Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,672 Full-Text Articles 4,073 Authors 521,999 Downloads 116 Institutions

All Articles in Physical Chemistry

Faceted Search

2,672 full-text articles. Page 63 of 64.

Reduced Electronic Spaces For Modeling Donor/Acceptor Interactions, Robert J. Cave, Stephen T. Edwards '06, John A, Kouzelos '07, Marshall D. Newton 2010 Harvey Mudd College

Reduced Electronic Spaces For Modeling Donor/Acceptor Interactions, Robert J. Cave, Stephen T. Edwards '06, John A, Kouzelos '07, Marshall D. Newton

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Diabatic states for donor (D) and acceptor (A) interactions in electron transfer (ET) processes are formulated and evaluated, along with coupling elements (HDA) and effective D/A separation distances (rDA), for reduced electronic spaces of variable size, using the generalized Mulliken Hush model (GMH), applicable to an arbitrary state space and nuclear configuration, and encompassing Robin−Day class III and as well as class II situations. Once the electronic state space is selected (a set of n ≥ 2 adiabatic states approximated by an orbital space based on an effective 1-electron (1-e) Hamiltonian), the charge-localized GMH diabatic states are ...


Molecular Structure Of Fac-Aquadichlorotris(Dimethylsulfoxide)Ruthenium(Ii), L. Foster, J. Hardin, Mark Draganjac, B. C. Noll 2010 Arkansas State University

Molecular Structure Of Fac-Aquadichlorotris(Dimethylsulfoxide)Ruthenium(Ii), L. Foster, J. Hardin, Mark Draganjac, B. C. Noll

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Highly Active Heterogeneous Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts For Homogeneous Electrophilic Reactions In Solution And The Utilization Of A Continuous Flow Reactor, Wenyu Huang, Jack Hung Chang Liu, Pinar Alayoglu, Yimin Li, Cole A. Whitman, Chia-Kuang Tsung, F. Dean Toste, Gabor A/ Somorjai 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Highly Active Heterogeneous Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts For Homogeneous Electrophilic Reactions In Solution And The Utilization Of A Continuous Flow Reactor, Wenyu Huang, Jack Hung Chang Liu, Pinar Alayoglu, Yimin Li, Cole A. Whitman, Chia-Kuang Tsung, F. Dean Toste, Gabor A/ Somorjai

Wenyu Huang

highly active heterogeneous Pd-nanoparticle catalyst for the intramolecular addition of phenols to alkynes was developed and employed in a continuous flow reaction system. Running the reaction in flow mode revealed reaction kinetics, such as the activation energy and catalyst deactivation, and provides many potential practical advantages.


Photodissociation Dynamics In Titan's Atmosphere, Welvidanalage Ruchira Silva 2010 Wayne State University

Photodissociation Dynamics In Titan's Atmosphere, Welvidanalage Ruchira Silva

Wayne State University Dissertations

Photodissociation dynamics of molecules relevant to understanding Titan's atmosphere (diacetylene, cyanoacetylene and heptane isomers) are carried out under collisionless condition using the DC slice imaging technique. In diacetylene photodissociation, two-photon processes dominate at 243 nm and 212 nm whereas at 121.6 nm, a one-photon dissociation process dominates. Direct measurement of the lifetime of metastable triplet diacetylene confirms sub-microsecond lifetimes. Photodissociation of cyanoacetylene at 193.3 nm proceeds on the S1 potential energy surface with an exit barrier. In heptane photodissociation, the dissociation occurs on the ground state or low-lying triplet states with nonradiative electronic relaxation. Time-of-flight mass spectroscopy ...


Dynamic Path Bifurcation For The Beckmann Reaction: Observation And Implication, H. Yamataka, M. Sato, H. Hasegawa, Salai Cheettu Ammal 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Dynamic Path Bifurcation For The Beckmann Reaction: Observation And Implication, H. Yamataka, M. Sato, H. Hasegawa, Salai Cheettu Ammal

Faculty Publications

The reaction of oximes to amides, known as the Beckmann rearrangement, may undergo fragmentation to form carbocations + nitriles instead of amides when the cations have reasonable stability. The reactions of oxime derivatives of 1-substituted-phenyl-2-propanones and 3-substituted-phenyl-2-butanones in aqueous solvents gave both rearrangement and fragmentation products, the ratio of which was dependent on substituents. Transition state (TS) optimizations and intrinsic reaction coordinate (IRC) calculations for the reaction of 1-phenyl-2-propanone oximes showed that there is a single TS for each substituted compound. The IRC path from the TS either led to a rearrangement product or a fragmentation product depending on the substituent ...


