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Novel Relative Spontaneous Ignition Temperature Determination Using Carbon Dioxide Onset With Sta/Ir, Antonio David Trevino 2018 Stephen F. Austin State University

Novel Relative Spontaneous Ignition Temperature Determination Using Carbon Dioxide Onset With Sta/Ir, Antonio David Trevino

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Simultaneous thermal analysis, coupled with infrared spectroscopy (STA/IR), was utilized to monitor the evolution of gaseous products during the thermal degradation of samples from Triadica sebifera (Chinese tallow), Ligustrum sinense (Chinese privet), and Ilex vomitoria (yaupon) plants. Identification of carbon dioxide was successful with a spectral match of 90.2 percent and further used in the determination of relative spontaneous ignition temperature, or RSIT. The RSIT value during the growing season for Chinese tallow, Chinese tallow stem, Chinese privet, and Yaupon were 208.4°C, 250.3°C, 210.1°C, and 232.3°C respectively. During the dormant ...


First Observation Of Low Temperature Magnetic Transition In Cuagse, Chao Han, Qingping Ding, Lijuan Zhang, Weijie Li, Jianli Wang, Qinfen Gu, Qiao Sun, Yuji Furukawa, Shi Xue Dou, Zhenxiang Cheng, Zhen Li 2018 University of Wollongong

First Observation Of Low Temperature Magnetic Transition In Cuagse, Chao Han, Qingping Ding, Lijuan Zhang, Weijie Li, Jianli Wang, Qinfen Gu, Qiao Sun, Yuji Furukawa, Shi Xue Dou, Zhenxiang Cheng, Zhen Li

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In this Article, the temperature-dependent magnetic properties of CuAgSe pellet sintered from surfactant-free CuAgSe nanoparticles synthesized by a wet chemistry method were investigated in the temperature range of 4–300 K. A magnetic transition between diamagnetism and weak ferromagnetism is observed at around 60–70 K. The results from magnetic measurements under different machines/magnetic fields, room-temperature X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and temperature-dependent nuclear magnetic resonance all demonstrate that this magnetic transition is an intrinsic property rather than an effect of impurities. Combining these results with temperature-dependent neutron diffraction, the origin of the weak ferromagnetism is ascribed to a structural crossover-induced ...


Ultrafast And Nonlinear Spectroscopy Of Nanomaterials, Rami Anthony Khoury 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Ultrafast And Nonlinear Spectroscopy Of Nanomaterials, Rami Anthony Khoury

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Ultrafast and nonlinear spectroscopies are implemented in the investigation of excited-state dynamics and structural properties of materials and nanomaterials. In the first study, the excited-state dynamics of size-dependent colloidal TiO2-Au nanocomposites are investigated using ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy. The dynamics corresponding to the plasmon depletion band are characterized by electron-phonon and phonon-phonon coupling lifetimes that are observed to be independent of the gold nanocluster shell thickness. The excited-state dynamics corresponding to the interband transition of gold is also spectrally overlapped with the interfacial electron transfer lifetime, which is shown to decrease as the nanocluster shell thickness increases. In ...


Effects Of High Pressure On Photochemical Reactivity Of Organic Molecular Materials Probed By Vibrational Spectroscopy, Jiwen Guan 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Effects Of High Pressure On Photochemical Reactivity Of Organic Molecular Materials Probed By Vibrational Spectroscopy, Jiwen Guan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chemical transformations of molecular materials induced by high pressure and light radiation exhibit novel and intriguing aspects that have attracted much attention in recent years. Particularly, under the two stimuli, entire transformations of molecular species can be realized in condensed phases without employing additional chemical constraints, e.g., the need of solvents, catalysts or radical initiators. This new synthetic approach in chemistry therefore satisfies increasing need for production methods with reduced environmental impacts. Motivated by these promises, my Ph. D thesis focuses on this state-of-the-art branch of high-pressure photochemistry. Specifically, high pressure is employed to create the necessary reaction conditions ...


