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Radiochemistry Commons

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263 full-text articles. Page 5 of 8.

Cd Transport In Eutectic Licl-Kcl And Contamination Of Zr Metal And Thermal Dehydration Of Bulk Licl-Kcl, Nicholas Azoy Earle 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Cd Transport In Eutectic Licl-Kcl And Contamination Of Zr Metal And Thermal Dehydration Of Bulk Licl-Kcl, Nicholas Azoy Earle

Masters Theses

Researchers at Idaho National Labs have noted unexpectedly high Cd content in empty cladding hulls after processing in the Mark-IV ER. It has been theorized that Cd metal is transporting from the LCC pool through the eutectic LiCl-KCl salt bath to the anode baskets containing the empty hull where it is retained as a Zr-Cd intermetallic. This study sought to replicate the Cd contamination in a dry Ar glovebox using small-scale analogue of the Mark-IV ER salt-Cd metal system.

Anhydrous eutectic LiCl-KCl was an essential regent in this research and experiments were conducted to investigate the feasibility of dehydrating nominally ...


Hydrogeochemical Modeling Of Saltwater Intrusion And Water Supply Augmentation In South Florida, Yonas T. Habtemichael 2016 Florida International University

Hydrogeochemical Modeling Of Saltwater Intrusion And Water Supply Augmentation In South Florida, Yonas T. Habtemichael

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Biscayne Aquifer is a primary source of water supply in Southeast Florida. As a coastal aquifer, it is threatened by saltwater intrusion (SWI) when the natural groundwater flow is altered by over-pumping of groundwater. SWI is detrimental to the quality of fresh groundwater sources, making the water unfit for drinking due to mixing and reactions with aquifer minerals. Increasing water demand and complex environmental issues thus force water utilities in South Florida to sustainably manage saltwater intrusion and develop alternative water supplies (e.g., aquifer storage and recovery, ASR).

The objectives of this study were to develop and use ...


The Design And Synthesis Of Ghrelin Analogues As Non‐Invasive Ghs‐R1a Imaging Probes, Carlie L. Charlton 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Design And Synthesis Of Ghrelin Analogues As Non‐Invasive Ghs‐R1a Imaging Probes, Carlie L. Charlton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The field of molecular imaging is constantly growing and evolving in order to provide the best possible healthcare for patients in various stages of disease and therapy. Molecular imaging aims to locate specific markers of disease by selectively targeting the markers of interest with high selectivity and visualizing the accumulation using external detection. The growth hormone secretagogue receptor-1a (GHS-R1a) has been shown to be involved in various important biological functions such as energy homeostasis and cardiac contractility. GHS-R1a has shown involvement in proliferation, migration and cell invasion of specific cancer subtypes. Therefore, targeting GHS-R1a is an important marker of different ...


Design Rules For The Nucleation, Growth, And Encapsulation Of Gold Nanoparticles With Applications To Cancer Imaging, Matthew A. Wall 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Design Rules For The Nucleation, Growth, And Encapsulation Of Gold Nanoparticles With Applications To Cancer Imaging, Matthew A. Wall

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoparticles are exciting candidates for high-precision cancer imaging due to their highly specific spectral signature (Raman “fingerprint”) and propensity for passive targeting of cancerous tissues. However, the signal intensity of currently available SERS nanoparticles is insufficient for cancer imaging via passive targeting in most solid tumors. The overarching aim of this body of work is to develop a new generation of SERS nanoparticles with sufficiently low limits of detection to enable robust detection of various solid tumors in vivo.

The complexity of SERS nanoparticles requires significant advances to the theoretical and experimental understanding of metal nanoparticle ...


Investigation Of 89zr-Siderophores As Molecular Imaging Agents For Positron Emission Tomography Imaging Of Bacterial Infections, Nora C. M. Goscinski 2015 Washington University in St. Louis

Investigation Of 89zr-Siderophores As Molecular Imaging Agents For Positron Emission Tomography Imaging Of Bacterial Infections, Nora C. M. Goscinski

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Siderophores are small molecules synthesized by bacteria to harvest Fe3+ from their environment. In infection scenarios, their production can increase infection virulence by increasing the ability of bacteria to obtain Fe3+ and therefore grow more rapidly. The selective uptake of siderophores in vivo in multi-bacteria environments indicates that this class of molecules has a potential use as selective imaging agents. In this work, DFO-NCS and a library of trihydroxamate siderophores were evaluated as vehicles to deliver 89Zr selectively to bacteria for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging of bacterial infections.

