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Metformin, Andrea Frizzell 2018 Parkland College

Metformin, Andrea Frizzell

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster for the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College displays chemical information about the drug Metformin (Fortamet, Glucophage, Gumetza, Riomet), used for the treatment of diabetes, suppressing the production of glucose and aiding int he absorption of insulin, with unlabeled uses as treatment for antipsychotic induced weight gain and polycystic ovary syndrome.


Toward The Detection Of The Triatomic Negative Ion Spn−: Spectroscopy And Potential Energy Surfaces, Tarek Trabelsi, Majdi Hochlaf, Joseph S. Francisco 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Toward The Detection Of The Triatomic Negative Ion Spn−: Spectroscopy And Potential Energy Surfaces, Tarek Trabelsi, Majdi Hochlaf, Joseph S. Francisco

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

High level theoretical calculations using coupled-cluster theory were performed to provide an accurate description of the electronic structure, spectroscopic properties, and stability of the triatomic negative ion comprising S, N, and P. The adiabatic electron affinities (AEAs) and vertical detachment energies

(VDEs) of PNS, SPN, PSN, and cyc-PSN were calculated. The predicted AEA and VDE of the linear SPN isomer are large: 2.24 and 3.04 eV, respectively. The potential energy surfaces (PESs) of the lowest-lying electronic states of the SPN isomer along the PN and SP bond lengths and bond angle were mapped. A set of spectroscopic ...


Characterization Of Solution-Phase Drug-Protein Interactions By Ultrafast Affinity Extraction, Sandya Beeram, Xiwei Zheng, Kyungah Suh, David S. Hage 2018 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Characterization Of Solution-Phase Drug-Protein Interactions By Ultrafast Affinity Extraction, Sandya Beeram, Xiwei Zheng, Kyungah Suh, David S. Hage

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

A number of tools based on high-performance affinity separations have been developed for studying drug-protein interactions. An example of one recent approach is ultrafast affinity extraction. This method has been employed to examine the free (or non-bound) fractions of drugs and other solutes in simple or complex samples that contain soluble binding agents. These free fractions have also been used to determine the binding constants and rate constants for the interactions of drugs with these soluble agents. This report describes the general principles of ultrafast affinity extraction and the experimental conditions under which it can be used to characterize such ...


Tin Nanoparticles Encapsulated Carbon Nanoboxes As High-Performance Anode For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Ziming Yang, Hong-Hui Wu, Zhiming Zheng, Yong Cheng, Pei Li, Qiaobao Zhang, Ming-Sheng Wang 2018 Xiamen University

Tin Nanoparticles Encapsulated Carbon Nanoboxes As High-Performance Anode For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Ziming Yang, Hong-Hui Wu, Zhiming Zheng, Yong Cheng, Pei Li, Qiaobao Zhang, Ming-Sheng Wang

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

One of the crucial challenges for applying Sn as an anode of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is the dramatic volume change during lithiation/delithiation process, which causes a rapid capacity fading and then deteriorated battery performance. To address this issue, herein, we report the design and fabrication of Sn encapsulated carbon nanoboxes (denoted as Sn@C) with yolk@shell architectures. In this design, the carbon shell can facilitate the good transport kinetics whereas the hollow space between Sn and carbon shell can accommodate the volume variation during repeated charge/discharge process. Accordingly, this composite electrode exhibits a high reversible capacity of ...


