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The Structure Of Bivariate Rational Hypergeometric Functions, E Cattani, Alicia Dickenstein, Fernando Villegas 2011 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

The Structure Of Bivariate Rational Hypergeometric Functions, E Cattani, Alicia Dickenstein, Fernando Villegas

Eduardo Cattani

We describe the structure of all codimension-2 lattice configurations A which admit a stable rational A-hypergeometric function, that is a rational function F all the partial derivatives of which are nonzero, and which is a solution of the A-hypergeometric system of partial differential equations defined by Gel′ fand, Kapranov, and Zelevinsky. We show, moreover, that all stable rational A-hypergeometric functions may be described by toric residues and apply our results to study the rationality of bivariate series the coefficients of which are quotients of factorials of linear forms.


Computing Multidimensional Residues, E Cattani, Alicia Dickenstein, Bernd Sturmfels 2011 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Computing Multidimensional Residues, E Cattani, Alicia Dickenstein, Bernd Sturmfels

Eduardo Cattani

Given n polynomials in n variables with a finite number of complex roots, for any of their roots there is a local residue operator assigning a complex number to any polynomial. This is an algebraic, but generally not rational, function of the coefficients. On the other hand, the global residue, which is the sum of the local residues over all roots, depends rationally on the coefficients. This paper deals with symbolic algorithms for evaluating that rational function. Under the assumption that the deformation to the initial forms is flat, for some choice of weights on the variables, we express the ...


Semi-Direct Galois Covers Of The Affine Line, Linda Gruendken, Laura L. Hall-Seelig, Bo-Hae Im, Ekin Ozman, Rachel Pries, Katherine Stevenson 2011 Merrimack College

Semi-Direct Galois Covers Of The Affine Line, Linda Gruendken, Laura L. Hall-Seelig, Bo-Hae Im, Ekin Ozman, Rachel Pries, Katherine Stevenson

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Let k be an algebraically closed field of characteristic p > 0. Let G be a semi-direct product of the form (Z/`Z) b o Z/pZ where b is a positive integer and ` is a prime distinct from p. In this paper, we study Galois covers ψ : Z → P 1 k ramified only over ∞ with Galois group G. We find the minimal genus of a curve Z which admits a covering map of this form and we give an explicit formula for this genus in terms of ` and p. The minimal genus occurs when b equals the order a of ...


Applications Of Convex And Algebraic Geometry To Graphs And Polytopes, Mohamed Omar 2011 Harvey Mudd College

Applications Of Convex And Algebraic Geometry To Graphs And Polytopes, Mohamed Omar

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Strong Nonnegativity And Sums Of Squares On Real Varieties, Mohamed Omar, Brian Osserman 2011 Harvey Mudd College

Strong Nonnegativity And Sums Of Squares On Real Varieties, Mohamed Omar, Brian Osserman

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Motivated by scheme theory, we introduce strong nonnegativity on real varieties, which has the property that a sum of squares is strongly nonnegative. We show that this algebraic property is equivalent to nonnegativity for nonsingular real varieties. Moreover, for singular varieties, we reprove and generalize obstructions of Gouveia and Netzer to the convergence of the theta body hierarchy of convex bodies approximating the convex hull of a real variety.


Investigating The Minimal 4-Regular Matchstick Graph, matt farley 2011 University of Puget Sound

Investigating The Minimal 4-Regular Matchstick Graph, Matt Farley

Summer Research

No abstract provided.


The Unimodality Of Pure O-Sequences Of Type Three In Three Variables, Bernadette Boyle 2011 Sacred Heart University

The Unimodality Of Pure O-Sequences Of Type Three In Three Variables, Bernadette Boyle

Mathematics Faculty Publications

We will give a positive answer for the unimodality of the Hilbert functions in the smallest open case, that of Artinian level monomial algebras of type three in three variables.


