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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Analogues Of (-)-Picropodophyllin, Synthesis And Uses Thereof, David B. Berkowitz, Sylvain Broussy 2014 Lincoln, NE

Analogues Of (-)-Picropodophyllin, Synthesis And Uses Thereof, David B. Berkowitz, Sylvain Broussy

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Analogs of (-)-Picropodophyllin, synthesis thereof, and uses in pharmaceuticals as inhibitors of IGF1RK.


Bulk Properties Of Solution-Synthesized Chevron-Like Graphene Nanoribbons, Timothy H. Vo, Mikhail Shekhirev, Alexey Lipatov, Rafal A. Korlacki, Alexander Sinitskii 2014 University of Nebraska – Lincoln

Bulk Properties Of Solution-Synthesized Chevron-Like Graphene Nanoribbons, Timothy H. Vo, Mikhail Shekhirev, Alexey Lipatov, Rafal A. Korlacki, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) have received a great deal of attention due to their promise for electronic and optoelectronic applications. Several recent studies have focused on the synthesis of GNRs by the bottom-up approaches that could yield very narrow GNRs with atomically precise edges. One type of GNRs that has received a considerable attention is the chevron-like GNR with a very distinct periodic structure. Surface-assisted and solution-based synthetic approaches for the chevron-like GNRs have been developed, but their electronic properties have not been reported yet. In this work, we synthesized chevron-like GNRs in bulk by a solution-based method, characterized them by ...


Highly Selective Gas Sensor Arrays Based On Thermally Reduced Graphene Oxide, Alexey Lipatov, Alexey Varezhnikov, Peter Wilson, Victor Sysoev, Andrei Kolmakov, Alexander Sinitskii 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Highly Selective Gas Sensor Arrays Based On Thermally Reduced Graphene Oxide, Alexey Lipatov, Alexey Varezhnikov, Peter Wilson, Victor Sysoev, Andrei Kolmakov, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The electrical properties of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have been previously shown to be very sensitive to surface adsorbates, thus making rGO a very promising platform for highly sensitive gas sensors. However, poor selectivity of rGO-based gas sensors remains a major problem for their practical use. In this paper, we address the selectivity problem by employing an array of rGO-based integrated sensors instead of focusing on the performance of a single sensing element. Each rGO-based device in such an array has a unique sensor response due to the irregular structure of rGO films at different levels of organization, ranging from ...


Three-Dimensional Periodic Graphene Nanostructures, Peter M. Wilson, Gilbert N. Mbah, Thomas G. Smith, Daniel Schmidt, Rebecca Y. Lai, Tino Hofmann, Alexander Sinitskii 2014 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Three-Dimensional Periodic Graphene Nanostructures, Peter M. Wilson, Gilbert N. Mbah, Thomas G. Smith, Daniel Schmidt, Rebecca Y. Lai, Tino Hofmann, Alexander Sinitskii

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Graphene is a basic building block for many known and emerging carbon-based materials whose properties largely depend on the way how graphene is structured at the nanoscale. Synthesis of novel threedimensional (3D) nanostructures of graphene would be an important advance for fundamental research and various applications. In this paper, we discuss the possibility of fabricating complex 3D graphene nanostructures by growing graphene on pre-synthesized nanostructured metal templates by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and then etching away the metal. In the proof-of-concept experiments, we study this idea using two types of metal nanostructures, inverse opals and slanted nanopillar arrays grown by ...


Electrodeposition And Characterisation Of Copolymers Based On Pyrrole And 3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene In Bmim Bf4 Using A Microcell Configuration, Lavinia Astratine, Edmond Magner, John Cassidy, Tony Betts 2014 University of Limerick

Electrodeposition And Characterisation Of Copolymers Based On Pyrrole And 3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene In Bmim Bf4 Using A Microcell Configuration, Lavinia Astratine, Edmond Magner, John Cassidy, Tony Betts

Articles

Electrochemical copolymerization of pyrrole (Py) and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) was performed in an ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, (BMIM BF4) employing a ‘micro-cell’ in order to use the materials efficiently. Characterization of the copolymers formed on an ITO substrate was performed for different Py: EDOT ratios (1:2, 1:1, 2:1) in both aqueous and ionic liquid electrolytes. Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical analysis revealed that the properties of the copolymer depend upon the Py/EDOT monomer ratio used. The copolymer PPy-co-PEDOT (2:1) displayed good stability, a switching time of 20 s and a colouration efficiency of 101.3 C-1cm2. The ...


