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2,643 full-text articles. Page 61 of 63.

A Surface Femtosecond Two-Photon Photoemission Spectrometer For Excited Electron Dynamics And Time-Dependent Photochemical Kinetics, Zefeng Ren, Chuanyao Zhou, Zhibo Ma, Chun-lei Xhao, Xinchun Mao, Dongxu Dai, Jerry L. LaRue, Russell Cooper, Alec M. Wodtke, Xueming Yang 2010 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics

A Surface Femtosecond Two-Photon Photoemission Spectrometer For Excited Electron Dynamics And Time-Dependent Photochemical Kinetics, Zefeng Ren, Chuanyao Zhou, Zhibo Ma, Chun-Lei Xhao, Xinchun Mao, Dongxu Dai, Jerry L. Larue, Russell Cooper, Alec M. Wodtke, Xueming Yang

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

A surface femtosecond two-photon photoemission (2PPE) spectrometer devoted to the study of ultrafast excited electron dynamics and photochemical kinetics on metal and metal oxide surfaces has been constructed. Low energy photoelectrons are measured using a hemispheri- cal electron energy analyzer with an imaging detector that allows us to detect the energy and the angular distributions of the photoelectrons simultaneously. A Mach-Zehnder interferom- eter was built for the time-resolved 2PPE (TR-2PPE) measurement to study ultrafast surface excited electron dynamics, which was demonstrated on the Cu(111) surface. A scheme for measuring time-dependent 2PPE (TD-2PPE) spectra has also been developed for studies ...


A Systematic Study Of The Effect Of Silver On The Chelation Of Formic Acid To A Titanium Precursor And The Resulting Effect On The Anatase To Rutile Transformation Of Tio2, Nicholas Nolan, Michael Seery, Steve Hinder, Linda Healy, Suresh Pillai 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

A Systematic Study Of The Effect Of Silver On The Chelation Of Formic Acid To A Titanium Precursor And The Resulting Effect On The Anatase To Rutile Transformation Of Tio2, Nicholas Nolan, Michael Seery, Steve Hinder, Linda Healy, Suresh Pillai

Articles

Anatase to rutile transition in an unmodified synthetic titania usually occurs at a temperature range of 600 – 700 °C. Various methods such as addition of metallic and non-metallic dopants and modifying the precursor have previously been reported to influence the anatase to rutile transition temperature. In the current study, the effect of addition of increasing amounts of silver to the extent of chelation of a formate group to a titanium precursor and the resulting effects on the transformation of anatase to rutile has been studied. The addition of silver (0, 1, 3 and 5 mol %) on the anatase to rutile ...


Temperature-Dependent Photoabsorption Cross-Section Of Cyano-Diacetylene In The Vacuum Uv, N. Fray, Y. Bénilan, M.-C. Gazeau, A. Jolly, M. Schwell, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-sebbar, T. Ferradaz, J.- C. Guillemin 2010 Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI)

Temperature-Dependent Photoabsorption Cross-Section Of Cyano-Diacetylene In The Vacuum Uv, N. Fray, Y. Bénilan, M.-C. Gazeau, A. Jolly, M. Schwell, E. Arzoumanian, Et. Es-Sebbar, T. Ferradaz, J.- C. Guillemin

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Using synchrotron radiation as a tunable VUV light source, we have measured, for the first time, the absolute photoabsorption cross sections of HC5N with a spectral resolution of 0.05 nm in the region between 80 and 205 nm from 233 to 298 K. The measured cross sections are used to predict the HC5N photodestruction rate in the solar system and to model a transmission spectrum in Titan's atmosphere. Comparing the latter with that acquired by the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph on board the Cassini spacecraft, we have determined an upper limit of 2.7 × 10−5 on the HC5N ...


Sorting Of Amphiphile Membrane Components In Curvature And Composition Gradients, Aiwei Tian 2010 Upenn

Sorting Of Amphiphile Membrane Components In Curvature And Composition Gradients, Aiwei Tian

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Phase and shape heterogeneities in biomembranes are of functional importance. However, it is difficult to elucidate the roles membrane heterogeneities play in maintaining cellular function due to the complexity of biomembranes. Therefore, investigations of phase behavior and composition/curvature coupling in lipid and polymer model membranes offer some advantages.

In this thesis, phase properties in lipid and polymer giant vesicles were studied. Line tension at the fluid/fluid phase boundary of giant lipid unilamellar vesicles was determined directly by micropipette aspiration, and found to be composition-dependent. Dynamics of calcium-induced domains within polyanionic vesicles subject to chemical stimuli were investigated, which ...


