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Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019), 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019)

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Anthony Starace, George Holmes University Professor of physics, died Sept. 5 from complications related to pancreatitis. He was 74.

Starace was born July 24, 1945, in the Queens borough of New York City. He graduated from Stuyvesant High School and earned his bachelor’s degree from Columbia University in 1966 before moving west to the University of Chicago, where he earned his doctorate under adviser Ugo Fano in 1971. It was in Chicago that he met Katherine Fritz of Beatrice, Nebraska, his wife of 51 years.

Following a postdoctoral appointment at Imperial College London, Starace moved to Lincoln as an ...


Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew 2019 Washington University in St Louis

Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

In the original paper, a calibration error exists in the image-formation model used to analyze experimental images taken by our microscope, causing a bias in the orientation measurements in Figs. 2 and 3. The updated measurements are shown in Fig. E1. We have also updated the supplementary material for the original article to discuss the revised PSF model and estimation algorithms (supplementary material 2) and show the revised model and measurements (Figs. S1, S3, S7, S8, and S10–S13).


Picosecond Time-Resolved Dynamics Of Energy Transfer Between Gan And The Various Excited States Of Eu3+ Ions, Ruoqiao Wei, Brandon Mitchell, Dolf Timmerman, Tom Gregorkiewicz, Wanxin Zhu, Jun Tatebayashi, Shuhei Ichikawa, Yasufumi Fujiwara, Volkmar Dierolf 2019 Lehigh University

Picosecond Time-Resolved Dynamics Of Energy Transfer Between Gan And The Various Excited States Of Eu3+ Ions, Ruoqiao Wei, Brandon Mitchell, Dolf Timmerman, Tom Gregorkiewicz, Wanxin Zhu, Jun Tatebayashi, Shuhei Ichikawa, Yasufumi Fujiwara, Volkmar Dierolf

Physics

To elucidate the energy transfer and reexcitation processes in Eu-doped GaN layers that are used in recently developed, highly efficient red light-emitting diodes, a systematic series of photoluminescence and time-resolved photoluminescence (TR-PL) measurements was performed. Critical insights on how “slow” Eu processes (∼µs) can compete against fast semiconductor processes (∼ps) are revealed using TR-PL with a high temporal resolution, as it is found that the initial energy transfer from GaN to the Eu3+ ions takes place rapidly, on a timescale of <100 ps. Below band-gap resonant excitation was used to identify the states into which the energy transfer occurs. For the most efficient Eu defect complexes, this transfer dominantly occurs directly into the 5 D0 state of Eu3+. Less efficient complexes also exhibit transfer into the 5 D2 state, the emission of which can be detected using photoluminescence at low temperature, indicating the importance of the excitation pathway on device efficiency. Under high excitation intensity, reexcitation can also occur, leading to a redistribution of population into the 5 D2, 5 D1, or 5 D0 states.


Using Controlled Disorder To Probe The Interplay Between Charge Order And Superconductivity In Nbse2, Kyuil Cho, M. Kończykowski, Serafim Teknowijoyo, Makariy A. Tanatar, J. Guss, P. B. Gartin, John M. Wilde, A. Kreyssig, Robert McQueeney, Alan I. Goldman, V. Mishra, P. J. Hirschfeld, Ruslan Prozorov 2019 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Using Controlled Disorder To Probe The Interplay Between Charge Order And Superconductivity In Nbse2, Kyuil Cho, M. Kończykowski, Serafim Teknowijoyo, Makariy A. Tanatar, J. Guss, P. B. Gartin, John M. Wilde, A. Kreyssig, Robert Mcqueeney, Alan I. Goldman, V. Mishra, P. J. Hirschfeld, Ruslan Prozorov

A. I. Goldman

The interplay between superconductivity and charge-density wave (CDW) in 2H-NbSe2 is not fully understood despite decades of study. Artificially introduced disorder can tip the delicate balance between two competing long-range orders, and reveal the underlying interactions that give rise to them. Here we introduce disorder by electron irradiation and measure in-plane resistivity, Hall resistivity, X-ray scattering, and London penetration depth. With increasing disorder, the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, varies non-monotonically, whereas the CDW transition temperature, TCDW, monotonically decreases and becomes unresolvable above a critical irradiation dose where Tcdrops sharply. Our results imply that the CDW ...


