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Sustainable Polymers: Plastics From Plants, Chris Schaller 2017 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Sustainable Polymers: Plastics From Plants, Chris Schaller

Forum Lectures

Plastics and related soft materials are ubiquitous in today's world. This presentation takes a look at why polymers have useful properties, where they come from, and why attention has shifted toward new, biorenewable materials.


High Performance Supercapacitor Device Based On Polymer Derived Carbon Nanofiber With Enhanced Capacity At Elevated Temperatures, Charith Ranaweera 2017 Pittsburg State University

High Performance Supercapacitor Device Based On Polymer Derived Carbon Nanofiber With Enhanced Capacity At Elevated Temperatures, Charith Ranaweera

Paper and Posters Presentations

Recently, supercapacitors are attracting considerable interest as a promising energy storage device. In this study, we report the high performing supercapacitor based on cobalt oxide embedded carbon nanofibers (CNF@CO) fabricated by electrospinning of cobalt acetate and polyacrylonitrile mixture in to carbon nanofibers (CNF) and subsequent pyrolyzed at 800 oC under nitrogen atmosphere. Morphology and electrochemical properties of the fabricated CNF@CO was studied in detailed. Embedding of cobalt oxide in to CNF showed a remarkable improvement in the charge storage capacitance, specific capacitance of 360 F/g and 1100 F/g were observed for CNF and CNF@CO, respectively ...


Combination Therapy Of Prostate Cancer Utilizing Functionalized Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Carrying Tnf-A And Lactonic Sophorolipids, James Beach, Tuhina Banerjee, Jyothi Kallu, Ryan Higginbotham, Richard Gross 2017 Pittsburg State University

Combination Therapy Of Prostate Cancer Utilizing Functionalized Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Carrying Tnf-A And Lactonic Sophorolipids, James Beach, Tuhina Banerjee, Jyothi Kallu, Ryan Higginbotham, Richard Gross

Paper and Posters Presentations

Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent forms of cancer afflicting men in the United States. In recent years, advances in the field of nanotechnology have allowed for new and innovative ways to treat various types of cancer and various other diseases. Our research focuses on the treatment of the LNCaP line prostate cancer utilizing iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) loaded with soluble TNF-a and lactonic sophorolipids (LSLs). TNF-a is a cytokine responsible for apoptosis initiation, while LSLs are naturally-glycolipids shown to alleviate inflammation and improve immune response in certain diseases. We hypothesized that this combination may possess a synergistic ...


Use Of Decahydrodecaborate As Flame Retardants In Coatings, Austin Bailey 2017 Pittsburg State University

Use Of Decahydrodecaborate As Flame Retardants In Coatings, Austin Bailey

Paper and Posters Presentations

As the need to protect the environment continues to increase, there is a growing demand for non-halogenated flame retardants. Two different decaborate compounds were combined with triphenylphosphine oxide into polyurethane and characterized. The thermal stability and the potential flame retardancy of the new materials were tested via thermogravimetric analysis and cone calorimetry. The cone test provided heat release rates and smoke release rates. Per the results of these tests the combination of the new decaborate, and triphenylphosphine oxide showed potential for flame retardancy at minimal amounts of flame retardant.


High-Quality Polyurethane Foams And Sheets From Sustainable Natural Resources, Sanket Bhoyate, Chungyang Zhang, Mihail Ionescu 2017 Pittsburg State University

High-Quality Polyurethane Foams And Sheets From Sustainable Natural Resources, Sanket Bhoyate, Chungyang Zhang, Mihail Ionescu

Paper and Posters Presentations

Bio-polymers from sustainable natural resources serve mankind keeping environmental factors under consideration. Resources such as soybean, castor and orange oil are among highly cultivable agro-resources. Polyols formulated from these oils shows clean-environmental pathway for synthesizing polyurethane foams and sheets. Facile single-step synthesis, with negligible waste as well as byproducts produces 100% qualitative yield for polyurethane foams. Present work displays use of synthesized polyols in developing polyurethane foams and casts. Viscometry, FTIR spectroscopy, GPC and other chemical analysis were done to ensure the quality of the raw materials. Cast Sheets and foams were produced by chemical polymerization with di-phenyl methane diisocyanate ...


High Performance Carbon Nanofiber Supercapacitor Electrode With Tuned Porous Structure, Sanket Bhoyate 2017 Pittsburg State University

High Performance Carbon Nanofiber Supercapacitor Electrode With Tuned Porous Structure, Sanket Bhoyate

Paper and Posters Presentations

High performance capacitor devices based on electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) principle has wide advantage of higher range of cyclic stability, rate capability, temperature durability and chemically resistant. Carbon based materials such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, activated carbon and carbon nanofibers are well known supercapacitor materials derived till date. Creating pores within the physical structure has found to improve the EDLC capabilities of the material. Exfoliation of graphene, activation of carbon and activation of nanofibers via various different techniques seem to be too complicated, non-consistent and needs wide range of control parameters. Facile immiscible polymer blend technique followed by thermal ...


