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2,636 full-text articles. Page 63 of 70.

Self-Assembling Organic Semiconductors With Tunable Electronic Properties Based On Novel Asymmetric Phenazine And Bisphenazine, Kyoungmi Jang 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Self-Assembling Organic Semiconductors With Tunable Electronic Properties Based On Novel Asymmetric Phenazine And Bisphenazine, Kyoungmi Jang

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Current demands in the area of organic semiconductors focus on both electronic and self-assembling properties. Particularly, one-dimensionally grown nanostructures of small organic semiconductors have drawn much attention for nanodevice fabrication. Self-assembly through various intermolecular interactions has been widely used to produce one-dimensionally grown nanostructures which can be induced by various methods such as rapid solution dispersion, a phase transfer method, vapor annealing, crystallization, and organogelation in conjunction with proper molecular design. Controlling the morphology of the nanostructures plays an important role in achieving desirable properties in optoelectronic device applications. While significant advancements have been made in developing molecular architectures for ...


The Design And Synthesis Of Different Α-Linked Galactose Disaccharides, Robert Anthony Simion 2011 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Design And Synthesis Of Different Α-Linked Galactose Disaccharides, Robert Anthony Simion

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Targeting A-Form Nucleic Acids: A Neomycin Based Approach, Nicholas Shaw 2011 Clemson University

Targeting A-Form Nucleic Acids: A Neomycin Based Approach, Nicholas Shaw

All Dissertations

This manuscript reflects our most recent advancements in the recognition of nucleic acids. Chapter one focuses on previously established methods in nucleic acid recognition. Nucleic acid targeting by small molecules affords a unique way to potentially inhibit biological functions, which is different from targeting enzyme and protein bio-macromolecules. We seek to further develop an aminoglycoside approach to targeting nucleic acids. Since aminoglycosides were first introduced, over 60 years ago, as treatment for tuberculosis, natural product discovery and demands for therapeutically more effective aminoglycosides, with lowered toxicity, have dominated the landscape of aminoglycoside research. More recently, our group has established neomycin ...


Approach To Arsenic And Selenium Removal From Fly Ash By Oxalate And Estimation Of Calcium Effects On Both Elements, Ying Wen 2011 Western Kentucky University

Approach To Arsenic And Selenium Removal From Fly Ash By Oxalate And Estimation Of Calcium Effects On Both Elements, Ying Wen

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

An approach to arsenic and selenium removal from fly ash is studied. This research includes a comparison of the leaching ability of ammonium oxalate, ammonium citrate, ammonium nitrate and EDTA to extract arsenic and selenium; use of common agricultural waste as a source of oxalate anion to remove arsenic and selenium from fly ash and estimation of additional calcium effects on arsenic and selenium leaching behaviors.
This research shows that extraction strength order is EDTA > ammonium oxalate > ammonium citrate > ammonium nitrate > water, achieving arsenic extraction efficiencies of 94.18%, 84.17%, 4.50%, 2.89% and 0.18%, respectively; achieving ...


Exfoliated Graphite Nanoplatelet-Filled Impact Modified Polypropylene Nanocomposites, Alex Duguay 2011 The University of Maine

Exfoliated Graphite Nanoplatelet-Filled Impact Modified Polypropylene Nanocomposites, Alex Duguay

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets (xGnP)-filled polymer composites have demonstrated superior electrical, mechanical, physical and thermal properties and are becoming a major focus for both academic and industrial research and development (R&D) activities. The main objective of this study was to characterize the influence of xGnP particle diameter, filler loading and the addition of coupling agents on the mechanical, rheological and thermal properties of xGnP-filled impact modified polypropylene (IMPP) composites. IMPP is currently being used at the AEWC Advanced Structures and Composites Center in polymer impregnated (pre-preg) fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) tapes consisting of an IMPP matrix polymer and E-glass ...


