Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

676 Full-Text Articles 1,818 Authors 91,278 Downloads 90 Institutions

All Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Faceted Search

676 full-text articles. Page 7 of 29.

Clozaril, Gillian Jones 2017 Parkland College

Clozaril, Gillian Jones

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This is a poster presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, which provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and the body's response to Clozaril (Clozapine, Fazaclo, Versacloz) an atypical antipsychotic used to manage schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder as well as bipolar disorder, dementia-related behavior disorders, and tremors.


Sertraline Hydrochloride, Michelle L. Fehr 2017 Parkland College

Sertraline Hydrochloride, Michelle L. Fehr

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Sertraline Hydrochloride, trade name Zoloft, used to treat the symptoms of depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, premenstual dysphoric disorder, generalized anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.


Benazepril Hydrochloride, Tuan A. Nguyen 2017 Parkland College

Benazepril Hydrochloride, Tuan A. Nguyen

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Benazepril Hydrochloride, trade names Briem, Cibacen, Fortekor, and Iotensin, used to treat mild to moderate hypertension.


Citalopram Hydrobromide, Maria Parks 2017 Parkland College

Citalopram Hydrobromide, Maria Parks

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Citalopram Hydrobromide, trade name Celexa, used to treat depression.


Naloxone Therapy In Opioid Overdose Patients: Intranasal Or Intravenous?, Leiah Carney 2017 Parkland College

Naloxone Therapy In Opioid Overdose Patients: Intranasal Or Intravenous?, Leiah Carney

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This slide presentation for the Natural Science Poster Session at Parkland College describes the chemical makeup and effect of Naloxone, an opioid antagonist used in the treatment opioid overdose and summarizes a study comparing intravenous and intranasal delivery methods. Concludes that although there are conflicting studies, evidence supports intranasal delivery.


Phage Display To Identify Functional Resistance Mutations To Rigosertib, Nedim Filipovic 2017 Claremont McKenna College

Phage Display To Identify Functional Resistance Mutations To Rigosertib, Nedim Filipovic

CMC Senior Theses

In vitro protein selection has had major impacts in the field of protein engineering. Traditional screens assay individual proteins for specific function. Selection, however, analyzes a pool of mutants and yields the best variants. Phage display, a successful selection technique, also provides a reliable link between variant phenotype and genotype. It can also be coupled with high throughput sequencing to map protein mutations; potentially highlighting vital mutations in variants. We propose to apply this technique to cancer therapy. RAF, a serine/threonine kinase, is critical for cell regulation in mammals. RAF can be activated by oncogenic RAS, found in over ...


Mandelic Acid Derived Ionic Liquids: Synthesis, Toxicity And Biodegradability, Hannah Prydderch, Annette Haib, Marcel Spulak, Brid Quilty, Klaus Kummerer, Andreas Heise, Nicholas Gathergood 2017 Dublin City University

Mandelic Acid Derived Ionic Liquids: Synthesis, Toxicity And Biodegradability, Hannah Prydderch, Annette Haib, Marcel Spulak, Brid Quilty, Klaus Kummerer, Andreas Heise, Nicholas Gathergood

Chemistry Articles

A series of ten ionic liquids (ILs) was synthesised from the renewable resource mandelic acid. The ILs showed low antimicrobial activity towards the thirteen bacterial and twelve fungal strains they were screened against. A general trend of increasing bacterial toxicity in the order methyl ester < ethyl ester < n-butyl ester/amide was observed. IL biodegradability was evaluated using the Closed Bottle test (OECD 301D). Biodegradation increased in the order of increasing alkyl chain length for the ester ILs (methyl < ethyl < n-butyl). Despite none of the ILs presenting as readily biodegradable (>60% in 28 days), a series of biodegradation transformation products has been proposed based on the degradation of the ester/ amide alkyl chain. This data has allowed for an assessment of the effect of IL structural features on toxicity and biodegradation, particularly allowing for a comparison to earlier work where additional oxygen atoms were present ...


Aricept, Colleen M. Westburg 2017 Parkland College

Aricept, Colleen M. Westburg

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Donepizil Hydrocholide, trade name Aricept, used to treat the symtoms of mild, moderate, or severe dementia of Alzheimer’s type. Unlabeled uses include treatment of symptoms of vascular dementia, poststroke aphasia, and memory improvement in multiple sclerosis patients.


Nortriptyline Hyrdochloride, Israel R. Gomez Raffoul 2017 Parkland College

Nortriptyline Hyrdochloride, Israel R. Gomez Raffoul

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Nortriptyline Hydrochloride, trade names Acetexa, Allegron, Aventyl, Noritren, Nortrilen, Sensaval, and Vividyl, used to treat endogenous drpression. Unlabeled uses include treatment of nocturnal enuresis in children, ADJD, and diabetic neuropathy.


