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The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman 2019 Purdue University

The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides detailed historical overview and contemporary analysis on why the Baltics and Ukraine are historical and remain contemporary geopolitical hotspots. Provides analysis of cultural economic, environmental, and security factors influencing long-standing contentiousness over these regions. Places emphasis on how Russian behavior and policies influence this contentiousness. Concludes by noting that differences between the U.S. and its allies and conflicts within the U.S. Government may limit the ability of the U.S. to effectively respond to events in these disputed regions.


2019 Prevent Plant Impacts To South Dakota Grain Crop Value, Matthew Elliott, Lisa Elliott 2019 South Dakota State University

2019 Prevent Plant Impacts To South Dakota Grain Crop Value, Matthew Elliott, Lisa Elliott

Matthew Elliott

The 2019 crop year has presented various challenges to South Dakota grain crop producers. A record number of prevented planting acres, late planted crops, and trade disputes are expected to significantly lower the value of grain crop production in South Dakota. Preliminary estimates of impact are outlined in the presentation.


Declining Liquidity In Iowa Farms: 2014–2017, Alejandro Plastina 2019 Iowa State University

Declining Liquidity In Iowa Farms: 2014–2017, Alejandro Plastina

Alejandro Plastina

The goal of the present study is to describe the evolution of financial liquidity in Iowa farms for 2014–2017, using a unique panel of 220 mid-scale commercial farms. Farms with vulnerable liquidity ratings increased from 33.2 percent in December 2014 to 45.0 percent in December 2017. On average, farms lost $244 of working capital per acre over that period, but farms with vulnerable liquidity ratings in December 2017 lost almost 60 percent more than that, or $388. Average farm size, machinery investment per acre, farm net worth per acre, debt-to-asset ratio, and age of operator were not ...


Examining The Relationships Between Energy Use, Fossil Fuel Consumption, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, And Economic Growth In Southeast Asia, Anh Tru Nguyen 2019 Vietnam National University of Agriculture

Examining The Relationships Between Energy Use, Fossil Fuel Consumption, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, And Economic Growth In Southeast Asia, Anh Tru Nguyen

Journal of Asian Energy Studies

This article examines the relationships between energy use, fossil fuel consumption, CO2 emissions, and economic growth in three developing countries in Southeast Asia between 1988 and 2017. We found that the GDP per capita positively affects per capita CO2 emissions, and that it has a positive relationship with per capita energy use. Additionally, we found that GDP per capita is negatively affected by fossil fuel consumption, whereas it is positively affected by per capita CO2 emissions. Moreover, results show directional relationships running from per capita CO2 emissions to GDP per capita, from GDP per capita to ...


Buffalo Inc. American Indians And Economic Development, Sebastian F. Braun 2019 Iowa State University

Buffalo Inc. American Indians And Economic Development, Sebastian F. Braun

Sebastian Braun

Some American Indian tribes on the Great Plains have turned to bison ranching in recent years as a culturally and ecologically sustainable economic development program. This book focuses on one enterprise on the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation to determine whether such projects have fulfilled expectations and how they fit with traditional and contemporary Lakota values.

Drawing upon on-site fieldwork and using anthropological, economic, and ecological approaches, Sebastian Felix Braun examines the creation of Pte Hca Ka, Inc., and its management styles as they evolved over fifteen years. He paints a compelling picture of cultural change.

Braun traces Pte Hca Ka ...


Cover Crop Adoption Decisions In Iowa: Insights From An In-Person Survey, M. Jimena Gonzalez-Ramirez, Catherine Kling, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Lois Wright Morton, Jean McGuire, Jamie Benning 2019 Manhattan College

Cover Crop Adoption Decisions In Iowa: Insights From An In-Person Survey, M. Jimena Gonzalez-Ramirez, Catherine Kling, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Lois Wright Morton, Jean Mcguire, Jamie Benning

J. Gordon Arbuckle

CURRENT NITROGEN and phosphorus applications in the Midwest have been connected to increasing water quality problems.


Unraveling The Ethnoterritorial Fix In The Peruvian Amazon: Indigenous Livelihoods And Resource Management After Communal Land Titling (1980s-2016), Ramzi M. Tubbeh, Karl S. Zimmerer 2019 Department of Geography. Pennsylvania State University

Unraveling The Ethnoterritorial Fix In The Peruvian Amazon: Indigenous Livelihoods And Resource Management After Communal Land Titling (1980s-2016), Ramzi M. Tubbeh, Karl S. Zimmerer

Journal of Latin American Geography

Indigenous rights organizations in Latin America consider territorial control the paramount condition for the reproduction of indigenous peoples’ cultures, the security of their livelihoods, and the pursuit of autonomy. In the past several decades Latin American governments have increasingly recognized indigenous peoples’ rights to cultural difference and channeled their territorial claims by titling their lands as common property. This “territorial turn” is supported by narratives about indigenous peoples as stewards of the environment. The geographic areas associated with indigenous land titling have increased since the late 1980s. This article presents research based on a case study of present-day livelihoods and ...


