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Optimal Investment To Control “Red Air Day” Episodes: Lessons From Northern Utah, Usa, Arthur Caplan, Ramjee Acharya 2020 Utah State University

Optimal Investment To Control “Red Air Day” Episodes: Lessons From Northern Utah, Usa, Arthur Caplan, Ramjee Acharya

Arthur J. Caplan

We address the issue of optimal investment in “preventative capital” to mitigate episodic, mobile-source air pollution events by calibrating an endogenous-risk model with parameter estimates obtained from a unique dataset related to "red air day" episodes occurring during the winter months in Northern Utah. Our analysis demonstrates that, under a wide range of circumstances, the optimal steady-state level of preventative capital stock – raised through the issuance of a municipal “clean air bond” that provides foundational funding for more aggressive mitigation efforts – can meet the standard for PM2.5 concentrations with positive social net benefits. We estimate benefit-cost ratios ranging between ...


Control Of Episodic Air Pollution In Utah’S Wasatch Front Region Through Investment In Preventative Capital, Arthur Caplan, Ramjee Acharya 2019 Utah State University

Control Of Episodic Air Pollution In Utah’S Wasatch Front Region Through Investment In Preventative Capital, Arthur Caplan, Ramjee Acharya

Arthur J. Caplan

We address the issue of optimal investment in “preventative capital” to mitigate episodic, mobile-source air pollution events in Utah’s Wasatch Front region. We calibrate Berry et al.'s (2015) endogenous-risk model using a unique dataset related to the region’s "red air day" episodes occurring over the past decade. Our analysis demonstrates that, under a wide range of circumstances, the optimal steady-state level of preventative capital stock – raised through the issuance of a municipal “clean air bond” that can be used to fund more aggressive mitigation efforts – meets the standard for PM2.5 concentrations with positive social net benefits ...


Science-Based Intensive Agriculture: Sustainability, Food Security, And The Role Of Technology, Jim Gaffney, James Bing, Patrick F. Byrne, Kenneth G. Cassman, Ignacio Ciampitti, Deborah Delmer, Jeffrey Habben, H. Renee Lafitte, Ulrika E. Lidstrom, Dana O. Porter, John E. Sawyer, Jeff Schussler, Tim Setter, Robert E. Sharp, Tony J. Vyn, David Warner 2019 Corteva Agriscience

Science-Based Intensive Agriculture: Sustainability, Food Security, And The Role Of Technology, Jim Gaffney, James Bing, Patrick F. Byrne, Kenneth G. Cassman, Ignacio Ciampitti, Deborah Delmer, Jeffrey Habben, H. Renee Lafitte, Ulrika E. Lidstrom, Dana O. Porter, John E. Sawyer, Jeff Schussler, Tim Setter, Robert E. Sharp, Tony J. Vyn, David Warner

Agronomy Publications

Sustainable agriculture describes crop management approaches that address the interdependent goals of increasing or at least maintaining yield while protecting the environment, conserving natural resources, and slowing climate change. Numerous authors have espoused limiting synthetic fertilizer and pesticides and promoting organic agriculture (Lechenet et al., 2014; Martinez-Alcantara et al., 2016; Muller at al. 2017), less meat consumption (West et al., 2014; Poore and Nemecek, 2018; Springmann et al., 2018), or combinations of these strategies as viable solutions to achieve those goals, thereby improving agricultural sustainability.


Kc 4.2: “Principles Text” In Action In Outstanding And Ordinary Landscapes, Nora Mitchell Dr, Steve Brown Dr., Lionella Scazzosi Dr., Jane Lennon Dr., Brenda Barrett 2019 University of Vermont

Kc 4.2: “Principles Text” In Action In Outstanding And Ordinary Landscapes, Nora Mitchell Dr, Steve Brown Dr., Lionella Scazzosi Dr., Jane Lennon Dr., Brenda Barrett

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

In 2011, the ICOMOS-IFLA International Scientific Committee on Cultural Landscapes (ISCCL)began a cultural project, the World Rural LandscapesInitiative, with the goal of a wide and systematic approach to cultural heritage for rural areas both outstanding and ordinary) that has not been sufficiently developed in the past. A first goal has been achieved: “Principles Concerning Rural Landscape as Heritage” was adopted as a doctrinal text by ICOMOS (Delhi 2017) and translated in English, French, Chinese, Spanish and Arabian (worldrurallandscapes.org).

