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Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019), 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019)

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Anthony Starace, George Holmes University Professor of physics, died Sept. 5 from complications related to pancreatitis. He was 74.

Starace was born July 24, 1945, in the Queens borough of New York City. He graduated from Stuyvesant High School and earned his bachelor’s degree from Columbia University in 1966 before moving west to the University of Chicago, where he earned his doctorate under adviser Ugo Fano in 1971. It was in Chicago that he met Katherine Fritz of Beatrice, Nebraska, his wife of 51 years.

Following a postdoctoral appointment at Imperial College London, Starace moved to Lincoln as an ...


Beam-Energy And Centrality Dependence Of Direct-Photon Emission From Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, A. Adare, Nicole J. Apadula, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Lei Ding, Alan Dion, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, S. H. Lee, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Jonathan C. Runchey, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, et al. 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Beam-Energy And Centrality Dependence Of Direct-Photon Emission From Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, A. Adare, Nicole J. Apadula, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Lei Ding, Alan Dion, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, S. H. Lee, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Jonathan C. Runchey, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al.

Craig Ogilvie

The PHENIX collaboration presents first measurements of low-momentum (0.41\,GeV/c) direct-photon yield dNdirγ/dη is a smooth function of dNch/dη and can be well described as proportional to (dNch/dη)α with α≈1.25. This scaling behavior holds for a wide range of beam energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider, for centrality selected samples, as well as for different, A+A collision systems. At a given beam energy the scaling also holds for high pT (>5\,GeV/c) but when results from different collision energies are compared, an additional sNN ...


Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley 2019 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley

Duane D. Johnson

The equation of state (EOS) of materials at warm dense conditions poses significant challenges to both theory and experiment. We report a combined computational, modeling, and experimental investigation leveraging new theoretical and experimental capabilities to investigate warm-dense boron nitride (BN). The simulation methodologies include path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC), several density functional theory (DFT) molecular dynamics methods [plane-wave pseudopotential, Fermi operator expansion (FOE), and spectral quadrature (SQ)], activity expansion (actex), and all-electron Green's function Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (mecca), and compute the pressure and internal energy of BN over a broad range of densities and temperatures. Our experiments were conducted at the ...


Effects Of Pulse Width On He Plasma Jets In Contact With Water Evaluated By Oh(A-X) Emission And Ohaq Production, Shutong Song, Esin B. Sözer, Chunqi Jiang 2019 Old Dominion University

Effects Of Pulse Width On He Plasma Jets In Contact With Water Evaluated By Oh(A-X) Emission And Ohaq Production, Shutong Song, Esin B. Sözer, Chunqi Jiang

Bioelectrics Publications

Nanosecond pulsed helium plasma jets impinging on water produce hydroxyl radicals both in gas- and liquid-phase. In this study, the effects of pulse width on a repetitively pulsed plasma jet in contact with water are evaluated via OH(A-X) emission and OHaq production in water for various pulse widths ranging from 200 to 5000 ns. The maximal energy efficiency of OH(A-X) emission is obtained for pulse widths of 600-800 ns whereas the maximal efficiency of OHaq production is at 200 ns. Temporally-resolved emission spectroscopy shows that more than 40% of OH(A-X) emission is produced during the ...


Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip WIebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan 2019 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip Wiebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We show images produced by an electron beam deflector, a quadrupole lens and a einzel lens fabricated from conducting and non-conducting plastic using a 3D printer. Despite the difficulties associated with the use of plastics in vacuum, such as outgassing, poor conductivity, and print defects, the devices were used successfully in vacuum to steer, stretch and focus electron beams to millimeter diameters. Simulations indicate that much smaller focus spot sizes might be possible for such 3D-printed plastic electron lenses taking into account some possible surface defects. This work was motivated by our need to place electron optical components in difficult-to-access ...


Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic expression for a polychromatic phasor representing an arbitrarily short elegant Laguerre-Gauss (eLG) laser pulse of any spot size and LG mode is presented in the time domain as a nonrecursive, closed-form perturbative expansion valid to any order of perturbative correction. This phasor enables the calculation of the complex electromagnetic fields for such beams without requiring the evaluation of any Fourier integrals. It is thus straightforward to implement in analytical or numerical applications involving eLG pulses.


Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace 2019 Voronezh State University, Russia

Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic description of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) is proposed in the adiabatic (low-frequency) limit for an initial s state and a laser field having an arbitrary wave form. The approach is based on the two-state time-dependent effective range theory and is extended to the case of neutral atoms and positively charged ions by introducing ad hoc the Coulomb corrections for HHG. The resulting closed analytical form for the HHG amplitude is discussed in terms of real classical trajectories. The accuracy of the results of our analytic model is demonstrated by comparison with numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation ...


Optical Response Analysis Of Thz Photoconductive Antenna Using Comsol Multiphysics, Jose Isaac Santos Batista 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Optical Response Analysis Of Thz Photoconductive Antenna Using Comsol Multiphysics, Jose Isaac Santos Batista

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

A THz photoconductive antenna consists of antenna pads laid over a photoconductive substrate. These types of antennas are excited through the application of an optical pump (laser), which generates carriers inside the semiconductor. The acceleration and recombination of these carriers produce photocurrent that excites the antenna and generates THz pulse. This thesis focuses on analyzing the optical response of a photoconductive antenna, which consist of the interaction of the incident electric field of a laser pump with the radiating device. It develops the amplitude modulation process of a plane wave of light into a laser pump. It also takes into ...


Optical Enhancement In Periodic Plasmonic Gratings For Sers And Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors (Msm-Pds) Applications, Ahmad Aziz Darweesh 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Optical Enhancement In Periodic Plasmonic Gratings For Sers And Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetectors (Msm-Pds) Applications, Ahmad Aziz Darweesh

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is aimed to numerically study the effect of plasmonic grating electrodes on the efficiency of metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors (MSM PDs) and the sensitivity of Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS). This research can benefit many areas of nanoscience and optics, including plasmonic applications, such as, super lenses, nano-scale optical circuits, optical filters, surface plasmon enhanced photo-detectors solar cells, imaging sensors, charge-coupled devices (CCD), and optical-fiber communication systems. Several parameters, wire widths and thickness, gap space, taper angle, and the incident wavelength and angle, were investigated. The goal of this research is to utilize the plasmonic phenomenon by using plasmonic gratings ...


Using Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy To Characterize Targets For Mtw Laser At Lle, Gunnar M. Brown, Matthew G. Klein, Anthony C. Cooper, Charles G. Freeman, Stephen J. Padalino, C. R. Stillman, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster 2019 SUNY Geneseo

Using Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy To Characterize Targets For Mtw Laser At Lle, Gunnar M. Brown, Matthew G. Klein, Anthony C. Cooper, Charles G. Freeman, Stephen J. Padalino, C. R. Stillman, S. P. Regan, T. C. Sangster

Papers, Posters, and Recordings

Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) is a useful technique for determining elemental composition and thickness of a target. In RBS, light ion beams from an accelerator are incident on the target to be studied. A surface barrier detector is used to study the energy spectrum of the scattered ions. The energy of the scattered ions depends on the elements in the target, and the width of each peak is related to the elemental layer thickness. The computer program SIMNRA is used to analyze the scattered ion spectra. RBS experiments have been performed using the 1.7 MV Pelletron accelerator at SUNY ...


Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley 2019 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Equation Of State Of Boron Nitride Combining Computation, Modeling, And Experiment, Shuai Zhang, Amy Lazicki, Burkhard Militzer, Lin H. Yang, Kyle Caspersen, Jim A. Gaffney, Markus W. Däne, John E. Pask, Walter R. Johnson, Abhiraj Sharma, Phanish Suryanarayana, Duane D. Johnson, Andrey V. Smirnov, Philip A. Sterne, David Erskine, Richard A. London, Federica Coppari, Damian Swift, Joseph Nilsen, Art J. Nelson, Heather D. Whitley

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The equation of state (EOS) of materials at warm dense conditions poses significant challenges to both theory and experiment. We report a combined computational, modeling, and experimental investigation leveraging new theoretical and experimental capabilities to investigate warm-dense boron nitride (BN). The simulation methodologies include path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC), several density functional theory (DFT) molecular dynamics methods [plane-wave pseudopotential, Fermi operator expansion (FOE), and spectral quadrature (SQ)], activity expansion (actex), and all-electron Green's function Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (mecca), and compute the pressure and internal energy of BN over a broad range of densities and temperatures. Our experiments were conducted at the ...