Springer Representations On The Khovanov Springer Varieties, Heather M. Russell, Julianna Tymoczko 2011 University of Richmond

Springer Representations On The Khovanov Springer Varieties, Heather M. Russell, Julianna Tymoczko

Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Springer varieties are studied because their cohomology carries a natural action of the symmetric group Sn and their top-dimensional cohomology is irreducible. In his work on tangle invariants, Khovanov constructed a family of Springer varieties Xn as subvarieties of the product of spheres (S2)n. We show that if Xn is embedded antipodally in (S2)n then the natural Sn-action on (S2)n induces an Sn-representation on the image of H*(Xn). This representation is the Springer representation. Our construction admits an elementary (and geometrically natural) combinatorial description, which we use ...


Complete Graphs Whose Topological Symmetry Groups Are Polyhedral, Erica Flapan, Blake Mellor, Ramin Naimi 2011 Pomona College

Complete Graphs Whose Topological Symmetry Groups Are Polyhedral, Erica Flapan, Blake Mellor, Ramin Naimi

Pomona Faculty Publications and Research

We determine for which m the complete graph Km has an embedding in S3 whose topological symmetry group is isomorphic to one of the polyhedral groupsA4, A5 or S4.


A Noneuclidean Universe, Frank A. Farris 2011 Santa Clara University

A Noneuclidean Universe, Frank A. Farris

Mathematics and Computer Science

Let us construct a hypothetical universe, if for no other reason than to challenge our preconceptions about space. We call it a noneuclidean universe because it contradicts some of the notions central to euclidean geometry, where, for instance, the angle measures in a triangle add up to 180 degrees. There are many noneuclidean universes; ours is of a type called hyperbolic. This hypothetical universe has been constructed before. It is often called the Poincaré Upper Halfplane, in honor of French mathematician Henri Poincaré (1854-1912). I admire Poincaré because he is said to have been the last person in the world ...


Minimax And Maximin Fitting Of Geometric Objects To Sets Of Points, Yan B. Mayster 2011 University of Denver

Minimax And Maximin Fitting Of Geometric Objects To Sets Of Points, Yan B. Mayster

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis addresses several problems in the facility location sub-area of computational geometry. Let S be a set of n points in the plane. We derive algorithms for approximating S by a step function curve of size k < n, i.e., by an x-monotone orthogonal polyline ℜ with k < n horizontal segments. We use the vertical distance to measure the quality of the approximation, i.e., the maximum distance from a point in S to the horizontal segment directly above or below it. We consider two types of problems: min-ε, where the goal is to minimize the error for a ...


Quaternionic Hermitian Spinor Systems And Compatibility Conditions, Alberto Damiano, David Eelbode, Irene Sabadini 2011 Chapman University

Quaternionic Hermitian Spinor Systems And Compatibility Conditions, Alberto Damiano, David Eelbode, Irene Sabadini

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

In this paper we show that the systems introduced in [12] and [22] are equivalent, both giving the notion of quaternionic Hermitian monogenic functions. This makes it possible to prove that the free resolution associated to the system is linear in any dimension, and that the first cohomology module is nontrivial, thus generalizing the results in [22]. Furthermore, exploiting the decomposition of the spinor space into sp(m)-irreducibles, we find a certain number of "algebraic" compatibility conditions for the system, suggesting that the usual spinor reduction is not applicable.


Structures On A K3 Surface, Nathan P. Rowe 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Structures On A K3 Surface, Nathan P. Rowe

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

In the first part of this paper, we examine properties of K3 surfaces of the form:

(x2 + 1)(y2 + 1)(z2 + 1) + Axyz − 2 = 0


We show the surface has Picard number q " 12 by finding 12 curves whose equivalence classes are linearly independent. These curves have self intersection −2. We find the lattice representations of the single-coordinate swapping automorphisms in x, y, and z. We show that we have enough of the Lattice to make accurate predictions of polynomial degree growth under the automorphisms. We describe these automorphisms in terms of operations on elliptic curves.


In the second part ...


The Birational Geometry Of Tropical Compactifications, Colin Diemer 2010 University of Pennsylvania

The Birational Geometry Of Tropical Compactifications, Colin Diemer

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

We study compactifications of subvarieties of algebraic tori using methods from the still developing subject of tropical geometry. Associated to each ``tropical" compactification is a polyhedral object called a tropical fan. Techniques developed by Hacking, Keel, and Tevelev relate the polyhedral geometry of the tropical variety to the algebraic geometry of the compactification. We compare these constructions to similar classical constructions. The main results of this thesis involve the application of methods from logarithmic geometry in the sense of Iitaka \cite{iitaka} to these compactifications. We derive a precise formula for the log Kodaira dimension and log irregularity in terms ...


Isolated Hypersurface Singularities As Noncommutative Spaces, Tobias Dyckerhoff 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Isolated Hypersurface Singularities As Noncommutative Spaces, Tobias Dyckerhoff

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

We study the category of matrix factorizations associated to the germ of an isolated hypersurface singularity. This category is shown to admit a compact generator which is given by the stabilization of the residue field. We deduce a quasi-equivalence between the category of matrix factorizations and the dg derived category of an explicitly computable dg algebra. Building on this result, we employ a variant of Toen's derived Morita theory to identify continuous functors between matrix factorization categories as integral transforms. This enables us to calculate the Hochschild chain and cochain complexes of these categories. Finally, we give interpretations of ...


Analyzing Fractals, Kara Mesznik 2010 Syracuse University

Analyzing Fractals, Kara Mesznik

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

For my capstone project, I analyzed fractals. A fractal is a picture that is composed of smaller images of the larger picture. Each smaller picture is self- similar, meaning that each of these smaller pictures is actually the larger image just contracted in size through the use of the Contraction Mapping Theorem and shifted using linear and affine transformations.

Fractals live in something called a metric space. A metric space, denoted (X, d), is a space along with a distance formula used to measure the distance between elements in the space. When producing fractals we are only concerned with metric ...


Drawing A Triangle On The Thurston Model Of Hyperbolic Space, Curtis D. Bennett, Blake Mellor, Patrick D. Shanahan 2010 Loyola Marymount University

Drawing A Triangle On The Thurston Model Of Hyperbolic Space, Curtis D. Bennett, Blake Mellor, Patrick D. Shanahan

Mathematics Faculty Works

In looking at a common physical model of the hyperbolic plane, the authors encountered surprising difficulties in drawing a large triangle. Understanding these difficulties leads to an intriguing exploration of the geometry of the Thurston model of the hyperbolic plane. In this exploration we encounter topics ranging from combinatorics and Pick’s Theorem to differential geometry and the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem.


On Hyperplanes And Semispaces In Max-Min Convex Geometry, Viorel Nitica, Sergeĭ Sergeev 2010 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

On Hyperplanes And Semispaces In Max-Min Convex Geometry, Viorel Nitica, Sergeĭ Sergeev

Mathematics

No abstract provided.


Recognizing Graph Theoretic Properties With Polynomial Ideals, Jesus A. De Loera, Christopher J. HIllar, Peter N. Malkin, Mohamed Omar 2010 University of California - Davis

Recognizing Graph Theoretic Properties With Polynomial Ideals, Jesus A. De Loera, Christopher J. Hillar, Peter N. Malkin, Mohamed Omar

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Many hard combinatorial problems can be modeled by a system of polynomial equations. N. Alon coined the term polynomial method to describe the use of nonlinear polynomials when solving combinatorial problems. We continue the exploration of the polynomial method and show how the algorithmic theory of polynomial ideals can be used to detect k-colorability, unique Hamiltonicity, and automorphism rigidity of graphs. Our techniques are diverse and involve Nullstellensatz certificates, linear algebra over finite fields, Gröbner bases, toric algebra, convex programming, and real algebraic geometry.


Epimorphisms And Boundary Slopes Of 2–Bridge Knots, Jim Hoste, Patrick D. Shanahan 2010 Pitzer College

Epimorphisms And Boundary Slopes Of 2–Bridge Knots, Jim Hoste, Patrick D. Shanahan

Mathematics Faculty Works

In this article we study a partial ordering on knots in S3 where K1≥K2 if there is an epimorphism from the knot group of K1 onto the knot group of K2 which preserves peripheral structure. If K1 is a 2–bridge knot and K1≥K2, then it is known that K2 must also be 2–bridge. Furthermore, Ohtsuki, Riley and Sakuma give a construction which, for a given 2–bridge knot Kp∕q, produces infinitely many 2–bridge knots Kp′/q′ with Kp′∕q′≥Kp∕q ...


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