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The Progression Of Sequential Reactions, Jack McGeachy 2010 University of South Florida

The Progression Of Sequential Reactions, Jack Mcgeachy

Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two

Sequential reactions consist of linked reactions in which the product of the first reaction becomes the substrate of a second reaction. Sequential reactions occur in industrially important processes, such as the chlorination of methane. A generalized series of three sequential reactions was analyzed in order to determine the times at which each chemical species reaches its maximum. To determine the concentration of each species as a function of time, the differential rate laws for each species were solved. The solution of each gave the concentration curve of the chemical species. The concentration curves of species A1 and A2 ...


Locomotion Of A Running Quadruped Robotic System, Bradley Savon 2010 University of South Florida

Locomotion Of A Running Quadruped Robotic System, Bradley Savon

Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two

Very little is known about the locomotion of quadruped robotic systems. In Latin, the term quadruped means 'having four feet'. The robotic system analyzed in this project was a software simulation program modeled after a horse. Simulation data was recorded to resolve the relationship between foot position and impulses required to accelerate or to decelerate the system while trotting. These sets of data were then analyzed in MATLAB to produce graphical representations which allowed for a better understanding of the robot's motion in the simulation environment. A function was fit to the graph of discrete data values measured in ...


Finding The Area Of An Irregularly Shaped Room, Justin Walls 2010 University of South Florida

Finding The Area Of An Irregularly Shaped Room, Justin Walls

Undergraduate Journal of Mathematical Modeling: One + Two

This experiment utilized integration in a practical sense by determining the floor area of an irregularly shaped room. By taking the integral summation of three sections formed from semi-circles, the desired areas as well as positive results were found. The final data determined that the floor area of the irregularly shaped room was around 580 square feet.


Evidence For Supernova-Synthesized Dust From The Rising Afterglow Of Grb071025 At Z ∼ 5, Daniel A. Perley, J. S. Bloom, C. R. Klein, S. Covino, T. Minezaki, P. Wo´zniak, W. T. Vestrand, G. G. Williams, P. Milne, N. R. Butler, Adria Updike, T. Kr¨uhler, P. Afonso, A. Antonelli, L. Cowie, P. Ferrero, J. Greiner, D. H. Hartmann, Y. Kakazu, A. K¨upc¨u Yoldas¸, A. N. Morgan, P. A. Price, J. X. Prochaska, Y. Yoshii 2010 Roger Williams University

Evidence For Supernova-Synthesized Dust From The Rising Afterglow Of Grb071025 At Z ∼ 5, Daniel A. Perley, J. S. Bloom, C. R. Klein, S. Covino, T. Minezaki, P. Wo´Zniak, W. T. Vestrand, G. G. Williams, P. Milne, N. R. Butler, Adria Updike, T. Kr¨Uhler, P. Afonso, A. Antonelli, L. Cowie, P. Ferrero, J. Greiner, D. H. Hartmann, Y. Kakazu, A. K¨Upc¨U Yoldas¸, A. N. Morgan, P. A. Price, J. X. Prochaska, Y. Yoshii

Feinstein College of Arts & Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Very Metal-Poor Damped Lyman-Α System Revealed Through The Most Energetic Grb 090926a, A. Rau, S. Savaglio, T. Kr¨ uhler, P. Afonso, J. Greiner, S. Klose, P. Schady, S. McBreen, R. Filgas, F. Olivares E., A. Rossi, Adria Updike 2010 Roger Williams University

A Very Metal-Poor Damped Lyman-Α System Revealed Through The Most Energetic Grb 090926a, A. Rau, S. Savaglio, T. Kr¨ Uhler, P. Afonso, J. Greiner, S. Klose, P. Schady, S. Mcbreen, R. Filgas, F. Olivares E., A. Rossi, Adria Updike

Feinstein College of Arts & Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Freezing And Melting Hysteresis Measurements In Solutions Of Hyperactive Antifreeze Protein From An Antarctic Bacteria, Yeliz Celik, Ran Drori, Laurie Graham, Yee-Foong Mok, Peter L. Davies, Ido Braslavsky 2010 Marshall University

Freezing And Melting Hysteresis Measurements In Solutions Of Hyperactive Antifreeze Protein From An Antarctic Bacteria, Yeliz Celik, Ran Drori, Laurie Graham, Yee-Foong Mok, Peter L. Davies, Ido Braslavsky

Physics Faculty Research

Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) evolved in cold-adapted organisms and serve to protect them against freezing in cold conditions by arresting ice crystal growth. Recently, we have shown quantitatively that adsorption of AFPs not only prevents ice from growing but also from melting. This melting inhibition by AFPs, which results in superheated ice (Celik et al, PNAS 2010), is not a well-known phenomenon. Here we present our recent findings in which the Ca2+-dependent hyperactive AFP from Marinomonas primoryensis (MpAFP) clearly displays this property. Additionally, we found that an ice crystal that is initially stabilized and protected by this type of AFP ...