Dynamics Of Van Der Waals Clusters: Theoretical And Computational Studies, Jordan Aleksander Ramilowski 2010 Utah State University

Dynamics Of Van Der Waals Clusters: Theoretical And Computational Studies, Jordan Aleksander Ramilowski

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The marriage of two very powerful techniques - cryogenic matrix isolation spectroscopy and seeded supersonic molecular beams - has led to the development of a novel type of cryogenic matrix isolation spectroscopy in ultracold, near 0 K, He droplets. The technique known as helium nanodroplet isolation (HENDI) has seen tremendeous experimental interest over the past 20 years; this in turn has resulted in the availability of spectroscopic data for many molecules and clusters embedded in He clusters. The experimental findings havemotivated a large number of theoretical calculations. This dissertation focuses on theoretical and computational studies of the rotational dynamics of weakly bound ...


Development Of A Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectrometer, Kristopher J. McKee, Emily A. Smith 2010 Iowa State University

Development Of A Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectrometer, Kristopher J. Mckee, Emily A. Smith

Chemistry Publications

A scanning angle total internal reflection (SATIR) Raman spectrometer has been developed for measuring interfacial phenomena with chemical specificity and high axial resolution perpendicular to the interface. The instrument platform is an inverted optical microscope with added automated variable angle optics to control the angle of an incident laser on a prism/sample interface. These optics include two motorized translation stages, the first containing a focusing lens and the second a variable angle galvanometer mirror. The movement of all instrument components is coordinated to ensure that the same sample location and area are probed at each angle. At angles greater ...


Ion-Neutral Chemistry Of Importance To Astrophysical And Cosmological Environments, Oscar Martinez Jr. 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

Ion-Neutral Chemistry Of Importance To Astrophysical And Cosmological Environments, Oscar Martinez Jr.

Chemistry & Biochemistry Graduate Theses & Dissertations (1986-2018)

Scientific studies have led to a more thorough understanding of processes directing the evolution of the Universe. In addition to observational studies with telescopes, terrestrial laboratory studies now contribute to the knowledge encompassed by astronomy and astrophysics. The laboratory-astrophysics experiments performed for this thesis focused on topics ranging from the birth of the first stars and galaxies to chemical processes important to the interstellar medium (ISM).

Models attempt to derive a better understanding of certain cosmological and astrophysical environments. Their reliability, however, depends heavily on the accuracy of data employed. Our contributions to laboratory astrophysics are based on the use ...


Phase Transition Enthalpy Measurements Of Organic And Organometallic Compounds. Sublimation, Vaporization And Fusion Enthalpies From 1880 To 2010, William E. Acree, James S. Chickos 2010 University of North Texas

Phase Transition Enthalpy Measurements Of Organic And Organometallic Compounds. Sublimation, Vaporization And Fusion Enthalpies From 1880 To 2010, William E. Acree, James S. Chickos

James Chickos

No abstract provided.


Improvement Of The Stoichiometric Network Analysis For Determination Of Instability Conditions Of Complex Nonlinear Reaction Systems, Zeljko D. Cupic 2010 Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy

Improvement Of The Stoichiometric Network Analysis For Determination Of Instability Conditions Of Complex Nonlinear Reaction Systems, Zeljko D. Cupic

Zeljko D Cupic

No abstract provided.


2-(3-Nitrophenoxy)Quinoxaline, Hairul Anuar Bin Tajuddin 2010 University of Malaya

2-(3-Nitrophenoxy)Quinoxaline, Hairul Anuar Bin Tajuddin

Hairul Anuar Bin Tajuddin

In the title molecule, C(14)H(9)N(3)O(3), the dihedral angle between the quinoxaline and benzene rings is 77.13 (9)degrees. The molecule is twisted about the ether-benzene O-C bond, with a C-O-C-C torsion angle of -102.8 (2)degrees. In the crystal, molecules are linked by C-H center dot center dot center dot O hydrogen bonds, forming layers in the ab plane, with one nitro O atom accepting two such interactions. The layers stack along the c-axis direction via weak C-H center dot center dot center dot pi interactions.