Computational And Spectroscopic Studies In The Design Of Tetrapyrrole Dyes For Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Angel (Qi Wen) Zhang 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Computational And Spectroscopic Studies In The Design Of Tetrapyrrole Dyes For Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Angel (Qi Wen) Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cyclic tetrapyrroles, like porphyrins, phthalocyanines, and chlorins, are of great interest for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) applications due to their highly versatile structure, tunable π based spectroscopic and electrochemical properties, and excellent stabilities. As well, they have a structural analogy with chlorophyll, a natural photosensitizer. Chlorophylls exhibit a red and intense lowest energy absorption band that is one of the ideal properties of a dye for application in DSSCs. However, because chlorophylls are unstable, it is necessary to design similar but more stable tetrapyrroles with these ideal properties. The relationship between chlorophyll’s geometric structure and spectral properties were first ...


The Commutator Of The Runge Lenz Vector With Other Operators Of The H-Atoms Physics Using Maxima, Carl W. David 2018 University of Connecticut

The Commutator Of The Runge Lenz Vector With Other Operators Of The H-Atoms Physics Using Maxima, Carl W. David

Chemistry Education Materials

Commutators of components of the Runge-Lenz vector and constants of the motion and ladder operators for the H-atom problem are evaluated using brute force calculus and Maxima.


Enhancing The Sensitivity Of Solid-State Nmr Experiments With Very Low Gyromagnetic Ratio Nuclei With Fast Magic Angle Spinning And Proton Detection, Amrit Venkatesh, Matthew J. Ryan, Abhranil Biswas, Kasuni C. Boteju, Aaron D. Sadow, Aaron J. Rossini 2018 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Enhancing The Sensitivity Of Solid-State Nmr Experiments With Very Low Gyromagnetic Ratio Nuclei With Fast Magic Angle Spinning And Proton Detection, Amrit Venkatesh, Matthew J. Ryan, Abhranil Biswas, Kasuni C. Boteju, Aaron D. Sadow, Aaron J. Rossini

Aaron D. Sadow

Many transition metals commonly encountered in inorganic materials and organometallic compounds possess NMR-active nuclei with very low gyromagnetic ratios (γ) such as 89Y, 103Rh, 109Ag, and 183W. A low-γ leads to poor NMR sensitivity and other experimental challenges. Consequently, nuclei with low-γ are often impossible to study with conventional solid-state NMR methods. Here, we combine fast magic angle spinning (MAS) and proton detection to enhance the sensitivity of solid-state NMR experiments with very low-γ nuclei by 1–2 orders of magnitude. Coherence transfer between 1H and low-γ nuclei was performed with low-power double quantum (DQ) or zero quantum (ZQ) cross-polarization ...


Investigation Of Vaporization Enthalpies And Vapor Pressures Of Organic Compounds By Correlation Gas Chromatography, Carissa Nelson 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Investigation Of Vaporization Enthalpies And Vapor Pressures Of Organic Compounds By Correlation Gas Chromatography, Carissa Nelson

Dissertations

Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds are useful to scientists and manufacturers in many areas of research and technology. This work focuses on measuring and reporting these properties on materials of commercial, environmental and scientific interest. Vaporization enthalpies and vapor pressures of several organic compounds have been studied using correlation gas chromatography (CGC) and are reported here as well as in recent publications. The CGC method allows for the indirect measurement of these properties in instances where these materials are available only in mixtures or in very small amounts.

The qualities of these measurements for any chosen target are directly related ...


