Role Of Peptidylarginine Deiminase 2 (Pad2) In Mammary Carcinoma Cell Migration, 2017 Cornell University
Role Of Peptidylarginine Deiminase 2 (Pad2) In Mammary Carcinoma Cell Migration, Sachi Horibata, Katherine E. Rogers, David Sadegh, Lynne J. Anguish, John L. Mcelwee, Pragya Shah, Paul R. Thompson, Scott A. Coonrod
Thompson Lab Publications
BACKGROUND: Penetration of the mammary gland basement membrane by cancer cells is a crucial first step in tumor invasion. Using a mouse model of ductal carcinoma in situ, we previously found that inhibition of peptidylarginine deiminase 2 (PAD2, aka PADI2) activity appears to maintain basement membrane integrity in xenograft tumors. The goal of this investigation was to gain insight into the mechanisms by which PAD2 mediates this process.
METHODS: For our study, we modulated PAD2 activity in mammary ductal carcinoma cells by lentiviral shRNA-mediated depletion, lentiviral-mediated PAD2 overexpression, or PAD inhibition and explored the effects of these treatments on changes ...
Studies Directed Towards The Iridium Catalyzed Synthesis Of New Carbon-Nitrogen Bonds., 2017 University of New Orleans
Studies Directed Towards The Iridium Catalyzed Synthesis Of New Carbon-Nitrogen Bonds., Maria Lindsay
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
Amines are ubiquitous in nature and serve a variety of functions in living organisms. Because of this fact amines are of great biological and pharmaceutical interest. The iridium catalyst (pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) iridium dichloride dimer ([Cp*IrCl2]2) has been used in a number of ways to synthesize new carbon-nitrogen bonds. These studies were directed toward the development of a method for the iridium catalyzed N-alkylation of alpha-amino acid esters as well as the development of a strategy for synthesis of the natural product 275A.
We have optimized a method for the N-alkylation for alpha-amino acid esters. Using this method, we ...
A Novel Bromodomain And Extra-Terminal Domain Inhibitors (Beti) That Reverses Hiv-1 Latency, 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston
A Novel Bromodomain And Extra-Terminal Domain Inhibitors (Beti) That Reverses Hiv-1 Latency, Shuai Liu, Maxime Jean, Wei Zhang, Jian Zhu
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat
Although combinatory antiretroviral therapy (cART) is effective to reduce HIV-1 viremia, it does not eliminate HIV-1 infection. HIV-1 remains latent with the presence of cART, impeding the cure of AIDS. Recently, latency-reversing agents (LRAs) have been developed to purge latent HIV-1, providing an intriguing strategy for eradication of residual, latent viral reservoirs. Our earlier studies show that antagonism of HIV-1 competitive factor bromodomain containing 4 (BRD4) using bromodomain and extra-terminal domain inhibitor (BETi) JQ1 may facilitate the reversal of HIV-1 latency. BETis have recently emerged as a class of compounds that are promising for both the anticancer and HIV-1 latency-reversing ...
Understanding The Dynamic Process Of Dissolution Using In-Situ Ft-Ir Spectroscopy, 2017 Seton Hall University
Understanding The Dynamic Process Of Dissolution Using In-Situ Ft-Ir Spectroscopy, Vrushali M. Bhawtankar
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
Dissolution studies provide valuable and critical drug release information (in vitro) that are important for quality control drug development. Using in-situ FT-IR spectroscopy methods has been developed for analyzing and monitoring dissolutions of pharmaceutical APIs. The accuracy of this technique was found to be ± 3% relative to HPLC and UV/Vis Spectroscopy. A dynamic analysis of the dissolution and subsequent hydrolysis of aspirin has been determined by in-situ FT-IR. This technique allows real-time analysis of the behavior of aspirin under simulated physiological conditions (pH 1.2, 4.5, 6.8) as aspirin (1205 cm-1) and salicylic acid (1388 cm ...