Moleculary Targeted Nanomedicine: Role Of Hsp90 Inhibitor And Sophorolipids, Shuguftha Naz 2017 Pittsburg State University

Moleculary Targeted Nanomedicine: Role Of Hsp90 Inhibitor And Sophorolipids, Shuguftha Naz

Paper and Posters Presentations

Oncogenic K-RAS, one of the major histologic subtypes of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 25% of the lung cancer related deaths. Hsp90, a ubiquitously expressed molecular chaperone is considered to be a promising target for therapeutic intervention. It is known to interact with several client proteins that are important in the pathogenesis of the cancer. Ganetespib, an Hsp90 inhibitor has been shown to have superior anti-tumor activity in several K-RAS mutant NSCLC cell lines. In addition, lactonic sophorolipids (LSL), a class of chemo-enzymatically modified glycolipids, are known to be promising immunomodulators and have shown to decrease the mortality rate ...


Photocontrol Of Ph Via Doped Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles, Aaron I. Bayles 2017 College of William and Mary

Photocontrol Of Ph Via Doped Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles, Aaron I. Bayles

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The object of this study is to investigate and optimize conjugated polymer nanoparticles that have been doped with photoreactive dyes that can reversibly modulate the pH of a solution. For this research, a poly(phenylene ethynylene)-derived polymer was used in conjunction with two different 2-hydrooxyazobene molecules as dyes. As a result of energy transfer between the nanoparticle and the dyes, irradiation of the nanoparticles with ultraviolet light results in the excitation of the dye molecules, which undergo a photoisomerization that releases acid into solution. Once that irradiation source is removed, the acid is reabsorbed by the molecule. Furthermore, this ...


Poly(Ethyl Glyoxylate)-Poly(Ethylene Oxide) Nanoparticles: Stimuli- Responsive Drug Release Via End-To-End Polyglyoxylate Depolymerization, Bo Fan, Elizabeth Gillies 2017 Western University

Poly(Ethyl Glyoxylate)-Poly(Ethylene Oxide) Nanoparticles: Stimuli- Responsive Drug Release Via End-To-End Polyglyoxylate Depolymerization, Bo Fan, Elizabeth Gillies

Chemistry Publications

The ability to disrupt polymer assemblies in response to specifi c stimuli provides the potential to release drugs selectively at certain sites or conditions in vivo. However, most stimuli-responsive delivery systems require many stimuli initiated events to release drugs. Self-immolative polymers offer the potential to provide amplifi ed responses to stimuli as they undergo complete end-to-end depolymerization following the cleavage of a single end-cap. Herein, linker end-caps were developed to conjugate self-immolative poly(ethyl glyoxylate) (PEtG) with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) to form amphiphilic block copolymers. These copolymers were self-assembled to form nanoparticles in aqueous solution. Cleavage of the linker ...


Polymer Micelle Formulation For The Proteasome Inhibitor Drug Carfilzomib: Anticancer Efficacy And Pharmacokinetic Studies In Mice, Ji Eun Park, Se-Eun Chun, Derek Alexander Reichel, Jee Sun Min, Su-Chan Lee, Songhee Han, Gongmi Ryoo, Yunseok Oh, Shin-Hyung Park, Heon-Min Ryu, Kyung Bo Kim, Ho-Young Lee, Soo Kyung Bae, Younsoo Bae, Wooin Lee 2017 Seoul National University, South Korea

Polymer Micelle Formulation For The Proteasome Inhibitor Drug Carfilzomib: Anticancer Efficacy And Pharmacokinetic Studies In Mice, Ji Eun Park, Se-Eun Chun, Derek Alexander Reichel, Jee Sun Min, Su-Chan Lee, Songhee Han, Gongmi Ryoo, Yunseok Oh, Shin-Hyung Park, Heon-Min Ryu, Kyung Bo Kim, Ho-Young Lee, Soo Kyung Bae, Younsoo Bae, Wooin Lee

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Carfilzomib (CFZ) is a peptide epoxyketone proteasome inhibitor approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Despite the remarkable efficacy of CFZ against MM, the clinical trials in patients with solid cancers yielded rather disappointing results with minimal clinical benefits. Rapid degradation of CFZ in vivo and its poor penetration to tumor sites are considered to be major factors limiting its efficacy against solid cancers. We previously reported that polymer micelles (PMs) composed of biodegradable block copolymers poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and poly(caprolactone) (PCL) can improve the metabolic stability of CFZ in vitro. Here, we prepared the CFZ-loaded PM ...