Cross Photoreaction Of Glyoxylic And Pyruvic Acids In Model Aqueous Aerosol, Sha-Sha Xia, Alexis J. Eugene, Marcelo I. Guzman 2018 University of Kentucky

Cross Photoreaction Of Glyoxylic And Pyruvic Acids In Model Aqueous Aerosol, Sha-Sha Xia, Alexis J. Eugene, Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Aerosols of variable composition, size, and shape are associated with public health concerns as well as with light-particle interactions that play a role in the energy balance of the atmosphere. Photochemical reactions of 2-oxocarboxylic acids in the aqueous phase are now known to contribute to the total secondary organic aerosol (SOA) budget. This work explores the cross reaction of glyoxylic acid (GA) and pyruvic acid (PA) in water, the two most abundant 2-oxocarboxylic acids in the atmosphere, under solar irradiation and dark thermal aging steps. During irradiation, PA and GA are excited and initiate proton-coupled electron transfer or hydrogen abstraction ...


Development Of Chemistry Activities For Local Outreach In Stem, Emily Knight 2018 Taylor University

Development Of Chemistry Activities For Local Outreach In Stem, Emily Knight

Student Scholarship: Chemistry

Introduction: This research project was started because of an increase in outreach opportunities for the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. For similar opportunities, we now have bins of content that are simple to use, encouraging more students to participate in volunteer research.

Purpose: to find, modify, and/or create grade-level appropriate labs and demonstration activities for 5th-8th graders, with a specific focus on activities hat involve easily available components. These activities are intended to be used for outreach to local schools by chemistry student volunteers and released online to act as a resource for teachers.


Educational Resources: Magnets, Emily Knight 2018 Taylor University

Educational Resources: Magnets, Emily Knight

Student Scholarship: Chemistry

No abstract provided.


Educational Resources: Curie Point Engine, Emily Knight 2018 Taylor University

Educational Resources: Curie Point Engine, Emily Knight

Student Scholarship: Chemistry

The document is meant to act as a resource for elementary through middle school teachers, featuring a science activity connected to Indiana state standards with grade-appropriate science connections aimed toward 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade.

The Curie point of a metal is the temperature at which it loses its magnetic characteristics. Heat can cause magnets to stop being magnetic, which is why heating up magnets is not advised. The engine works because the Curie point of nickel is 354 degrees Celsius, a temperature that can be reached with a simple candle flame. Included are instructions about how to build ...


Educational Resources: Polymers, Emily Knight 2018 Taylor University

Educational Resources: Polymers, Emily Knight

Student Scholarship: Chemistry

The document is meant to act as a resource for elementary through middle school teachers, featuring a science activity connected to Indiana state standards with grade-appropriate science connections aimed toward 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade.

This document contains 3 polymer-based activities demonstrating different properties of polymers - the physical characteristics, possible absorbency, and elasticity. These activities can be abbreviated and used in rotating stations, planned over multiple days, or you can pick on that fits best with the classroom environment.


Educational Resources: Ionic Matching, Emily Knight 2018 Taylor University

Educational Resources: Ionic Matching, Emily Knight

Student Scholarship: Chemistry

The document is meant to act as a resource for elementary through middle school teachers, featuring a science activity connected to Indiana state standards with grade-appropriate science connections aimed toward 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade.

The entire point of this piece is simply to introduce balancing charges in ionic compounds. This is a simpler method to get students thinking about the idea, which also makes it suitable for pre-high school students. It gives a visual representation of how charges balance and cow cations pair with anions. At this level, it is very similar to least common denominator calculations.


Educational Resources: Homemade Fluorometer, Emily Knight 2018 Taylor University

Educational Resources: Homemade Fluorometer, Emily Knight

Student Scholarship: Chemistry

The document is meant to act as a resource for elementary through middle school teachers, featuring a science activity connected to Indiana state standards with grade-appropriate science connections aimed toward 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade.


Educational Resources: Exchange Rates And Unit Conversion, Emily Knight 2018 Taylor University

Educational Resources: Exchange Rates And Unit Conversion, Emily Knight

Student Scholarship: Chemistry

The document is meant to act as a resource for elementary through middle school teachers, featuring a science activity connected to Indiana state standards with grade-appropriate science connections aimed toward 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grade.

