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Design Of Covalently Dynamic Films And Coatings: Analysis Of Biocatalyzed Kinetic Behavior In Soft Condensed Matter, Pirro Cipi 2011 University of Southern Mississippi

Design Of Covalently Dynamic Films And Coatings: Analysis Of Biocatalyzed Kinetic Behavior In Soft Condensed Matter, Pirro Cipi

Dissertations

Reversibly adjusting surface and bulk properties of materials is advantageous to many applications and will vastly expand current polymer capabilities. A novel strategy was developed to render materials capable of “smart” surface and bulk properties with the aid of embedded biocatalyst and latent functional groups that are selectively activated in the presence of biocatalyst to undergo chemical transformation. The research presented herein focused on systematically characterizing the activity of lipase catalysts embedded in poly (alkyl methacrylate)s simultaneously with functionalized components, either as diffusing within the polymeric matrix or tethered to the matrix. Lipase activity, ester forming (synthetic) or ester ...


The Investigation Of Asphaltene-Naphithenic Acid And Asphaltene-Surface Interactions, David Tristan Heaps 2011 University of Southern Mississippi

The Investigation Of Asphaltene-Naphithenic Acid And Asphaltene-Surface Interactions, David Tristan Heaps

Dissertations

Asphaltenes represent a ubiquitous problem in the oil industry due to their adverse effects on recovery, production, and processing equipment. These problems have affected oil companies throughout the world, resulting in significant financial losses. In order to expand the existing body of knowledge related to asphaltenes, we have examined how the presence of naphthenic acids contributes to the particle aggregation and sedimentation behavior of asphaltene suspensions as well as how the physics and chemistry of a substrate affect asphaltene adsorption/deposition.

The flocculation of asphaltenes in the presence of naphthenic acids was investigated using dynamic light scattering (DLS), near-infrared spectroscopy ...


Polymer Nanocomposite Analysis And Optimization For Renewable Energy And Materials, Nathan Walter Henry 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Polymer Nanocomposite Analysis And Optimization For Renewable Energy And Materials, Nathan Walter Henry

Doctoral Dissertations

Polymer nanocomposites are an important research interest in the area of engineering and functional materials, including the search for more environmentally materials for renewable energy and materials. The ability to analyze and optimize morphology is crucial to realizing their potential, since the distribution of materials in the composite strongly influences its properties. This dissertation presents research into three different polymer nanocomposite systems with three different applications that underscore the need to understand and control the composite morphology to succeed.

The first project details work on development of a copolymer compatibilizer to enhance the dispersion of the plant-derived biopolymer lignin in ...


Chemical Modification On Gold Slides To Gain Better Control Of Patterning Techniques, Ragini Vuppalapati 2011 Western Kentucky University

Chemical Modification On Gold Slides To Gain Better Control Of Patterning Techniques, Ragini Vuppalapati

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Nanolithography is a rapidly evolving field that requires new combinations of techniques to improve patterning and to assist in fabricating electromechanical devices. An increasing number of applications require surfaces with defined regions of different chemical functionality. In our previous project optimum conditions for lithographic patterning were determined and potential blockers were identified to reduce force on the tip.

This work is focused on identifying good chemical modifications that will allow better control of basic patterning and to investigate the minimum force of patterning required while using each chemical system. The primary aim is to gain better control of basic pattern ...


Adhesion And Durability Of Coatings On Polypropylene Exterior Sidings, Logan Riekio Stark 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Adhesion And Durability Of Coatings On Polypropylene Exterior Sidings, Logan Riekio Stark

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Plastics have become a universal material for use in a myriad of commercial and consumer products. One such product, exterior siding, is the focus of this project. Although siding products were originally made from wood, vinyl siding, which offered superior performance, was introduced in the 1950’s. More recently, polypropylene (PP) siding has been introduced; PP provides a stronger product, which allows for deeper patterns and better edge detailing. PP siding, compared to traditional wood siding, doesn’t warp, crack, or degrade as easily with extended exposure to the elements, and is cheaper to maintain. However, even plastic siding must ...