Exploring The Potential For B12-Based Oral Vaccine Delivery; Cubilin Mediated Uptake Of B12-Conjugate Systems Greater Than 160 Kda, Teresa Soldner 2011 Syracuse University

Exploring The Potential For B12-Based Oral Vaccine Delivery; Cubilin Mediated Uptake Of B12-Conjugate Systems Greater Than 160 Kda, Teresa Soldner

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

This project aimed to create a novel oral tetanus vaccine by exploiting the B12 uptake pathway. While many linkers were attempted, the only successful complex was created using CDT coupling. After synthesis, purification (with some difficulty), and characterization, tests were done in vitro and in vivo. These supported the conclusion that while the complex was being successfully taken up by the cell, the complex was not created a strong enough immune response for a positive titer. On a second note, simply the uptake of B12-TT is remarkable because it is the largest molecule that has been taken ...


Adsorbents With Chemically Bonded Saccharide Surfaces: Synthesis And Application For Stereoisomer Separation And The Synthesis Of Chiral Porous Silicas Using Templates Chiral Surfactant, Edwin Vega 2011 Seton Hall University

Adsorbents With Chemically Bonded Saccharide Surfaces: Synthesis And Application For Stereoisomer Separation And The Synthesis Of Chiral Porous Silicas Using Templates Chiral Surfactant, Edwin Vega

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Scope And Mechanistic Studies Of The Palladium On Carbon Catalyzed Suzuki Cross Coupling Reaction, Carl LeBlond 2011 Seton Hall University

Scope And Mechanistic Studies Of The Palladium On Carbon Catalyzed Suzuki Cross Coupling Reaction, Carl Leblond

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

No abstract provided.


Student-Faculty Research In Organic Chemistry, Timo V. Ovaska 2011 Connecticut College

Student-Faculty Research In Organic Chemistry, Timo V. Ovaska

Honors and Awards Speeches and Programs

Timo Ovaska remarks that the clothes we wear, the colors we see, the foods we eat, the fuels that power our cars, the medicines that make us heal and feel better, even the biochemical reactions that happen in our bodies are all manifestations of the importance of organic chemistry in daily life.

He also praises his students who chose to do research, as there is no mandatory research component for the chemistry major at Connecticut College, who have gone on to successful careers. Students chose to get involved not because it was going to be easy, but because they were ...


Design And Syntheses Of Fluorescent Cytosine Analogues, David W. Dodd 2011 The University of Western Ontario

Design And Syntheses Of Fluorescent Cytosine Analogues, David W. Dodd

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The avid hybridization of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) to DNA and RNA along with the molecule’s biological stability has led it to be used in both antisense and antigene capacities. PNA acts against translation via a steric blockade mechanism. It is therefore reasonable to assume that increased heteroduplex stability could lead to increased potency. Two ways of doing this were explored. I) N-Terminal attachment of a platinous chloride chelating moiety to PNA complementary to Xenopus noggin was synthesized with the objective of selective, covalent platination of the target transcript in vivo. Phenotypes consistent with knockdown of the selected ...


Predicting Homo And Lumo Energy Gaps For Organic Semi-Conductor: A Theoretical Study, Padtaya Pukpayat 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Predicting Homo And Lumo Energy Gaps For Organic Semi-Conductor: A Theoretical Study, Padtaya Pukpayat

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

This poster presents a theoretical approach for characterizing the electronic properties of novel electron-deficient organic semiconductors containing variety of electron donor substituents. In treating these compounds, the following questions will be addressed: What effects to the bandgap will each substituent have? Will any of the substituents lower the band gap to the desired range for solar cell applications(<2.0eV)? Can we use the current, inexpensive and tractable computational methods as a predictive tool for guiding future experimental design of organic based solar cells, rather than depending solely on experimental procedures?


