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Study Of The Effect Of Steric Bulk Of Side Chains On The Properties Of Conjugated Polymers, Bei Zhang 2018 University of Kentucky

Study Of The Effect Of Steric Bulk Of Side Chains On The Properties Of Conjugated Polymers, Bei Zhang

Theses and Dissertations--Chemistry

Donor-acceptor conjugated polymers opened a new era for conjugated polymer research due to the abundant selection and combination of different conjugated units. This class of polymers function as semiconductor materials with potential application in plastic consumer electronics. The frontier molecular orbital energies of the polymers are generally determined by the selection of donor and acceptor units in the backbone structure, and their substituents. The side chains attached to the backbone not only affect the solubility of the materials, but also their self-assembly and morphological characteristics, which indirectly govern optoelectronic properties. It is important therefore to consider backbone architectures and the ...


Richard Smalley And The Materials Of Tomorrow: The Discovery And Science Of Fullerenes, Creighton A. Jackson 2018 Parkland College

Richard Smalley And The Materials Of Tomorrow: The Discovery And Science Of Fullerenes, Creighton A. Jackson

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster for the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College details the contributions of Richard Smalley to organic chemistry, specifically the discovery of fullerenes in 1984, which led to advancements in the field of nanoscience. Fullerene use in materials science, Single-walled and multi-walled nanotubes and use of fullerenes in biology are also outlined.


Cellulose Modification For Use As Reinforcement In Bio-Based Composites, Ashley L. Rudolph 2018 Georgia Southern University

Cellulose Modification For Use As Reinforcement In Bio-Based Composites, Ashley L. Rudolph

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The goal of the research contained in this thesis is to provide an alternative method of developing polymers than the current petroleum-based polymeric products. Vegetable oil-based polymers are a popular alternative due to their low-cost and low toxicity. The carbon-carbon double bonds in the oil are ideal reactive sites for a free radical polymerization. Cellulose is a naturally occurring polymer. Modifying cellulose prior to making composites with tung oil allows a hydrophilic material to mix better with a hydrophobic resin. Vegetable oil-based polymers usually require the reinforcement of fibers to enhance the thermo-mechanical properties that would replace petroleum-based polymers. In ...


Synthesis Of New Bodipy Analogs, John Dilyard 2018 The University of Akron

Synthesis Of New Bodipy Analogs, John Dilyard

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This report examines the synthesis of new ligands based upon dipyrazolylmethane and diindazolylmethane. The goal of these modifications is to increase the acidity of the proton on the methyl carbon to allow for deprotonation. The ligands synthesized were dipyrazolylphenylmethane and diindazolylphenylmethane, as well as modifications of the latter. The products were analyzed by NMR spectroscopy and one crystal structure was obtained of diindazolylphenylmethane.


Synthesis Of Asymmetrically Substituted Scyllo-Inositol, Jacob Rodriguez 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Synthesis Of Asymmetrically Substituted Scyllo-Inositol, Jacob Rodriguez

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This work describes the total synthesis and characterization of an asymmetrically substituted scyllo-inositol. Starting from a cheap an abundant α-D-methylglucoside, generation of the product was achieved in nine steps. This synthesis capitalized on a Ferrier II reaction which generated the inositol core, followed by a selective reduction, protection, and stereochemical inversion to convert the initial myo-inositol to the desired scyllo-inositol. This asymmetric scyllo-inositol will be used in the future as the head of axinelloside A.


An Interdisciplinary Approach To The Target Elucidation Of Novel Antibiotic 31g12, Larissa A. Walker 2018 University of Montana

An Interdisciplinary Approach To The Target Elucidation Of Novel Antibiotic 31g12, Larissa A. Walker

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive bacterial pathogen responsible for nosocomial and community-acquired infections that can quickly acquire antibiotic resistance. We have identified a novel triazole antimicrobial 31G12 based on the natural product core of nonactin isolated from the fermentation of Streptomyces griseus, that is active against many Gram-positive bacteria as well as antibiotic resistant methicillin-resistant S. aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus. The synthesis and characterization indicate that 31G12 exists as a mixture of two rotamers at room temperature and displays bacteriostatic activity against S. aureus with moderate mammalian cell toxicity. We have currently identified potential protein targets of 31G12 in S ...