Interdependence Of Inhibitor Recognition In Hiv-1 Protease, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Interdependence Of Inhibitor Recognition In Hiv-1 Protease, Janet L. Paulsen, Florian Leidner, Debra A. Ragland, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Molecular recognition is a highly interdependent process. Subsite couplings within the active site of proteases are most often revealed through conditional amino acid preferences in substrate recognition. However, the potential effect of these couplings on inhibition and thus inhibitor design is largely unexplored. The present study examines the interdependency of subsites in HIV-1 protease using a focused library of protease inhibitors, to aid in future inhibitor design. Previously a series of darunavir (DRV) analogs was designed to systematically probe the S1' and S2' subsites. Co-crystal structures of these analogs with HIV-1 protease provide the ideal opportunity to probe subsite interdependency ...
Development Of Neurotensin-Based Radiopharmaceuticals For Neurotensin-Receptor-1-Positive Tumors Targeting, 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center
Development Of Neurotensin-Based Radiopharmaceuticals For Neurotensin-Receptor-1-Positive Tumors Targeting, Yinnong Jia
Theses & Dissertations
The neurotensin receptor 1 (NTR1) is overexpressed in many cancers, due to its role as a growth pathway. These NTR1-positive cancers include pancreatic, colon, prostate and breast cancers. In the radiopharmaceutical field, the overexpression of NTR1 in cancer has prompted the development of NTR1-targeted diagnostics and therapeutics. The neurotensin (NT) peptide exhibits low nanomolar affinity for NTR1 and has been the paradigm for NTR1-targeted agents. Since the 1980’s, radiolabeled NT analogs have been developed and evaluated for targeting NTR1-positive cancers. Since native NT is rapidly degraded in vivo by a variety of peptidases, a tremendous amount of effort has ...
Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, 2017 East Tennessee State University
Synthesis And In-Vitro Cell Viability/Cytotoxicity Studies Of Novel Pyrrolobenzodiazepine Derivatives, John M. Jarrett
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Pyrrolobenzodiazepines (PBDs) are a group of naturally occurring compounds that were discovered in the cultures of Streptomyces in the 1960s. Some natural PBDs discovered in these cultures, such as anthramycin and sibiromycin, were shown to possess a broad spectrum of anti-tumor activity. Since cancer is still a leading cause of death globally, the development of novel anti-proliferative derivatives of PBDs is essential for human welfare worldwide. Further synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of the parent natural products and their tetracyclic analogs will lead to the discovery of drug candidates. In this work, thirteen PBD analogues were synthesized using no ...
Dengue Virus Ns2b/Ns3 Protease Inhibitors Exploiting The Prime Side, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Dengue Virus Ns2b/Ns3 Protease Inhibitors Exploiting The Prime Side, Kuan-Hung Lin, Akbar Ali, Linah Rusere, Djade I. Soumana, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
The mosquito-transmitted dengue virus (DENV) infects millions of people in tropical and subtropical regions. Maturation of DENV particles requires proper cleavage of the viral polyprotein, including processing of 8 of the 13 substrate cleavage sites by dengue virus NS2B/NS3 protease. With no available direct-acting antiviral targeting DENV, NS2/NS3 protease is a promising target for inhibitor design. Current design efforts focus on the nonprime side of the DENV protease active site, resulting in highly hydrophilic and nonspecific scaffolds. However, the prime side also significantly modulates DENV protease binding affinity, as revealed by engineering the binding loop of aprotinin, a ...
Discovery Of Thienoquinolone Derivatives As Selective And Atp Non-Competitive Cdk5/P25 Inhibitors By Structure-Based Virtual Screening, Arindam Chatterjee, Stephen J. Cutler, Robert J. Doerksen, Ikhlas A. Khan, John S. Williamson
John S. Williamson
Calpain mediated cleavage of CDK5 natural precursor p35 causes a stable complex formation of CDK5/p25, which leads to hyperphosphorylation of tau. Thus inhibition of this complex is a viable target for numerous acute and chronic neurodegenerative diseases involving tau protein, including Alzheimer’s disease. Since CDK5 has the highest sequence homology with its mitotic counterpart CDK2, our primary goal was to design selective CDK5/p25 inhibitors targeting neurodegeneration. A novel structure-based virtual screening protocol comprised of e-pharmacophore models and virtual screening workflow was used to identify nine compounds from a commercial database containing 2.84 million compounds. An ATP ...