Structure, Stability And Vibrational Properties Of Cdse Wurtzite Molecules And Nanocrystals: A Dft Study, Mudar A. Abdulsattar, Hayder M. Abduljalil, Hussein Hakim Abed 2019 Ministry of Science and Technology

Structure, Stability And Vibrational Properties Of Cdse Wurtzite Molecules And Nanocrystals: A Dft Study, Mudar A. Abdulsattar, Hayder M. Abduljalil, Hussein Hakim Abed

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Bare and hydrogen passivated CdSe wurtzite molecules and nanostructures are investigated. The investigation is performed using wurtzoid structures that represent the wurtzite structure at the molecular and nanoscale region. The results show that the energy gap of bare and hydrogen passivated CdSe molecules is higher than and converges to the experimental bulk energy gap. Vibrational analysis of wurtzoid molecules shows that the experimental longitudinal optical mode is in between bare and hydrogen passivated CdSe molecules and very near to bare molecules. The stability of wurtzoid molecules against transition to CdSe diamondoids and cuboids that represent the molecular scale of diamond ...


Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, Graham Greve, Baochen Wu, James K. Thompson 2019 JILA/CU-Boulder

Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, Graham Greve, Baochen Wu, James K. Thompson

JILA Faculty Contributions

Sawtooth Wave Adiabatic Passage (SWAP) laser cooling was recently demonstrated using a narrow-linewidth single-photon optical transition in atomic strontium and may prove useful for cooling other atoms and molecules. However, many atoms and molecules lack the appropriate narrow optical transition. Here we use such an atom, 87Rb, to demonstrate that two-photon Raman transitions with arbitrarily-tunable linewidths can be used to achieve 1D SWAP cooling without significantly populating the intermediate excited state. Unlike SWAP cooling on a narrow transition, Raman SWAP cooling allows for a final 1D temperature well below the Doppler cooling limit (here, 25 times lower); and the ...


Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab 2019 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab

Faculty Publications & Research

A student activity is reported that analyzes “medical evidence” with experimental and computational methods. The lesson demonstrates benefits of solving practical problems with integrated tools.


A Brief Review Of Modern Uses Of Scattering Techniques, Daniel M. Wade, Dereth J. Drake 2019 Valdosta State University

A Brief Review Of Modern Uses Of Scattering Techniques, Daniel M. Wade, Dereth J. Drake

Georgia Journal of Science

Thomson, Rayleigh, Mie, and Raman scattering are commonly used in several disciplines in science and engineering. The techniques involve the scattering of electromagnetic radiation or particles in a sample. This paper provides a brief history for each scattering method, describes the traditional laboratory approach for implementation, and discusses current uses and variations of these four techniques.


Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip WIebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan 2019 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip Wiebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We show images produced by an electron beam deflector, a quadrupole lens and a einzel lens fabricated from conducting and non-conducting plastic using a 3D printer. Despite the difficulties associated with the use of plastics in vacuum, such as outgassing, poor conductivity, and print defects, the devices were used successfully in vacuum to steer, stretch and focus electron beams to millimeter diameters. Simulations indicate that much smaller focus spot sizes might be possible for such 3D-printed plastic electron lenses taking into account some possible surface defects. This work was motivated by our need to place electron optical components in difficult-to-access ...


Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic expression for a polychromatic phasor representing an arbitrarily short elegant Laguerre-Gauss (eLG) laser pulse of any spot size and LG mode is presented in the time domain as a nonrecursive, closed-form perturbative expansion valid to any order of perturbative correction. This phasor enables the calculation of the complex electromagnetic fields for such beams without requiring the evaluation of any Fourier integrals. It is thus straightforward to implement in analytical or numerical applications involving eLG pulses.