Molecular Level Encapsulation Of Chromophores Using Pillar[5]Arenes For Enhanced Photostability, Manik Gudimani 2018 South Dakota State University

Molecular Level Encapsulation Of Chromophores Using Pillar[5]Arenes For Enhanced Photostability, Manik Gudimani

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Organic π-conjugated materials have been researched extensively for a number of applications including organic photovoltaics, electrooptic (EO) modulation, solid-state lasing, organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), biological imaging and sensing, chemical sensing and ligands for photocatalysts. These organic optoelectronic materials have one major issue that affects its performance and lifetime—photostability. For some applications, hermetical packaging, which is expensive, is required to prevent degradation by light and oxygen. Photooxidation occurs when a material is exposed to light and causes structural and chemical changes leading to photodegradation of the material. The two primary degradation mechanisms responsible for photooxidation involve superoxide radical anion ...


The Role Of Catalytic Residue PKA On The Hydrolysis/Transglycosylation Partition In Family 3 Β-Glucosidases, Inacrist Geronimo, Christina M. Payne, Mats Sandgren 2017 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

The Role Of Catalytic Residue PKA On The Hydrolysis/Transglycosylation Partition In Family 3 Β-Glucosidases, Inacrist Geronimo, Christina M. Payne, Mats Sandgren

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

β-Glucosidases (βgls) primarily catalyze the hydrolysis of the terminal glycosidic bond at the non-reducing end of β-glucosides, although glycosidic bond synthesis (called transglycosylation) can also occur in the presence of another acceptor. In the final reaction step, the glucose product or another substrate competes with water for transfer to the glycosyl-enzyme intermediate. The factors governing the balance between the two pathways are not fully known; however, the involvement of ionizable residues in binding and catalysis suggests that their pKa may play a role. Through constant pH molecular dynamics simulations of a glycoside hydrolase Family 3 (GH3) βgl, we ...


Liquid Organic Electrolytes: Blends Of Low Molecular Weight Methoxyoligooxyethylene (Mpegs)/Litfsi Salt, Rasha Alshahrani 2017 Atlanta University Center

Liquid Organic Electrolytes: Blends Of Low Molecular Weight Methoxyoligooxyethylene (Mpegs)/Litfsi Salt, Rasha Alshahrani

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Blends containing methoxyoligooxyethyleneglycol (MPEGs) (MW 350 and 550) and bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide lithium (LiTFSI) salt were prepared by solution blending process using tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a solvent. The ionic conductivity of the blends of different compositions were determined at four temperatures i.e. 25°C, 40°C, 60°C and 70°C. A maximum ionic conductivity value of 3.9x10-3 S cm-1 at 25°C was obtained for the blends containing MPEG-350 at an ethylene oxide to lithium salt ratio of 1:10. The ionic conductivity increases with increasing temperature and shows that the ion transport is aided ...


Preparation And Characterization Of Poly(Ethylene Oxide)(Mw 35k And 100k)/ Silica Nanoparticle Composites, Reem Alfinaikh 2017 Atlanta University Center

Preparation And Characterization Of Poly(Ethylene Oxide)(Mw 35k And 100k)/ Silica Nanoparticle Composites, Reem Alfinaikh

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

In recent years, polymer-inorganic nanoparticle compositions have been a subject of considerable interest in order to achieve desired chemical, physical properties and mechanical properties. In this study a polymer nanocomposites have been prepared by incorporating silica nanoparticles (~20 nm) as fillers into poly(ethylene oxide) matrix. The composites of poly(ethylene oxide) and silica nanoparticles were prepared by solution blending. The product composites were powders. The thermal properties of the composites were investigated using the Differential Scanning Calorimetry. The Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (13C solid state, T), Atomic Force Microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy were used ...