Cytotoxic And Antimicrobial Effects Of Silver-Containing Surfaces, 2017 Rowan University
Cytotoxic And Antimicrobial Effects Of Silver-Containing Surfaces, Sarah Goderecci
Theses and Dissertations
This study examines applications of sputtered silver coatings as alternatives to traditional antibiotic treatments. Given the increase in reports of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, new treatments and coatings for in-dwelling medical devices such as catheters and orthopedic implants are necessary. Silver oxide films were deposited onto Ti surfaces to examine the efficacy of such coatings against a variety of bacterial species both in vitro and in vivo. Bacterial growth studies showed that coatings exhibited antimicrobial activity against a range of bacterial species acting either in a bacteriostatic or bactericidal mechanism, depending on the target. Limited toxicity to in vitro mammalian cells was ...
Poly(Ethyl Glyoxylate)-Poly(Ethylene Oxide) Nanoparticles: Stimuli- Responsive Drug Release Via End-To-End Polyglyoxylate Depolymerization, Bo Fan, Elizabeth Gillies
The ability to disrupt polymer assemblies in response to specifi c stimuli provides the potential to release drugs selectively at certain sites or conditions in vivo. However, most stimuli-responsive delivery systems require many stimuli initiated events to release drugs. “ Self-immolative polymers” offer the potential to provide amplifi ed responses to stimuli as they undergo complete end-to-end depolymerization following the cleavage of a single end-cap. Herein, linker end-caps were developed to conjugate self-immolative poly(ethyl glyoxylate) (PEtG) with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) to form amphiphilic block copolymers. These copolymers were self-assembled to form nanoparticles in aqueous solution. Cleavage of the linker ...
A Novel Mglur5 Antagonist, Mfz 10-7, Inhibits Cocaine-Taking And Cocaine-Seeking Behavior In Rats, Thomas Keck, Mu-Fa Zou, Gui-Hua Bi, Hai-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Fei Wang, Hong-Ju Yang, Ratika Srivastava, Elliott L. Gardner, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Amy Hauck Newman
Pre-clinical studies suggest that negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5), including 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP), 3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]pyridine (MTEP) and fenobam are highly effective in attenuating drug-taking and drug-seeking behaviors. However, both MPEP and MTEP have no translational potential for use in humans because of their off-target effects and short half-lives. Here, we report that 3-fluoro-5-[(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile (MFZ 10-7), a novel mGluR5 NAM, is more potent and selective than MPEP, MTEP and fenobam in both in vitro binding and functional assays. Similar to MTEP, intraperitoneal administration of MFZ 10-7 inhibited ...
Identifying Medication Targets For Psychostimulant Addiction: Unraveling The Dopamine D3 Receptor Hypothesis, Thomas M. Keck, William S. John, Paul W. Czoty, Michael A. Nader, Amy Hauck Newman
The dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) is a target for developing medications to treat substance use disorders. D3R-selective compounds with high affinity and varying efficacies have been discovered, providing critical research tools for cell-based studies that have been translated to in vivo models of drug abuse. D3R antagonists and partial agonists have shown especially promising results in rodent models of relapse-like behavior, including stress-, drug-, and cue-induced reinstatement of drug seeking. However, to date, translation to human studies has been limited. Herein, we present an overview and illustrate some of the pitfalls and challenges of developing novel D3R-selective compounds toward clinical ...
Docking Studies Of Isoform-Selectivity Of Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase (Pi3k) Inhibitors, 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Docking Studies Of Isoform-Selectivity Of Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase (Pi3k) Inhibitors, Kaitlin Goettsch
Student Research and Creative Activity Fair
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks) and their related pathways are reputed targets for drug-based anticancer therapies. Mutations in PI3K genes, expression, and pathways are frequent among multiple cancer types. Four isoforms of PI3Ks exist: α, β, γ, & δ and studies have identified several ligands for each isoform which are capable of serving as inhibitory therapeutic compounds. However, the biochemical efficacy of these molecules varies and the isoform selectivity is not well understood. In this study, we applied in silico docking methods and free energy calculation methods to estimate the binding of reported PI3K ligands against 5 PI3K structures: PI3Kα (PBD ID: 2RD0 ...
