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Bioinspired Design Of Wetting And Anti-Wetting Surfaces Via Thiol-Ene Photopolymerization, Li Xiong 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Bioinspired Design Of Wetting And Anti-Wetting Surfaces Via Thiol-Ene Photopolymerization, Li Xiong

Dissertations

Surface wettability is known to have a profound influence in both academic study and industrial application of materials. Superhydrophobic surfaces, with a static contact angle higher than 150° and a contact angle hysteresis lower than 10°, have received continued attention for their broad applications, such as self-cleaning, antifogging and frosting, and drag reduction. The continuous development of materials and approaches that used to create superhydrophobic surfaces has led to further exploration of coatings with other desirable properties such as superamphiphobicity, mechanical robustness and thermal stability.

In this work, coatings with super wetting and super anti-wetting properties were designed and fabricated ...


Polyisobutylene Telechelic Prepolymers By In Situ End-Quenching And Post-Polymerization Modifications, Bin Yang 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

Polyisobutylene Telechelic Prepolymers By In Situ End-Quenching And Post-Polymerization Modifications, Bin Yang

Dissertations

This volume focuses on the development of telechelic polyisobutylene (PIB) prepolymers by combining end-capping of living carbocationic polymerization of isobutylene (IB) with suitable reactants and post-polymerization modifications. Alkylation kinetics of PIB tert-chloride with alkoxybenzenes using either TiCl4 or AlCl3 were investigated. Quantitative para-position end-capped products were only achieved if the alkoxybenzene/AlCl3 molar ratio was greater than unity; while no such molar ratio is required for TiCl4, but the alkylation rate was slower than AlCl3 under the same conditions. Photopolymerization kinetics analysis of PIB triphenol tri(meth)acrylates with low and high M ...


Synthesis Of Polythioether Nanoparticles Via Thiol-Alkene/Alkyne Photopolymerization In Miniemulsion, Susan E. Walley 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

Synthesis Of Polythioether Nanoparticles Via Thiol-Alkene/Alkyne Photopolymerization In Miniemulsion, Susan E. Walley

Honors Theses

Emulsion-based processes – such as miniemulsion polymerizations – provide well-studied synthetic routes to polymer nanomaterials. Miniemulsion polymerizations are characterized as aqueous dispersions of small, narrowly distributed monomer droplets created through high shear and stabilized against Ostwald ripening/collisional degradation by addition of an appropriate surfactant and costabilizer. In this work, thiol–alkene/alkyne photopolymerization in miniemulsion is demonstrated as a simple, rapid, and one-pot synthetic approach to polythioether nanoparticles with tuneable particle size and clickable functionality. Nanoparticles with mean particle diameters ranging from 45 nm to 200 nm were synthesized through simple modifications to the miniemulsion formulation and processing parameters. Facile access ...


Characterization Of Epoxy/Amine Networks With Glycidal Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Surface Modified Silica Nanoparticles, Reese K. Sloan 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

Characterization Of Epoxy/Amine Networks With Glycidal Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Surface Modified Silica Nanoparticles, Reese K. Sloan

Honors Theses

Silica nanoparticles were surface modified with octa-functional glycidal polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (G-POSS) and incorporated into an epoxy/amine system in an effort to increase the mechanical performance of the inorganic/organic hybrid material. The silica nanoparticles were first functionalized with 3-aminoprpyltrimethoxysilane (APTMOS) at 5 and 10 weight percent, and then modified with G-POSS at ratios of 1:10 and 1:5 (APTMOS: G-POSS). The modified particles were then incorporated into an epoxy/amine network consisting of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) and aromatic amine, diamine diphenyl sulfone (4,4’ DDS) at 1 and 5 weight percent, resulting in 8 ...


Formation Of Nanostructured Epoxy Networks Containing Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (Poss) And Silica Nanoparticles, Amit K. Sharma 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Formation Of Nanostructured Epoxy Networks Containing Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane (Poss) And Silica Nanoparticles, Amit K. Sharma

Dissertations

This dissertation is focused on structure-property-processing relationship studies based on well-defined polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) modified epoxy networks to present a comprehensive understanding of hybrid network behavior. In this research, a monoamine functional POSS molecule is incorporated into the epoxy monomer as pendant unit to mimic common epoxy structures and then crosslinked to form well-defined epoxy hybrid networks. The POSS cages behave as nanosized pendant unit in the epoxy matrices, while the mass fraction of POSS cages is varied and the effects on physical properties are examined with respect to changes in network architecture.