High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, Landen G Mcdonald 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

High Resolution Validation Of Next Generation Turbulent Flow Models Using Neutron Beams, Laser Fluorescence, And Cryogenic Helium, Landen G Mcdonald

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Turbulent fluid flow is an incredibly unpredictable subject that continues to confound scientists and engineers. All of the empirical data that has been the basis of conventional turbulent computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models for decades only extends to roughly the equivalent turbulence created when Michael Phelps swims in a pool. The problem is that this data is then extrapolated out many orders of magnitude in order to design cruise ships, airplanes, and rockets which operate in significantly more turbulent flow regimes. This creates an incredible degree of uncertainty in the design process that demands over-engineering and increased expenditures.

The development ...


Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace 2019 Voronezh State University, Russia

Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic description of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) is proposed in the adiabatic (low-frequency) limit for an initial s state and a laser field having an arbitrary wave form. The approach is based on the two-state time-dependent effective range theory and is extended to the case of neutral atoms and positively charged ions by introducing ad hoc the Coulomb corrections for HHG. The resulting closed analytical form for the HHG amplitude is discussed in terms of real classical trajectories. The accuracy of the results of our analytic model is demonstrated by comparison with numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation ...


Large-Scale Atomistic Simulations Of Complex And Functional Properties Of Ferroic Materials, Raymond Thomas Walter 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Large-Scale Atomistic Simulations Of Complex And Functional Properties Of Ferroic Materials, Raymond Thomas Walter

Theses and Dissertations

Ferroelectric (FE) nanostructures have attracted considerable attention as our abilities improve to synthesize them and to predict their properties by theoretical means. Depolarizing field effects at interfaces of FE heterostructures are particularly notable for causing topological defects such as FE vortices and negative dielectric responses in superlattices. In this thesis, I employ two large-scale atomistic techniques, the first-principles-based effective Hamiltonian (HEff) method and the linear-scaling three-dimensional fragment (LS3DF) method. I use these methods to explore optical rotation in FE vortices, electro-optic effects in FE vortices and skyrmions, and voltage amplification via negative capacitance in ferroelectric-paraelectric superlattices. We employ HEff in ...


Measuring Magnetic Field Gradients Using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency In Rb Vapor, Ravn Jenkins 2019 William & Mary

Measuring Magnetic Field Gradients Using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency In Rb Vapor, Ravn Jenkins

Undergraduate Honors Theses

We demonstrate a new method for measuring magnetic gradients in the presence of large constant magnetic fields using electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium vapor. As the Earth provides a near-constant magnetic field of 25-50 µT, most measurements of small magnetic fields involve subtracting or shielding the Earth's field. Our method can measure small gradients in the presence of large magnetic fields using Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in 87Rb. By comparing the resonances of two laser beams in a dual-rail arrangement propagating through rubidium vapor in a spatially changing magnetic field, we are able to measure a constant gradient of ...


Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, Eric R. Jones 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, Eric R. Jones

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The quantum revolution of the last century advanced synergistically with technology, for example, with control of the temporal and spatial coherence, and the polarization state of light. Indeed, experimental confirmation of the quirks of quantum theory, as originally highlighted by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen, through Bohm, and then Bell, have been performed with photons, i.e., electromagnetic wave packets prepared in the same quantum states. Experimental tests of quantum mechanics with matter wave packets have been limited due to challenges in preparing all of the packets with similar quantum states. While great strides have been made for trapped atoms and ...


A Theoretical Investigation Of Small Organic Molecules On Transition Metal Surfaces, Walter Malone 2019 University of Central Florida

A Theoretical Investigation Of Small Organic Molecules On Transition Metal Surfaces, Walter Malone

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the ever growing number of proposed desnity functional theory (DFT) functionals it becomes necessary to thoroughly screen any new method to determine its merit. Especially relevant methods include a proper description of the van der Waals (vdW) interaction, which can prove vital to a correct description of a myriad of systems of technological importance. The first part of this dissertation explores the utility of several vdW-inclusive DFT functionals including optB86b-vdW, optB88-vdW, optPBE-vdW, revPBE-vdW, rPW86-vdW2, and SCAN+rVV10 by applying them to model systems of small organic molecules, pyridine and thiophene, on transition metal surfaces. Overall, we find the optB88-vdW ...