Computational Studies Of Ion Transport In Polymer Electrolytes, Hui Wu 2011 Louisiana Tech University

Computational Studies Of Ion Transport In Polymer Electrolytes, Hui Wu

Doctoral Dissertations

Improving ionic conductivity and lithium mobility in polymer electrolytes is important for their practical use for battery electrolytes. In this study, a combination of molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulations was used to bring insight into lithium ion transport in poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) with plasticizers and also next to alumina solid surface doped with lithium salt. The simulations were performed using a moderately high molecular weight polymer (Mn = 10,000 g/mol) at an EO:Li ratio of 15. For the plasticized system, the PEO with LiN(CF3SO 2)2 (LiTFSI) was mixed with 10 wt% plasticizers that included ...


Wetting Properties Induced In Nano-Composite Poss-Ma Polymer Films By Atomic Layer Deposited Oxides, Kyle A. Vasquez, Anita J. Vincent-Johnson, W. Chris Hughes, Brian H. Augustine, Kyoungmi Lee, Gregory N. Parsons, Giovanna Scarel 2011 James Madison University

Wetting Properties Induced In Nano-Composite Poss-Ma Polymer Films By Atomic Layer Deposited Oxides, Kyle A. Vasquez, Anita J. Vincent-Johnson, W. Chris Hughes, Brian H. Augustine, Kyoungmi Lee, Gregory N. Parsons, Giovanna Scarel

Department of Physics and Astronomy - Faculty Scholarship

Due to their unique properties, nano-composite polyhedral oligomeric silsequioxane (POSS) copolymer films are attractive for various applications. Here we show that their natural hydrophobic character can become hydrophilic when the films are modified by a thin oxide layer, up to 8 nm thick, prepared using atomic layer deposition. A proper choice of the deposition temperature and thickness of the oxide layer are required to achieve this goal. Unlike other polymeric systems, a marked transition to a hydrophilic state is observed with oxide layers deposited at increasing temperatures up to the glass transition temperature (∼110 °C) of the POSS copolymer film ...


Nir-Emissive Polymersomal Markers For Molecular-Level Detection Of Metastasis, Wei Qi 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Nir-Emissive Polymersomal Markers For Molecular-Level Detection Of Metastasis, Wei Qi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Noninvasive imaging technologies, capable of visualizing early carcinoma or dormant or latent metastatic tumor cells and evaluating the efficacy of cancer therapies are becoming increasingly important. In this thesis, NIR-emissive polymersomes are engineered for optimal cellular uptake to enable fluorescence-based tumor targeting. A series of benzothiadiazole conjugated porphyrin oligomers with high emission dipole strength and exceptional large quantum yields in the NIR region are synthesized for optimized emissive output would be greatly enhanced. Furthermore, this thesis established for the first time a class of universal chemistry modification methods to directly attach antibody to polymersomes surface with very high antibody coupling ...


Reintroducing Explicit Solvent To A Solvent-Free Coarse-Grained Model, Seung Ha Kim, Monica H. Lamm 2011 Iowa State University

Reintroducing Explicit Solvent To A Solvent-Free Coarse-Grained Model, Seung Ha Kim, Monica H. Lamm

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

A unique coarse-grained modeling scheme that combines a systematic, solvent-free multiscale coarse-graining algorithm for a complex macromolecule with an existing coarse-grained solvent model is proposed. We show that this procedure efficiently and reliably describes the interactions for complex macromolecules, using the specific example of dendrimers binding phenanthrenes in water. The experimentally measured binding capacity is predicted by the unique coarse-grained modeling approach; the conditions for this simulation are beyond what could be reasonably simulated with an all-atom molecular dynamics simulation.


Introduction To Molecular Motion In Polymers (Book Review), Jeffrey H. Glans 2011 Sacred Heart University

Introduction To Molecular Motion In Polymers (Book Review), Jeffrey H. Glans

Chemistry & Physics Faculty Publications

A book review by Jeffrey H. Glans.

Pethrick, Richard A., T. Amornsakchai, and A. M. North. Introduction to Molecular Motion in Polymers. Dunbeath, Scotland: Whittles Pub.; Boca Raton, FL: Distributed in North America by CRC, 2011.