A Dilute-And-Shoot Flow-Injection Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method For Quantification Of Phenobarbital In Urine, 2017 Cleveland State University
A Dilute-And-Shoot Flow-Injection Tandem Mass Spectrometry Method For Quantification Of Phenobarbital In Urine, Ravali Alagandula, Xiang Zhou, Baochuan Guo
Chemistry Faculty Publications
RATIONALE: Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) is the gold standard of urine drug testing. However, current LC-based methods are time consuming, limiting the throughput of MS-based testing and increasing the cost. This is particularly problematic for quantification of drugs such as phenobarbital, which is often analyzed in a separate run because they must be negatively ionized.
METHODS: This study examined the feasibility of using a dilute-and-shoot flow-injection method without LC separation to quantify drugs with phenobarbital as a model system. Briefly, a urine sample containing phenobarbital was first diluted by 10 times, followed by flow injection of ...
Target Based Design And Synthesis Of Heterocycles In The Potential Treatment Of Cancer And Opportunistic Infection, Shruti Choudhary
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Dose limiting toxicity and development of multidrug resistance by the tumors are the major limitations of current cancer chemotherapy. Microtubule targeting agents (MTAs) are a structurally diverse set of compounds that disrupt microtubule dynamics and exert their anticancer effect. Among the various classes of such agents, the colchicine site binding agents are particularly important as they circumvent the Pgp and β-III tubulin mediated clinical resistance. These resistance mechanisms, when manifested, are a major reason for the failure of clinically used agents such as taxanes and vinca alkaloids. A series of monocyclic pyrimidine analogs were designed and synthesized as colchicine site ...
Prednisone, 2017 Parkland College
Prednisone, Donna K. Broderick
Natural Sciences Poster Sessions
This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Predinisone, trade name Deltasone, Apo-Prednisone, Meticorton, Orasone, Panasol, Panasal, Prenicen-M Sterapred, Winred, an adrenal corticosteroid used to treat a variety of symptoms.
Improving Binding Affinity Through Cyclization, 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University
Improving Binding Affinity Through Cyclization, Kaylee M. Newcomb, Nicolas Abrigo
Undergraduate Research Posters
Cancer chemotherapy results in systematic damage as the drugs used are also toxic to benign tissue. Sensitizing a cancer cell to therapy by interfering with the DNA repair mechanisms would decrease overall toxicity, as the necessary dosage of chemotherapy drugs would be lowered. The Hartman lab developed a peptide (8.6) that binds with a KD of 1 μM to the C-terminal domain of breast cancer associated protein (BRCA1), blocking homologous recombination. The crystal structure of the peptide shows the tyrosine and threonine residues are close together, suggesting that by cyclizing these positions, the peptide may already be constrained into ...
Monitoring And Evaluation Of Terni (Central Italy) Air Quality Through Spatially Resolved Analyses, 2017 Department of Chemistry, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Also Moro, Roma, Italy
Monitoring And Evaluation Of Terni (Central Italy) Air Quality Through Spatially Resolved Analyses, Lorenzo Massimi, Martina Ristorini, Marta Eusebio, Darla Florendo, Adeola Adeyemo, David Brugnoli, Silvia Canepari
A study of spatial variability of PM10 elemental components was conducted in Terni city (Central Italy), situated in an intramountain depression characterized by the presence of several particulate matter emission sources. The meteorological conditions of the Terni basin limit the dispersion and enhance the accumulation of atmospheric pollutants. Thanks to the utilization of new smart samplers, used for the first time and working in parallel at 23 sampling sites, spatially resolved data were obtained. Localizations of the samplers were chosen in order to evaluate the impact of different local PM10 sources. Chemical composition of the samples was determined in combination ...
Lunesta, 2017 Parkland College
Lunesta, Mary Kreie
Natural Sciences Poster Sessions
This poster, presented at the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College, provides the chemical makeup, dosage, and effects of Eszopiclone, trade name Lunesta, used to treat insomnia.