Chemistry And Dissipation At Mineral Surfaces In The Space Environment, William Tucker 2019 University of Central Florida

Chemistry And Dissipation At Mineral Surfaces In The Space Environment, William Tucker

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The composition and morphology of mineral surfaces is known to play an important role in various phenomena relevant to planetary science. For example, the synthesis and processing of complex organics likely occurs at mineral surfaces strongly affected by the space environment. Furthermore, the dissipative and adhesive properties of dust grains may depend strongly on the chemical state of the surface including the presence of dangling bonds, adsorbates, and radicals. In this dissertation, experimental results are first presented which demonstrate that mineral grains subjected to high temperatures in a reducing environment lead to iron nanoparticles which are strongly catalytic for the ...


High Resolution Near-Infrared/Visible Intracavity Laser Spectroscopy Of Small Molecules, Jack Harms 2019 University of Missouri-St. Louis

High Resolution Near-Infrared/Visible Intracavity Laser Spectroscopy Of Small Molecules, Jack Harms

Dissertations

Intracavity laser spectroscopy has been used to study the electronic structure of several small molecules. The molecules studied as part of this dissertation include germanium hydride (GeH), copper oxide (CuO), nickel chloride (NiCl), platinum fluoride (PtF), platinum chloride (PtCl), and copper hydroxide (CuOH). This work encompasses five peer-reviewed publications and two submitted manuscripts.


Roadmap On Superoscillations, Michael Berry, Nicolay Zheludev, Yakir Aharonov, Fabrizio Colombo, Irene Sabadini, Daniele C. Struppa, Jeff Tollaksen, Edward T. F. Rogers, Fei Qin, Minghui Hong, Xiangang Luo, Roei Remez, Ady Arie, Jörg B. Götte, Mark R. Dennis, Alex M. H. Wong, George V. Eleftheriades, Yaniv Eliezer, Alon Bahabad, Gang Chen, Zhongquan Wen, Gaofeng Liang, Chenglong Hao, C-W Qiu, Achim Kempf, Eytan Katzav, Moshe Schwartz 2019 University of Bristol

Roadmap On Superoscillations, Michael Berry, Nicolay Zheludev, Yakir Aharonov, Fabrizio Colombo, Irene Sabadini, Daniele C. Struppa, Jeff Tollaksen, Edward T. F. Rogers, Fei Qin, Minghui Hong, Xiangang Luo, Roei Remez, Ady Arie, Jörg B. Götte, Mark R. Dennis, Alex M. H. Wong, George V. Eleftheriades, Yaniv Eliezer, Alon Bahabad, Gang Chen, Zhongquan Wen, Gaofeng Liang, Chenglong Hao, C-W Qiu, Achim Kempf, Eytan Katzav, Moshe Schwartz

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Superoscillations are band-limited functions with the counterintuitive property that they can vary arbitrarily faster than their fastest Fourier component, over arbitrarily long intervals. Modern studies originated in quantum theory, but there were anticipations in radar and optics. The mathematical understanding—still being explored—recognises that functions are extremely small where they superoscillate; this has implications for information theory. Applications to optical vortices, sub-wavelength microscopy and related areas of nanoscience are now moving from the theoretical and the demonstrative to the practical. This Roadmap surveys all these areas, providing background, current research, and anticipating future developments.


Quantum Advantages Quantum Algorithm For Finding The Minimum, Binam Bajracharya 2019 Lake Forest College

Quantum Advantages Quantum Algorithm For Finding The Minimum, Binam Bajracharya

Senior Theses

Theories about quantum computers and how they would work have been around for a few decades. Peter Shor and Lov Grover even came up with algorithms during the 1990s when the idea of building a quantum computer was far-fetched. We are now at a point where our processors are getting faster and smaller, only a few nanometres thick. This obviously has its limits. Big companies like Google, Microsoft, and IBM are at a point where their quantum computers are equivalent to the room sized computers that we see in some old pictures. Here we build up the necessary background required ...


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