The Chemistry And Biology Of Iron-Scavenging Natural Products From Pathogenic Acinetobacter Baumannii, Justin Shapiro 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

The Chemistry And Biology Of Iron-Scavenging Natural Products From Pathogenic Acinetobacter Baumannii, Justin Shapiro

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria represent a global health crisis. Traditional antibiotics create selective pressure and breed resistance, making our current drugs less and less effective. Targeting of bacterial virulence factors has gained interest as an alternative strategy to potentially circumvent this problem. Virulent Acinetobacter baumannii synthesize and secrete pre-acinetobactin, a small molecule metal chelator that scavenges life-sustaining iron and is critical for establishing infection. The work described herein sheds light on the unusual properties of a non-enzymatic isomerization from pre-acinetobactin to acinetobactin and proposes a siderophore-swapping mechanism by which A. baumannii expands its pH window for virulence. Knowledge from ...


New Ventures In Amidine-Based Catalyst Design, Nicholas Alan Ahlemeyer 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

New Ventures In Amidine-Based Catalyst Design, Nicholas Alan Ahlemeyer

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Two new cascade transformations of α,β-unsaturated thioesters catalyzed by amidine-based catalysts have been developed. First, a reagent-free transformation of o-formylaryl cinnamoyl thioesters catalyzed by HBTM-2 to produce 2-substituted thiochromenes achieved high enantioselectivities and yields while forming carbon dioxide as the only byproduct. Second, a highly diastereo- and enantioselective tandem rearrangement of less reactive enone thioesters into tricyclic thiochromanes in the presence of electron-rich amidine-based catalysts was developed. These catalysts were designed with the help of DFT calculations. H-PIP, the first chiral amidine-based catalyst synthesized in our group, performed the best overall in the thiochromane synthesis.

The second chapter of ...


Synthesis Of Isophthalates From Methyl Coumalate, George A. Kraus, Shuai Wang 2017 Iowa State University

Synthesis Of Isophthalates From Methyl Coumalate, George A. Kraus, Shuai Wang

Chemistry Publications

Methyl coumalate reacts with enol ethers to form stable adducts which can be converted into isophthalates in good to excellent yields. Alkyl vinyl ethers afford higher yields of isophthalates than enol silyl ethers. The adduct of the enol silyl ether of acetophenone with methyl coumalate reacted with PTSA to produce a styryl coumalate.


The Development Of Peptide Analogues As Potential Fluorescent And Pet Imaging Probes., Neha Sharma 2017 The University of Western Ontario

The Development Of Peptide Analogues As Potential Fluorescent And Pet Imaging Probes., Neha Sharma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Molecular imaging is a non-invasive way to diagnose disease. Molecular imaging probes consist of a targeting entity that has a high affinity for a biological target and a signaling source for external detection. Multimodality imaging combines the advantages of different imaging modalities, at the same time eliminating their shortcomings, thereby providing more accurate results. This thesis focuses on the development of novel dual PET/fluorescence imaging agents based on peptides as targeting entities.

Porphyrins are suitable for multimodality imaging applications due to their innate characteristics such as an ability to fluoresce and to coordinate metals. A gallium-protoporphyrin IX(PPIX)-ghrelin ...


Layer-By-Layer Assembled Membranes With Immobilized Porins, Sebastián Hernández, Cassandra Porter, Xinyi Zhang, Yinan Wei, Dibakar Bhattacharyya 2017 University of Kentucky

Layer-By-Layer Assembled Membranes With Immobilized Porins, Sebastián Hernández, Cassandra Porter, Xinyi Zhang, Yinan Wei, Dibakar Bhattacharyya

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

New and advanced opportunities are arising for the synthesis and functionalization of membranes with selective separation, reactivity, and stimuli-responsive behavior. One such advancement is the integration of bio-based channels in membrane technologies. By a layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of polyelectrolytes, outer membrane protein F trimers (OmpF) or “porins” from Escherichia coli with central pores ∼2 nm in diameter at their opening and ∼0.7 × 1.1 nm at their constricted region are immobilized within the pores of poly(vinylidene fluoride) microfiltration membranes, in contrast to traditional ruptured lipid bilayer or vesicle processes. These OmpF-membranes demonstrate selective rejection of non-charged organics over ...