Probing The Human Estrogen Receptor-Α Binding Requirements For Phenolic Mono- And Di-Hydroxyl Compounds: A Combined Synthesis, Binding And Docking Study, Christopher McCullough, Terrence S. Neumann, Jayapal Reddy Gone, Zhengjie He, Christian Herrild, Julie Lukesh, Rajesh K. Pandey, William A. Donaldson, Daniel S. Sem 2014 Marquette University

Probing The Human Estrogen Receptor-Α Binding Requirements For Phenolic Mono- And Di-Hydroxyl Compounds: A Combined Synthesis, Binding And Docking Study, Christopher Mccullough, Terrence S. Neumann, Jayapal Reddy Gone, Zhengjie He, Christian Herrild, Julie Lukesh, Rajesh K. Pandey, William A. Donaldson, Daniel S. Sem

Chemistry Faculty Research and Publications

Various estrogen analogs were synthesized and tested for binding to human ERα using a fluorescence polarization displacement assay. Binding affinity and orientation were also predicted using docking calculations. Docking was able to accurately predict relative binding affinity and orientation for estradiol, but only if a tightly bound water molecule bridging Arg394/Glu353 is present. Di-hydroxyl compounds sometimes bind in two orientations, which are flipped in terms of relative positioning of their hydroxyl groups. Di-hydroxyl compounds were predicted to bind with their aliphatic hydroxyl group interacting with His524 in ERα. One nonsteroid-based dihdroxyl compound was 1000-fold specific for ERβ over ERα ...


Stereoselective Synthesis Of 3,7-Diarylaminocholestanes By Titanium-Mediated Reductive Amination, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim 2013 Kyungpook National University

Stereoselective Synthesis Of 3,7-Diarylaminocholestanes By Titanium-Mediated Reductive Amination, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim

Dr. Mohammad Wasi Ahmad (Md Wasi Ahmad)

An efficient method for the synthesis of aryl aminocholestanes, using a chlorotriisopropoxytitanium (IV)-mediated reductive amination reaction of 5a-cholestane-3,7-dione, is reported. A series of 3, 7-diarylaminocholestane derivatives were prepared according to this methodology in up to 98% yield. These compounds were primarily characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and mass spectrometry.


High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction Analysis Of Cb1 Receptor Antagonists As A Means To Explore Binding Affinity, Steven P. Fournet 2013 University of New Orleans

High Resolution X-Ray Diffraction Analysis Of Cb1 Receptor Antagonists As A Means To Explore Binding Affinity, Steven P. Fournet

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

Charge density studies have been conducted on ten CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonists via high resolution x-ray crystallography. Bond critical point values and various other properties derived from these studies including the electrostatic potential were analyzed in correlation to the affinity of each compound with the CB1 receptor. Correlation/anti-correlation was found between several properties and Ki. The data was also interpreted by principal component analysis with three principal components accounting for 85% of the data variation. Data mining was limit due to the low sample count and the requirements set for the inclusion of correlated/anti-correlated ...


The Spontaneous Formation Of Selenium Nanoparticles On Gallic Acid Assemblies And Their Antioxidant Properties, Stacey Barnaby FCRH '11, Nazmul Sarker FCRH '13, Aaron Dowdell FCRH '12, Ipsita Bannerjee 2013 Fordham University

The Spontaneous Formation Of Selenium Nanoparticles On Gallic Acid Assemblies And Their Antioxidant Properties, Stacey Barnaby Fcrh '11, Nazmul Sarker Fcrh '13, Aaron Dowdell Fcrh '12, Ipsita Bannerjee

The Fordham Undergraduate Research Journal

Gallic acid (GA) is a naturally occurring plant phenol known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In this work, we probed the molecular self-assembly of GA for the development of GA based nanocomposites for potential device fabrications and enhanced antioxidant applications. We found that the formation of GA nanostructures was pH dependent. Further, we examined the interactions of selenite with GA and subsequently examined the biomimetic formation of selenium (Se) nanoparticles. We found that in the presence of selenite, the yield of nanofibers was significantly higher, and selenium nanoparticle coated nanofibers were formed. The ability of the nanocomposites to scavenge ...


Fluorination Of Aromatic Ring Systems, Stephen G. DiMagno 2013 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fluorination Of Aromatic Ring Systems, Stephen G. Dimagno

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

This disclosure relates to reagents and methods useful in the synthesis of aryl fluorides, for example, in the preparation of 18F labeled radiotracers. The reagents and methods provided herein may be used to access a broad range of compounds, including aromatic compounds, heteroaromatic compounds, amino acids, nucleotides, and synthetic compounds.