This Knowledge Café will focus on methods and case studies to implement the main premises and contents of the ...


“Got Water?” The Effects Of Globalized Agribusiness On Consumers’ Access To Water Sources, Lorena Garcia-Ramon 2019 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

“Got Water?” The Effects Of Globalized Agribusiness On Consumers’ Access To Water Sources, Lorena Garcia-Ramon

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

This paper conceptually examines the consequences of globalized industrial agriculture on consumers’ access to clean water sources. It identifies the historical conditioners that allowed contemporary agribusiness corporations to gain the influence they currently hold over global water consumption, and it discusses the struggles that consumers face without access to clean water. The paper makes an original contribution by shifting the focus from the fact that vulnerable consumers do not have access to clean water to the reasons why they do not have access. It is suggested that water conservation strategies should not only be implemented at the consumer level, but ...


Strips Cooperator Survey: 2018 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Survey: 2018 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle

J. Gordon Arbuckle

The STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with more than 35 farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from cooperators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) cooperators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Strips Cooperator Survey: 2017 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Survey: 2017 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

The STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with more than 35 farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from cooperators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) cooperators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2015 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2015 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

This survey was conducted to support the STRIPS project’s guiding principle to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” The overall purpose of the feedback loop is to learn from collaborators so project staff can help current (and future) collaborators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips. The purpose of the survey was to learn about collaborating landowners’ experiences with the establishment and management of prairie strips to help project staff understand what (1) positive and negative experiences and (2) information and technical assistance needs they have. The ...


Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2016 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Strips Cooperator Follow-On Survey: 2016 Results, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

Over the last several years, the STRIPS (Science-based Trials of Rowcrops Integrated with Prairie Strips) project has developed collaborative partnerships with an increasing number of farmers and landowners who have integrated prairie strips into their farm landscapes. One of the STRIPS project’s guiding principles is to “create and maintain feedback loops for information sharing among team members, farmer/farm landowner adopters, and other stakeholders.” A major goal of these feedback loops is to learn from cooperators who have adopted prairie strips so project staff can help current (and future) cooperators to successfully establish and manage prairie strips.


Assessment Of Certified Crop Adviser Experience With And Knowledge Of Early And Mid-Season Soybean Diseases Caused By Oomycetes: 2015, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Nick Kalaitzandonakes, James Kaufman, Alison Robertson 2019 Iowa State University

Assessment Of Certified Crop Adviser Experience With And Knowledge Of Early And Mid-Season Soybean Diseases Caused By Oomycetes: 2015, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Nick Kalaitzandonakes, James Kaufman, Alison Robertson

J. Gordon Arbuckle

This report presents the results of a web-based survey of certified crop advisers (CCAs) conducted as part of the Integrated Management of Oomycete Diseases of Soybean and other Crop Plants Project funded by USDA-NIFA. The survey is part of a project-long effort to engage members of the Certified Crop Adviser program of the American Society of Agronomy and other crop advisers in educational and extension activities to improve their ability to accurately diagnose and manage soybean seedling and root diseases, particularly those caused by oomycetes. The report consists of three sections. This first section describes the survey’s objectives and ...


Investigating Opportunities For Enhancing Adoption Of Strategically Targeted Prairie Strips In Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Investigating Opportunities For Enhancing Adoption Of Strategically Targeted Prairie Strips In Iowa, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

It is increasingly recognized that agricultural policies and programs should strive to improve the multifunctionality and resiliency of agricultural systems by balancing crop and livestock production with the provision of ecosystem services, including soil protection, water retention and purification, pest control, and habitat (Pretty 2002; Palmer et al. 2004; Boody et al. 2005; Ruhl et al. 2007). Simultaneously, mounting evidence shows that the coordinated and targeted integration of perennial vegetation in row-cropped landscapes can provide both farmland conservation benefits and substantial increases in ecosystem services disproportionate to their spatial extent (Goldman et al. 2007; Secchi et al. 2008; Selman 2008 ...


Iowa Farmers And The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy: 2015 Survey Results, Laurie Nowatzke, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr. 2019 Iowa State University

Iowa Farmers And The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy: 2015 Survey Results, Laurie Nowatzke, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr.

J. Gordon Arbuckle

In 2013, the state of Iowa released the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy (NRS) (http:// www.nutrientstrategy.iastate.edu/). The NRS is a science and technology-based approach to guide actions that reduce the amount of nutrients delivered to Iowa waterways and the Gulf of Mexico. The NRS was developed through a collaboration between Iowa State University (ISU), the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS), and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (IDNR), with support from the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). The strategy outlines opportunities and recommendations for voluntary efforts to ...


Panel 3 Paper 3.1: Participatory Planning And Monitoring Of Protected Landscapes: A Case Study Of An Indigenous Rice Paddy Cultural Landscape In Taiwan, Kuang-Chung Lee 2019 National Dong-Hwa University, Taiwan

Panel 3 Paper 3.1: Participatory Planning And Monitoring Of Protected Landscapes: A Case Study Of An Indigenous Rice Paddy Cultural Landscape In Taiwan, Kuang-Chung Lee

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Landscapes can be regarded as ‘a culture–nature link.’ Many examples of ‘living’ landscapes in the world are rich in natural and cultural values and have proven sustainable over centuries because of their maintenance by local communities. Satoyama, a traditional socio-ecological production landscape, provides a functional linkage between paddy fields and the associated environment with many ecosystem services. The idea of landscape conservation and paddy field revitalization was introduced into Taiwan’s amended Cultural Heritage Preservation Act in 2005 as a new legal instrument entitled ‘Cultural Landscape.’ To help stakeholders from governmental authorities and local communities apply this new instrument ...


Long-Run Impacts Of Trade Shocks And Export Competitiveness: Evidence From The U.S. Bse Event, Chen-Ti Chen, John M. Crespi, William Hahn, Lee L. Schulz, Fawzi Taha 2019 Iowa State University

Long-Run Impacts Of Trade Shocks And Export Competitiveness: Evidence From The U.S. Bse Event, Chen-Ti Chen, John M. Crespi, William Hahn, Lee L. Schulz, Fawzi Taha

John Crespi

This paper examines how comparative advantages of major beef exporters changed following the 2003 bovine spongiform encephalopathy outbreak (BSE), which significantly disrupted the U.S. beef trade until approximately April 2007. Using longitudinal data on beef export values and constructed revealed comparative advantage measures, we show that while some measure of the long-run impacts of BSE on U.S. beef export competitiveness have returned to pre-2003 levels, the U.S.’s comparative advantage has not. We also examine a hypothetical scenario of no BSE event in 2003 and predict what exporters’ competitiveness would have looked like. The authors discuss the ...


Long-Run Impacts Of Trade Shocks And Export Competitiveness: Evidence From The U.S. Bse Event, Chen-Ti Chen, John M. Crespi, William Hahn, Lee L. Schulz, Fawzi Taha 2019 Iowa State University

Long-Run Impacts Of Trade Shocks And Export Competitiveness: Evidence From The U.S. Bse Event, Chen-Ti Chen, John M. Crespi, William Hahn, Lee L. Schulz, Fawzi Taha

Lee Schulz

This paper examines how comparative advantages of major beef exporters changed following the 2003 bovine spongiform encephalopathy outbreak (BSE), which significantly disrupted the U.S. beef trade until approximately April 2007. Using longitudinal data on beef export values and constructed revealed comparative advantage measures, we show that while some measure of the long-run impacts of BSE on U.S. beef export competitiveness have returned to pre-2003 levels, the U.S.’s comparative advantage has not. We also examine a hypothetical scenario of no BSE event in 2003 and predict what exporters’ competitiveness would have looked like. The authors discuss the ...