A novel continuous reactor method is ...


Influence Of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes On Corrosion Performance And Water Hydrogen Bonding Of Epoxy-Amine Thin Films, Greg William Curtzwiler 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Influence Of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes On Corrosion Performance And Water Hydrogen Bonding Of Epoxy-Amine Thin Films, Greg William Curtzwiler

Dissertations

This dissertation research sought to provide a fundamental basis of understanding to commence the systematic investigation of developing economically viable fully formulated epoxy-amine coating systems containing multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Namely, a facile and rapid method for multiwall carbon nanotube surface modification and molecular structure interpretation was developed to assist in designing MWCNT-polymer interactions and achieving high levels of dispersion. Additionally, a rapid and quantitative method was developed to investigate the dispersibility potential of MWCNTs possessing a given surface modification in combination with a dispersion protocol which can further be utilized as a quality control metric in commercial applications. It ...


Advancing Structure-Property Relationships In Functional Materials Via Thiol-Ene Photopolymerization, Brian Richard Donovan 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

Advancing Structure-Property Relationships In Functional Materials Via Thiol-Ene Photopolymerization, Brian Richard Donovan

Dissertations

Thiol-ene photopolymerizations provide a robust and versatile synthetic pathway to functional materials, and owing to the radical step-growth nature of polymerization and the resulting homogenous network structure, provide non-convoluted insight into how network chemistry influences and dictates macromolecular properties.

The first facet of this dissertation focuses on the design and synthesis of bio-inspired, thin film adhesives for dry and aqueous adhesion. Drawing inspiration from the intertidal marine mussel, Chapter II details the synthesis of adhesive networks containing a monofunctional catechol-based monomer. The inclusion of a catechol group resulted in significant improvements in adhesion on a variety of substrates. In Chapter ...


Fluorescent Conjugated Polymers With A Bodipy-Based Backbone And Uses Thereof, Haiying Liu 2017 Michigan Technological University

Fluorescent Conjugated Polymers With A Bodipy-Based Backbone And Uses Thereof, Haiying Liu

Michigan Tech Patents

The present invention provides various fluorescent conjugated polymers with a BODIPY-based backbone. The invention also provides methods of using the polymers of the invention, such as for imaging and detection of cells, tumors, bacteria and viruses.


Enediyne Derived Conjugated Polymers, Keda Hu 2017 University of New Mexico

Enediyne Derived Conjugated Polymers, Keda Hu

Chemistry ETDs

The advance of conjugated polymers (CPs) is largely relied on the development of new polymerization methods, the discovery of novel polymers that possess unique chemical and physical properties, and understanding of their structure-property relationship. We have employed a set of trans-enediynes (trans-EDYs) for the preparation of four series of CPs, polydiacetylenes (PDAs), platinum-segmented PDAs, polytriacetylenes (PTAs) and boron doped polyacetylenes (BPAs). The resulting polymers displayed interesting optical and electrochemical properties which could be fine-tuned by the attachment of various side chains on the EDY moieties.


Sustainable Polymers: Plastics From Plants, Chris Schaller 2017 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Sustainable Polymers: Plastics From Plants, Chris Schaller

Forum Lectures

Plastics and related soft materials are ubiquitous in today's world. This presentation takes a look at why polymers have useful properties, where they come from, and why attention has shifted toward new, biorenewable materials.


High Performance Supercapacitor Device Based On Polymer Derived Carbon Nanofiber With Enhanced Capacity At Elevated Temperatures, Charith Ranaweera 2017 Pittsburg State University

High Performance Supercapacitor Device Based On Polymer Derived Carbon Nanofiber With Enhanced Capacity At Elevated Temperatures, Charith Ranaweera

Paper and Posters Presentations

Recently, supercapacitors are attracting considerable interest as a promising energy storage device. In this study, we report the high performing supercapacitor based on cobalt oxide embedded carbon nanofibers (CNF@CO) fabricated by electrospinning of cobalt acetate and polyacrylonitrile mixture in to carbon nanofibers (CNF) and subsequent pyrolyzed at 800 oC under nitrogen atmosphere. Morphology and electrochemical properties of the fabricated CNF@CO was studied in detailed. Embedding of cobalt oxide in to CNF showed a remarkable improvement in the charge storage capacitance, specific capacitance of 360 F/g and 1100 F/g were observed for CNF and CNF@CO, respectively ...


