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Breast Tumour Initiating Cell Fate Is Regulated By Microenvironmental Cues From An Extracellular Matrix, S. Saha, Pang-Kuo Lo, X. Duan, Hexin Chen, Qian Wang 2012 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Breast Tumour Initiating Cell Fate Is Regulated By Microenvironmental Cues From An Extracellular Matrix, S. Saha, Pang-Kuo Lo, X. Duan, Hexin Chen, Qian Wang

Faculty Publications

Cancer stem cells, also known as tumour-initiating cells (TICs), are identified as highly tumorigenic population within tumours and hypothesized to be main regulators in tumour growth, metastasis and relapse. Evidence also suggests that a tumour microenvironment plays a critical role in the development and progression of cancer, by constantly modulating cell–matrix interactions. Scientists have tried to characterize and identify the TIC population but the actual combination of extracellular components in deciphering the fate of TICs has not been explored. The basic unanswered question is the phenotypic stability of this TIC population in a tissue extracellular matrix setting. The in ...


Discrimination Of Colon Cancer Stem Cells Using Noncanonical Amino Acid, X. Duan, H. Li, Hexin Chen, Qian Wang 2012 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Discrimination Of Colon Cancer Stem Cells Using Noncanonical Amino Acid, X. Duan, H. Li, Hexin Chen, Qian Wang

Faculty Publications

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) may be responsible for tumor recurrence. Metabolic labelling of newly synthesized proteins with non-canonical amino acids allows us to discriminate CSCs in mixed populations due to the quiescent nature of these cells.


Synthesis Of Oligosaccharide Mimetics By The Desulfurative Rearrangement Of Allylic Disulfides And Stereoelectronic Influence Of C-O Bonds On C- And O-Glycosylation, Myriame Moume-Pymbock 2012 Wayne State University

Synthesis Of Oligosaccharide Mimetics By The Desulfurative Rearrangement Of Allylic Disulfides And Stereoelectronic Influence Of C-O Bonds On C- And O-Glycosylation, Myriame Moume-Pymbock

Wayne State University Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on two different problems. The first part of this manuscript presents the application of a novel methodology to access the synthesis of oligosaccharide mimetics while the second part focuses on the study of the stereoelectronic effects of proximal C-O bonds in C- and O-glycosylation reactions.

The first chapter provides a brief overview of the important roles that oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates play in biological processes and sets out the major advances that have been made in the past few decades in the synthesis of such complex structures while bringing out the ongoing challenges and the limitations that impede ...


Fluorescence Quenching Of Ppv-So And Bodipy-Naphthalene Systems, Brooklynd Dawn Saar 2012 College of William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

Fluorescence Quenching Of Ppv-So And Bodipy-Naphthalene Systems, Brooklynd Dawn Saar

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Nucleophile Strength On Selectivity In Bibr3 Catalyzed Cyclic Ether Construction, Ajara A. Rahman 2012 College of William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

Effects Of Nucleophile Strength On Selectivity In Bibr3 Catalyzed Cyclic Ether Construction, Ajara A. Rahman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Luminescent Nitrogen And Sulfure Adducts Of Cui Disubstituted Piperazine Complexes, Jason P. Safko 2012 College of William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

Luminescent Nitrogen And Sulfure Adducts Of Cui Disubstituted Piperazine Complexes, Jason P. Safko

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Donor-Sigma-Acceptor (D-Sigma-A) Molecules With Perylenebisimide Acceptors Having Alkyl Or Peg Swallowtails With Sulfur Or Hydroxyl Anchors: Synthesis And Applications In Langmuir-Blodgett Films, Single Molecule Spectroscopy (Sms), G-Quadruplex Studies And Passivation Of Gold Nanoparticles., Rajesh Kota 2012 University of Mississippi

Donor-Sigma-Acceptor (D-Sigma-A) Molecules With Perylenebisimide Acceptors Having Alkyl Or Peg Swallowtails With Sulfur Or Hydroxyl Anchors: Synthesis And Applications In Langmuir-Blodgett Films, Single Molecule Spectroscopy (Sms), G-Quadruplex Studies And Passivation Of Gold Nanoparticles., Rajesh Kota

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Use of single molecules as electronic devices is presently considered a potential alternative to semiconductor-based nanoscale electronics. The ability to study a single molecule or a small group of molecules provides a great opportunity to build electronic devices at the molecular level. It is vital to understand the parameters that control the device properties such as molecular structure, conformation and arrangement at the surface. Ari Aviram and Mark A. Ratner proposed the construction of a single organic molecule as an organic rectifier. Donor-Sigma-Acceptor (D-?-A ) molecules, when arranged with a proper orientation as Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films and fixed between two ...