Students might have experience in 3rd-6th grade with converting basic ideas such as volume and measurements. This is intended to expand that idea and introduce the mole. It's also a general interactive conversion/exchange activity. All items in here are just based on what we had available and convenient, so feel free to swap out items such as rubber stoppers with something more ...


The Photodynamic And Structural Analyses Of Advanced Materials For Solar Fuel Conversion, Brian Pattengale 2018 Marquette University

The Photodynamic And Structural Analyses Of Advanced Materials For Solar Fuel Conversion, Brian Pattengale

Dissertations (2009 -)

Mitigating the current and future climate and pollution issues that have been brought on by the combustion of fossil fuels is of utmost importance and will rely on, in part, the availability of renewable fuel sources. Of the possible sources of energy, solar is abundant, but must be harnessed efficiently and stored as a solar fuel to overcome the current storage issues that limit photovoltaic cells. One such fuel, H2(g), represents a carbon-neutral source of energy if it can be efficiently liberated from water via the water splitting reaction. Thus, much attention is focused on designing materials to perform ...


Study Of The Visual Adaptation Mechanism In Marine Species With The Change Of Habitation Depth., Demid Osipov, Daniil Moshnikov 2018 Physical-Technical High School

Study Of The Visual Adaptation Mechanism In Marine Species With The Change Of Habitation Depth., Demid Osipov, Daniil Moshnikov

The International Student Science Fair 2018

The goal of our work was to determine the principal mechanisms that provide the difference in visual perception of two marine species that live on different depths: T. Pacificus and O. Vulgaris. In nature, visual perception of species that live deeper is shifted towards the blue region. This is related to the fact that red, orange and yellow light is absorbed more strongly by water than the blue light. On the other hand, the visual perception spectrum of an animal is determined by the absorption spectrum of the "light sensor" located in rods and cones of its eye retina. These ...


Super‐Resolution Imaging Of Amyloid Structures Over Extended Times By Using Transient Binding Of Single Thioflavin T Molecules, Kevin Spehar, Tianben Ding, Yuanzi Sun, Niraja Kedia, Jin Lu, George R. Nahass, Matthew D. Lew, Jan Bieschke 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Super‐Resolution Imaging Of Amyloid Structures Over Extended Times By Using Transient Binding Of Single Thioflavin T Molecules, Kevin Spehar, Tianben Ding, Yuanzi Sun, Niraja Kedia, Jin Lu, George R. Nahass, Matthew D. Lew, Jan Bieschke

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

Oligomeric amyloid structures are crucial therapeutic targets in Alzheimer's and other amyloid diseases. However, these oligomers are too small to be resolved by standard light microscopy. We have developed a simple and versatile tool to image amyloid structures by using thioflavin T without the need for covalent labeling or immunostaining. The dynamic binding of single dye molecules generates photon bursts that are used for fluorophore localization on a nanometer scale. Thus, photobleaching cannot degrade image quality, allowing for extended observation times. Super‐resolution transient amyloid binding microscopy promises to directly image native amyloid by using standard probes and record ...


Steric Effects Of Alkyl Ammonium Salts On The Combustion Of Exchanged Smectite Clays, Celeste A. Keith 2018 Stephen F. Austin State University

Steric Effects Of Alkyl Ammonium Salts On The Combustion Of Exchanged Smectite Clays, Celeste A. Keith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Bomb calorimetry was explored as a new method for determining the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of clays. Smectite clays were modified with several alkyl ammonium salts varying in number of carbons and the spatial orientation of the carbons about the central nitrogen atom. The clays used, standards purchased from the Source Clay Repository, have CECs of 44, 80, 88, and 120 meq/100 g. Theoretically, the combustion energy of the organo-clays should be approximately the same for each salt. Any differences in energy would be due to the different structures of the salts and how they are oriented in the ...


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