Ancient Dna Analyses Exclude Humans As The Driving Force Behind Late Pleistocene Musk Ox (Ovibos Moschatus) Population Dynamics, Paula F. Campos, Eske Willerslev, Andrei Sher, Ludovic Orlando, Erik Axelsson, Alexei Tikhonov, Kim Aaris-Sorensen, Alex D. Greenwood, Ralf-Dietrich Kahlke, Pavel Kosintsev 2010 Old Dominion University

Ancient Dna Analyses Exclude Humans As The Driving Force Behind Late Pleistocene Musk Ox (Ovibos Moschatus) Population Dynamics, Paula F. Campos, Eske Willerslev, Andrei Sher, Ludovic Orlando, Erik Axelsson, Alexei Tikhonov, Kim Aaris-Sorensen, Alex D. Greenwood, Ralf-Dietrich Kahlke, Pavel Kosintsev

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

The causes of the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions are poorly understood. Different lines of evidence point to climate change, the arrival of humans, or a combination of these events as the trigger. Although many species went extinct, others, such as caribou and bison, survived to the present. The musk ox has an intermediate story: relatively abundant during the Pleistocene, it is now restricted to Greenland and the Arctic Archipelago. In this study, we use ancient DNA sequences, temporally unbiased summary statistics, and Bayesian analytical techniques to infer musk ox population dynamics throughout the late Pleistocene and Holocene. Our results reveal ...


Inexpensive Time-Lapse Digital Cameras For Studying Transient Meteorological Phenomena: Dust Devils And Playa Flooding, Ralph D. Lorenz, Brian Jackson, Jason W. Barnes 2010 University of Arizona

Inexpensive Time-Lapse Digital Cameras For Studying Transient Meteorological Phenomena: Dust Devils And Playa Flooding, Ralph D. Lorenz, Brian Jackson, Jason W. Barnes

Brian Jackson

The authors describe the design and performance of inexpensive and compact time-lapse cameras suitable for field deployment in remote locations for long periods and their application to studying two time-variable meteorological phenomena in arid regions: desert dust devils and transient flooding of playa lakes. The camera units (with a total parts cost of ∼$80) are based around commercial “point and shoot” digital cameras, storing ∼1500 images on a solid-state memory card over a period between an hour to several months powered by alkaline batteries. A microcontroller can trigger image acquisition based on sensor inputs or at regular intervals. Some example ...


Electric-Field Affected Low-Energy Collisions Between Co-Trapped Ammonia And Rubidium, Lambert Paul Parazzoli 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Electric-Field Affected Low-Energy Collisions Between Co-Trapped Ammonia And Rubidium, Lambert Paul Parazzoli

Physics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis describes the effect of an electric field on the interaction between rubidium and ammonia at 100 mK. The ability to study low energy interactions between molecules and atoms provides new tools to understand how the processes that govern these interactions work. For example, the use of external electric and magnetic fields provides tools to spatially orient molecules to show how this affects the dynamics of the interaction. The use of electric fields have been proposed to affect dipole-dipole interactions, however we have showed that the space-orienting effect of the field can have a significant effect even in the ...


Towards Measuring The Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using Trapped Molecular Ions, Russell Stutz 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

Towards Measuring The Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using Trapped Molecular Ions, Russell Stutz

Physics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Permanent electric dipole moments have been the subject of experimental investigation for the past sixty years, as they entail the breaking of fundamental symmetries and provide a sensitive probe for physics beyond the Standard Model. This thesis describes an experiment aimed at measuring the electron electric dipole moment (eEDM) using trapped molecular ions. The 3Δ1 level of certain diatomic ions are desirable in eEDM searches due to their high polarizability, large eEDM enhancement factor, and relative insensitivity to magnetic fields. Ions allow for simple trapping and long interrogation times, but require a time-varying electric bias field in order ...