Synthesis And Investigation Of The Liquid Crystalline Properties Of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Joseph A. Paquette 2012 Wilfrid Laurier University

Synthesis And Investigation Of The Liquid Crystalline Properties Of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Joseph A. Paquette

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

In this thesis, the synthesis and liquid crystalline properties of a series of novel substituted dibenz[a,c]anthracenes is reported. Specifically, a series of hexaalkoxydibenz[a,c]anthracenes were prepared and found not to exhibit a mesophase. In contrast, when substituents are introduced on the aromatic core, columnar mesophases are observed over broad temperature ranges. A series substituted derivatives was prepared and their mesomorphic properties compared. In general, electron-withdrawing substituents promote broad mesophase temperature ranges, as do larger substituents. The liquid crystalline phase is a result of the electronic effects, size and shape of the substituents in the 10 ...


Environmentally Friendly Organic Synthesis Using Bismuth(Iii) Compounds, Ram Mohan, Scott Krabbe 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Environmentally Friendly Organic Synthesis Using Bismuth(Iii) Compounds, Ram Mohan, Scott Krabbe

Ram S. Mohan

Abstract With increasing environmental concerns, the need for environmentally friendly organic synthesis has gained increased importance. In this regard, bismuth (III) compounds are especially attractive as “green” reagents and catalysts for organic synthesis. Bismuth(III) compounds are remarkably nontoxic, relatively air and moisture stable, and easy to handle. The contributions from our laboratory in the last 5 years in the field of applications of bismuth(III) compounds as catalysts are presented.


Iron(Iii) Tosylate Catalyzed Acylation Of Alcohols, Phenols, And Aldehydes, Ram S. Mohan, Neil J. Baldwin, Anna N. Nord, Brendan D. O’Donnell 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Iron(Iii) Tosylate Catalyzed Acylation Of Alcohols, Phenols, And Aldehydes, Ram S. Mohan, Neil J. Baldwin, Anna N. Nord, Brendan D. O’Donnell

Ram S. Mohan

Iron(III) p-toluenesulfonate (tosylate) is an efficient catalyst for acetylation of alcohols, phenols, and aldehydes. The acetylation of 1° and 2° alcohols, diols, and phenols proceeded smoothly with 2.0 mol % of catalyst. However, the reaction worked well with only a few 3° alcohols. The methodology was also applicable to the synthesis of a few benzoate esters but required the use of 5.0 mol % catalyst. Aldehydes could also be converted into the corresponding 1,1-diesters (acylals) under the reaction conditions. Iron(III) tosylate is an inexpensive, and easy to handle, commercially available catalyst.


Selective Recognition Of H2po4 By A Cholestane-Imidazole-Zinc Ensemble, Jyoti Ramesh Jadhav, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim 2011 Kyungpook National University

Selective Recognition Of H2po4 By A Cholestane-Imidazole-Zinc Ensemble, Jyoti Ramesh Jadhav, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim

Dr. Mohammad Wasi Ahmad (Md Wasi Ahmad)

A new facile amphiphile cholestane-based zinc complex 4 containing a 3-aminopropylimidazole moiety at the 3a and 7a positions of cholestane was designed and synthesized. Recognition selectivity of the new receptor 4 with various anions was assessed by 1H NMR titration. Dihydrogen phosphate showed the highest binding affinity among all the tested anions


Fluorescein-Polyethyleneimine Coated Gadolinium Oxide Nanoparticles As T1 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Mri)–Cell Labeling (Cl) Dual Agents, Wenlong Xu, Ja Young Park, Krishna Kattel, Md Wasi Ahmad, Badrul Alam Bony, Woo Choul Heo, Seonguk Jin, Jang Woo Park, Yongmin Chang, Tae Jeong Kim, Ji Ae Park, Ji Yeon Do, Kwon Seok Chae, Gang Ho Lee 2011 Kyungpook National University