Volatile Prices And Profi T Margins, Chad Hart, Lee L. Schulz 2019 Iowa State University

Volatile Prices And Profi T Margins, Chad Hart, Lee L. Schulz

Lee Schulz

THE CALENDAR year 2019 has been interesting for agricultural markets. We began the year with record supplies for all of Iowa’s major commodities. However, trade disputes have cast a cloud over growth in crop and livestock usage and weather events and foreign disease outbreaks have sparked quick reversals in commodity prices. Since the first of the year, corn prices have fluctuated by $1.10 per bushel, soybeans by $1.55 per bushel, hogs by $28 per hundredweight, and cattle by $16 per hundredweight. And we’re still only halfway through the year.


Community Forest In Liberia: The Interface Between Sustainable Charcoal Production And Deforestation, Amavie Clement 2019 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

Community Forest In Liberia: The Interface Between Sustainable Charcoal Production And Deforestation, Amavie Clement

Capstone Collection

The available data establishes a direct correlation between charcoal production and forest degradation and deforestation in Liberia. Charcoal is the primary energy source for Liberians, especially in urban areas where the bulk of the population lives. It is expected to be the mainstay energy source for years to come because it is affordable, accessible, and convenient to use compared to other forms of energy (i.e. electricity and petroleum gas). However, the current model of charcoal production, based on indiscriminate felling of trees, poses a danger to the environment as it results in widespread forest degradation and deforestation. Therefore, any ...


Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise 2019 Collectif Paysages de l'après pétrole

Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Cette intervention fait référence au paragraphe de la résolution19GA 2017/30 du Conseil International des Monuments et des Sites indiquant que « la 19° Assemblée générale de l’ICOMOS… salue l’adoption de l’accord de Paris et encourage tous les membres de l’ICOMOS à renforcer leurs efforts pour appuyer sa mise en œuvre et identifier les réponses qui s’appuient sur le patrimoine ou les paysages culturels… ». Elle prend l’exemple de la façon dont les paysages de terrasses ont été abordés ces dernières années dans trois situations différentes : en France, dans le Guizhou en Chine et dans le ...


Innovative Collaboration To Further Community Self-Determination, Matthew Currie, Amaha Sellassie 2019 Advocates for Basic Legal Equality

Innovative Collaboration To Further Community Self-Determination, Matthew Currie, Amaha Sellassie

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

The built urban environment is the product of more than a century of policy decisions that have both intentionally discriminated and have had the effect of discriminating, against African Americas, immigrants, the work class, low income individuals and other undesirables. While more than fifty years have passed since the passage of civil rights legislation in the United States, individuals in today’s cities are living out our discriminatory legacy.

In Dayton, Ohio, a new movement has risen from the community to disrupt the legacy of de jure and de facto discrimination by the collaborative efforts of the impactive individuals, neighborhood ...


Augmenting Marine Food Production Through Fisheries Management And Mariculture, S M. Sharifuzzaman, M I. Golder, M. Shahadat Hossain 2019 University of Chittagong

Augmenting Marine Food Production Through Fisheries Management And Mariculture, S M. Sharifuzzaman, M I. Golder, M. Shahadat Hossain

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

There is new aspiration of sustainable exploitation of marine resources and to achieve sustainable development goals (SDG 14) in recent years. In this context, this document delineates new scope of venturing into the blue economy relative to marine fisheries and mariculture. Potential interventions in marine fisheries include – (i) expansion of the commercial fishing area (beyond the 80 m depth) for harvesting high value fish species (such as tuna, lakkha), (ii) exploration for new fishing grounds and fisheries, (iii) value addition and reducing post-harvest losses, and (iv) assessment of fisheries stocks for estimation of potential yields and optimum sizes of harvest ...


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