Anatomy Of Stem Teaching In American Universities: A Snapshot From A Large-Scale Observation Study, Marilyne Stains, Jordan Harshman, Megan K. Barker, Stephanie V. Chasteen, Renee Cole, Sue Ellen DeChenne-Peters, M. Kevin Eagan Jr., Joan M. Esson, Jennifer K. Knight, Frank A. Laski, Marc Levis-Fitzgerald, Christopher J. Lee, Stanley M. Lo, Lisa M. McDonnell, Timothy A. McKay, Nicole Michelotti, Michael S. Palmer, Kathryn M. Plank, Tamara M. Rodela, Erin R. Sanders, Natalie G. Schimpf, Patricia M. Schulte, Michelle Smith, MacKenzie Stetzer, Jackie Stewart, Blaire Van Valkenburgh, Erin Vinson, Laura K. Weir, Paul J. Wendel, Lindsay B. Wheeler, Anna M. Young 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Anatomy Of Stem Teaching In American Universities: A Snapshot From A Large-Scale Observation Study, Marilyne Stains, Jordan Harshman, Megan K. Barker, Stephanie V. Chasteen, Renee Cole, Sue Ellen Dechenne-Peters, M. Kevin Eagan Jr., Joan M. Esson, Jennifer K. Knight, Frank A. Laski, Marc Levis-Fitzgerald, Christopher J. Lee, Stanley M. Lo, Lisa M. Mcdonnell, Timothy A. Mckay, Nicole Michelotti, Michael S. Palmer, Kathryn M. Plank, Tamara M. Rodela, Erin R. Sanders, Natalie G. Schimpf, Patricia M. Schulte, Michelle Smith, Mackenzie Stetzer, Jackie Stewart, Blaire Van Valkenburgh, Erin Vinson, Laura K. Weir, Paul J. Wendel, Lindsay B. Wheeler, Anna M. Young

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

National and local initiatives focused on the transformation of STEM teaching in higher education have multiplied over the last decade. These initiatives often focus on measuring change in instructional practices, but it is difficult to monitor such change without a national picture of STEM educational practices, especially as characterized by common observational instruments. We characterized a snapshot of this landscape by conducting the first large scale observation-based study. We found that lecturing was prominent throughout the undergraduate STEM curriculum, even in classrooms with infrastructure designed to support active learning, indicating that further work is required to reform STEM education. Additionally ...


Elastic Properties Of 2d Ti3c2tx Mxene Monolayers And Bilayers, Alexey Lipatov, Haidong Lu, Mohamed H. Alhabeb, Babak Anasori, Alexei Gruverman, Yury Gogotsi, Alexander Sinitskii 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Elastic Properties Of 2d Ti3c2tx Mxene Monolayers And Bilayers, Alexey Lipatov, Haidong Lu, Mohamed H. Alhabeb, Babak Anasori, Alexei Gruverman, Yury Gogotsi, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides and nitrides, known as MXenes, are a large class of materials that are finding numerous applications ranging from energy storage and electromagnetic interference shielding to water purification and antibacterial coatings. Yet, despite the fact thatmore than 20 different MXenes have been synthesized, the mechanical properties of a MXene monolayer have not been experimentally studied. We measured the elastic properties of monolayers and bilayers of the most important MXene material to date, Ti3C2Tx (Tx stands for surface termination).We developed amethod for preparingwell-strainedmembranes of Ti3C2Tx ...


Integrating Microscale Enzyme And Lectin Reactions Using Nanogel Assisted Capillary Electrophoresis, Srikanth Gattu 2018 West Virginia University

Integrating Microscale Enzyme And Lectin Reactions Using Nanogel Assisted Capillary Electrophoresis, Srikanth Gattu

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Protein glycosylation is one of the most prevalent post-translational modifications which plays an important role in determining the structure, stability, and function of proteins. Changes in glycosylation patterns are a hallmark of cancer and other diseases. Characterizing glycosylation is difficult because these structures vary in their linkage and monomer sequence, which gives rise to vast microheterogenity that could affect the function of the molecule. A novel method using capillary gel electrophoresis by integrating microscale enzymes and lectin reactions in the capillary was developed to verify glycan structure by analyzing monosaccharides. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) improves upon conventional methods of glycan structure ...


Reductive Cleavage Of Organic Peroxides By Iron Salts And Thiols, Anderw Olson, Abigail J. Jameson, Shiva K. Kyasa, Boone W. Evans, Patrick H. Dussault 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Reductive Cleavage Of Organic Peroxides By Iron Salts And Thiols, Anderw Olson, Abigail J. Jameson, Shiva K. Kyasa, Boone W. Evans, Patrick H. Dussault

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Despite the low bond strength of the oxygen− oxygen bond, organic peroxides are often surprisingly resistant to cleavage by nucleophiles and reductants. As a result, achieving decomposition under mild conditions can be challenging. Herein, we explore the reactivity of a selection of peroxides toward thiolates, phenyl selenide, Fe(II) salts, and iron thiolates. Peroxides activated by conjugation, strain, or stereoelectronics are rapidly cleaved at room temperature by thiolate anions, phenylselenide, or Fe(II) salts. Under the same conditions, unhindered dialkyl peroxides are only marginally reactive; hindered peroxides, including triacetone triperoxide and diacetone diperoxide (DADP), are inert. In contrast, all but ...