ISBN 9781849950084


Effects Of Ambient Gases On Icf Target Capsules, Bryan Chambers, Steve Letts, Michael Stadermann 2011 California State University - East Bay

Effects Of Ambient Gases On Icf Target Capsules, Bryan Chambers, Steve Letts, Michael Stadermann

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

We researched how the chemical and physical properties of a plasma polymer fuel capsule change as they are exposed to ambient gases. The fuel capsules contain the deuterium fuel inside them, they serve as the outer shell for the fuel and act as a ablator for the process. If they are reactive or diffusive with the atmosphere this can change their mass and effect the outcome of the fusion shots performed at the National Ignition Facility where High Powered Lasers are incident upon a gold hohlraum containing a capsule. We discovered that nitrogen and water vapor diffuse into the material ...


Self-Repairable Polymeric Networks: Synthesis And Network Design, Biswajit Ghosh 2011 University of Southern Mississippi

Self-Repairable Polymeric Networks: Synthesis And Network Design, Biswajit Ghosh

Dissertations

This dissertation describes the design, synthesis and development of a new class of polymeric networks that exhibit self-repairing properties under UV exposure. It consists of two parts: (a) modification and synthesis of oxetane (OXE), and oxolane (OXO) substituted chitosan (CHI) macromonomer, and (b) design, and synthesis of self-repairing polyurethane (PUR) networks consisting of modified chitosan. Unmodified CHI consisting of acetamide (-NHCOCH3), primary hydroxyl (-OH), and amine (-NH2) functional groups were reacted with OXE or OXO compounds under basic conditions in order to substitute the 1° –OH groups, and at the same time, convert -NHCOCH3 functionalities into -NH ...


Precision Synthesis Of Functional Materials Via Raft Polymerization And Click-Type Chemical Reactions, Joel Diez Flores 2011 University of Southern Mississippi

Precision Synthesis Of Functional Materials Via Raft Polymerization And Click-Type Chemical Reactions, Joel Diez Flores

Dissertations

The need to tailor polymeric architectures with specific physico-chemical properties via the simplest, cleanest, and most efficient synthetic route possible has become the ultimate goal in polymer synthesis. Recent progress in macromolecular science, such as the discoveries of controlled/“living” free radical polymerization (CRP) methods, has brought about synthetic capabilities to prepare (co)polymers with advanced topologies, predetermined molecular weights, narrow molecular weight distributions, and precisely located functional groups. In addition, the establishment of click chemistry has redefined the selected few highly efficient chemical reactions that become highly useful in post-polymerization modification strategies. Hence, the ability to make well-defined topologies ...


Synthesis And Structure Of A Substituted Pyridazine, Kiranmai Byrichetti 2011 Western Kentucky University

Synthesis And Structure Of A Substituted Pyridazine, Kiranmai Byrichetti

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Pyridazines are heterocyclic compounds with an N-N bond in their ring structure. Heterocyclic aromatic compounds are of great interest as a result of their novel properties and commercial applications. Our current research is focused on the potential role of pyridazines in next generation electronic devices that utilize organics as the semiconducting material. The synthesis of 5, 6-fused ring pyridazines beginning from fulvenes (Scheme 1) is described herein. These fused heterocycles will serve as synthetic models and building blocks for potential organic or organometallic conducting polymers.

Our goal was to modify the route of Snyder et al. previously reported for the ...


Double Helical Hydrogen-Bonded Aaa-Ddd Complexes And Supramolecular Polymers, Hong-Bo Wang 2011 The University of Western Ontario

Double Helical Hydrogen-Bonded Aaa-Ddd Complexes And Supramolecular Polymers, Hong-Bo Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The design and characterization of linear oligomers that self-assemble into double helical structures has been a subject of interest to chemists since the elucidation of the double helix structure of DNA in 1953. Transition metal templates have been widely used in the construction of artificial double helical complexes from linear multidentate ligands. The use of other non-covalent interactions as the driving force in the self-assembly of these types of complexes is less common. Aromatic stacking interactions, anion templates, and salt-bridges have all been applied in this context. The great majority of these investigations have been concerned with the dimerization of ...


