quantiles. At the very top of the distribution, covariate effects account for a ...


Which Hedonic Models Can We Trust To Recover The Marginal Willingness To Pay For Environmental Amenities?, Nicolai Kuminoff, christopher parmeter, Jaren Pope 2009 Arizona State University

Which Hedonic Models Can We Trust To Recover The Marginal Willingness To Pay For Environmental Amenities?, Nicolai Kuminoff, Christopher Parmeter, Jaren Pope

Christopher F. Parmeter

The hedonic property value model is among our foremost tools for evaluating the economic consequences of policies that target the supply of local public goods, environmental services, and urban amenities. We design a theoretically consistent and empirically realistic Monte Carlo study of whether omitted variables seriously undermine the method’s ability to accurately identify economic values. Our results suggest that large gains in accuracy can be realized by moving from the standard linear specifications for the price function to a more flexible framework that uses a combination of spatial fixed effects, quasi-experimental identification, and temporal controls for housing market adjustment


The Returns To English-Language Skills In India, Mehtabul Azam, Aimee Chin, Nishith Prakash 2009 World Bank

The Returns To English-Language Skills In India, Mehtabul Azam, Aimee Chin, Nishith Prakash

Nishith Prakash

No abstract provided.


The Benefit Transfer Challenges, Kevin Boyle, Nicolai Kuminoff, christopher parmeter, Jaren Pope 2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

The Benefit Transfer Challenges, Kevin Boyle, Nicolai Kuminoff, Christopher Parmeter, Jaren Pope

Christopher F. Parmeter

Presidential Executive Order 12,866 requires federal agencies to design “cost-effective” regulations and to assess “costs and benefits” of these regulations on the basis of “the best reasonably obtainable scientific, technical, economic, and other information.” Benefit transfers are one economic approach used to estimate these benefits and costs, and the use of existing economic information to predict the effects of new policies is well established. However, advancing the practice of benefit transfers is crucial if economists are to play a role in developing federal policies. We review contributions to the benefit-transfer literature and present a unified conceptual framework to guide ...


Estimation Of Hedonic Price Functions With Incomplete Information, Subal Kumbhakar, christopher parmeter 2009 University of Miami

Estimation Of Hedonic Price Functions With Incomplete Information, Subal Kumbhakar, Christopher Parmeter

Christopher F. Parmeter

Existence of persistent price dispersion suggests that some buyers find lower prices through search and information acquisition, while some sellers charge higher prices by gathering information on potential buyers. If buyers are not fully informed of the lowest price available in the market they end up paying a price higher than if they had full information. Similarly, if sellers are not fully informed about the highest price they could charge, they too suffer by receiving a price lower than had they had full information. This paper develops a hedonic price model that incorporates the effects of incomplete information on both ...


Quantifying The Economic Effects Of Hypoxia On A Fishery For Brown Shrimp Farfantepenaeus Aztecus, Ling Huang, Martin Smith 2009 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Quantifying The Economic Effects Of Hypoxia On A Fishery For Brown Shrimp Farfantepenaeus Aztecus, Ling Huang, Martin Smith

Ling Huang

No abstract provided.


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