Study Of The Oxidation Kinetics Of Nitrite Ions By Potassium Ferrate(Vi), J. Carr, I. Goncharova, D. Golovko, C. McLaughlin, I. Golovko, J. Erickson 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Study Of The Oxidation Kinetics Of Nitrite Ions By Potassium Ferrate(Vi), J. Carr, I. Goncharova, D. Golovko, C. Mclaughlin, I. Golovko, J. Erickson

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Вивчено кiнетику окиснення нiтрит до нiтрат йонiв калiй фератом(VI) в широкому дiапазонi рН, вiд нейтрального до лужного сере- довища. Проведено двi серiї кiнетичних експе- риментiв, заснованих на рiзних технологiях одержання калiй ферату(VI). В першiй серiї експериментiв кристалiчний калiй ферат(VI) отримували хiмiчним синтезом. В дiапазонi рН 6.5–11 твердий K2FeO4 додавали до роз- чинiв нiтрит йонiв при вiдомiй концентрацiї та рН. Експерименти проводили пiд контролем рН та йонної сили. Кiнетичнi дослiдження коливалися вiд мiлiсекунд до декiлькох хви- лин. В другiй серiї експериментiв розчини K2FeO4 було отримано електрохiмiчним син- тезом. Лужнi розчини ...


Magnetic Assembly Of Soft Robots With Hard Components, Sen Wai Kwok, Stephen A. Morin, Bobak Mosadegh, Ju-Hee So, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides 2018 Watertown, MA

Magnetic Assembly Of Soft Robots With Hard Components, Sen Wai Kwok, Stephen A. Morin, Bobak Mosadegh, Ju-Hee So, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Reconfigurable soft robotic actuators with hard components are described. Magnetic attraction is used to couple flexible molded bodies capable of actuation upon pressurization with other flexible molded bodies and/or with hard components (e.g., frames and connectors) to form a seal for fluidic communication and cooperative actuation. Pneumatic decoupling chambers built into the hard components to decouple the hard components from the magnetically-coupled soft molded bodies are described. The use of magnetic self- alignment coupling and pneumatic de-coupling allows for the remote assembly and disassembly of complex structures involving hard and soft components. The magnetic coupling allows for rapid ...


Systems And Methods For Actuating Soft Robotic Actuators, Robert F. Shepherd, Adam Stokes, Stephen A. Morin, Ludovico Cademartiri, Jacob Freake, Rui Nunes, Xin Chen, George M. Whitesides 2018 Brooktondale, NY

Systems And Methods For Actuating Soft Robotic Actuators, Robert F. Shepherd, Adam Stokes, Stephen A. Morin, Ludovico Cademartiri, Jacob Freake, Rui Nunes, Xin Chen, George M. Whitesides

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Systems and methods for providing a soft robot is provided. In one system , a robotic device includes a flexible body having a fluid chamber, where a portion of the flexible body includes an elastically extensible material and a portion of the flexible body is strain limiting relative to the elastically extensible material. The robotic device can further include a pressurizing inlet in fluid communication with the fluid chamber, and a pressurizing device in fluid communication with the pressurizing inlet, the pressurizing device including a reaction chamber configured to accommodate a gas producing chemical reaction for providing pressurized gas to the ...


Flexible Thin Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb 2018 Duenellen, NJ

Flexible Thin Robotic Actuators, Aaron D. Mazzeo, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, George M. Whitesides, William B. Kalb

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Some embodiments of the disclosed subject matter includes a laminated robotic actuator. The laminated robotic actuator includes a strain-limiting layer comprising a flexible, non extensible material in the form of a sheet or thin film, a flexible inflatable layer in the form of a thin film or sheet in facing relationship with the strain-limiting layer, wherein the inflatable layer is selectively adhered to the strain-limiting layer, and wherein a portion of an un-adhered region between the strain-limiting layer and the inflatable layer defines a pressurizable channel, and at least one fluid inlet in fluid communication with the pressurizable channel. The ...