Phosphate Esters, Thiophosphate Esters And Metal Thiophosphates As Lubricant Additives, David W. Johnson, John E. Hils 2013 University of Dayton

Phosphate Esters, Thiophosphate Esters And Metal Thiophosphates As Lubricant Additives, David W. Johnson, John E. Hils

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Phosphate esters, thiophosphate esters and metal thiophosphates have been used as lubricant additives for over 50 years. While their use has been extensive, a detailed knowledge of how they work has been a much more recent development. In this paper, the use of phosphate esters and thiophosphate esters as anti-wear or extreme pressure additives is reviewed with an emphasis on their mechanism of action. The review includes the use of alkyl phosphates, triaryl phosphates and metal containing thiophosphate esters. The mechanisms of these materials interacting with a range of iron and steel based bearing material are examined.


Design And Synthesis Of Novel Sultams As Non-Nucleoside Inhibitors Of Hiv Reverse Transcriptase, Brian Chadwick LeCroix 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Design And Synthesis Of Novel Sultams As Non-Nucleoside Inhibitors Of Hiv Reverse Transcriptase, Brian Chadwick Lecroix

Doctoral Dissertations

The compound 2-methyl-3-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1,2-benzisothiazole 1,1-dioxide (NSC 108406) was identified as an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor by the National Cancer Institute. Using this lead, the Baker group has developed a series of analogues with various groups at the 3-position that show a spectrum of biological activities. In the end, the substituents used could not compare to the biological activity of the inhibitor efavirenz (Sustiva® [trademark]), and so it was decided to synthesize sultams with alkylethynyl substituents at the 3-position of the sultams in an attempt to mimic the activity of efavirenz.

Previous research analyzed the proposed novel sultams in ...


Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly 2013 Western Kentucky University

Molecular Level Interaction Of Human Fibroblast Growth Factor-1 (Hfgf-1) With Phloridzin, Rammohan Paripelly

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are a family of growth factors which includes twenty three proteins. FGFs work as modulators for various cellular activities like mitosis, differentiation and survival. Among the FGF family, human fibroblast growth factor-1 (hFGF-1), which is also known as acidic fibroblast growth factor, is a potent angiogenic agent, involved in the formation of new blood vessels in various tissues. hFGF-1 is regarded as a prototype of the FGF family. It serves as one of the potential targets in tumor inhibition and obesity due to its involvement in new blood vessel formation in cancerous regions and adipose tissues ...


Preparation Of Pvp-Coated Copper Oxide Nanosheets As Antibacterial And Antifungal Agents, mahdi shahmiri 2013 university putra malaysia

Preparation Of Pvp-Coated Copper Oxide Nanosheets As Antibacterial And Antifungal Agents, Mahdi Shahmiri

mahdi shahmiri

Copper oxide (CuO) nanosheets synthesized in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were characterized with respect to antimicrobial activity by quick precipitation method. Different sizes and shapes of CuO nanosheets were obtained by simple variations of PVP concentrations. The x-ray diffraction results revealed the formation of pure-phase CuO with monoclinic structure. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that the average ratio of length to width of these nanosheets increased with increasing PVP concentrations. Due to the quantum size effect, CuO nanosheets exhibit a blue shift in the ultraviolet-visible spectra. Field emission scanning electron microscopy results showed that as the concentration of PVP increased, well-defined morphologies ...


Novel Modulation Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 2, Jason Michael Conley 2013 Purdue University

Novel Modulation Of Adenylyl Cyclase Type 2, Jason Michael Conley

Open Access Dissertations

Adenylyl cyclase isoforms are distinctly modulated by G protein subunits and are therefore hypothesized to be uniquely regulated by proteins that influence G protein signaling. Activator of G protein signaling 3 (AGS3) is a G protein modulator that binds Gαi subunits in the GDP-bound state, implicating AGS3 as an important regulatorof Gi-coupled receptor signaling. We studied the ability of AGS3 to modulate recombinant adenylyl cyclase(AC) type 1 and 2 signaling in HEK293 cells following both acute and persistent activation of the D 2Ldopamine receptor (D2L DR). AGS3 expression modestly enhanced the potency of acute quinpirole-induced D 2L ...


Nmr And Computational Characterization Of Protein Structure And Ligand Binding, Terrence Neumann 2013 Marquette University

Nmr And Computational Characterization Of Protein Structure And Ligand Binding, Terrence Neumann

Dissertations (2009 -)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques combined with computational methods such as docking and cheminformatics were used to characterize protein structure and ligand binding. The thioredoxin system of Mycobacterium tuberculosis consists of a thioredoxin reductase and at least three thioredoxins. This system is responsible for maintaining the cellular protein thiol redox state in normal state. This maintenance is important as the bacterium is engulfed by the human macrophage. Here it is bombarded by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in an attempt to disrupt normal cellular function in part by perturbing the protein thiols. To this end, the solution structures of the ...


