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Radiochemistry Commons

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All Articles in Radiochemistry

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255 full-text articles. Page 5 of 8.

Advances In High-Throughput Analysis: Automated Radiochemical Separations And Nanopillar Based Separations And Field Enhanced Spectroscopy, Jennifer Jeanne Charlton 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Advances In High-Throughput Analysis: Automated Radiochemical Separations And Nanopillar Based Separations And Field Enhanced Spectroscopy, Jennifer Jeanne Charlton

Doctoral Dissertations

Often the need to analyze a large number of samples coincide with critical time consternates. At such times, the implementation of high-throughput technologies is paramount. In this work we explore some viable pathways for high-throughput analysis and develop advancements in novel forms of detection of materials that are vital in the environmental, biological as well as national security arenas. Through the use of new protocols with high sensitivity and specificity as well as simplified chemical processing and sample preparation we aim to allow for improved throughput, fieldable detection, and rapid data acquisition of extensive sample sets. The methods developed in ...


Laser Ablation Icp-Ms Of Actinide Oxides As Simulated Used Nuclear Fuels, Keri Campbell 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Laser Ablation Icp-Ms Of Actinide Oxides As Simulated Used Nuclear Fuels, Keri Campbell

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The ability to examine elemental and isotopic ratios of fuels, waste forms, and other solids by direct analysis using laser ablation techniques can greatly reduce analysis costs and time. This is particularly true for actinide elements, as they contain useful information of the fuel cycle and nuclear forensics. Current methods to evaluate the composition of used fuel include a lengthy process of digestion, separations and often require multiple techniques and sample preparations to determine the elemental and isotopic composition. Furthermore all spatial information is lost during the digestion process, eliminating potentially useful data for detailed analysis. The goal of this ...


Radiation Damage As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall 2015 United States Military Academy

Radiation Damage As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The ability to determine the time since the forming of seized nuclear material would provide crucial data to be used in its investigation. This paper examines the effects of radiolytic damage caused by the decay of uranium isotopes and assesses the potential forensic utility of examination of these damage regions for determining the time since forming of a metal sample. This paper draws parallels from studies of fission track dating in mineral samples under geologic time and proposes modifications to previously published work in the field of α-recoil track dating in order to determine the time since a metal sample ...


Masthead, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Masthead

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


From The Editor, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

From The Editor

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Cover, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Cover

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Impurity Diffusion As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall 2015 United States Military Academy

Impurity Diffusion As A Possible Metal Chronometer For Pre-Detonation Nuclear Forensics, Edward T. Peskie, Howard L. Hall

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The ability to determine the time since forming of seized nuclear material would provide crucial data to be used in its investigation. The time dependent processes of diffusion relevant to this need are examined; to include grain boundary diffusion, and discontinuous precipitation, and an assessment is performed of the utility of examination of impurity and alloying element concentration profiles for use as a pre-detonation nuclear forensics tool for determining the age of a metal sample. Several examples illustrate the effects of time on both binary alloys and multi-component systems. Parallels are drawn from studies of diffusion in mineral samples under ...


Student Writing Competition, 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Student Writing Competition

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Inorganic Compound Scattering., Karl Jay Bernstein 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

An Investigation Of Inorganic Compound Scattering., Karl Jay Bernstein

Doctoral Dissertations

Raman and its associated forms of spectroscopy are powerful tools that have been under-utilized. Presented within are three inorganic compounds studied with some form of Raman spectroscopy: normal Raman, hyper-Raman (HR), surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), surface-enhanced hyper-Raman spectroscopy (SEHRS), or resonance Raman spectroscopy (RR).

The first study involves the investigation of phosphine binding with silver metal. Phosphines find wide use in synthetic circles yet have had little study into their method of binding, unlike similar compounds comprised of sulfur. In order to understand the binding of phosphines, several tertiary phosphines, secondary phosphines and secondary phosphine oxides are examined with SERS ...