Combination Therapy Of Prostate Cancer Utilizing Functionalized Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Carrying Tnf-A And Lactonic Sophorolipids, James Beach, Tuhina Banerjee, Jyothi Kallu, Ryan Higginbotham, Richard Gross 2017 Pittsburg State University

Combination Therapy Of Prostate Cancer Utilizing Functionalized Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Carrying Tnf-A And Lactonic Sophorolipids, James Beach, Tuhina Banerjee, Jyothi Kallu, Ryan Higginbotham, Richard Gross

Paper and Posters Presentations

Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent forms of cancer afflicting men in the United States. In recent years, advances in the field of nanotechnology have allowed for new and innovative ways to treat various types of cancer and various other diseases. Our research focuses on the treatment of the LNCaP line prostate cancer utilizing iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) loaded with soluble TNF-a and lactonic sophorolipids (LSLs). TNF-a is a cytokine responsible for apoptosis initiation, while LSLs are naturally-glycolipids shown to alleviate inflammation and improve immune response in certain diseases. We hypothesized that this combination may possess a synergistic ...


Use Of Decahydrodecaborate As Flame Retardants In Coatings, Austin Bailey 2017 Pittsburg State University

Use Of Decahydrodecaborate As Flame Retardants In Coatings, Austin Bailey

Paper and Posters Presentations

As the need to protect the environment continues to increase, there is a growing demand for non-halogenated flame retardants. Two different decaborate compounds were combined with triphenylphosphine oxide into polyurethane and characterized. The thermal stability and the potential flame retardancy of the new materials were tested via thermogravimetric analysis and cone calorimetry. The cone test provided heat release rates and smoke release rates. Per the results of these tests the combination of the new decaborate, and triphenylphosphine oxide showed potential for flame retardancy at minimal amounts of flame retardant.


High-Quality Polyurethane Foams And Sheets From Sustainable Natural Resources, Sanket Bhoyate, Chungyang Zhang, Mihail Ionescu 2017 Pittsburg State University

High-Quality Polyurethane Foams And Sheets From Sustainable Natural Resources, Sanket Bhoyate, Chungyang Zhang, Mihail Ionescu

Paper and Posters Presentations

Bio-polymers from sustainable natural resources serve mankind keeping environmental factors under consideration. Resources such as soybean, castor and orange oil are among highly cultivable agro-resources. Polyols formulated from these oils shows clean-environmental pathway for synthesizing polyurethane foams and sheets. Facile single-step synthesis, with negligible waste as well as byproducts produces 100% qualitative yield for polyurethane foams. Present work displays use of synthesized polyols in developing polyurethane foams and casts. Viscometry, FTIR spectroscopy, GPC and other chemical analysis were done to ensure the quality of the raw materials. Cast Sheets and foams were produced by chemical polymerization with di-phenyl methane diisocyanate ...


High Performance Carbon Nanofiber Supercapacitor Electrode With Tuned Porous Structure, Sanket Bhoyate 2017 Pittsburg State University

High Performance Carbon Nanofiber Supercapacitor Electrode With Tuned Porous Structure, Sanket Bhoyate

Paper and Posters Presentations

High performance capacitor devices based on electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) principle has wide advantage of higher range of cyclic stability, rate capability, temperature durability and chemically resistant. Carbon based materials such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, activated carbon and carbon nanofibers are well known supercapacitor materials derived till date. Creating pores within the physical structure has found to improve the EDLC capabilities of the material. Exfoliation of graphene, activation of carbon and activation of nanofibers via various different techniques seem to be too complicated, non-consistent and needs wide range of control parameters. Facile immiscible polymer blend technique followed by thermal ...


Moleculary Targeted Nanomedicine: Role Of Hsp90 Inhibitor And Sophorolipids, Shuguftha Naz 2017 Pittsburg State University

Moleculary Targeted Nanomedicine: Role Of Hsp90 Inhibitor And Sophorolipids, Shuguftha Naz

Paper and Posters Presentations

Oncogenic K-RAS, one of the major histologic subtypes of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 25% of the lung cancer related deaths. Hsp90, a ubiquitously expressed molecular chaperone is considered to be a promising target for therapeutic intervention. It is known to interact with several client proteins that are important in the pathogenesis of the cancer. Ganetespib, an Hsp90 inhibitor has been shown to have superior anti-tumor activity in several K-RAS mutant NSCLC cell lines. In addition, lactonic sophorolipids (LSL), a class of chemo-enzymatically modified glycolipids, are known to be promising immunomodulators and have shown to decrease the mortality rate ...