Characterization And Optimization Of The Glucan Particle-Based Vaccine Platform, Haibin Huang, Gary R. Ostroff, Chrono K. Lee, Charles A. Specht, Stuart M. Levitz 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Characterization And Optimization Of The Glucan Particle-Based Vaccine Platform, Haibin Huang, Gary R. Ostroff, Chrono K. Lee, Charles A. Specht, Stuart M. Levitz

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Glucan particles (GPs) are hollow porous Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell walls that are treated so that they are composed primarily of beta-1,3-d-glucans. Our previous studies showed that GPs can serve as an effective vaccine platform. Here, we characterize CD4(+) T-cell and antibody responses in immunized mice as a function of antigen (ovalbumin) encapsulation, antigen dose, particle numbers, time, immunization schedule, and trapping methods. Although we found that GPs served as an effective adjuvant when admixed with free antigens for IgG1 antibody production, stronger CD4(+) T-cell and IgG2c antibody responses were stimulated when antigens were encapsulated inside GPs, suggesting that the ...


A Novel Mglur5 Antagonist, Mfz 10-7, Inhibits Cocaine-Taking And Cocaine-Seeking Behavior In Rats, Thomas Keck, Mu-Fa Zou, Gui-Hua Bi, Hai-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Fei Wang, Hong-Ju Yang, Ratika Srivastava, Elliott L. Gardner, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Amy Hauck Newman 2013 Rowan University

A Novel Mglur5 Antagonist, Mfz 10-7, Inhibits Cocaine-Taking And Cocaine-Seeking Behavior In Rats, Thomas Keck, Mu-Fa Zou, Gui-Hua Bi, Hai-Ying Zhang, Xiao-Fei Wang, Hong-Ju Yang, Ratika Srivastava, Elliott L. Gardner, Zheng-Xiong Xi, Amy Hauck Newman

Faculty Scholarship for the College of Science & Mathematics

Pre-clinical studies suggest that negative allosteric modulators (NAMs) of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5), including 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP), 3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]pyridine (MTEP) and fenobam are highly effective in attenuating drug-taking and drug-seeking behaviors. However, both MPEP and MTEP have no translational potential for use in humans because of their off-target effects and short half-lives. Here, we report that 3-fluoro-5-[(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile (MFZ 10-7), a novel mGluR5 NAM, is more potent and selective than MPEP, MTEP and fenobam in both in vitro binding and functional assays. Similar to MTEP, intraperitoneal administration of MFZ 10-7 inhibited ...


Structure, Theoretical Studies And Coupling Reactions Of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters, Andrew Kuttler, Sravanthi Durganala, Albert Fratini, Alexander Morgan, Vladimir Benin 2013 University of Dayton

Structure, Theoretical Studies And Coupling Reactions Of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters, Andrew Kuttler, Sravanthi Durganala, Albert Fratini, Alexander Morgan, Vladimir Benin

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The present report describes the X-ray structural and theoretical studies of some new pinacolboronate esters, and it also outlines the use of the target structures in Suzuki coupling reactions to produce new aromatic or heteroaromatic esters and amides. X-ray structural analysis of the studied compounds revealed that the pinacolborane ring's position with respect to the benzene ring varies, depending on the particular environment. An ortho-positioned carboxylic ester (methyl ester) causes a nearly perpendicular orientation of the pinacolborane unit with respect to the benzene ring, whereas an ortho-positioned amide (N,N-dimethylamide) causes the pinacolborane unit to orient itself nearly coplanar ...


Ionic Conductivity In Non-Ionic Compounds, Usha Kranthi Avala 2013 Western Kentucky University

Ionic Conductivity In Non-Ionic Compounds, Usha Kranthi Avala

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The main objective of this work is to investigate the ionic conductivity of the drugs under certain conditions and also to compare the ionic conductivities of drugs determined by single surface sensors and parallel plate sensors. The ionic conductivity of various materials at their pre-melt and melt states are studied in order to further study a recently discovered phenomenon. Polar solids like Lidocaine, Ketoconazole, Procainamide and Nifedipine were examined in this study. Experimental studies show an increase in ionic conductivity in both pre-melt (20 -30 °C below melting temperature) and melt transition regions. Results of ionic conductivity of both parallel ...


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