Characterizing Groundwater Ch4 And 222rn In Relation To Hydraulic Fracturing And Other Environmental Processes In Letcher County, Ky, St. Thomas Majeau LeDoux 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Characterizing Groundwater Ch4 And 222rn In Relation To Hydraulic Fracturing And Other Environmental Processes In Letcher County, Ky, St. Thomas Majeau Ledoux

Masters Theses

Hydraulic fracturing of shale deposits has greatly increased the productivity of the natural gas industry by allowing it to exploit previously inaccessible reservoirs. However, previous research has demonstrated that this practice can contaminate shallow aquifers with CH4 [methane] from deeper formations. This study compares concentrations and isotope compositions of CH4 sampled from domestic groundwater wells in Letcher County, Kentucky in order to characterize its occurrence and origins in relation to neighboring hydraulically fractured natural gas wells. Additionally, this study tests the reliability of 222Rn [radon] as an alternative tracer to CH4 in identifying processes of gas ...


Green Chemistry As A Tool For Understanding The Toxic Substances Control Act: A Lecture Module For Undergraduate Students, Molly R. Blessing 2015 University of Connecticut - Storrs

Green Chemistry As A Tool For Understanding The Toxic Substances Control Act: A Lecture Module For Undergraduate Students, Molly R. Blessing

Honors Scholar Theses

The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) is the central form of chemical regulation existent in the United States today, yet scientists are often unaware or uncertain of its provisions. Violations of TSCA by unknowing chemists set industry and government unnecessarily at odds. A lecture on TSCA was developed for undergraduate students that uses the concept of green chemistry to promote interest and incentivize learning. Green chemistry methods are cleaner and less wasteful than traditional chemical ones, and many companies using them are at the forefront of technological innovation. The lecture explains both green chemistry and TSCA, includes company case studies ...


Technetium Sulfide: Fundamental Chemistry For Waste Storage Form's Application, Maryline Ghislaine Ferrier 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Technetium Sulfide: Fundamental Chemistry For Waste Storage Form's Application, Maryline Ghislaine Ferrier

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Technetium is the lightest radioelement. The isotope 99Tc has around a 6% yield from 235U with a half-life of 2.13 x 105 years. The high mobility of TcO4-, the common chemical form of technetium in the environment makes 99Tc an isotope of concern in nuclear waste management. Despite its important role in radiopharmaceuticals and in the nuclear fuel cycle, the fundamental chemistry of technetium is not as well developed as that of the neighboring transition metals; one of the most striking examples being its sulfide chemistry.

Only two technetium binary sulfide compounds had been ...


Simultaneous Determination Of Multiple Actinide Elements In A Variety Of Soils Utilizing A Standardized Sequential Extraction Protocol, Sherry Alina Faye 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Simultaneous Determination Of Multiple Actinide Elements In A Variety Of Soils Utilizing A Standardized Sequential Extraction Protocol, Sherry Alina Faye

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

To obtain a better understanding of the mobility of actinide element contaminants in the environment, the association of the contaminants with specific host phases of soils and sediments must be investigated. This investigation is most commonly conducted using sequential extraction techniques that employ the selective dissolution of soil phases with increasingly aggressive chemical treatment. Though several sequential extraction studies exist in literature, conclusions cannot be made by direct comparison of data due to the lack of uniformity in the protocols used. This work aims to continue development of a standard sequential extraction protocol and expanding its capabilities to include the ...


Synthesis And Thermodynamic Analysis Of Volatile Beta-Diketone Complexes Of Select Lanthanides Via Gas-Phase Separations, Daniel Hanson 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Synthesis And Thermodynamic Analysis Of Volatile Beta-Diketone Complexes Of Select Lanthanides Via Gas-Phase Separations, Daniel Hanson

Doctoral Dissertations

Rapid separation techniques for fission and activation products have long been desired to supplant the slow solution-based methodologies currently used. In this work, rare earth elements were derivatized with β [beta]-diketones to synthesize rare earth complexes with high volatility suitable for gas-phase separations. Rare earth elements samarium and dysprosium were combined with hfac (1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2,4-pentadione) and fod (6,6,7,7,8,8,8-heptafluoro-2,2-dimethyl-3,5-octanedione) and analyzed using a gas-phase separation technique. Rare earth elements praseodymium and europium were combined with dpm (2,2,6,6-tetra-methyl-3,5-heptanedione) and similarly analyzed. Employing the data ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Ln[Hfac]X And Ln[Fod]X Complexes For Thermochromatographic Separations, Matthew L. Marsh 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Synthesis And Characterization Of Ln[Hfac]X And Ln[Fod]X Complexes For Thermochromatographic Separations, Matthew L. Marsh