Gis Data: Fairfax County And The City Of Alexandria, Virginia Shoreline Inventory Report, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Sharon Killeen, Carl Hershner, Karinna Nunez, Karen Reay, Tamia Rudnicky 2010 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Gis Data: Fairfax County And The City Of Alexandria, Virginia Shoreline Inventory Report, Marcia Berman, Harry Berquist, Sharon Killeen, Carl Hershner, Karinna Nunez, Karen Reay, Tamia Rudnicky

Data

The data inventory developed for the Shoreline Inventory is based on a three‑tiered shoreline assessment approach. In most cases this assessment characterizes conditions that can be observed from a small boat navigating along the shoreline. The three tiered shoreline assessment approach divides the shorezone into three regions: 1) the immediate riparian zone, evaluated for land use; 2) the bank, evaluated for height, stability, cover and natural protection; and 3) the shoreline, describing the presence of shoreline structures for shore protection and recreational purposes. Hand-held GPS units are used to log features observed in the field.

Three GIS coverages are ...


Tree Rings And Earthquakes, Matthew F. Bekker 2010 Brigham Young University

Tree Rings And Earthquakes, Matthew F. Bekker

Wasatch Dendroclimatology Research

The lithosphere, earth’s rigid outer shell comprising crust and upper mantle rock, is broken into about 14 tectonic plates (Christopherson 2009) that move a few centimeters per year over superheated, pliable rock underneath. Forces within earth’s interior push, pull and twist the plates in different directions, producing three types of plate boundaries: convergent (colliding with one another), divergent (moving away from one another) and transform (sliding past one another). Earthquakes occur when plates become locked together, building strain between and within them that is suddenly released, sending a burst of seismic waves that cause shaking and displacement of ...


Reversible Luminescent Reaction Of Amines With Copper(I) Cyanide, Amanda N. Ley, Lars E. Dunaway, Timothy P. Brewster, Matthew D. Dembo, David T. Harris, Francois Baril-Robert, Xiaobo Li, Howard H. Patterson, Robert D. Pike 2010 College of William and Mary

Reversible Luminescent Reaction Of Amines With Copper(I) Cyanide, Amanda N. Ley, Lars E. Dunaway, Timothy P. Brewster, Matthew D. Dembo, David T. Harris, Francois Baril-Robert, Xiaobo Li, Howard H. Patterson, Robert D. Pike

Chemistry Articles & Book Chapters

Copper(I) cyanide exposed to various liquid or vapor-phase amines (L) at ambient temperature produces a variety of visible photoluminescence colors via reversible formation of amine adducts. The adducts show phase matches to authentic (CuCN)Ln, n = 0.75–2.0, produced by heating CuCN with liquid amine.


2010 Cheaspeake Bay Bridge Tunnel Station Tide Prediction Calendars, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, David A. Evans 2010 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

2010 Cheaspeake Bay Bridge Tunnel Station Tide Prediction Calendars, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science, David A. Evans

Miscellaneous

These calendars are produced monthly using David Evans' Tidecal.


Structure-Reactivity Relationships Of L-Proline Derived Spirolactams And A-Methyl Prolinamide Organocatalysts In The Asymmetric Michael Addition Reaction Of Aldehydes To Nitroolefins., Fintan Kelleher, Sinead Kelly, John Watts, Vickie McKee 2010 Institute of Technology, Tallaght

Structure-Reactivity Relationships Of L-Proline Derived Spirolactams And A-Methyl Prolinamide Organocatalysts In The Asymmetric Michael Addition Reaction Of Aldehydes To Nitroolefins., Fintan Kelleher, Sinead Kelly, John Watts, Vickie Mckee

Articles

L-Proline derived spirolactams and a-methyl prolinamides act as organocatalysts for the asymmetric conjugate addition of aldehydes to nitroolefins in excellent yields, with good diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity. Furthermore, low catalyst loadings (5 mol%) and a low aldehyde molar excess (1.5 molar equivalents) were achieved.