Flexible Robotic Actuators, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, Adam Stokes, Filip Ilievski, Ramses V. Martinez, Jamie L. Branch, Carina R. Fish, Lihua Jin, Rui M. D. Nunes, Zhigang Suo, George M. Whitesides 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Flexible Robotic Actuators, Stephen A. Morin, Robert F. Shepherd, Adam Stokes, Filip Ilievski, Ramses V. Martinez, Jamie L. Branch, Carina R. Fish, Lihua Jin, Rui M. D. Nunes, Zhigang Suo, George M. Whitesides

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Systems and methods for providing flexible robotic actuators are disclosed. Some embodiments of the disclosed subject matter include a soft robot capable of providing a radial deflection motions; a soft tentacle actuator capable of providing a variety of motions and providing transportation means for various types of materials; and a hybrid robotic system that retains desirable characteristics of both soft robots and hard robots. Some embodiments of the disclosed subject matter also include methods for operating the dis closed robotic systems.


Application Of Group I Metal Adduction To The Separation Of Steroids By Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry, Alana L. Rister, Tiana L. Martin, Eric D. Dodds 2018 University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Application Of Group I Metal Adduction To The Separation Of Steroids By Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry, Alana L. Rister, Tiana L. Martin, Eric D. Dodds

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Steroids represent an interesting class of small biomolecules due to their use as biomarkers and their status as scheduled drugs. Although the analysis of steroids is complicated by the potential for many isomers, ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has previously shown promise for the rapid separation of steroid isomers. This work is aimed at the further development of IMS separation for the analysis of steroids. Here, traveling wave ion mobility spectrometry (TWIMS) was applied to the study of group I metal adducted steroids and their corresponding multimers for five sets of isomers. Each set of isomers had a minimum of one ...


The Secant Rate Of Corrosion: Correlating Observations Of The Uss Arizona Submerged In Pearl Harbor, Donald L. Johnson, Robert J. Deangelis, Dana J. Medlin, Jon E. Johnson, James D. Carr, David L. Conlin 2018 National Park Service

The Secant Rate Of Corrosion: Correlating Observations Of The Uss Arizona Submerged In Pearl Harbor, Donald L. Johnson, Robert J. Deangelis, Dana J. Medlin, Jon E. Johnson, James D. Carr, David L. Conlin

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Contrary to previous linear projections of steel corrosion in seawater, analysis of an inert marker embedded in USS Arizona concretion since the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor reveals evidence that the effective corrosion rate decreases with time. The secant rate of corrosion, or SRC correlation, derived from this discovery could have a significant impact on failure analysis investigations for concreted shipwrecks or underwater structures. The correlation yields a lower rate of metal thinning than predicted. Development of the correlation is described.


Crystallographic,Vibrational Modes And Optical Properties Data Of Α-Dipabcrystal, Ahmad Alsaad, Chris M. Marin, Nabil Alaqtash, Hsien-Wen Chao, Tsun-Hsu Chang, Chin Li Cheung, A. Ahmad, I. A. Qattan, Renat F. Sabirianov 2018 Jordan University of Science and Technology

Crystallographic,Vibrational Modes And Optical Properties Data Of Α-Dipabcrystal, Ahmad Alsaad, Chris M. Marin, Nabil Alaqtash, Hsien-Wen Chao, Tsun-Hsu Chang, Chin Li Cheung, A. Ahmad, I. A. Qattan, Renat F. Sabirianov

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The Crystallographic data of the α-DIPAB sample was measured using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). The crystal structure was also optimized using density functional based method. The calculations were performed both including vander Waals (vdW) interactions and excluding them to quantify the effects of vdW interaction on the crystal formation. The vibrational modes of DIPAB crystal corresponding to the Bromine deficient samples are calculated and presented. These show the origin of drastic change in dielectric response in Br deficient samples as compared to the ideal stoichiometric DIPAB crystal (Alsaad et al. 2018) [4]. Optical properties of an ideal α-DIPAB were calculated ...


Effects Of Floral Phytochemicals On Growth And Evolution Of A Parasite Of Bumble Bees, Evan Palmer-Young 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effects Of Floral Phytochemicals On Growth And Evolution Of A Parasite Of Bumble Bees, Evan Palmer-Young

Doctoral Dissertations

Background: Nectar and pollen are rich in phytochemicals, some of which can reduce disease in pollinators, including agriculturally important honey and bumble bees. Floral phytochemicals could influence the ecological and evolutionary relationships between plants, their pollinators, and parasites that cause pollinator disease. Antiparasitic effects of phytochemicals could be exploited to ameliorate pollinator disease and decline, and thereby sustain pollinator-dependent agricultural production. However, prior studies showed variable effects of phytochemicals on infection in live bees, where differences in bee genotype, abiotic conditions, and parasite strain could influence results.