Productive work with radiometals involves thorough knowledge of ...


Uses Of Diaryliodonium Salts And Methods For Their Synthesis, Jordan M. Veness 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Uses Of Diaryliodonium Salts And Methods For Their Synthesis, Jordan M. Veness

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Diaryliodonium salts have been studied continuously since the first report of their synthesis in 1894. Diaryliodonium salts are I(III) derivatives that are air- and moisturestable. The reactivity of these compounds resembles the organometallic chemistry of heavy transition metal ions such as Pb(IV), Hg(II), Th(III), and Pd(II). A significant advantage of diaryliodonium salts is that they can carry undergo many of the aryl functionalization reactions of heavy metal organometallic complexes, yet they have little to no toxicity and they are relatively inexpensive to prepare. The DiMagno laboratory uses diaryliodonium salts as precursors in the final synthetic ...


Exploring Rapid Radiochemical Separations At The University Of Tennessee Radiochemistry Center Of Excellence, Howard L. Hall, John D. Auxier II 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Exploring Rapid Radiochemical Separations At The University Of Tennessee Radiochemistry Center Of Excellence, Howard L. Hall, John D. Auxier Ii

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Institute for Nuclear Security

The University of Tennessee formed its Radiochemistry Center of Excellence (RCoE) in 2013 with support from the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration. One of the major thrusts of the RCoE is to develop deeper understanding of rapid methods for radiochemical separations that are relevant to both general radiochemical analyses as well as post-detonation nuclear forensics. Early work has included the development and demonstration of rapid separations of lanthanide elements in the gas phase, development of a gas-phase separation front-end for ICP-TOF-MS analysis, and the development of realistic analytical surrogates for post-detonation debris to support methods development.


The Development Of Cyclic Rgd Peptides Stabilized Through 99mtc/Re(Co)3+, Aagam Patel 2015 The University of Western Ontario

The Development Of Cyclic Rgd Peptides Stabilized Through 99mtc/Re(Co)3+, Aagam Patel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Protein secondary structure can be mimicked by incorporating structural constraints into peptides and this can be facilitated by metal coordination. The objective of this project is to establish a chelation system with a cancer targeting peptide sequence, where the coordination to a metal centre results in a cyclic metallopeptide. Cyclic RGD peptides are antagonists for αvβ3 and other integrins, which are present during tumour angiogenesis. Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence is employed in the peptide backbone, with an un-natural amino acid (3-Pal) and a chelating molecule (pyridyl-triazole, pyta) present on opposite ends of the peptide sequence to form a ...


Laser Ablation Icp-Ms Of Actinide Oxides As Simulated Used Nuclear Fuels, Keri Campbell 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Laser Ablation Icp-Ms Of Actinide Oxides As Simulated Used Nuclear Fuels, Keri Campbell

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The ability to examine elemental and isotopic ratios of fuels, waste forms, and other solids by direct analysis using laser ablation techniques can greatly reduce analysis costs and time. This is particularly true for actinide elements, as they contain useful information of the fuel cycle and nuclear forensics. Current methods to evaluate the composition of used fuel include a lengthy process of digestion, separations and often require multiple techniques and sample preparations to determine the elemental and isotopic composition. Furthermore all spatial information is lost during the digestion process, eliminating potentially useful data for detailed analysis. The goal of this ...


Advances In High-Throughput Analysis: Automated Radiochemical Separations And Nanopillar Based Separations And Field Enhanced Spectroscopy, Jennifer Jeanne Charlton 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Advances In High-Throughput Analysis: Automated Radiochemical Separations And Nanopillar Based Separations And Field Enhanced Spectroscopy, Jennifer Jeanne Charlton

Doctoral Dissertations

Often the need to analyze a large number of samples coincide with critical time consternates. At such times, the implementation of high-throughput technologies is paramount. In this work we explore some viable pathways for high-throughput analysis and develop advancements in novel forms of detection of materials that are vital in the environmental, biological as well as national security arenas. Through the use of new protocols with high sensitivity and specificity as well as simplified chemical processing and sample preparation we aim to allow for improved throughput, fieldable detection, and rapid data acquisition of extensive sample sets. The methods developed in ...