Measuring Impacts Of Uncertainty, Irreversibility, And Loss Aversion On The Adoption Of Crop Canopy Sensors Among Nebraska Corn Producers, Brooks Ronspies 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Measuring Impacts Of Uncertainty, Irreversibility, And Loss Aversion On The Adoption Of Crop Canopy Sensors Among Nebraska Corn Producers, Brooks Ronspies

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

Understanding barriers to adoption of Precision Agricultural Technologies (PATs) is important to the growth of agricultural productivity, efficiency, and sustainability. This thesis proposes and evaluates a model for estimating the impact of uncertainty, irreversibility, and loss aversion on producers’ adoption of crop canopy sensors in order to explain adoption behavior that contradicts previous expectations about the conditions necessary for technology adoption. The model is evaluated using estimated statistical distributions of price and field characteristics designed to match observations of actual corn and nitrogen prices, and of conventional and crop canopy sensor based nitrogen application. Results from this model using expected ...


How Does Identifying As Gluten-Free Impact Information Choice Regarding The Gluten-Free Diet?, Pratiksha Baishya 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

How Does Identifying As Gluten-Free Impact Information Choice Regarding The Gluten-Free Diet?, Pratiksha Baishya

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

The market for gluten-free products is a multi-billion-dollar industry in the United States and has seen tremendous growth in the recent years. The retail sales of gluten-free foods in the United States almost tripled between 2011 and 2015, although rates of diagnosed gluten-related health problems have not risen. In addition to people who suffer from Celiac Disease, Wheat Allergy and Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, there is a category or people known as PWAG (people who avoid gluten) who seem to have significantly contributed to this boom in the market for gluten-free foods. With more people choosing to adopt the gluten-free diet ...


The Potential For Moral Hazard Behavior In Irrigation Decisions Under Crop Insurance, Paloch Suchato 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Potential For Moral Hazard Behavior In Irrigation Decisions Under Crop Insurance, Paloch Suchato

Paloch Suchato

The impact of current Federal Crop Insurance Program has attracted interests and
attention of many economists and policymakers. There have not been any studies that
examine the impact of crop insurance on agricultural water use and how different policy
designs would affect moral hazard in agricultural water use. Moral hazard could play a
role in irrigation decision by incentivizing farmer to choose riskier irrigation management
strategy. Without proper design, FCIC program could affect the long-term sustainability of
water resources and amplify the magnitude of the current problem such as aquifer depletion
and degradation of freshwater ecosystems. We use numerical simulation ...


The Effects Of Economic Factors And Groundwater Policies On The Timing Of Well Drilling, Qianyu Zhang 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Effects Of Economic Factors And Groundwater Policies On The Timing Of Well Drilling, Qianyu Zhang

Dissertations and Theses in Agricultural Economics

Understanding the factors that affect farmers’ irrigation decisions is critical for a better groundwater management. This study addresses the question of how economic, agronomic, and policy variables affect the timing of irrigation adoption in Nebraska. The key contribution of this paper is to identify farmers’ strategic responses to a particular type of policy intervention, a moratorium on well drilling. Our results estimate how farmers respond when a moratorium is announced but not enforced yet, and when neighboring areas implement a moratorium, which we refer as pre-regulation effect and policy spillover effect, respectively. Results show that farmers are more likely to ...


The Global Food Security Act: America's Strategic Approach To Combating World Hunger, Michael Adkins 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Global Food Security Act: America's Strategic Approach To Combating World Hunger, Michael Adkins

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The world’s farms currently produce enough calories to adequately feed everyone on the planet. From the 1960s through 2008, per capita food availability worldwide has risen from 2220 kilocalories per person per day to 2790. Specifically, developing countries have recorded a rise in kilocalories per person per day, from 1850 to 2640. Yet, despite overall availability, around 815 million people still suffer from hunger or some form of malnutrition. Approximately one in ten people are undernourished.


State Level Revenue Analysis Of The Market Facilitation Program, Anil Giri, Sankalp Sharma, Kyle Lovercamp, Iuliia Tetteh, Dhruba Dhakal, Rudra Baral 2019 University of Central Missouri

State Level Revenue Analysis Of The Market Facilitation Program, Anil Giri, Sankalp Sharma, Kyle Lovercamp, Iuliia Tetteh, Dhruba Dhakal, Rudra Baral

Online Journal of Rural Research & Policy

To compensate the US producers affected by the “trade war” with China, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) offered direct payments to producers using 2018 production levels under the Market Facilitation Program (MFP). Results of the revenue efficiency analysis of the MFP payments show the average producers in 12 out of 14 major corn and soybean producing states were compensated such that their 2018 per acre revenue was more than their 2017 per acre revenue. Conversely, an average producer in those states that experienced drought was under-compensated, as their total per acre revenue after the MFP payment was less ...


Do Cover Crops Pay? Net Returns To Corn/Soybean Farmers In Iowa, Alejandro Plastina 2019 Iowa State University

Do Cover Crops Pay? Net Returns To Corn/Soybean Farmers In Iowa, Alejandro Plastina

Alejandro Plastina

COVER CROPS, which are planted on approximately 700,000 of Iowa’s 30 million acres of farmland, have been found to have varying net returns based on several factors— cover c rop species, planting technique, termination method, tillage practices, following cash crop, and the farmer’s years of experience with cover crops.


Is Arc-Co Acting As A Safety Net Program? Evidence From Iowa, Alejandro Plastina, Chad Hart 2019 Iowa State University

Is Arc-Co Acting As A Safety Net Program? Evidence From Iowa, Alejandro Plastina, Chad Hart

Alejandro Plastina

THE AGRICULTURAL Act of 2014, referred to as the 2014 Farm Bill, is the legislative backbone of federal farm income support programs and agricultural disaster assistance programs. These programs, combined with federal crop insurance, are what is typically referred to as the farm safety net. As the debate has begun for the next version of the Farm Bill, policy discussions have centered on improving the effectiveness of the safety net. However, in previous Farm Bills, there had been a concerted effort to utilize decoupled agricultural support to ensure that US farm programs would meet World Trade Organization (WTO) standards. The ...


The Impact Of The 2018 Trade Disruptions On The Iowa Economy, Edward J. Balistreri, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Minghao Li, Lee Schulz, David A. Swenson, Wendong Zhang, John M. Crespi 2019 Iowa State University

The Impact Of The 2018 Trade Disruptions On The Iowa Economy, Edward J. Balistreri, Chad E. Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Minghao Li, Lee Schulz, David A. Swenson, Wendong Zhang, John M. Crespi

Lee Schulz

In this analysis, we use historical trade patterns, revenue linkages, and recent futures market price changes to discern the 2018 tariffs’ near-term impacts on the state of Iowa. We use two distinct modeling techniques, and in each technique we make two distinct assumptions. First, we use partial-equilibrium modeling approaches that do not directly consider linkages among the markets and industries across the state of Iowa. In these approaches, two assumptions about price changes are invoked—either the price changes are based upon supply and demand elasticities or the price changes are based upon observations in the futures market. The partial ...


The Power Law Distribution Of Cumulative Coal Production, Andrew Balthrop, Siyu Quan 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Power Law Distribution Of Cumulative Coal Production, Andrew Balthrop, Siyu Quan

Andrew Balthrop

The coal industry is dominated by the largest mines, with 1% of coal mines in the US being responsible for 65% of cumulative production. This provides evidence that cumulative coal production may be well approximated by a
power law, where the amount of production is inversely proportionate to the distributional rank. Maximum likelihood and regression-based procedures estimate the counter-cumulative power law parameter to be less than one,
indicating there is no well-defined mean or variance for cumulative production. Goodness of fit tests indicate the power-law is a better fit to the data than other competing one-parameter distributions. Additionally, the powerlaw ...


Optimal Vehicle Use In The Presence Of Episodic Mobile-Source Air Pollution, Arthur Caplan, Ramjee Acharya 2019 Utah State University

Optimal Vehicle Use In The Presence Of Episodic Mobile-Source Air Pollution, Arthur Caplan, Ramjee Acharya

Arthur J. Caplan

This paper develops a conceptual model of vehicle trips in a region plagued by weather-dependent, mobilesource
air pollution, and numerically estimates optimal trips for one of the nation’s perennially worst air quality
regions in terms of short-term particulate matter. Based upon data-driven parameters and damage estimates,
our numerical model generates optimal values for region-wide vehicle trips and associated PM2:5 concentrations
along with their corresponding time paths. Our dataset includes a host of pertinent weather variables that determine PM2:5 concentrations both independently as well as interacted with vehicle trips. As a result, our empirical model enables us to ...


Snapshot And Trends In The Production And Overseas Trade Of Vegetables From Western Australia, Manju Radhakrishnan, Rohan Prince 2019 Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia

Snapshot And Trends In The Production And Overseas Trade Of Vegetables From Western Australia, Manju Radhakrishnan, Rohan Prince

Bulletins 4000 -

This publication provides a snapshot and trends in the production and overseas trade of vegetables from Western Australia.

WA’s total vegetable crop reached 328 857 tonnes in 2015–16, worth an estimated $490 million. This was a 33% increase in wholesale value from levels of 2011–12.

Quantity increased by 24% during the same period. Production and export of vegetables have experienced strong growth in Western Australia in recent years, predominantly driven by continued expansion of the local carrot sector. There have also been solid gains in the quantity of beans, broccoli, celery and mushrooms produced, underpinning a positive ...


Measuring Cocoa Agricultural Productivity: A Spatio-Temporal Econometric Approach, Yurlady Chaverra-Palacios 2019 The University of San Francisco

Measuring Cocoa Agricultural Productivity: A Spatio-Temporal Econometric Approach, Yurlady Chaverra-Palacios

Master's Theses

A significant increase of 50.5 percent in the national production of cocoa was registered between 2011 and 2015 in Colombia. Nevertheless, 5,890 tons were imported in 2015 to supply domestic demand. Unlike other crops, the production of cocoa has made a significant contribution to the income of approximately 38,000 families of which 90 percent are small farm-producers with very little capital. Facilitating credit for investment is one of the main strategies of the national government to increase cocoa productivity. Correspondingly, the impact of the credit for investment on the cocoa agricultural productivity and if those investments have ...


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