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Gamma Radiation On The Interfacial Reactions And Transfer Processes Of Phosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids With Carbon Steel, Ryan P. Morco 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Effect Of Gamma Radiation On The Interfacial Reactions And Transfer Processes Of Phosphonium-Based Ionic Liquids With Carbon Steel, Ryan P. Morco

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents work on the effects of ionizing radiation on phosphonium-based ionic liquids (ILs). Ionic liquids are known for their tunable properties which make them attractive options for applications for the separation and sequestration of metal ions from spent nuclear fuels, and candidate lubricants for systems under severe conditions. The high radiation environment found in spent fuel processing may decompose the solvents (ILs) used in the process and affect their separation efficiency. The radiolytic decomposition products can also alter the physical and chemical properties of an IL in ways which can affect the potential corrosion of metal alloys in ...


Resin-Supported Arylstannanes As Precursors For Radiolabeling With Iodine: Benzaldehydes, Benzoic Acids, Benzamides, And Nhs Esters, Mustafa Janabi, Catherine M. Pollock, Ann-Marie Chacko, Duncan H. Hunter 2014 Alumni

Resin-Supported Arylstannanes As Precursors For Radiolabeling With Iodine: Benzaldehydes, Benzoic Acids, Benzamides, And Nhs Esters, Mustafa Janabi, Catherine M. Pollock, Ann-Marie Chacko, Duncan H. Hunter

Chemistry Publications

A highly cross-linked polystyrene resin bearing a reactive chlorostannane moiety 1 has been used to generate a variety of arylstannane radiopharmaceutical precursors for no-carrier-added radioiodination. The resins were characterized for their solvent compatibility and sensitivity to acid cleavage. Resin-supported arylstannanes synthesized via their aryl lithium analogues include 3- and 4-stannylbenzaldehydes, 3- and 4-stannylbenzoic acids, and 3- and 4-N-succinimidyl benzoates. A three-step route to the resin-supported stannylbenzoic acids 12a/b was developed through resin-supported benzaldehydes 11a/b. The aldehyde to acid conversion efficiency is >90%, and acid loading capacities of 0.66–0.94 mmol/g were obtained ...


The Development Of Metal-Organic Compounds For Use As Molecular Imaging Agents, Emily J. Simpson 2014 The University of Western Ontario

The Development Of Metal-Organic Compounds For Use As Molecular Imaging Agents, Emily J. Simpson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Molecular imaging probes allow for the non-invasive diagnosis of many diseases through the use of a targeting entity for site specific delivery, as well as a signal for external visualization of probe accumulation in the body. This thesis will focus on the development of new approaches to synthesize targeting peptides and chelators for radionuclide incorporation towards the design of novel molecular imaging probes.

Histidine is a tridentate chelator that can be attached in a pendant fashion to a biomolecule in order to coordinate technetium-99m. Once coordinated, it forms a neutral complex that is capable of forming diastereomers with inverted stereochemistry ...


Development Of A Gallium-Containing One-Bead One-Compound Peptide Library For The Discovery Of New Molecular Imaging Probes, Fernanda C. Bononi 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of A Gallium-Containing One-Bead One-Compound Peptide Library For The Discovery Of New Molecular Imaging Probes, Fernanda C. Bononi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

An eight amino acid one-bead one-compound (OBOC) peptide library, containing a gallium-DOTA complex, was developed in an attempt to overcome common issues associated with the later addition of radionuclides to peptide chains of imaging probes. The further addition of a radionuclide often changes the binding properties of a peptide, as it adds bulk, and possibly charges. MALDI (matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization) tandem mass spectrometry was determined to be the method of choice in order to deconvolute gallium-containing peptide sequences. The library obtained was screened against the breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. Positive beads were isolated and sequences were ...


Thin Films Cds/Cdte Diodes For Nuclear Radiation Detection, Julianna Calkins, John Murphy, Lindsey Smith, Israel Mejia, Bruce Gnade, Manuel Quevedo-Lopez 2014 Stephen F Austin State University

Thin Films Cds/Cdte Diodes For Nuclear Radiation Detection, Julianna Calkins, John Murphy, Lindsey Smith, Israel Mejia, Bruce Gnade, Manuel Quevedo-Lopez

Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


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