Grafika Inżynierska Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Grafika Inżynierska Ćw., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Projektowanie Procesów Biotechnologicznych Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Projektowanie Procesów Biotechnologicznych Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Projektowanie I Optymalizacja Procesów Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Projektowanie I Optymalizacja Procesów Proj., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Consulting Services

Metody Numeryczne Lab., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Odnawialne Źródła Energii W., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Reduced Electronic Spaces For Modeling Donor/Acceptor Interactions, Robert J. Cave, Stephen T. Edwards '06, John A, Kouzelos '07, Marshall D. Newton 2010 Harvey Mudd College

Reduced Electronic Spaces For Modeling Donor/Acceptor Interactions, Robert J. Cave, Stephen T. Edwards '06, John A, Kouzelos '07, Marshall D. Newton

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

Diabatic states for donor (D) and acceptor (A) interactions in electron transfer (ET) processes are formulated and evaluated, along with coupling elements (HDA) and effective D/A separation distances (rDA), for reduced electronic spaces of variable size, using the generalized Mulliken Hush model (GMH), applicable to an arbitrary state space and nuclear configuration, and encompassing Robin−Day class III and as well as class II situations. Once the electronic state space is selected (a set of n ≥ 2 adiabatic states approximated by an orbital space based on an effective 1-electron (1-e) Hamiltonian), the charge-localized GMH diabatic states are ...


Molecular Structure Of Fac-Aquadichlorotris(Dimethylsulfoxide)Ruthenium(Ii), L. Foster, J. Hardin, Mark Draganjac, B. C. Noll 2010 Arkansas State University

Molecular Structure Of Fac-Aquadichlorotris(Dimethylsulfoxide)Ruthenium(Ii), L. Foster, J. Hardin, Mark Draganjac, B. C. Noll

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Highly Active Heterogeneous Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts For Homogeneous Electrophilic Reactions In Solution And The Utilization Of A Continuous Flow Reactor, Wenyu Huang, Jack Hung Chang Liu, Pinar Alayoglu, Yimin Li, Cole A. Whitman, Chia-Kuang Tsung, F. Dean Toste, Gabor A/ Somorjai 2010 University of California - Berkeley

Highly Active Heterogeneous Palladium Nanoparticle Catalysts For Homogeneous Electrophilic Reactions In Solution And The Utilization Of A Continuous Flow Reactor, Wenyu Huang, Jack Hung Chang Liu, Pinar Alayoglu, Yimin Li, Cole A. Whitman, Chia-Kuang Tsung, F. Dean Toste, Gabor A/ Somorjai

Wenyu Huang

highly active heterogeneous Pd-nanoparticle catalyst for the intramolecular addition of phenols to alkynes was developed and employed in a continuous flow reaction system. Running the reaction in flow mode revealed reaction kinetics, such as the activation energy and catalyst deactivation, and provides many potential practical advantages.


Photodissociation Dynamics In Titan's Atmosphere, Welvidanalage Ruchira Silva 2010 Wayne State University

Photodissociation Dynamics In Titan's Atmosphere, Welvidanalage Ruchira Silva

Wayne State University Dissertations

Photodissociation dynamics of molecules relevant to understanding Titan's atmosphere (diacetylene, cyanoacetylene and heptane isomers) are carried out under collisionless condition using the DC slice imaging technique. In diacetylene photodissociation, two-photon processes dominate at 243 nm and 212 nm whereas at 121.6 nm, a one-photon dissociation process dominates. Direct measurement of the lifetime of metastable triplet diacetylene confirms sub-microsecond lifetimes. Photodissociation of cyanoacetylene at 193.3 nm proceeds on the S1 potential energy surface with an exit barrier. In heptane photodissociation, the dissociation occurs on the ground state or low-lying triplet states with nonradiative electronic relaxation. Time-of-flight mass spectroscopy ...


Dynamic Path Bifurcation For The Beckmann Reaction: Observation And Implication, H. Yamataka, M. Sato, H. Hasegawa, Salai Cheettu Ammal 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Dynamic Path Bifurcation For The Beckmann Reaction: Observation And Implication, H. Yamataka, M. Sato, H. Hasegawa, Salai Cheettu Ammal

Faculty Publications

The reaction of oximes to amides, known as the Beckmann rearrangement, may undergo fragmentation to form carbocations + nitriles instead of amides when the cations have reasonable stability. The reactions of oxime derivatives of 1-substituted-phenyl-2-propanones and 3-substituted-phenyl-2-butanones in aqueous solvents gave both rearrangement and fragmentation products, the ratio of which was dependent on substituents. Transition state (TS) optimizations and intrinsic reaction coordinate (IRC) calculations for the reaction of 1-phenyl-2-propanone oximes showed that there is a single TS for each substituted compound. The IRC path from the TS either led to a rearrangement product or a fragmentation product depending on the substituent ...


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