Vinyl Cations Substituted With Β Π-Donors Have Triplet Ground States, Arthur Winter, Daniel E. Falvey 2010 University of Maryland - College Park

Vinyl Cations Substituted With Β Π-Donors Have Triplet Ground States, Arthur Winter, Daniel E. Falvey

Arthur Winter

Computations at the CASPT2, CBS-QB3, and B3LYP levels of theory demonstrate that β-substitution of vinyl cations with π-donors switches the ground state of these ions from the familiar closed-shell singlet state to a carbene-like triplet state similar to the electronic state of triplet phenyl cations. Although the parent vinyl cation is a ground-state singlet species with a very large energy gap to the lowest energy triplet state, substituting the β hydrogens with just one strong π-donor (e.g., NH2, NMe2, OMe) or two moderate π-donors (e.g., F, OH, Ar, vinyl) makes the triplet state the computed ground electronic state ...


Furan Hydrogenation Over Pt(111) And Pt(100) Single-Crystal Surfaces And Pt Nanoparticles From 1 To 7 Nm: A Kinetic And Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Study, Christopher J. Kliewer, Cesar Aliaga, Marco Bieri, Wenyu Huang, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Jennifer B. Wood, Kyriankos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Furan Hydrogenation Over Pt(111) And Pt(100) Single-Crystal Surfaces And Pt Nanoparticles From 1 To 7 Nm: A Kinetic And Sum Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Study, Christopher J. Kliewer, Cesar Aliaga, Marco Bieri, Wenyu Huang, Chia-Kuang Tsung, Jennifer B. Wood, Kyriankos Komvopoulos, Gabor A. Somorjai

Wenyu Huang

Sum frequency generation surface vibrational spectroscopy and kinetic measurements using gas chromatography have been used to systematically study the adsorption and hydrogenation of furan over Pt(111) and Pt(100) single-crystal surfaces and size-controlled 1.0-nm, 3.5-nm and 7.0-nm Pt nanoparticles at Torr pressures (10 Torr of furan, 100 Torr of H2) to form dihydrofuran, tetrahydrofuran, and the ring-cracking products butanol and propylene. As determined by SFG, the furan ring lies parallel to all Pt surfaces studied under hydrogenation conditions. Upright THF and the oxametallacycle intermediate are observed over the nanoparticle catalysts under reaction conditions. Butoxy increases in ...


Size Effect Of Ruthenium Nanoparticles In Catalytic Carbon Monoxide Oxidation, Sang Hoon Joo, Jeong Y. Park, J. Russell Renzas, Derek R. Butcher, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somorjai 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Size Effect Of Ruthenium Nanoparticles In Catalytic Carbon Monoxide Oxidation, Sang Hoon Joo, Jeong Y. Park, J. Russell Renzas, Derek R. Butcher, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somorjai

Wenyu Huang

Carbon monoxide oxidation over ruthenium catalysts has shown an unusual catalytic behavior. Here we report a particle size effect on CO oxidation over Ru nanoparticle (NP) catalysts. Uniform Ru NPs with a tunable particle size from 2 to 6 nm were synthesized by a polyol reduction of Ru(acac)3 precursor in the presence of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) stabilizer. The measurement of catalytic activity of CO oxidation over two-dimensional Ru NPs arrays under oxidizing reaction conditions (40 Torr CO and 100 Torr O2) showed an activity dependence on the Ru NP size. The CO oxidation activity increases with NP size, and ...


