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Mathematics And Programming Exercises For Educational Robot Navigation, Ronald I. Greenberg 2019 Loyola University Chicago

Mathematics And Programming Exercises For Educational Robot Navigation, Ronald I. Greenberg

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

This paper points students towards ideas they can use towards developing a convenient library for robot navigation, with examples based on Botball primitives, and points educators towards mathematics and programming exercises they can suggest to students, especially advanced high school students.


Could A Robot Be District Attorney?, Stephen E. Henderson 2019 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Could A Robot Be District Attorney?, Stephen E. Henderson

Stephen E Henderson

No abstract provided.


Encoding Invariances In Deep Generative Models, Viraj Shah, Ameya Joshi, Sambuddha Ghosal, Balaji Pokuri, Soumik Sarkar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chinmay Hegde 2019 Iowa State University

Encoding Invariances In Deep Generative Models, Viraj Shah, Ameya Joshi, Sambuddha Ghosal, Balaji Pokuri, Soumik Sarkar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chinmay Hegde

Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

Reliable training of generative adversarial networks (GANs) typically require massive datasets in order to model complicated distributions. However, in several applications, training samples obey invariances that are \textit{a priori} known; for example, in complex physics simulations, the training data obey universal laws encoded as well-defined mathematical equations. In this paper, we propose a new generative modeling approach, InvNet, that can efficiently model data spaces with known invariances. We devise an adversarial training algorithm to encode them into data distribution. We validate our framework in three experimental settings: generating images with fixed motifs; solving nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs); and ...


Encoding Invariances In Deep Generative Models, Viraj Shah, Ameya Joshi, Sambuddha Ghosal, Balaji Pokuri, Soumik Sarkar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chinmay Hegde 2019 Iowa State University

Encoding Invariances In Deep Generative Models, Viraj Shah, Ameya Joshi, Sambuddha Ghosal, Balaji Pokuri, Soumik Sarkar, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Chinmay Hegde

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Reliable training of generative adversarial networks (GANs) typically require massive datasets in order to model complicated distributions. However, in several applications, training samples obey invariances that are \textit{a priori} known; for example, in complex physics simulations, the training data obey universal laws encoded as well-defined mathematical equations. In this paper, we propose a new generative modeling approach, InvNet, that can efficiently model data spaces with known invariances. We devise an adversarial training algorithm to encode them into data distribution. We validate our framework in three experimental settings: generating images with fixed motifs; solving nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs); and ...


Field Drilling Data Cleaning And Preparation For Data Analytics Applications, Daniel Cardoso Braga 2019 Louisiana State University

Field Drilling Data Cleaning And Preparation For Data Analytics Applications, Daniel Cardoso Braga

LSU Master's Theses

Throughout the history of oil well drilling, service providers have been continuously striving to improve performance and reduce total drilling costs to operating companies. Despite constant improvement in tools, products, and processes, data science has not played a large part in oil well drilling. With the implementation of data science in the energy sector, companies have come to see significant value in efficiently processing the massive amounts of data produced by the multitude of internet of thing (IOT) sensors at the rig. The scope of this project is to combine academia and industry experience to analyze data from 13 different ...


Identifying Hourly Traffic Patterns With Python Deep Learning, Christopher L. Leavitt 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Identifying Hourly Traffic Patterns With Python Deep Learning, Christopher L. Leavitt

Computer Engineering

This project was designed to explore and analyze the potential abilities and usefulness of applying machine learning models to data collected by parking sensors at a major metro shopping mall. By examining patterns in rates at which customer enter and exit parking garages on the campus of the Bellevue Collection shopping mall in Bellevue, Washington, a recurrent neural network will use data points from the previous hours will be trained to forecast future trends.


Brain Tumor Classification Using Hit-Or-Miss Capsule Layers, Spencer J. Chang 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Brain Tumor Classification Using Hit-Or-Miss Capsule Layers, Spencer J. Chang

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The job of classifying or annotating brain tumors from MRI images can be time-consuming and difficult, even for radiologists. To increase the survival chances of a patient, medical practitioners desire a means for quick and accurate diagnosis. While datasets like CIFAR, ImageNet, and SVHN have tens of thousands, hundreds of thousands, or millions of samples, an MRI dataset may not have the same luxury of receiving accurate labels for each image containing a tumor. This work covers three models that classify brain tumors using a combination of convolutional neural networks and of the concept of capsule layers. Each network utilizes ...