Synthesis Of A Model Of The Bc Ring System Of Oxygenated Angucyclines, Abdullah Allaoa, Tony E. Nicolas, Xiaolan Wu 2017 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Synthesis Of A Model Of The Bc Ring System Of Oxygenated Angucyclines, Abdullah Allaoa, Tony E. Nicolas, Xiaolan Wu

Publications and Research

Angucycline is a subclass of natural antibiotics, containing a characteristic tetracyclic ring structure, and featuring a wide range of biological functions, including antitumor, antiviral and antifungal properties. This extraordinarily therapeutic character has interested many chemists to develop efficient methodologies for synthesizing the tetracyclic ring system of angucycline. Construction of the BC ring configuration appears as a synthetic challenge. Successful installation of hydroxyl groups at the AB junction would pave the way for efficient syntheses. As a continuation of the previous work done on this system, our synthetic methodology focuses on the coupling of a suitably substituted Phthalide and an activated ...


Development Of An Improved Synthesis Of S-D-Ribosyl-L-Homocysteine (Srh) And Progress Toward Srh Analogs Modified At The C3 Position, Emily Rouse 2017 The University of San Francisco

Development Of An Improved Synthesis Of S-D-Ribosyl-L-Homocysteine (Srh) And Progress Toward Srh Analogs Modified At The C3 Position, Emily Rouse

Master's Theses

Quorum sensing is a system that facilitates bacteria turning on and off gene expression depending on population density. System 2 quorum sensing is utilized by both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, and the quorum sensing molecule used in this system is AI-2. AI-2 is biosynthesized by the enzyme LuxS from the precursor SRH. This thesis describes an improved synthesis of SRH through the exploration of different protecting group strategies. The knowledge gained from the improved synthesis of SRH is then applied toward the synthesis of SRH analogues with increased steric bulk installed through use of a stereoselective anti-Mannich reaction ...


Development And Implementation Of Redox-Active Olefin Polymerization Catalysts, William Curtis Anderson Jr. 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development And Implementation Of Redox-Active Olefin Polymerization Catalysts, William Curtis Anderson Jr.

Doctoral Dissertations

Investigating homogeneous polymerization catalysts has been a thriving area of chemistry in the academic realm for several decades now, and has helped drive the development of a range of materials, from designer plastics to cheap commodity polymers. Billions of pounds of these materials are produced every year, which ensures that continuing research in the area will be necessary to improve current processes and enable more economic use of our resources.

This dissertation showcases the Long group’s research in homogeneous polymerization catalysis and our impact on the field thus far. We show that intelligent design of redox-active catalysts allows for ...


Design And Synthesis Of Analogs Of Myo-Inositol, Serine, And Cysteine To Enable Chemical Biology Studies, Tanei J. Ricks 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Design And Synthesis Of Analogs Of Myo-Inositol, Serine, And Cysteine To Enable Chemical Biology Studies, Tanei J. Ricks

Doctoral Dissertations

Phosphorylated myo-inositol compounds including inositol phosphates (InsPs) as well as the phosphatidylinositol polyphosphate lipids (PIPns) are critical biomolecules that regulate many of the most important biological processes and pathways. They are aberrant in many disease states due to their regulatory function. The same is true of the phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PS) which can serve as a marker to begin apoptosis. However, the full scope of activities of these structures is not clear, particularly since techniques that enable global detection and analysis of the production of these compounds spatially and temporally are lacking. With all of these obstacles in ...


Developing Functionalized Peroxide Precursors For The Synthesis Of Cyclic And Spirocyclic Ethers, Anna J. Diepenbrock 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Developing Functionalized Peroxide Precursors For The Synthesis Of Cyclic And Spirocyclic Ethers, Anna J. Diepenbrock

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

There is increasing interest in the development of methods for the synthesis of oxetanes and spirocyclic oxetanes, a class of molecules of interest to chemists as they synthesize libraries of possible drug target scaffolds with tunable physiochemical and biological properties.1,2 Although most ethers are prepared through reaction of nucleophilic oxygen with electrophilic carbon, this work explores new reagents and routes for the synthesis of spirocyclic oxetanes based upon an application of "umpolung" or polarity reversal involving attack of nucleophilic carbon on the electrophilic oxygen of a peroxide (Scheme 1). In this work, a 2-carbon peroxide synthon for reverse ...


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