Photocontrol Of Ph Via Doped Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles, Aaron I. Bayles 2017 College of William and Mary

Photocontrol Of Ph Via Doped Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles, Aaron I. Bayles

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The object of this study is to investigate and optimize conjugated polymer nanoparticles that have been doped with photoreactive dyes that can reversibly modulate the pH of a solution. For this research, a poly(phenylene ethynylene)-derived polymer was used in conjunction with two different 2-hydrooxyazobene molecules as dyes. As a result of energy transfer between the nanoparticle and the dyes, irradiation of the nanoparticles with ultraviolet light results in the excitation of the dye molecules, which undergo a photoisomerization that releases acid into solution. Once that irradiation source is removed, the acid is reabsorbed by the molecule. Furthermore, this ...


Poly(Ethyl Glyoxylate)-Poly(Ethylene Oxide) Nanoparticles: Stimuli- Responsive Drug Release Via End-To-End Polyglyoxylate Depolymerization, Bo Fan, Elizabeth Gillies 2017 Western University

Poly(Ethyl Glyoxylate)-Poly(Ethylene Oxide) Nanoparticles: Stimuli- Responsive Drug Release Via End-To-End Polyglyoxylate Depolymerization, Bo Fan, Elizabeth Gillies

Chemistry Publications

The ability to disrupt polymer assemblies in response to specifi c stimuli provides the potential to release drugs selectively at certain sites or conditions in vivo. However, most stimuli-responsive delivery systems require many stimuli initiated events to release drugs. Self-immolative polymers offer the potential to provide amplifi ed responses to stimuli as they undergo complete end-to-end depolymerization following the cleavage of a single end-cap. Herein, linker end-caps were developed to conjugate self-immolative poly(ethyl glyoxylate) (PEtG) with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) to form amphiphilic block copolymers. These copolymers were self-assembled to form nanoparticles in aqueous solution. Cleavage of the linker ...


Polymer Micelle Formulation For The Proteasome Inhibitor Drug Carfilzomib: Anticancer Efficacy And Pharmacokinetic Studies In Mice, Ji Eun Park, Se-Eun Chun, Derek Alexander Reichel, Jee Sun Min, Su-Chan Lee, Songhee Han, Gongmi Ryoo, Yunseok Oh, Shin-Hyung Park, Heon-Min Ryu, Kyung Bo Kim, Ho-Young Lee, Soo Kyung Bae, Younsoo Bae, Wooin Lee 2017 Seoul National University, South Korea

Polymer Micelle Formulation For The Proteasome Inhibitor Drug Carfilzomib: Anticancer Efficacy And Pharmacokinetic Studies In Mice, Ji Eun Park, Se-Eun Chun, Derek Alexander Reichel, Jee Sun Min, Su-Chan Lee, Songhee Han, Gongmi Ryoo, Yunseok Oh, Shin-Hyung Park, Heon-Min Ryu, Kyung Bo Kim, Ho-Young Lee, Soo Kyung Bae, Younsoo Bae, Wooin Lee

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Carfilzomib (CFZ) is a peptide epoxyketone proteasome inhibitor approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Despite the remarkable efficacy of CFZ against MM, the clinical trials in patients with solid cancers yielded rather disappointing results with minimal clinical benefits. Rapid degradation of CFZ in vivo and its poor penetration to tumor sites are considered to be major factors limiting its efficacy against solid cancers. We previously reported that polymer micelles (PMs) composed of biodegradable block copolymers poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and poly(caprolactone) (PCL) can improve the metabolic stability of CFZ in vitro. Here, we prepared the CFZ-loaded PM ...


Shape Recovery With Concomitant Mechanical Strengthening Of Amphiphilic Shape Memory Polymers In Warm Water, Ben Zhang, Janae E. DeBartolo, Jie Song 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Shape Recovery With Concomitant Mechanical Strengthening Of Amphiphilic Shape Memory Polymers In Warm Water, Ben Zhang, Janae E. Debartolo, Jie Song

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Maintaining adequate or enhancing mechanical properties of shape memory polymers (SMPs) after shape recovery in an aqueous environment are greatly desired for biomedical applications of SMPs as self-fitting tissue scaffolds or minimally invasive surgical implants. Here we report stable temporary shape fixing and facile shape recovery of biodegradable triblock amphiphilic SMPs containing a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) center block and flanking poly(lactic acid) or poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) blocks in warm water, accompanied by concomitant enhanced mechanical strengths. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WXRD), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analyses revealed that the unique stiffening of the amphiphilic ...


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