Shape Recovery With Concomitant Mechanical Strengthening Of Amphiphilic Shape Memory Polymers In Warm Water, Ben Zhang, Janae E. DeBartolo, Jie Song 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Shape Recovery With Concomitant Mechanical Strengthening Of Amphiphilic Shape Memory Polymers In Warm Water, Ben Zhang, Janae E. Debartolo, Jie Song

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Maintaining adequate or enhancing mechanical properties of shape memory polymers (SMPs) after shape recovery in an aqueous environment are greatly desired for biomedical applications of SMPs as self-fitting tissue scaffolds or minimally invasive surgical implants. Here we report stable temporary shape fixing and facile shape recovery of biodegradable triblock amphiphilic SMPs containing a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) center block and flanking poly(lactic acid) or poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) blocks in warm water, accompanied by concomitant enhanced mechanical strengths. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WXRD), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analyses revealed that the unique stiffening of the amphiphilic ...


Phosphonium-Functionalized Polymer Micelles With Intrinsic Antibacterial Activity, Benjamin Hisey, Paul J. Ragogna, Elizabeth Gillies 2017 Western University

Phosphonium-Functionalized Polymer Micelles With Intrinsic Antibacterial Activity, Benjamin Hisey, Paul J. Ragogna, Elizabeth Gillies

Chemistry Publications

New approaches to treat bacterial infections are badly needed to address the increasing problem of antibiotic resistance. This study explores phosphonium-functionalized block copolymer micelles as intrinsically antibacterial polymer assemblies. Phosphonium cations with varying alkyl lengths were conjugated to the terminus of a poly(ethylene oxide)− polycaprolactone block copolymer, and the phosphonium-functionalized block copolymers were self-assembled to form micelles in aqueous solution. The size, morphology, and ζ -potential of the assemblies were studied, and their abilities to kill Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were evaluated. It was found that the minimum bactericidal concentration depended on the phosphonium alkyl chain length, and ...


Effects Of Molecular Structure And Packing Order On The Stretchability Of Semicrystalline Conjugated Poly(Tetrathienoacene-Diketopyrrolopyrrole) Polymers, Chien Lu, Wen-ya Lee, Xiaodon Gu, Jie Xu, Ho-Hsiu Chou, Hongping Yan, Yu-Cheng Chiu, Mingqian He, James R. Matthews, Weijun Niu, Jeffery B.-H. Tok, Michael F. Toney, Wen-Chang Chen, Zhenan Bao 2017 Stanford University

Effects Of Molecular Structure And Packing Order On The Stretchability Of Semicrystalline Conjugated Poly(Tetrathienoacene-Diketopyrrolopyrrole) Polymers, Chien Lu, Wen-Ya Lee, Xiaodon Gu, Jie Xu, Ho-Hsiu Chou, Hongping Yan, Yu-Cheng Chiu, Mingqian He, James R. Matthews, Weijun Niu, Jeffery B.-H. Tok, Michael F. Toney, Wen-Chang Chen, Zhenan Bao

Faculty Publications

The design of polymer semiconductors possessing high charge transport performance, coupled with good ductility, remains a challenge. Understanding the distribution and behavior of both crystalline domains and amorphous regions in conjugated polymer films, upon an applied stress, shall provide general guiding principles to design stretchable organic semiconductors. Structure–property relationships (especially in both side chain and backbone engineering) are investigated for a series of poly(tetrathienoacene-diketopyrrolopyrrole) polymers. It is observed that the fused thiophene diketopyrrolopyrrole-based polymer, when incorporated with branched side chains and an additional thiophene spacer in the backbone, exhibits improved mechanical endurance and, in addition, does not show ...


Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Matrix Inclusions On The Fracture Toughness Of Composite Material, Shahlaa Al Wakeel 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Matrix Inclusions On The Fracture Toughness Of Composite Material, Shahlaa Al Wakeel

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation studies the impact of microstructure on macro-scale fracture parameters. Experimental and theoretical investigations of fracture toughness are carried out on a representative particulate composite material and reconciled by explicitly considering inclusions within the matrix. The reliability of any structure is a function of its resistance to fracture. Cracks resulting from stress concentrations are the major sources of fracture whether the material is classified as ductile, brittle, or quasi-brittle. The spatial distribution of inclusions in particulate composite materials, such as concrete and other heterogeneous materials, plays an important role in determining material fracture behavior due to the localized stress ...


A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study Of Thiol:Ene Poly(Ionic Liquid) Polymerization And Gas Absorption, yueming wu 2017 Murray State University

A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study Of Thiol:Ene Poly(Ionic Liquid) Polymerization And Gas Absorption, Yueming Wu

Murray State Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The polymerization process of, and gas absorption by, imidazolium-containing thiol:ene poly (ionic liquid)s (PILs), prepared from bisallylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide [NTf2-] and pentaerythritoltetrakis(3 mercaptopropionate), was studied. The thiol:ene PILs examined were recently reported by groups at Murray State University. The advantage of thiol:ene PILs over other reported PILs is that thiol:ene polymers are made rapidly by UV exposure and exhibit high mechanical and thermal stability due to high cross-linking. The properties of interest for the thiol:ene PILs were studied using a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM). QCM techniques are based on ...