Ligands Of Therapeutic Utility For The Liver X Receptors., Rajesh Komati, Dominick Spadoni, Shilong Zheng, Jayalakshmi Sridhar 2017 Xavier University of Louisiana

Ligands Of Therapeutic Utility For The Liver X Receptors., Rajesh Komati, Dominick Spadoni, Shilong Zheng, Jayalakshmi Sridhar

Faculty and Staff Publications

Liver X receptors (LXRs) have been increasingly recognized as a potential therapeutic target to treat pathological conditions ranging from vascular and metabolic diseases, neurological degeneration, to cancers that are driven by lipid metabolism. Amidst intensifying efforts to discover ligands that act through LXRs to achieve the sought-after pharmacological outcomes, several lead compounds are already being tested in clinical trials for a variety of disease interventions. While more potent and selective LXR ligands continue to emerge from screening of small molecule libraries, rational design, and empirical medicinal chemistry approaches, challenges remain in minimizing undesirable effects of LXR activation on lipid metabolism ...


Literature Review On The Use Of Nucleic Acid-Based Logic Gates For The Detection Of Human Diseases, Enrique J. Blanco Martinez 2017 University of Central Florida

Literature Review On The Use Of Nucleic Acid-Based Logic Gates For The Detection Of Human Diseases, Enrique J. Blanco Martinez

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Conventional methods for diagnosis of human disease are, at times, limited in different regards including time requirement, either experimental or data processing, sensitivity, and selectivity. It is then that a Point of Care Criteria, which considers the true utility and usefulness of the device, is employed to propose new diagnostic devices capable of overcoming the aforementioned shortcomings of conventional tools. Nucleic acid, characterized for its predictable base-pairing nature, is considered to be a highly-selective, yet greatly modifiable device. Its behavior is then described through Boolean Logic, where “true” or “false” outputs are mathematically described as “1” and “0”, respectively. This ...


The Antibacterial Activity Of Metal Complexes Containing 1, 10-Phenanthroline: Potential As Alternatire Therapeutics In The Era Of Antibiotic Resistance, Livia Viganon, Orla L. Howe, Pauraic McCarron, Malachy McCann, Michael Devereux 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Antibacterial Activity Of Metal Complexes Containing 1, 10-Phenanthroline: Potential As Alternatire Therapeutics In The Era Of Antibiotic Resistance, Livia Viganon, Orla L. Howe, Pauraic Mccarron, Malachy Mccann, Michael Devereux

Articles

The “antibiotic era”, characterized by the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, over the last half-century has culminated in the present critical “era of resistance”. The treatment of bacterial infections is challenging because of a decline in the current arsenal of useful antibiotics and the slow rate of new drug development. The discovery of a new gene (mcr-1) in 2015, which enables bacteria to be highly resistant to polymyxins (such as colistin), the last line of antibiotic defence left, heralds a new level of concern as this gene is susceptible to horizontal gene transfer, with alarming potential to be spread between ...


Correlation Between The Structure And The Anticorrosion Barrier Properties Of Hybrid Sol–Gel Coatings: Application To The Protection Of Aa2024-T3 Alloys, Maikki Cullen, Muhammad Morshed, Mary O'Sullivan, Emma McHugh, Brendan Duffy, Mohamed Oubaha 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Correlation Between The Structure And The Anticorrosion Barrier Properties Of Hybrid Sol–Gel Coatings: Application To The Protection Of Aa2024-T3 Alloys, Maikki Cullen, Muhammad Morshed, Mary O'Sullivan, Emma Mchugh, Brendan Duffy, Mohamed Oubaha

Articles

Hybrid sol–gel materials have been extensively studied as viable alternatives to toxic chromate (VI)-based coatings for the corrosion protection of AA2024-T3 in the aerospace industry, due to the wide range of available chemistries they offer and the tremendous development potential of innovative functional coatings. However, so far, little work has been performed in identifying the effect of the employed chemistries on the structure and anticorrosion properties of the coatings. This work proposes to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship existing between the structure, morphology and anticorrosion properties of hybrid sol–gel coatings deposited on AA2024- T3 ...


Zoloft/Sertraline Hcl, Loretta Banks 2017 Parkland College

Zoloft/Sertraline Hcl, Loretta Banks

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Sertraline Hydrochloride, trade name Zoloft, used to treat the symptoms of depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, premenstual dysphoric disorder, generalized anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.


Nitric Oxide Release From Poly(Lactic-Co-Glycolic Acid) Nanoparticles And Titanium Alloy, Nina A. Reger 2017 Duquesne University

Nitric Oxide Release From Poly(Lactic-Co-Glycolic Acid) Nanoparticles And Titanium Alloy, Nina A. Reger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Current methods for the treatment of bacterial infection involve the use of systemic antibiotics, which are high concentrations of antibiotics delivered over a long period time. Unfortunately, the use of systemic antibiotics can cause harmful side effects to the patient and increases the possibility for antibiotic resistance. The delivery of antibiotics or alternative antimicrobial compounds, such as nitric oxide, directly to the site of infection would decrease the amount of antibiotic necessary to treat a bacterial infection.

Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)/polyvinyl alcohol nanoparticles and a titanium- aluminum-vanadium metal oxide alloy implant were surface functionalized to deliver nitric oxide. Polymer nanoparticles ...


Fluorogenic Nir-Probes Based On 1,2,4,5-Tetrazine Substituted Bf2-Azadipyrromethenes, Dan Wu, Donal F. O'Shea 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Fluorogenic Nir-Probes Based On 1,2,4,5-Tetrazine Substituted Bf2-Azadipyrromethenes, Dan Wu, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

A series of 1,2,4,5-tetrazine integrated near infrared (NIR) fluorophores based on the BF2 azadipyrromethene (NIR-AZA) class has been synthesised and their ability to modulate emission from low to high in response to Diels-Alder cycloaditions has been assessed. Substituents on the tetrazine component of the probe (Cl, OMe, p-NO2C6H4O) were seen to strongly influence quantum yields, fluorescence enhancement factors, and rates of cycloadditions. Cycloadditions between tetrazine-NIR-AZA constructs and a strained alkyne substrate were seen to be highly efficient in organic or aqueous solutions and in gels with high fluorescence enhancements of up to 48-fold observed. Real-time demonstration of ...


Polymer Brush Decorated Nanoparticles Immobilised On Polymer Monoliths For Enhanced Biopolymer Elution, M Iacono, D Connolly, Andreas Heise 2017 Dublin City University

Polymer Brush Decorated Nanoparticles Immobilised On Polymer Monoliths For Enhanced Biopolymer Elution, M Iacono, D Connolly, Andreas Heise

Chemistry Articles

A protocol for the decoration of a polymeric monolith with polymer brush grafted silica nanoparticles was developed. Monolithic poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (GMA-co-EDMA) was prepared in 15 mm long cylindrical polypropylene tubing and quarternized. 160 nm silica nanoparticles with a 20 nm poly(methacrylic acid-co-tert-butyl methacrylate) brush layer were flushed through the monolith and electrostatically trapped. A uniform and dense carboxylic acid containing brush nanoparticle surface decoration over the entire length of the monolith was achieved. Elution performance of the brush nanoparticle decorated monolith was compared to a carboxylic acid surface decorated monolith ...


Nanoparticle As Supramolecular Platform For Delivery And Bioorthogonal Catalysis, Gulen Yesilbag Tonga 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Nanoparticle As Supramolecular Platform For Delivery And Bioorthogonal Catalysis, Gulen Yesilbag Tonga

Doctoral Dissertations

Nanoparticles (NPs) are being investigated widely for many applications including imaging, drug delivery, therapeutics, materials, and catalysis due to their unique and tunable physical and chemical properties. Among NPs, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have attracted great attention due to ease of synthesis and surface functionalization, inertness of the core, biocompatibility, and functional versatility. Introducing supramolecular chemistry into the nanoparticle-based platforms brings out controllable properties, dynamic self assembly processes, and adjustable performance. My research has focused on the synthesis of AuNPs bearing different surface functionalities and their host-guest interactions with synthetic small molecules or commercially available hydrophobic catalysts for delivery and therapeutic ...


Analytical Methods To Support Design And Optimization Of Protein Drug Conjugate: Focusing On Haptoglobin-Hemoglobin Complex As A Drug Carrier, Shengsheng Xu 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Analytical Methods To Support Design And Optimization Of Protein Drug Conjugate: Focusing On Haptoglobin-Hemoglobin Complex As A Drug Carrier, Shengsheng Xu

Doctoral Dissertations

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains one of the most serious public health challenges and a significant cause of mortality for certain populations. Despite the large number of antiretrovirals (mostly nucleotide and nucleoside analogs) developed in the past two decades, the inability of small molecule therapeutics to target HIV reservoirs directly creates a significant obstacle to their effective utilization. Indeed, achieving the desired therapeutic effect in the absence of the effective targeted delivery must rely on dosage escalation, which frequently causes severe toxicity. This problem may be solved by conjugation of antiretroviral agents to endogenous proteins (e.g., hemoglobin haptoglobin complex ...


A Potential Improved Anti-Hiv Drug: Using A Bivalent Design To Increase Specificity And Potency, Theo Koelsch 2017 University of Colorado Boulder

A Potential Improved Anti-Hiv Drug: Using A Bivalent Design To Increase Specificity And Potency, Theo Koelsch

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this thesis, the synthesis of a potentially improved HIV entry inhibitor is presented. HIV has infected millions of people, and yet there is no fully effective treatment for the infection and the subsequent, high mortality disease AIDS. This is due in large part to the virus’s rapid development of resistance to any drug used to treat the infection. The best way to combat this is to use multiple drugs with different inhibition targets and so prevent the virus from developing resistance. In order to contribute to the effective treatment of HIV infection, it is therefore important to develop ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress