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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Directed Self-Assembly Of Fluorescence Responsive Nanoparticles And Their Use For Real-Time Surface And Cellular Imaging., Shane Cheung, Donal F. O'Shea 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Directed Self-Assembly Of Fluorescence Responsive Nanoparticles And Their Use For Real-Time Surface And Cellular Imaging., Shane Cheung, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

Directed self-assemblies in water are known as the most efficient means of forming complex higher ordered structures in nature. Here we show a straightforward and robust method for particle assembly which utilises the amphiphilic tri-block co-polymer poloxamer-188 and a hydrophobic fluorophore as the two designer components, which have a built-in ability to convey spatial and temporal information about their surroundings to an observer. Templating of particle self-assembly is attributed to interactions between the fluorophore and hydrophobic segment of the poloxamer. Particle fluorescence in water is quenched but can be induced to selectively switch on in response to temperature, surface adsorption ...


Green Chemistry Oxidative Modification Of Peptoids Utilizing Bleach And Tempo, Jesse Leland Roberts 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Green Chemistry Oxidative Modification Of Peptoids Utilizing Bleach And Tempo, Jesse Leland Roberts

Theses and Dissertations

Biotherapeutic drugs, derived from biological molecules such as proteins and DNA, are becoming an integral and exceptionally critical aspect of modern medicine. Compared to common pharmaceutical drugs, biotherapeutics are much larger in size and have greater target specificity, allowing them to treat many chronic diseases ranging from cancer to rheumatoid arthritis. The major issue with protein based therapeutics is that they readily undergo proteolysis, or enzymatic degradation, when administered through subcutaneous injections. Traditionally, biotherapeutic modification procedures have centered on the use of PEG derivatives. This process, called PEGylation, is unfavorable due to the increases in molecular weights of the proteins ...


Substituted Hydroxylamines As Nitrogen Transfer Reagents: Direct Synthetic Pathways To Structurally Rich Heteroatomic Scaffolds, Dylan John Quinn 2017 Rowan University

Substituted Hydroxylamines As Nitrogen Transfer Reagents: Direct Synthetic Pathways To Structurally Rich Heteroatomic Scaffolds, Dylan John Quinn

Theses and Dissertations

Nitrogen is found in virtually all valuable chemical compounds. The abundance of atmospheric nitrogen however, is rendered inaccessible because of the strong N-N triple bond, ultimately preventing its practical utilization in synthetic organic synthesis. The development of powerful nitrogen transfer reagents, such as substituted hydroxylamine derivatives, have played an important role in the introduction of nitrogen into valuable chemical scaffolding.

Herein is reported the methodological development of synthetic nitrogen placement into a range of valuable heteroatomic compounds. This work shows that O-Substituted Hydroxylamine can be used to furnish small heteroatomic compounds, particularly nitriles. Whereas, N-Substituted Hydroxylamine can be employed to ...


Folding Of Bovine Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (Bpti) Is Faster Using Aromatic Thiols And Their Corresponding Disulfides, Ram Prasad Marahatta 2017 Florida International University

Folding Of Bovine Pancreatic Trypsin Inhibitor (Bpti) Is Faster Using Aromatic Thiols And Their Corresponding Disulfides, Ram Prasad Marahatta

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Improvement in the in vitro oxidative folding of disulfide-containing proteins, such as extracellular and pharmaceutically important proteins, is required. Traditional folding methods using small molecule aliphatic thiol and disulfide, such as glutathione (GSH) and glutathione disulfide (GSSG) are slow and low yielding. Small molecule aromatic thiols and disulfides show great potentiality because aromatic thiols have low pKa values, close to the thiol pKa of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), higher nucleophilicity and good leaving group ability. Our studies showed that thiols with a positively charged group, quaternary ammonium salts (QAS), are better than thiols with negatively charged groups such as phosphonic ...


Progress Toward Phidianidine Analogues Containing A 1,2,3-Triazole Ring, David Laws III, Dillon King, Bryan H. Wakefield 2017 Coastal Carolina University

Progress Toward Phidianidine Analogues Containing A 1,2,3-Triazole Ring, David Laws Iii, Dillon King, Bryan H. Wakefield

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Phidianidines are a class of compound that has been extracted from the sea mollusk Phidianis militaris. These compounds have been shown to exhibit a variety of useful properties such as antihistamine effects, anti-cancer activity, agonism of the µ-opioid receptor and neuroprotection. The biological activities are thought to be caused by the 1,2,4- oxadiazole ring found within the molecule. The goal of this project is to synthesize analogues of phidianidine that contain a 1,2,3-triazole instead of the 1,2,4 oxadiazole ring using a method that will allow for other regions of the molecule to be changed ...


Ensemble-Based Modeling And Rigidity Decomposition Of Allosteric Interaction Networks And Communication Pathways In Cyclin-Dependent Kinases: Differentiating Kinase Clients Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone, Gabrielle Stetz, Amanda Tse, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2017 Chapman University

Ensemble-Based Modeling And Rigidity Decomposition Of Allosteric Interaction Networks And Communication Pathways In Cyclin-Dependent Kinases: Differentiating Kinase Clients Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone, Gabrielle Stetz, Amanda Tse, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The overarching goal of delineating molecular principles underlying differentiation of protein kinase clients and chaperone-based modulation of kinase activity is fundamental to understanding activity of many oncogenic kinases that require chaperoning of Hsp70 and Hsp90 systems to attain a functionally competent active form. Despite structural similarities and common activation mechanisms shared by cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) proteins, members of this family can exhibit vastly different chaperone preferences. The molecular determinants underlying chaperone dependencies of protein kinases are not fully understood as structurally similar kinases may often elicit distinct regulatory responses to the chaperone. The regulatory divergences observed for members of CDK ...


Selective Targeting Of Bromodomains Of The Bromodomain-Phd Fingers Family Impairs Osteoclast Differentiation, Julia C. Meier, Hanna Witwicka, Sung-Yong Hwang, Mark J. Birnbaum, Stefan Knapp 2017 Oxford University

Selective Targeting Of Bromodomains Of The Bromodomain-Phd Fingers Family Impairs Osteoclast Differentiation, Julia C. Meier, Hanna Witwicka, Sung-Yong Hwang, Mark J. Birnbaum, Stefan Knapp

Open Access Articles

Histone acetyltransferases of the MYST family are recruited to chromatin by BRPF scaffolding proteins. We explored functional consequences and the therapeutic potential of inhibitors targeting acetyl-lysine dependent protein interaction domains (bromodomains) present in BRPF1-3 in bone maintenance. We report three potent and selective inhibitors: one (PFI-4) with high selectivity for the BRPF1B isoform and two pan-BRPF bromodomain inhibitors (OF-1, NI-57). The developed inhibitors displaced BRPF bromodomains from chromatin and did not inhibit cell growth and proliferation. Intriguingly, the inhibitors impaired RANKL-induced differentiation of primary murine bone marrow cells and human primary monocytes into bone resorbing osteoclasts by specifically repressing transcriptional ...


Platinum(Iv) Oxaliplatin-Peptide Conjugates Targeting Memhsp70+ Phenotype In Colorectal Cancer Cells., Aoife M. McKeon, Janis Noonan, Marc Devocelle, Brona M. Murphy, Darren M. Griffith 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Platinum(Iv) Oxaliplatin-Peptide Conjugates Targeting Memhsp70+ Phenotype In Colorectal Cancer Cells., Aoife M. Mckeon, Janis Noonan, Marc Devocelle, Brona M. Murphy, Darren M. Griffith

Chemistry Articles

Novel Pt(iv) tumour penetrating peptide (TPP) conjugates are reported. They are the first example of metallodrugs to target a membrane bound heat shock protein 70 positive (memHSP70+) phenotype in cancer cells. The conjugates exhibit superior cytotoxicity as compared to oxaliplatin alone in Pt resistant colorectal cancer cells with relatively high memHSP70+ expression. Substitution of TPP in Pt(iv) peptide conjugates with scrambled peptide (ScP) essentially abolishes the observed cytotoxicity.


Development Of Novel Alkaloid Derivatives For The Treatment Of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Lindsay Michelle Renn 2017 Rowan University

Development Of Novel Alkaloid Derivatives For The Treatment Of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Lindsay Michelle Renn

Theses and Dissertations

The majority of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients can be treated with and respond to imatinib mesylate (Gleevec). Imatinib is known to inhibit BCR-ABLl kinase activity, and is effective for the treatment of the majority of CML patients. Multiple mutations have been found in patients resistant to imatinib treatment, including many located in the BCR-ABLl tyrosine kinase domain (e.g. E255K and T315I). Matrine is a bioactive alkaloid from Sophora flavescens and has been shown to inhibit several types of cancers and is used in Chinese medicine. The goal of this study is to develop new matrine derivatives that inhibit ...


Progress Toward The Development Of A "Catch/Release" Strategy For Isolating Salvinorin A, From Plant Materails Including Microwave Promotion, Douglas Armstrong, Logan Smith 2017 Olivet Nazarene University

Progress Toward The Development Of A "Catch/Release" Strategy For Isolating Salvinorin A, From Plant Materails Including Microwave Promotion, Douglas Armstrong, Logan Smith

Faculty Scholarship – Chemistry

We are investigating using the Diels-Alder and retro-Diels-Alder reactions as a potential “catch/release” strategy for isolating Salvinorin A from plant samples (Salvia divinorum), hopefully to improve the current method, which is very long and laborious. Salvinorin A has analgesic activity by activating the kappa opioid receptor, not the mu receptor, and thus it has potential for being developed into a non-addicting analgesic.


Toxicant Formation In Dabbing: The Terpene Story, Jiries Meehan-Attrash, Wentai Luo, Robert M. Strongin 2017 Portland State University

Toxicant Formation In Dabbing: The Terpene Story, Jiries Meehan-Attrash, Wentai Luo, Robert M. Strongin

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

Inhalable, noncombustible cannabis products are playing a central role in the expansion of the medical and recreational use of cannabis. In particular, the practice of “dabbing” with butane hash oil has emerged with great popularity in states that have legalized cannabis. Despite their growing popularity, the degradation product profiles of these new products have not been extensively investigated. The study herein focuses on the chemistry of myrcene and other common terpenes found in cannabis extracts. Methacrolein, benzene, and several other products of concern to human health were formed under the conditions that simulated realworld dabbing. The terpene degradation products observed ...


Design, Synthesis, And Biological Activity Of 5'-Phenyl-1,2,5,6-Tetrahydro-3,3'-Bipyridine Analogues As Potential Antagonists Of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, Yafei Jin, Xiaoqin Huang, Roger L. Papke, Emily M. Jutkiewicz, Hollis D Showalter, Chang-Guo Zhan 2017 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Design, Synthesis, And Biological Activity Of 5'-Phenyl-1,2,5,6-Tetrahydro-3,3'-Bipyridine Analogues As Potential Antagonists Of Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, Yafei Jin, Xiaoqin Huang, Roger L. Papke, Emily M. Jutkiewicz, Hollis D Showalter, Chang-Guo Zhan

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Starting from a known non-specific agonist (1) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), rationally guided structural-based design resulted in the discovery of a small series of 5′-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-3,3′-bipyridines (3a – 3e) incorporating a phenyl ring off the pyridine core of 1. The compounds were synthesized via successive Suzuki couplings on a suitably functionalized pyridine starting monomer 4 to append phenyl and pyridyl substituents off the 3- and 5-positions, respectively, and then make subsequent modifications on the flanking pyridyl ring to provide target compounds. Compound 3a is a novel antagonist which is highly selective for α3β4 nAChR (K ...


Nonlinear Oscillatory Dynamics Of The Hardening Of Calcium Phosphate Bone Cements, Vuk Uskoković, Julietta V. Rau 2017 Chapman University

Nonlinear Oscillatory Dynamics Of The Hardening Of Calcium Phosphate Bone Cements, Vuk Uskoković, Julietta V. Rau

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Here we report on the nonlinear, oscillatory dynamics detected in the evolution of phase composition during the setting of different calcium phosphate cements, two of which evolved toward brushite and one toward hydroxyapatite as the final product. Whereas both brushite-forming cements contained iondoped b-tricalcium phosphate as the initial phase, the zinc-containing one yielded scholzite as an additional phase during setting and the oscillations between these two products were pronounced throughout the entire 80 h setting period, long after the hardening processes was over from the mechanical standpoint. Oscillations in the copper-containing system involved the amount of brushite as the main ...


Selective Inhibitors Of Human Mpges-1 From Structure-Based Computational Screening, Ziyuan Zhou, Yaxia Yuan, Shuo Zhou, Kai Ding, Fang Zheng, Chang-Guo Zhan 2017 University of Kentucky

Selective Inhibitors Of Human Mpges-1 From Structure-Based Computational Screening, Ziyuan Zhou, Yaxia Yuan, Shuo Zhou, Kai Ding, Fang Zheng, Chang-Guo Zhan

Molecular Modeling and Biopharmaceutical Center Faculty Publications

Human mPGES-1 is recognized as a promising target for next generation of anti-inflammatory drugs. Although various mPGES-1 inhibitors have been reported in literature, few have entered clinical trials and none has been proven clinically useful so far. It is highly desired for developing the next generation of therapeutics for inflammation-related diseases to design and discover novel inhibitors of mPGES-1 with new scaffolds. Here, we report the identification of a series of new, potent and selective inhibitors of human mPGES-1 with diverse scaffolds through combined computational and experimental studies. The computationally modeled binding structures of these new inhibitors with mPGES-1 provide ...


Poly(Ethyl Glyoxylate) Solid-Core Particles For Drug Delivery, Michael Thomas Gambles 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Poly(Ethyl Glyoxylate) Solid-Core Particles For Drug Delivery, Michael Thomas Gambles

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The ability to trigger the degradation of polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) by a specific stimulus can provide a method of improved drug targeting and selective release capabilities in vivo. The challenge for most polymeric drug delivery systems remains the necessity for many stimuli events to trigger the release of cargo. Polymeric nanotechnology containing “self-immolative polymers” looks to alleviate the reliance on high concentrations of stimuli by undergoing complete end-to-end depolymerization via a single stimulus-mediated reaction of an end-cap. Herein, NPs were developed using poly(ethyl glyoxylate) (PEtG) blended with poly(d,l-lactic acid) (PLA) to encapsulate a hydrophobic cargo to be ...