Development Of A Model For 11C Production Via The 14N(P,Α) Reaction Using A Ge Pettrace Cyclotron, Amy C. Hall 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Development Of A Model For 11C Production Via The 14N(P,Α) Reaction Using A Ge Pettrace Cyclotron, Amy C. Hall

Theses and Dissertations

The GE PETtrace 800 Series cyclotron at the Missouri University Research Reactor (MURR) facility is used extensively for medical and research radioisotope production. However, no model exists of its radioisotope production performance, and the energy, full intensity, and spatial profile of the cyclotron proton beam has never been measured. To improve production planning for research and medical isotopes, a MCNP6 model of the isotope production process was developed to maximize efficiency in target design and better understand irradiation conditions. Since the cyclotron beam energy and profile has a significant impact on the types of reactions that take place and the ...


Global Ionosonde And Gps Radio Occultation Sporadic-E Intensity And Height Comparison, Joshua Y. Gooch 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Global Ionosonde And Gps Radio Occultation Sporadic-E Intensity And Height Comparison, Joshua Y. Gooch

Theses and Dissertations

A global, multi-year comparison of low and mid-latitude COSMIC GPS radio occultation (RO) sporadic-E (Es) plasma frequency and altitude and Digisonde blanketing frequency (fbEs) and altitude within 150 km and 30 minutes of each other. RO methods used to estimate the intensity of the Es layer include the scintillation index S4, total electron content (TEC) with both a constant and variable Es cloud thickness, and an Abel transform. The S4 and TEC with varying thickness techniques both under-represent the fbEs values while the TEC with constant thickness and Abel transform better estimate Digisonde fbEs values. All RO ...


The Non-Mechanical Beam Steering Of Light In Reflective Inverse Diffusion, Eric K. Nagamine 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

The Non-Mechanical Beam Steering Of Light In Reflective Inverse Diffusion, Eric K. Nagamine

Theses and Dissertations

Wavefront shaping is a technique that uses spatial light modulators to conjugate the phase of light incident on a rough surface, such that the light will refocus after reflection. This refocusing effect is called reflective inverse diffusion. There currently are two different approaches used to achieve reflective inverse diffusion: iterative methods and matrix methods. Iterative methods find one phase mask which allows for reflected light to be focused at a single, specific position, with results that are immediately available and continuously improving. Matrix methods calculate the complex matrix which describes the rough surface and allows for reflected light to be ...


Violation Of Centrosymmetry In Time-Resolved Coherent X-Ray Diffraction From Rovibrational States Of Diatomic Molecules, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Violation Of Centrosymmetry In Time-Resolved Coherent X-Ray Diffraction From Rovibrational States Of Diatomic Molecules, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Owing to increasing applications of time-resolved coherent x-ray scattering for the investigation of molecular reaction dynamics, we develop a theoretical model for time-dependent x-ray diffraction from molecular and/or electronic motion in molecules. Our model shows that the violation of centrosymmetry (VOC) is a general phenomenon in time-resolved diffraction patterns. We employ our theoretical model to illustrate the VOC in time-resolved coherent x-ray diffraction from two oriented diatomic molecules undergoing rovibrational motion: lithium hydride (LiD) and hydrogen (HD). Our simulations show asymmetric x-ray diffraction images that reflect the directions of the molecular motions.


Generation Of Broadband Thz Pulses By Laser Wakefield At Radial Boundary Of Plasma Column, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Andreas Schmitt-Sody 2019 Air Force Research Laboratory

Generation Of Broadband Thz Pulses By Laser Wakefield At Radial Boundary Of Plasma Column, Serge Y. Kalmykov, Alexander Englesbe, Jennifer Elle, Andreas Schmitt-Sody

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Photoionization of an ambient gas by a tightly focused, femtosecond, weakly relativistic laser pulse leaves behind
the pulse a column of electron density (a “filament”). At the column surface, the density drops to zero within a thin (micronscale) boundary layer. Ponderomotive force of the pulse drives within the filament a cylindrical wave of charge separation (laser wake). If the pulse waist size is much smaller than the Langmuir wavelength, electron current in the wake is mostly transverse. In the filament surface area, this current rapidly decays (electrons, crossing the sharp density gradient, phase out of wake within a few Langmuir ...