Approach: I used cell cultures of the intestinal trypanosome parasite of bumble bees ...


Fluoroethoxy-1,4-Diphenethylpiperidine And Piperazine Derivatives: Potent And Selective Inhibitors Of [3H]Dopamine Uptake At The Vesicular Monoamine Transporter-2, Emily R. Hankosky, Shyam R. Joolakanti, Justin R. Nickell, Venumadhav Janganati, Linda P. Dwoskin, Peter A. Crooks 2017 University of Kentucky

Fluoroethoxy-1,4-Diphenethylpiperidine And Piperazine Derivatives: Potent And Selective Inhibitors Of [3H]Dopamine Uptake At The Vesicular Monoamine Transporter-2, Emily R. Hankosky, Shyam R. Joolakanti, Justin R. Nickell, Venumadhav Janganati, Linda P. Dwoskin, Peter A. Crooks

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

A small library of fluoroethoxy-1,4-diphenethyl piperidine and fluoroethoxy-1,4-diphenethyl piperazine derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their ability to inhibit [3H]dopamine (DA) uptake at the vesicular monoamine transporter-2 (VMAT2) and dopamine transporter (DAT), [3H]serotonin (5-HT) uptake at the serotonin transporter (SERT), and [3H]dofetilide binding at the human-ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) channel. The majority of the compounds exhibited potent inhibition of [3H]DA uptake at VMAT2, with Ki values in the nanomolar range (Ki = 0.014–0.073 μM). Compound 15d exhibited the highest affinity (Ki = 0.014 μM) at VMAT2 ...


Structural Determination Of The Broadly Reactive Anti-Ighv1-69 Anti-Idiotypic Antibody G6 And Its Idiotope, Yuval Avnir, Kristina L. Prachanronarong, Shurong Hou, Brendan J. Hilbert, Markus-Frederik Bohn, Timothy F. Kowalik, Robert W. Finberg, Jennifer P. Wang, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer, Wayne A. Marasco 2017 Harvard Medical School

Structural Determination Of The Broadly Reactive Anti-Ighv1-69 Anti-Idiotypic Antibody G6 And Its Idiotope, Yuval Avnir, Kristina L. Prachanronarong, Shurong Hou, Brendan J. Hilbert, Markus-Frederik Bohn, Timothy F. Kowalik, Robert W. Finberg, Jennifer P. Wang, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer, Wayne A. Marasco

Schiffer Lab Publications

The heavy chain IGHV1-69 germline gene exhibits a high level of polymorphism and shows biased use in protective antibody (Ab) responses to infections and vaccines. It is also highly expressed in several B cell malignancies and autoimmune diseases. G6 is an anti-idiotypic monoclonal Ab that selectively binds to IGHV1-69 heavy chain germline gene 51p1 alleles that have been implicated in these Ab responses and disease processes. Here, we determine the co-crystal structure of humanized G6 (hG6.3) in complex with anti-influenza hemagglutinin stem-directed broadly neutralizing Ab D80. The core of the hG6.3 idiotope is a continuous string of CDR-H2 ...


Directed Self-Assembly Of Fluorescence Responsive Nanoparticles And Their Use For Real-Time Surface And Cellular Imaging., Shane Cheung, Donal F. O'Shea 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Directed Self-Assembly Of Fluorescence Responsive Nanoparticles And Their Use For Real-Time Surface And Cellular Imaging., Shane Cheung, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

Directed self-assemblies in water are known as the most efficient means of forming complex higher ordered structures in nature. Here we show a straightforward and robust method for particle assembly which utilises the amphiphilic tri-block co-polymer poloxamer-188 and a hydrophobic fluorophore as the two designer components, which have a built-in ability to convey spatial and temporal information about their surroundings to an observer. Templating of particle self-assembly is attributed to interactions between the fluorophore and hydrophobic segment of the poloxamer. Particle fluorescence in water is quenched but can be induced to selectively switch on in response to temperature, surface adsorption ...


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