Seedless Polyol Synthesis And Co Oxidation Activity Of Monodisperse (111)- And (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals In Sub-10 Nm Sizes, Yawen Zhang, Michael E. Grass, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somoraji 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Seedless Polyol Synthesis And Co Oxidation Activity Of Monodisperse (111)- And (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals In Sub-10 Nm Sizes, Yawen Zhang, Michael E. Grass, Wenyu Huang, Gabor A. Somoraji

Wenyu Huang

Monodisperse sub-10 nm (6.5 nm) sized Rh nanocrystals with (111) and (100) surface structures were synthesized by a seedless polyol reduction in ethylene glycol, with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as a capping ligand. When using [Rh(Ac)2]2 as the metal precursor, (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra containing 76% (111)-twinned hexagons (in 2D projection) were obtained; whereas, when employing RhCl3 as the metal precursor in the presence of alkylammonium bromide, such as tetramethylammonium bromide and trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide, (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were obtained with 85% selectivity. The {100} faces of the Rh nanocrystals are stabilized by chemically adsorbed ...


Sulfur K-Edge Photo-Fragmentation Of Ethylene Sulfide, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Sulfur K-Edge Photo-Fragmentation Of Ethylene Sulfide, Wayne C. Stolte, Gunnar Ohrwall

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

We have investigated the photofragmentation properties of the three-membered ring heterocyclic molecule ethylene sulfide or thiirane, C2H4S, by time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. Positive ions have been collected as a function of photon energy around the S K ionization threshold. Branching ratios were derived for all detected ions, which are informative of the decay dynamics and photofragmentation patterns of the core-excited species. We present a new assignment of the spectral features around the S K-edge.


Mechanistic Importance Of Redox Potentials And Conformational Flexibility In Electron-Transferring Flavoproteins, Michael Anthony Swanson 2010 University of Denver

Mechanistic Importance Of Redox Potentials And Conformational Flexibility In Electron-Transferring Flavoproteins, Michael Anthony Swanson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The mitochondrial matrix flavoproteins electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) and electron transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ETF-QO) are responsible for linking fatty acid β-oxidation with the main mitochondrial respiratory chain. Electrons derived from flavoprotein dehydrogenases are transferred sequentially through ETF and ETF-QO to ubiquinone and then into the respiratory chain via complex III. In this study, the effects of changes in ETF-QO redox potentials on its activity and the conformational flexibility of ETF were investigated.

ETF-QO contains one [4Fe-4S]2+,1+ and one flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). In the porcine protein, threonine 367 is hydrogen bonded to N1 and O2 of the flavin ...


Molecular Dynamics Studies Of Simple Model Fluids And Water Confined In Carbon Nanotube, Jun Wang 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Molecular Dynamics Studies Of Simple Model Fluids And Water Confined In Carbon Nanotube, Jun Wang

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulation is one of the most important computational techniques with broad applications in physics, chemistry, chemical engineering, materials design and biological science. Traditional computational chemistry refers to quantum calculations based on solving Schrodinger equations. Later developed Density Functional Theory (DFT) based on solving Kohn-Sham equations became the more popular ab initio calculation technique which could deal with ~1000 atoms by explicitly considering electron interactions. In contrast, MD simulation based on solving classical mechanics equations of motion is a totally different technique in the field of computational chemistry. Electron interactions were implicitly included in the empirical atom-based potential ...


Icosahedral B12-Containing Core–Shell Structures Of B80, Hui Li, Nan Shao, Bo Shang, Lan-Feng Yuan, Jinlong Yang, Xiao Cheng Zeng 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Icosahedral B12-Containing Core–Shell Structures Of B80, Hui Li, Nan Shao, Bo Shang, Lan-Feng Yuan, Jinlong Yang, Xiao Cheng Zeng

Xiao Cheng Zeng Publications

Low-lying icosahedral (Ih) B12-containing structures of B80 are explored, and a number of core–shell isomers are found to have lower energy than the previous predicted B80 fullerene. The structural transformation of boron clusters from tubular structure to core–shell structure may occur at a critical size less than B80.


Graphene-Like Bilayer Hexagonal Silicon Polymorph, Jaeil Bai, Hideki Tanaka, Xiao Cheng Zeng 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Graphene-Like Bilayer Hexagonal Silicon Polymorph, Jaeil Bai, Hideki Tanaka, Xiao Cheng Zeng

Xiao Cheng Zeng Publications

We present molecular dynamics simulation evidence for a freezing transition from liquid silicon to quasi-twodimensional (quasi-2D) bilayer silicon in a slit nanopore. This new quasi-2D polymorph of silicon exhibits a bilayer hexagonal structure in which the covalent coordination number of every silicon atom is four. Quantum molecular dynamics simulations show that the stand-alone bilayer silicon (without the confinement) is still stable at 400 K. Electronic band-structure calculations suggest that the bilayer hexagonal silicon is a quasi-2D semimetal, similar to a graphene monolayer, but with an indirect zero band gap.