Impurity Diffusion As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall 2015 United States Military Academy

Impurity Diffusion As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The ability to determine the time since forming of seized nuclear material would provide crucial data to be used in its investigation. The time dependent processes of diffusion relevant to this need are examined; to include grain boundary diffusion, and discontinuous precipitation, and an assessment is performed of the utility of examination of impurity and alloying element concentration profiles for use as a pre-detonation nuclear forensics tool for determining the age of a metal sample. Several examples illustrate the effects of time on both binary alloys and multi-component systems. Parallels are drawn from studies of diffusion in mineral samples under ...


Radiation Damage As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall 2015 United States Military Academy

Radiation Damage As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The ability to determine the time since the forming of seized nuclear material would provide crucial data to be used in its investigation. This paper examines the effects of radiolytic damage caused by the decay of uranium isotopes and assesses the potential forensic utility of examination of these damage regions for determining the time since forming of a metal sample. This paper draws parallels from studies of fission track dating in mineral samples under geologic time and proposes modifications to previously published work in the field of α-recoil track dating in order to determine the time since a metal sample ...


Masthead, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Masthead

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Cover, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Cover

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Student Writing Competition, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Student Writing Competition

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


From The Editor, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

From The Editor

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Green Chemistry As A Tool For Understanding The Toxic Substances Control Act: A Lecture Module For Undergraduate Students, Molly R. Blessing 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Green Chemistry As A Tool For Understanding The Toxic Substances Control Act: A Lecture Module For Undergraduate Students, Molly R. Blessing

Honors Scholar Theses

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is the central form of chemical regulation existent in the United States today, yet scientists are often unaware or uncertain of its provisions. Violations of TSCA by unknowing chemists set industry and government unnecessarily at odds. A lecture on TSCA was developed for undergraduate students that uses the concept of green chemistry to promote interest and incentivize learning. Green chemistry methods are cleaner and less wasteful than traditional chemical ones, and many companies using them are at the forefront of technological innovation. The lecture explains both green chemistry and TSCA, includes company case studies ...


Characterizing Groundwater Ch4 And 222rn In Relation To Hydraulic Fracturing And Other Environmental Processes In Letcher County, Ky, St. Thomas Majeau LeDoux 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Characterizing Groundwater Ch4 And 222rn In Relation To Hydraulic Fracturing And Other Environmental Processes In Letcher County, Ky, St. Thomas Majeau Ledoux

Masters Theses

Hydraulic fracturing of shale deposits has greatly increased the productivity of the natural gas industry by allowing it to exploit previously inaccessible reservoirs. However, previous research has demonstrated that this practice can contaminate shallow aquifers with CH4 [methane] from deeper formations. This study compares concentrations and isotope compositions of CH4 sampled from domestic groundwater wells in Letcher County, Kentucky in order to characterize its occurrence and origins in relation to neighboring hydraulically fractured natural gas wells. Additionally, this study tests the reliability of 222Rn [radon] as an alternative tracer to CH4 in identifying processes of gas ...


An Investigation Of Inorganic Compound Scattering., Karl Jay Bernstein 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

An Investigation Of Inorganic Compound Scattering., Karl Jay Bernstein

Doctoral Dissertations

Raman and its associated forms of spectroscopy are powerful tools that have been under-utilized. Presented within are three inorganic compounds studied with some form of Raman spectroscopy: normal Raman, hyper-Raman (HR), surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), surface-enhanced hyper-Raman spectroscopy (SEHRS), or resonance Raman spectroscopy (RR).

The first study involves the investigation of phosphine binding with silver metal. Phosphines find wide use in synthetic circles yet have had little study into their method of binding, unlike similar compounds comprised of sulfur. In order to understand the binding of phosphines, several tertiary phosphines, secondary phosphines and secondary phosphine oxides are examined with SERS ...


Technetium Sulfide: Fundamental Chemistry For Waste Storage Form's Application, Maryline Ghislaine Ferrier 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Technetium Sulfide: Fundamental Chemistry For Waste Storage Form's Application, Maryline Ghislaine Ferrier

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Technetium is the lightest radioelement. The isotope 99Tc has around a 6% yield from 235U with a half-life of 2.13 x 105 years. The high mobility of TcO4-, the common chemical form of technetium in the environment makes 99Tc an isotope of concern in nuclear waste management. Despite its important role in radiopharmaceuticals and in the nuclear fuel cycle, the fundamental chemistry of technetium is not as well developed as that of the neighboring transition metals; one of the most striking examples being its sulfide chemistry.

Only two technetium binary sulfide compounds had been ...


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