Photon Radiation In Hot Nuclear Matter By Means Of Chiral Anomalies, Kirill Tuchin 2019 Iowa State University

Photon Radiation In Hot Nuclear Matter By Means Of Chiral Anomalies, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

A new mechanism of photon emission in the quark-gluon plasma is proposed. Photon dispersion relation in the presence of the CP-odd topological regions generated by the chiral anomaly acquires an imaginary mass. It allows photon radiation through the decay q→qγ and annihilation qq¯→γ processes closely related to the chiral Cherenkov radiation. Unlike previous proposals this mechanism does not require an external magnetic field. The differential photon emission rate per unit volume is computed and shown to be comparable to the rate of photon emission in conventional processes.


Beam-Energy And Centrality Dependence Of Direct-Photon Emission From Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, A. Adare, Nicole J. Apadula, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Lei Ding, Alan Dion, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, S. H. Lee, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Jonathan C. Runchey, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, et al., PHENIX Collaboration 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Beam-Energy And Centrality Dependence Of Direct-Photon Emission From Ultra-Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, A. Adare, Nicole J. Apadula, Sergey Belikov, Paul Constantin, Lei Ding, Alan Dion, Nathan C. Grau, John C. Hill, Nels J. Hotvedt, Todd Kempel, John G. Lajoie, Alexandre Lebedev, S. H. Lee, Craig Ogilvie, Milap R. Patel, H. Pei, Jan Rak, Timothy T. Rinn, Marzia Rosati, Jonathan C. Runchey, Alexey Yu. Semenov, Abhisek Sen, M. Shimomura, C. L. Silva, S. Skutnik, Carla Vale, Feng Wei, Et Al., Phenix Collaboration

Physics and Astronomy Publications

The PHENIX collaboration presents first measurements of low-momentum (0.41\,GeV/c) direct-photon yield dNdirγ/dη is a smooth function of dNch/dη and can be well described as proportional to (dNch/dη)α with α≈1.25. This scaling behavior holds for a wide range of beam energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider, for centrality selected samples, as well as for different, A+A collision systems. At a given beam energy the scaling also holds for high pT (>5\,GeV/c) but when results from different collision energies are compared, an additional sNN ...


Evaluation Of X-Ray Spectroscopic Techniques For Determining Temperature And Density In Plasmas, Theodore Scott Lane 2019 West Virginia University

Evaluation Of X-Ray Spectroscopic Techniques For Determining Temperature And Density In Plasmas, Theodore Scott Lane

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Temperature and density measurements of plasmas are important for understanding various phenomena. For example, equations of state, most scaling arguments for Inertial Confinement Fusion and laboratory astrophysics all rely upon accurate knowledge of temperature and density. Spectroscopy is a non-invasive technique to measure these quantities. In this work we establish a new spectroscopic technique by using it to determine temperature. We also compare and contrast the capability of two codes, PrismSPECT and ATOMIC, to infer electron density from experimentally acquired spectra via Stark broadening.

We compare and contrast the capability of isoelectronic line ratios and inter-stage line ratios in an ...


Multi-Object-Plane Phase Retrieval For Plasma Density Profile Reconstruction, Xiang Chen 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Multi-Object-Plane Phase Retrieval For Plasma Density Profile Reconstruction, Xiang Chen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Plasma Wakefield Accelerators (PWFA) can accelerate electron beams with gradients that are hundreds of times greater than conventional RF accelerators and may provide a path toward a future energy frontier lepton collider. The ability to preserve the beam emittance depends strongly on the longitudinal density profile of the PWFA plasma source. One method of generating the plasma source is to ionize a gas such as argon or helium with a high intensity laser pulse. This plasma source quickly recombines on the order of nanoseconds, and so a new plasma source must be created for every shot. The plasma source is ...


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