Polymer Length Distributions For Catalytic Polymerization Within Mesoporous Materials: Non-Markovian Behavior Associated With Partial Extrusion, Da-Jiang Liu, Hung-Ting Chen, Victor S.-Y. Lin, James W. Evans 2010 Ames Laboratory

Polymer Length Distributions For Catalytic Polymerization Within Mesoporous Materials: Non-Markovian Behavior Associated With Partial Extrusion, Da-Jiang Liu, Hung-Ting Chen, Victor S.-Y. Lin, James W. Evans

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We analyze a model for polymerization at catalytic sites distributed within parallel linear pores of a mesoporous material. Polymerization occurs primarily by reaction of monomers diffusing into the pores with the ends of polymers near the pore openings. Monomers and polymers undergo single-file diffusion within the pores. Model behavior, including the polymer length distribution, is determined by kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of a suitable atomistic-level lattice model. While the polymers remain within the pore, their length distribution during growth can be described qualitatively by a Markovian rate equation treatment. However, once they become partially extruded, the distribution is shown to ...


Pd2.28(1)Zn10.37(1)Al0.35(1), A Ternary Y-Brass-Type Structure, Srinivasa Thimmaiah, Gordon J. Miller 2010 Iowa State University

Pd2.28(1)Zn10.37(1)Al0.35(1), A Ternary Y-Brass-Type Structure, Srinivasa Thimmaiah, Gordon J. Miller

Chemistry Publications

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of The Electron Withdrawing Capability Of Acetylene Groups For Promoting Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution, Eric D. Braunstein 2010 Colby College

Analysis Of The Electron Withdrawing Capability Of Acetylene Groups For Promoting Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution, Eric D. Braunstein

Honors Theses

It is well known that electron withdrawing groups, such as nitro or carbonyl groups, activate benzene rings for nucleophilic aromatic substitution. However, little research has been done to investigate the electron withdrawing capability of acetylene groups for substitution of aromatic halides. Experimental and computational investigations on the reactivity of halogenated phenylacetylenes with oxygen and other nucleophiles will be described.


Development Of Metal-Based Luminescent Probes For Applications In Biomolecular Structure And Dynamics, Ayesha Sharmin 2010 University of Montana

Development Of Metal-Based Luminescent Probes For Applications In Biomolecular Structure And Dynamics, Ayesha Sharmin

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

New transition-metal complexes containing luminescent properties have been designed and synthesized for application as structural probes for biomolecules. Potential DNA intercalators, 2- amino-anthracene substituted triosmium clusters, were synthesized by the reactions of 2-aminoanthracene with [Os3(CO)10(CH3CN)2]. The products [Os3(CO)10(μ-η2-(N-C(1))-NH2C14H8)(μ- H)], [Os3(CO)10(μ-η2-(N-C(3))-NHC14H9)(μ-H)], [Os3(CO)9(μ-η2-(N-C(3))-NHC14H8)(μ-H)2] and [Os3(CO)9(μ3-η2-(N-C(3))-NHC10H9)(μ-H)] obtained from this reaction have been structurally characterized by spectroscopic, photophysical and electrochemical techniques. Solid state structures are also reported for the complexes [Os3 ...


Hydrophobic Silicas With Well-Defined Chemistry And Geometry: Synthesis, Adsorption, And Interfacial Properties, Francis Bernardoni 2010 Seton Hall University

Hydrophobic Silicas With Well-Defined Chemistry And Geometry: Synthesis, Adsorption, And Interfacial Properties, Francis Bernardoni

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

.


Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Human Quadruplexes In K+ Solution And The Role Of The Carboxyl Terminus Of Bacteriorhodopsin In Protein Stability, Farah Rezae 2010 Seton Hall University

Molecular Dynamics Simulations Of Human Quadruplexes In K+ Solution And The Role Of The Carboxyl Terminus Of Bacteriorhodopsin In Protein Stability, Farah Rezae

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

.


Digital Commons powered by bepress