Fluorescein-Polyethyleneimine Coated Gadolinium Oxide Nanoparticles As T1 Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Mri)–Cell Labeling (Cl) Dual Agents, Wenlong Xu, Ja Young Park, Krishna Kattel, Md Wasi Ahmad, Badrul Alam Bony, Woo Choul Heo, Seonguk Jin, Jang Woo Park, Yongmin Chang, Tae Jeong Kim, Ji Ae Park, Ji Yeon Do, Kwon Seok Chae, Gang Ho Lee

Dr. Mohammad Wasi Ahmad (Md Wasi Ahmad)

We report the synthesis, characterization and application of highly water-soluble fluoresceinpolyethyleneimine (PEI) coated gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) nanoparticles to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cell labeling (CL). The average particle diameter and average hydrodynamic diameter were estimated to be 3.92 and 7.5 nm, respectively. Fluorescein-PEI was prepared from EDC/NHS coupling method. The surface coating was characterized by the FT-IR absorption spectrum and the surface coating amount was estimated to be 22.42 wt% from a TGA analysis, corresponding to 0.65 nm22 grafting density. The fluorescein-PEI coated gadolinium oxide nanoparticles showed r1 and r2 of 6.76 and ...


Parallel Text Immersion, Daniel P. Becker Ph.D. 2011 Loyola University Chicago

Parallel Text Immersion, Daniel P. Becker Ph.D.

Daniel P. Becker

A new method of teaching foreign languages to beginning, intermediate, and advancing foreign language students is proposed involving reading out loud passages, chapters, and entire works of literature that are familiar to the student through required pre-reading in the students’ mother tongue. Testing is proposed to evaluate the success of the method.


Synthetic Studies Of (+)-Nodulisporic Acid A: Development Of An Efficient Route To Eastern Hemisphere Sub-Targets, Stephen S. Gonzales 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Synthetic Studies Of (+)-Nodulisporic Acid A: Development Of An Efficient Route To Eastern Hemisphere Sub-Targets, Stephen S. Gonzales

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

(+)-Nodulisporic Acid A (NsAA) is an indole diterpene of complex structure, isolated from the fungus nodulisporium sp., possessing potent insecticidal activity. Herein is described a new tactic for the construction of complex indoles employing a tandem palladium-mediated process between a haloindoline and a vinyl bromide or triflate.

Chapter 1 of this work will review the efforts by Merck and Co. that lead to the isolation and discovery of potent analogs of NsAA, as well as briefly review the history of complex indole synthesis in the Smith Research Group.

Chapter 2 will describe efforts to streamline the synthesis of the chiral ...


Activation And Catalytic Bond Forming Reactions At Carbon-Hydrogen Bonds Of Η6-Tricarbonylchromium-Coordinated Benzylic Arenes, Genette I. McGrew 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Activation And Catalytic Bond Forming Reactions At Carbon-Hydrogen Bonds Of Η6-Tricarbonylchromium-Coordinated Benzylic Arenes, Genette I. Mcgrew

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Polyarylmethanes are an extremely valuable molecular scaffold used in fields ranging from materials chemistry to medicinal chemistry. They are found in dyes and semiconductor dopants and in drugs and drug precursors that address a variety of ailments ranging form depression and allergies to cancer and vascular disease. However, general, selective methods to synthesize polyarylmethanes are still limited. This dissertation describes some of the exploratory work done to outline the synthetic possibilities of deprotonated tricarbonylchromium-stabilized benzylic arenes in the context of selective bond-forming reactions to form polyarylmethanes. Various η6-arene-tricarbonylchromium complexes are deprotonated with the mild silamide base LiN(SiMe ...


Synthesis Of Chemical Models Of Hydrolase Enzymes For Intramolecular Catalysis., Cornelius Ndi Ndi 2011 East Tennessee State University

Synthesis Of Chemical Models Of Hydrolase Enzymes For Intramolecular Catalysis., Cornelius Ndi Ndi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Most nuclease enzymes can hydrolyze phosphoester bonds (in DNA and RNA) by using metal ions cofactors that coordinate and activate water molecules in the enzymes' active sites. However, there are some hydrolase enzymes (including nucleases) that can function without the aid of metal ions. 2,6-Di(1H-imidazol-2-yl)phenol, a model compound for hydrolase enzyme, was synthesized by the reaction between ethylenediamine and dimethyl-3-carboxysalicylate, initially resulting in the formation of diimidazoline. The diimidazoline was subsequently aromatized to the diimidazole by dehydrogenation over palladium. The overall reaction yield was low; therefore, other dehydrogenation transformation reactions were tried but all failed ...