High-Resolution Cavity-Enhanced Spectroscopy Of Molecular Ion Beams, Manori Perera, Andrew Mills, Brian Siller, Michael Porambo, Kyle Crabtree, Carrie Kauffman, Holger Kreckel, Benjamin McCall 2010 Illinois Wesleyan University

High-Resolution Cavity-Enhanced Spectroscopy Of Molecular Ion Beams, Manori Perera, Andrew Mills, Brian Siller, Michael Porambo, Kyle Crabtree, Carrie Kauffman, Holger Kreckel, Benjamin Mccall

Manori Perera

Molecular ions play a pivotal role in the chemistry of the interstellar medium due to their high reactivity even at low temperature. To identify these ions in interstellar space, it is essential to obtain high resolution laboratory spectra of potential interstellar ions for comparison to observational data. At the University of Illinois, we are developing a Sensitive, Cooled, Resolved Ion BEam Spectrometer (SCRIBES) that will allow us to obtain high resolution infrared direct absorption spectra of rotationally cold molecular ions in the absence of neutral molecules. This instrument can overcome many of the problems that arise when using other spectroscopic ...


A Visual Analytics Approach To Understanding Spatiotemporal Hotspots, Ross Maciejewski, Stephen Rudolph, Ryan Hafen, Ahmad Abusalah, Mohamed Yakout, Mourad Ouzzani, William S. Cleveland, Shaun Grannis, David S. Ebert 2010 Purdue University - Main Campus

A Visual Analytics Approach To Understanding Spatiotemporal Hotspots, Ross Maciejewski, Stephen Rudolph, Ryan Hafen, Ahmad Abusalah, Mohamed Yakout, Mourad Ouzzani, William S. Cleveland, Shaun Grannis, David S. Ebert

Cyber Center Publications

As data sources become larger and more complex, the ability to effectively explore and analyze patterns amongst varying sources becomes a critical bottleneck in analytic reasoning. Incoming data contains multiple variables, high signal to noise ratio, and a degree of uncertainty, all of which hinder exploration, hypothesis eneration/exploration, and decision making. To facilitate the exploration of such data, advanced tool sets are needed that allow the user to interact with their data in a visual environment that provides direct analytic capability for finding data aberrations or hotspots. In this paper, we present a suite of tools designed to facilitate ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Electronic And Structural Characteristics Of Polyphenolic Inhibitos Of Pai-1, Patrick Spoutz 2010 Eastern Michigan University

A Comparative Analysis Of The Electronic And Structural Characteristics Of Polyphenolic Inhibitos Of Pai-1, Patrick Spoutz

Senior Honors Theses

Polyphenolic compounds containing two gallate groups have been shown to be effective inhibitors of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). In this work we use Density Functional calculations to examine energetically-accessible configurations of two digallate compounds exhibiting disparate inhibitory activity toward PAI-1. In addition, we examine the partial charges of potentially acidic protons and the relative stability of the respective conjugate bases of a select group of PAI-1 inhibitors. This analysis was carried out to determine whether such characteristics can be used to distinguish between effective and less effective inhibitors. An examination of the stable configurations of CDE-008 and CDE-056 indicates that ...


Privometer: Privacy Protection In Social Networks, Nilothpal Talukder, Mourad Ouzzani, Ahmed Elmagarmid, Hazem Elmeleegy 2010 Purdue University

Privometer: Privacy Protection In Social Networks, Nilothpal Talukder, Mourad Ouzzani, Ahmed Elmagarmid, Hazem Elmeleegy

Cyber Center Publications

The increasing popularity of social networks, such as Facebook and Orkut, has raised several privacy concerns. Traditional ways of safeguarding privacy of personal information by hiding sensitive attributes are no longer adequate. Research shows that probabilistic classification techniques can effectively infer such private information. The disclosed sensitive information of friends, group affiliations and even participation in activities, such as tagging and commenting, are considered background knowledge in this process. In this paper, we present a privacy protection tool, called Privometer, that measures the amount of sensitive information leakage in a user profile and suggests selfsanitization actions to regulate the amount ...


The Use Of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles For Peak Shaving, Benjamin Andrew Maples 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Use Of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles For Peak Shaving, Benjamin Andrew Maples

Mechanical Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis entitled The Use of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles For Peak Shaving by Benjamin Maples, submitted to the department of Mechanical Engineering in partial fulfillment of the degree of Master of Science, performed under the supervision of Professor Frank Kreith, is a feasibility analysis of the capabilities of PHEV's for peak shaving. The analysis focuses on energy availability of the PHEV fleet as well as the potential financial benefit to the vehicle owner by analyzing different charging scenarios and circuitry. The energy availability is heavily dependent on the location and availability of charging stations. The potential consumer profit ...


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