Crystal Engineering Of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients With Low Aqueous Solubility And Bioavailability, Jenna M. Skieneh 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Crystal Engineering Of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients With Low Aqueous Solubility And Bioavailability, Jenna M. Skieneh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Approximately 75% of new molecular entities approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in the pharmaceutical industry are found to have poor aqueous solubility. This undesirable attribute leads to consequences such as higher doses required to reach therapeutic levels, greater vulnerability to food effects, lesser fraction absorbed in the small intestine and damage to the environment due to increased quantity of excretion. The addition of an excipient (i.e. a FDA approved inactive ingredient) to the molecular structure of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) through intermolecular bonding is of growing interest because the properties of the API ...


Traceable Peo-Poly(Ester) Micelles For Breast Cancer Targeting: The Effect Of Core Structure And Targeting Peptide On Micellar Tumor Accumulation, Shyam M. Garg, Igor M. Paiva, Mohammad R. Vakili, Rania Soudy, Kate Agopsowicz, Amir H. Soleimani, Mary Hitt, Kamaljit Kaur, Afsaneh Lavasanifar 2017 University of Alberta

Traceable Peo-Poly(Ester) Micelles For Breast Cancer Targeting: The Effect Of Core Structure And Targeting Peptide On Micellar Tumor Accumulation, Shyam M. Garg, Igor M. Paiva, Mohammad R. Vakili, Rania Soudy, Kate Agopsowicz, Amir H. Soleimani, Mary Hitt, Kamaljit Kaur, Afsaneh Lavasanifar

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Traceable poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(ester) micelles were developed through chemical conjugation of a near-infrared (NIR) dye to the poly(ester) end by click chemistry. This strategy was tried for micelles with poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) or poly(α-benzyl carboxylate-ε-caprolactone) (PBCL) cores. The surface of both micelles was also modified with the breast cancer targeting peptide, P18-4. The results showed the positive contribution of PBCL over PCL core on micellar thermodynamic and kinetic stability as well as accumulation in primary orthotopic MDA-MB-231 tumors within 4–96 h following intravenous administration in mice. This was in contrast to in vitro studies where ...


A Novel Method For Synthesis Of Hydroxytyrosol, Emmanuel Onobun 2017 East Tennessee State Universtiy

A Novel Method For Synthesis Of Hydroxytyrosol, Emmanuel Onobun

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenolethanol, a naturally occurring polyphenol most common in olive tree (Olea europaea), is one of the most effective member of the polyphenols family, because of its remarkable antioxidant activity, its ability to inhibit oxidation of low density lipids (LDL), and its protection against DNA oxidative damage. Hydroxytyrosol, which is widely used in cosmetics and food supplements industries, can be purchased as an olive oil extract that contains low concentration of hydroxytyrosol besides other polyphenols. The price and low natural abundance of hydroxytyrosol make alternative synthetic sources very attractive. In this research, a novel method for the synthesis of ...


Bf2-Azadipyrromethene Nir-Emissive Fluorophores With Research And Clinical Potential., Harrison C. Daly, Gonzalo Sampedro, Corentin Bon, Dan Wu, Ghazi Ismail, Ronan A. Cahill, Donal F. O'Shea 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Bf2-Azadipyrromethene Nir-Emissive Fluorophores With Research And Clinical Potential., Harrison C. Daly, Gonzalo Sampedro, Corentin Bon, Dan Wu, Ghazi Ismail, Ronan A. Cahill, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

The use of near-infrared fluorescence for in vivo research and intraoperative clinical imaging is rapidly expanding, with new applications being proposed and developed. While imaging hardware and software have significantly progressed in recent times, the molecular fluorescent agents remain a limiting factor. In this report, the design, synthesis, photophysical characterization and bio-medical imaging assessment of two new NIR-fluorophores based on the BF


Development Of Entrapment Columns For The Study Of Affinity Based Analysis Of Drug-Protein Interactions, Shiden T. Azaria 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Development Of Entrapment Columns For The Study Of Affinity Based Analysis Of Drug-Protein Interactions, Shiden T. Azaria

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

High-performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) is a type of liquid chromatography in which solutes are separated based on their binding to a stationary phase that is a biologically-related agent. Because of the strong and selective nature of many biological interactions, this method has already become a powerful technique for the purification and analysis of solutes that are complementary to the immobilized binding agent. Human serum albumin (HSA), the most abundant protein in the blood with concentrations of 35-50 mg/mL in serum, has interactions with many drugs, which can affect the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of such agents.

The overall ...


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