Forecasting Building Energy Consumption With Deep Learning: A Sequence To Sequence Approach, Ljubisa Sehovac, Cornelius Nesen, Katarina Grolinger 2019 Western University

Forecasting Building Energy Consumption With Deep Learning: A Sequence To Sequence Approach, Ljubisa Sehovac, Cornelius Nesen, Katarina Grolinger

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Energy Consumption has been continuously increasing due to the rapid expansion of high-density cities, and growth in the industrial and commercial sectors. To reduce the negative impact on the environment and improve sustainability, it is crucial to efficiently manage energy consumption. Internet of Things (IoT) devices, including widely used smart meters, have created possibilities for energy monitoring as well as for sensor based energy forecasting. Machine learning algorithms commonly used for energy forecasting such as feedforward neural networks are not well-suited for interpreting the time dimensionality of a signal. Consequently, this paper uses Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) to capture time ...


Labeling Paths With Convolutional Neural Networks, Sean Wallace, Kyle Wuerch 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Labeling Paths With Convolutional Neural Networks, Sean Wallace, Kyle Wuerch

Computer Engineering

With the increasing development of autonomous vehicles, being able to detect driveable paths in arbitrary environments has become a prevalent problem in multiple industries. This project explores a technique which utilizes a discretized output map that is used to color an image based on the confidence that each block is a driveable path. This was done using a generalized convolutional neural network that was trained on a set of 3000 images taken from the perspective of a robot along with matching masks marking which portion of the image was a driveable path. The techniques used allowed for a labeling accuracy ...


Quantifying Iron Overload Using Mri, Active Contours, And Convolutional Neural Networks, Andrea Sajewski, Stacey Levine 2019 Duquesne University

Quantifying Iron Overload Using Mri, Active Contours, And Convolutional Neural Networks, Andrea Sajewski, Stacey Levine

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Iron overload, a complication of repeated blood transfusions, can cause tissue damage and organ failure. The body has no regulatory mechanism to excrete excess iron, so iron overload must be closely monitored to guide therapy and measure treatment response. The concentration of iron in the liver is a reliable marker for total body iron content and is now measured noninvasively with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI produces a diagnostic image by measuring the signals emitted from the body in the presence of a constant magnetic field and radiofrequency pulses. At each pixel, the signal decay constant, T2*, can be calculated ...


Sql Injection Detection Using Machine Learning, Sonali Mishra 2019 San Jose State University

Sql Injection Detection Using Machine Learning, Sonali Mishra

Master's Projects

Sharing information over the Internet over multiple platforms and web-applications has become a quite common phenomenon in the recent times. The web-based applications that accept critical information from users store this information in databases. These applications and the databases connected to them are susceptible to all kinds of information security threats due to being accessible through the Internet. The threats include attacks such as Cross Side Scripting (CSS), Denial of Service Attack (DoS0, and Structured Query Language (SQL) Injection attacks. SQL Injection attacks fall under the top ten vulnerabilities when we talk about web-based applications. Through this kind of attack ...


Improving Steering Ability Of An Autopilot In A Fully Autonomous Car, Shivanku Mahna 2019 San Jose State University

Improving Steering Ability Of An Autopilot In A Fully Autonomous Car, Shivanku Mahna

Master's Projects

The world we live in is developing at a really rapid pace and along with it is developing the technology that we use. We have clearly come a long way from calling a car modern because it had a touch screen infotainment system to calling it modern because it drives on its own. The progress has been so rapid that it demands for us to analyze this and try to improvise a small part of this journey. With the same thought in mind, this project focuses on improvising the steering ability of an autonomous car. In order to make more ...


Using Computer Vision To Quantify Coral Reef Biodiversity, Niket Bhodia 2019 San Jose State University

Using Computer Vision To Quantify Coral Reef Biodiversity, Niket Bhodia

Master's Projects

The preservation of the world’s oceans is crucial to human survival on this planet, yet we know too little to begin to understand anthropogenic impacts on marine life. This is especially true for coral reefs, which are the most diverse marine habitat per unit area (if not overall) as well as the most sensitive. To address this gap in knowledge, simple field devices called autonomous reef monitoring structures (ARMS) have been developed, which provide standardized samples of life from these complex ecosystems. ARMS have now become successful to the point that the amount of data collected through them has ...


Robust Lightweight Object Detection, Siddharth Kumar 2019 San Jose State University

Robust Lightweight Object Detection, Siddharth Kumar

Master's Projects

Object detection is a very challenging problem in computer vision and has been a prominent subject of research for nearly three decades. There has been a promising in- crease in the accuracy and performance of object detectors ever since deep convolutional networks (CNN) were introduced. CNNs can be trained on large datasets made of high resolution images without flattening them, thereby using the spatial information. Their superior learning ability also makes them ideal for image classification and object de- tection tasks. Unfortunately, this power comes at the big cost of compute and memory. For instance, the Faster R-CNN detector required ...


Deep Learning Based Real Time Devanagari Character Recognition, Aseem Chhabra 2019 San Jose State University

Deep Learning Based Real Time Devanagari Character Recognition, Aseem Chhabra

Master's Projects

The revolutionization of the technology behind optical character recognition (OCR) has helped it to become one of those technologies that have found plenty of uses in the entire industrial space. Today, the OCR is available for several languages and have the capability to recognize the characters in real time, but there are some languages for which this technology has not developed much. All these advancements have been possible because of the introduction of concepts like artificial intelligence and deep learning. Deep Neural Networks have proven to be the best choice when it comes to a task involving recognition. There are ...


Predicting Off-Target Potential Of Crispr-Cas9 Single Guide Rna, Ishita Mathur 2019 San Jose State University

Predicting Off-Target Potential Of Crispr-Cas9 Single Guide Rna, Ishita Mathur

Master's Projects

With advancements in the field of genome engineering, researchers have come up with potential ways for site-specific gene editing. One of the methods uses the Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats - CRISPR-Cas technology. It consists of a Cas9 nuclease and a single guide RNA (sgRNA) that cleaves the DNA at the intended target site. However, the target genome could contain multiple potential off-target sites and cleaving an off-target site can have deleterious effects in case of gene editing in humans.

Lab based assays have been developed to test the off-target effects of guide RNAs. However, it is not feasible to ...


Over Speed Detection Using Artificial Intelligence, Samkit Patira 2019 San Jose State University

Over Speed Detection Using Artificial Intelligence, Samkit Patira

Master's Projects

Over speeding is one of the most common traffic violations. Around 41 million people are issued speeding tickets each year in USA i.e one every second. Existing approaches to detect over- speeding are not scalable and require manual efforts. In this project, by the use of computer vision and artificial intelligence, I have tried to detect over speeding and report the violation to the law enforcement officer. It was observed that when predictions are done using YoloV3, we get the best results.


Benchmarking Optimization Algorithms For Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problems, Pratik Surana 2019 San Jose State University

Benchmarking Optimization Algorithms For Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problems, Pratik Surana

Master's Projects

The Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) originated in the 1950s when algorithms and mathematical approaches were applied to find solutions for routing vehicles. Since then, there has been extensive research in the field of VRPs to solve real-life problems. The process of generating an optimal routing schedule for a VRP is complex due to two reasons. First, VRP is considered to be an NP-Hard problem. Second, there are several constraints involved, such as the number of available vehicles, the vehicle capacities, time-windows for pickup or delivery etc.

The main goal for this project was to compare different optimization algorithms for solving ...


Poriferal Vision, Saketh Saxena 2019 San Jose State University

Poriferal Vision, Saketh Saxena

Master's Projects

Sponges provide nourishment as well as a habitat for various aquatic organisms. Anatomically, sponges are made up of soft tissue with a silica based exoskeleton which serves both as support and protection for the underlying tissue. The exoskeleton persists after the tissue decomposes, and microscopic parts of the exoskeleton break away to form spicules. Oceanographic studies have shown that the density of the sponge spicules is a good indicator of the sponge population in an area. This measure can be used to study sponge population dynamics over time. The spicule density is measured by imaging spicules from samples of water ...


Classification Of Humans Into Ayurvedic Prakruti Types Using Computer Vision, Gayatri Gadre 2019 San Jose State University

Classification Of Humans Into Ayurvedic Prakruti Types Using Computer Vision, Gayatri Gadre

Master's Projects

Ayurveda, a 5000 years old Indian medical science, believes that the universe and hence humans are made up of five elements namely ether, fire, water, earth, and air. The three Doshas (Tridosha) Vata, Pitta, and Kapha originated from the combinations of these elements. Every person has a unique combination of Tridosha elements contributing to a person’s ‘Prakruti’. Prakruti governs the physiological and psychological tendencies in all living beings as well as the way they interact with the environment. This balance influences their physiological features like the texture and colour of skin, hair, eyes, length of fingers, the shape of ...


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