Exploring The Chemistry Of Cyclopentadienyl-Cobalt-Cyclobutadiene (Cpcocb) Complexes And Synthesis Of Side-Chain Cpcocb Polymers, Preeti Chadha 2011 The University of Western Ontario

Exploring The Chemistry Of Cyclopentadienyl-Cobalt-Cyclobutadiene (Cpcocb) Complexes And Synthesis Of Side-Chain Cpcocb Polymers, Preeti Chadha

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Synthetic metallopolymers have acquired ample attention recently due to their potential applications as precursors to functional soft materials. Organometallic polymers combine the best of both organic and inorganic polymers. Polyferrocenes comprise the major portion of organometallic polymers. Therefore, quest for new monomeric precursors to organometallic polymers has expediated. One efficient method for obtaining main-chain metallopolymers is by the ring opening polymerization (ROP) of strained cyclic metallacylophanes(MCPs). Organometallic polymers containing cyclopentadienyl-cobalt-cyclobutadiene (CpCoCb) have been targeted since early 1990’s due to their isoelectronic nature (cf. ferrocene) with three major groups working in this area. The early CpCoCb containing polymers were ...


Artificial Muscle Project: Process Development Of Polydimethyl Siloxane Thin Films For Use In Dielectric Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle Actuators, Vincent J. Gayotin, Richard W. Morrison, Paul A. Preisser 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Artificial Muscle Project: Process Development Of Polydimethyl Siloxane Thin Films For Use In Dielectric Electroactive Polymer Artificial Muscle Actuators, Vincent J. Gayotin, Richard W. Morrison, Paul A. Preisser

Materials Engineering

An artificial muscle design was created founded on the principles of a dielectric electroactive polymer (DEAP), which is fundamentally similar to a capacitor. A polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS)-based elastomer, Sylgard 184 from Dow Corning, was chosen for the design and spun coat onto polystyrene (PS) Petri dishes at varying speeds to create a thin film, using speeds of 2000 rpm, 3000 rpm, 4000 rpm, 5000 rpm, and 6000 rpm. The film thicknesses were measured optically through use of a microscope with coupled computer imaging software to generate a characteristic curve of film thickness to spin speed, achieving a minimum film ...


The Effects Of Cure Schedule On Properties Of Glass-Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Matrix Composites, Trevor J. Lee 2011 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

The Effects Of Cure Schedule On Properties Of Glass-Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Matrix Composites, Trevor J. Lee

Materials Engineering

Two different two-component resin systems were cured, via Differential Scanning Calorimetry, for the times recommended by their respective manufacturers. The resin cure schedules were designed to simulate typical and attainable processing conditions; they were cured at 120°F, 140°F, and 160°F, and in-mold post-cured at 200°F, 230°F, and 260°F. The resulting scans were then compared to a baseline cure for each resin system, consisting of two heating-cooling cycles at a constant rate of temperature change. These baseline cures were then used to determine the percent cure of each sample and the shift in glass transition ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Linear And Branched Polylactic Acid For Use In Food Packaging Applications, Kyle C. Bentz 2011 Cal Poly

Synthesis And Characterization Of Linear And Branched Polylactic Acid For Use In Food Packaging Applications, Kyle C. Bentz

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Polylactic acid (PLA) resins of various molecular weights and molecular weight distributions were synthesized. Linear, narrow molecular weight distribution (MWD) PLA resins were synthesized, as well as resins containing both high molecular weight branched structures and low molecular weight chains and oligomers. Narrow MWD resins were synthesized for use as adhesives for corrugated paperboard and broad MWD resins were synthesized for use as a waterborne coating. PLA resins were dispersed for use as a waterborne coating. Success has been made at forming films utilizing various plasticizers and surfactants as well as polyvinyl alcohol as dispersing agents. A cold dispersion procedure ...


Part A: The Use Of Nonionic Associative Polymers For The Thickening And Emulsifying Of Personal Care Products/ Part B: The Synthesis Of A Manganese Sod Mimetic For Reactive Coatings, Mallory Lynn McMahon 2011 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Part A: The Use Of Nonionic Associative Polymers For The Thickening And Emulsifying Of Personal Care Products/ Part B: The Synthesis Of A Manganese Sod Mimetic For Reactive Coatings, Mallory Lynn Mcmahon

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Part A

The use of nonionic associative thickeners was proposed for personal care applications. Various limitations of current rheology modifiers used in personal care were discussed. Nonionic associative polymers were examined as both thickeners and emulsifiers. The structure/property relationship for nonionic polymers and their ability to thicken and emulsify were fully examined. Results showed an increase in thickening efficiency for nonionic associative polymers with higher log(P) (partition coefficient) values. This was due to the formation of smaller aggregates and increased bridging between aggregates. The connection between oil polarity, log(P) of the associative polymer, and emulsion stability showed ...


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