Self-Assemblies Driven By The Hydrophobic Effect, Haiying Gan 2011 University of New Orleans

Self-Assemblies Driven By The Hydrophobic Effect, Haiying Gan

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Water is a simple molecule but is an essential part of life. One key aspect of the properties of water is the hydrophobic effect, and whilst there is an appreciation of this phenomenon at the macro-scale (raindrops falling off leaves) and the micro-scale (the structure of cellular systems), a complete understanding at the molecular level still eludes science. Addressing this issue, our studies involve synthetic supramolecular compounds that assemble in water via the hydrophobic effect.

First of all, a novel water-soluble deep-cavity cavitand was synthesized. It possesses four endo methyl groups on top rim of the cavitand, eight water-solubilizing carboxylic ...


Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of Aeruginosin Based Compounds And Self-Assembly Of Glucosamine Based Compounds, Navneet goyal 2011 University of New Orleans

Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of Aeruginosin Based Compounds And Self-Assembly Of Glucosamine Based Compounds, Navneet Goyal

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Aeruginosins are a family of marine natural products containing mostly non-proteogenic amino acids. These compounds contain a common 2-carboxy-6-hydroxy-octaindole (Choi) rigid bicyclic structure. Many aeruginosins are inhibitors for enzymes involved in the blood coagulation cascade, such as thrombin and Factor VIIa. In order to understand the structure activity relationship (SAR) of the aeruginosins and to discover novel anticoagulants with potentially improved inhibitory and pharmacokinetic properties, in the first part of my thesis I have discussed, synthesis of a series of novel analogs of aeruginosin 298-A, in which the Choi will be replaced with L-proline and oxygenated Choi analogs, and the ...


Aptamer Functionalized Microcantilever Sensors For Cocaine Detection, Kyungho Kang, Ashish Sachan, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya 2011 Iowa State University

Aptamer Functionalized Microcantilever Sensors For Cocaine Detection, Kyungho Kang, Ashish Sachan, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton, Pranav Shrotriya

Mechanical Engineering Publications

A cocaine-specific aptamer was used as a receptor molecule in a microcantilever-based surface stress sensor for detection of cocaine molecules. An interferometric technique that relies on measuring differential displacement between two microcantilevers (a sensing/reference pair) was utilized to measure the cocaine/aptamer binding induced surface stress changes. Sensing experiments were performed for different concentrations of cocaine from 25 to 500 μM in order to determine the sensor response as a function of cocaine concentration. In the lower concentration range from 25 to 100 μM, surface stress values increased proportionally to coverage of aptamer/cocaine complexes from 11 to 26 ...


The Tetrafluoroborate Salt Of 4-Methoxybenzyl N-2-(Dimethylamino)Ethyl-N-Nitrosocarbamate: Synthesis, Crystal Structure And Dft Calculations, Helene Hedian, Vladimir Benin 2011 University of Dayton

The Tetrafluoroborate Salt Of 4-Methoxybenzyl N-2-(Dimethylamino)Ethyl-N-Nitrosocarbamate: Synthesis, Crystal Structure And Dft Calculations, Helene Hedian, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The tetrafluoroborate salt of 4-methoxybenzyl N-2-(dimethylamino)ethyl-N-nitrosocarbamate was prepared in two steps, via the corresponding carbamate. Its crystal structure is monoclinic, space group P21/c. The unit cell dimensions are: a = 19.499(8) Å, b = 5.877(3) Å, c = 15.757(7) Å, α = 90°, β = 110.019(7)°, γ = 90°, V = 1696.5(12) Å3, Z = 4. The structure exhibits an unexpected, pseudo-gauche conformation with respect to the C2–C3 bond, due to a stabilizing hydrogen bond between the carbonyl oxygen (O1) and the hydrogen atom at the trialkylammonium center (H3n ...


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