Energy Densification Via Hydrothermal Carbonization, Keri Noack 2011 University of Nevada, Reno

Energy Densification Via Hydrothermal Carbonization, Keri Noack

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

A process called hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), also known as wet torrefaction involves treatment of raw biomass in hot, pressurized water. HTC of woody biomass has been shown to significantly increase the energy density of the feedstock, producing a biochar, similar to coal, having up to 40% higher calorific energy content. Feedstocks investigated include Tahoe chips, Pinion/Juniper chips, Rice hulls, and Corn Stover pellets pre-treated at 215 °C, 255 °C, and 295 °C. Chemical analyses were conducted on the gaseous, aqueous, and solid HTC products. Energy contents of the solid biochar products were measured by calorimetry, and mass balances were ...


Spectroscopic (Ir, Nmr, Uv-Vis), Theoretical Study And Optical Properties Of 9,10-Dihydrobenzo(A)Pyrene-7(8h)-One And 7, 8, 9, 10-Tetrahydrobenzo(A)Pyrene, Mireya Martinez 2011 Stephen F Austin State University

Spectroscopic (Ir, Nmr, Uv-Vis), Theoretical Study And Optical Properties Of 9,10-Dihydrobenzo(A)Pyrene-7(8h)-One And 7, 8, 9, 10-Tetrahydrobenzo(A)Pyrene, Mireya Martinez

Undergraduate Research Conference

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are organic molecules found in the environment. The PAHs are formed from incomplete combustion, are found in diesel exhaust particles, grilled foods, gas burners, emission from wood, and cigarette smoke. These compounds are known to be carcinogenic and mutagenic1,2. Spectroscopic studies were performed on two PAHs, 9,10- dihydrobenzo(a) pyrene-7(8H)-one and 7,8,9,10- tetrahydrobenzo(a)pyrene, which helped to characterize them. Also, a theoretical infrared study was done on 9,10-H2BaP, a scaling factor was found for a simulated infrared spectrum.


A Sodium Salt Of The Dimer Of Boronoterephthalic Acid Anhydride, Scott Simmons, Albert Fratini, Vladimir Benin 2011 University of Dayton

A Sodium Salt Of The Dimer Of Boronoterephthalic Acid Anhydride, Scott Simmons, Albert Fratini, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The title compound, sodium bis­(6-carb­oxy-1-hy­droxy-3-oxo-1,3-dihydro-2,1-benzoxaborol-1-yl)oxidanium, Na+·C16H15B2O13-, was prepared in two steps from 2-bromo-p-xylene. Its crystal structure was determined at 140 K and has triclinic (P) symmetry. The compound presents a unique structural motif, including two units of the cyclic anhydride of boronoterephthalic acid, joined by a protonated, and thereby trivalent, oxonium center. Association in the crystal is realized by complementary hydrogen bonding of the carboxyl groups, as well as by coordination of the sodium cations to the oxygen centers on the five-membered rings.


Theoretical Investigation Of A Reported Antibiotic From The 'Miracle Tree' Moringa Oleifera, Michael Horwath, Vladimir Benin 2011 University of Dayton

Theoretical Investigation Of A Reported Antibiotic From The 'Miracle Tree' Moringa Oleifera, Michael Horwath, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Moringa oleifera, sometimes called the “Miracle Tree,” has received international attention for its potential to improve health in impoverished tropical areas. In addition to high vitamin content in the leaves and pods, the tree contains compounds with antioxidant and antibacterial properties. This study focused on the theoretical investigation of the suggested structure of one antibacterial compound, “pterygospermin,” whose existence was proposed after some studies of the roots of M. oleifera. The structure of pterygospermin was first proposed by a research group working in the 1950s, but later studies have not found evidence of this compound and have instead attributed the ...