Exploring The Effects Of Different Classroom Environments On The Learning Process. Synthesis Of Thiazole-Linked Porous Organic Polymers For Co2 Separation And Nitro-Aromatics Sensing., Davide D'Urbino 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Exploring The Effects Of Different Classroom Environments On The Learning Process. Synthesis Of Thiazole-Linked Porous Organic Polymers For Co2 Separation And Nitro-Aromatics Sensing., Davide D'Urbino

Theses and Dissertations

When attempting to study the learning process of undergraduate chemistry student, the classroom and any interaction that take place within it constitute the social context of interest. By studying how different approaches can foster different classroom environments, it is possible to approach course design from an informed and scientifically sound perspective. Thus, it becomes necessary to identify and quantify the factors that have a positive or negative effect on the classroom environment. Social comparison concerns, comfort levels and self-efficacy have been shown to be social factors that affect each other as well as the learning process and have therefore been ...


Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Matrix Inclusions On The Fracture Toughness Of Composite Material, Shahlaa Al Wakeel 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Theoretical And Experimental Investigation Of Matrix Inclusions On The Fracture Toughness Of Composite Material, Shahlaa Al Wakeel

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation studies the impact of microstructure on macro-scale fracture parameters. Experimental and theoretical investigations of fracture toughness are carried out on a representative particulate composite material and reconciled by explicitly considering inclusions within the matrix. The reliability of any structure is a function of its resistance to fracture. Cracks resulting from stress concentrations are the major sources of fracture whether the material is classified as ductile, brittle, or quasi-brittle. The spatial distribution of inclusions in particulate composite materials, such as concrete and other heterogeneous materials, plays an important role in determining material fracture behavior due to the localized stress ...


Synthesis And Development Of Zwitterionic Pei (Zpei) For Optimized Delivery Of Nucleic Acids, Joseph Raleigh Duke III 2017 University of Kentucky

Synthesis And Development Of Zwitterionic Pei (Zpei) For Optimized Delivery Of Nucleic Acids, Joseph Raleigh Duke Iii

Theses and Dissertations--Chemistry

Gene therapy holds promise for the treatment a wide range of diseases ranging from cystic fibrosis to cardiovascular disease to cancer. The need for safe and efficient gene delivery methods remains the primary barrier to human gene therapy. Non-viral vector materials, including polymers, can be designed to be biocompatible and non-immunogenic, but lack the efficiency to be clinically relevant. Gene therapy awaits the development of new materials that are both safe and efficient. Here, we have synthesized a series of modified zwitterionic polymers based on the common transfecting agent polyethylenimine (PEI). Using a variety of biochemical and biophysical methods we ...


Structure-Property Relationship Study Of Polyimine-Based Dynamic Covalent Networks And Their Applications Towards Functional Composites, Chengpu Zhu 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Structure-Property Relationship Study Of Polyimine-Based Dynamic Covalent Networks And Their Applications Towards Functional Composites, Chengpu Zhu

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

This thesis aimed to address fundamental study and related applications of covalent adaptable networks (CANs), focusing on polyimine materials. Crosslinked polyimine represents a novel class of covalent adaptable network, which exhibits room temperature repairability, catalyst-free malleability, recyclability, and robust mechanical properties. Polyimine network prepared from commercially available monomers (terephthaldehyde, diamine and triaminotriethylamine) have been investigated including solvent and concentration effect on their physical properties. Monomer concentration and solvent properties directly control reaction rates and influence solvent diffusion into polymer chains and interfacial interactions during the polymerization progress, a range of mechanical properties can be obtained in different solvents from the ...


Influence Of Biomimetic Chelating Packaging On Natural Antimicrobial Efficacy, Paul Castrale 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Influence Of Biomimetic Chelating Packaging On Natural Antimicrobial Efficacy, Paul Castrale

Masters Theses

The iron chelating molecule, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) is used in food applications for the preservation of oxidation prone ingredients. Research has suggested that EDTA is also capable of enhancing the antimicrobial effectiveness of various compounds including naturally-derived antimicrobials. With consumer demand for cleaner food labels, there remains an opportunity to introduce new chelating technology to replace synthetically-derived EDTA. Through photographting and chemical conversion, hydroxamic acid ligands were covalently bound to polypropylene films resulting in polypropylene-graft-poly(hydroxamic acid) (PP-g-PHA). The resulting films demonstrated an ability to chelate 64 nmol/cm2 from an iron saturated environment or ...


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