Polymorphs And Hydrates Of Acyclovir, Katie M. Lutker, Rosalynn Quiñones-Fernández, Jiadi Xu, Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy, Adam J. Matzger 2011 Marshall University

Polymorphs And Hydrates Of Acyclovir, Katie M. Lutker, Rosalynn Quiñones-Fernández, Jiadi Xu, Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy, Adam J. Matzger

Chemistry Faculty Research

Acyclovir (ACV) has been commonly used as an antiviral for decades. Although the crystal structure of the commercial form, a 3:2 ACV/water solvate, has been known since 1980s, investigation into the structure of anhydrous ACV has been limited. Here, we report the characterization of four anhydrous forms of ACV and a new hydrate in addition to the known hydrate. Two of the anhydrous forms appear as small needles and are stable to air exposure, whereas the third form is morphologically similar but quickly absorbs water from the atmosphere and converts back to the commercial form. The high-temperature modification ...


Synthesis Of Hydroxy- And Polyhydroxy-Substituted 1,3-Diaminocyclohexanes, Anobick Sar, Sergey Lindeman, William Donaldson 2011 Marquette University

Synthesis Of Hydroxy- And Polyhydroxy-Substituted 1,3-Diaminocyclohexanes, Anobick Sar, Sergey Lindeman, William Donaldson

Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications

The synthesis of hydroxy-trans-1,3-diaminocyclo­hexanes based on nitroso-Diels-Alder cycloaddition of (cyclohexadienyl)phthalimide is reported.


New Synthetic Methodologies Directed Toward Pharmacologically Active Compounds As Well As Silole Based Chromophores For Analytical And Optoelectronic Applications, Mahmoud M. Abd Rabo Moustafa 2011 The University of Western Ontario

New Synthetic Methodologies Directed Toward Pharmacologically Active Compounds As Well As Silole Based Chromophores For Analytical And Optoelectronic Applications, Mahmoud M. Abd Rabo Moustafa

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The development of new and efficient synthetic methodologies to prepare heterocyclic compounds has received great attention over the years due to their importance in the pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals industries. Described herein are several novel syntheses of a variety of heterocycles including siloles, azaindoles, piperideines, piperidines and tetrahydropyrans.

A one-pot, two-step methodology involving Tamao’s reductive cyclization followed by Negishi cross coupling was utilized to synthesize several new series of silole-based chromophores. The property studies revealed new electropolymerized poly(thienyl-silole)s with enhanced photoefficiency for all-polymer solar cells. In addition, a new procedure is developed for the synthesis of the ...


Gram Scale Synthesis Of The C(18)-C(34) Fragment Of Amphidinolide C., Nicholas A Morra, Brian L Pagenkopf 2011 Western University

Gram Scale Synthesis Of The C(18)-C(34) Fragment Of Amphidinolide C., Nicholas A Morra, Brian L Pagenkopf

Chemistry Publications

The synthesis of the C(18)-C(34) fragment of amphidinolide C has been achieved via two routes, culminating in both the shortest (11 steps) and highest yielding (26% overall yield) approaches to this segment. The highly convergent approach will facilitate the synthesis of analogues, including the C(18)-C(29) fragment of amphidinolide F. Synthetic highlights include the selective methylation of a diyne, and the highly efficient use of a second generation cobalt catalyst in the Mukaiyama oxidative cyclization to form the trans-THF ring.


Surface Functionalization Of Thin-Film Diamond For Highly Stable And Selective Biological Interfaces, Courtney Stavis, Tami Lasseter Clare, Tami Lasseter Clare, James E. Butler, Adarsh D. Radadia, Rogan Carr, Hongjun Zeng, William Paul King, John A. Carlisle, Aleksei Aksimentiev, Rashid Bashir, Robert J. Hamers 2011 University of Wisconsin-Madison

Surface Functionalization Of Thin-Film Diamond For Highly Stable And Selective Biological Interfaces, Courtney Stavis, Tami Lasseter Clare, Tami Lasseter Clare, James E. Butler, Adarsh D. Radadia, Rogan Carr, Hongjun Zeng, William Paul King, John A. Carlisle, Aleksei Aksimentiev, Rashid Bashir, Robert J. Hamers

Adarsh D. Radadia

No abstract provided.


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