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Thioredoxin Modulates Protein Arginine Deiminase 4 (Pad4)-Catalyzed Citrullination, Mitesh Nagar, Ronak Tilvawala, Paul R. Thompson 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Thioredoxin Modulates Protein Arginine Deiminase 4 (Pad4)-Catalyzed Citrullination, Mitesh Nagar, Ronak Tilvawala, Paul R. Thompson

Open Access Articles

Protein citrullination is a post-translational modification catalyzed by the protein arginine deiminases (PADs). This modification plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of numerous autoimmune disorders including RA. Recently, there has been a growing interest in investigating physiological regulators of PAD activity to understand the primary cause of the associated disorders. Apart from calcium, it is well-documented that a reducing environment activates the PADs. Although the concentration of thioredoxin (hTRX), an oxidoreductase that maintains the cellular reducing environment, is elevated in RA patients, its contribution toward RA progression or PAD activity has not been explored. Herein, we demonstrate that hTRX ...


Qualitative And Quantitative Ethnobotanical Study Of The Pangkhua Community In Bilaichari Upazilla, Rangamati District, Bangladesh., Mohammad O. Faruque, Gang Feng, Md NA Khan, James W. Barlow, Umme R. Ankhi, Sheng Hu, M Kamaruzzaman, Shaikh B. Uddin, Xuebo Hu 2019 University of Chittagong

Qualitative And Quantitative Ethnobotanical Study Of The Pangkhua Community In Bilaichari Upazilla, Rangamati District, Bangladesh., Mohammad O. Faruque, Gang Feng, Md Na Khan, James W. Barlow, Umme R. Ankhi, Sheng Hu, M Kamaruzzaman, Shaikh B. Uddin, Xuebo Hu

Chemistry Articles

BACKGROUND: The present study documents the ethnomedicinal knowledge among the traditional healers of the Pangkhua indigenous community of Bangladesh. The documented data from this area was quantitatively analyzed for the first time. We aimed to record ethnomedicinal information from both the traditional healers and also the elderly men and women of the community, in order to compile and document all available information concerning plant use and preserve it for the coming generations. We aimed to compare how already known species are used compared to elsewhere and particularly to highlight new ethnomedicinal plant species alongside their therapeutic use(s).

METHODS: All ...


Synthesis, Biological Evaluation And Molecular Modeling Studies Of Novel Chromone/Aza-Chromone Fused Α-Aminophosphonates As Src Kinase Inhibitors, S. Bapat, N. Viswanadh, M. Mujahid, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Rakesh Tiwari, Keykavous Parang, M. Karthikeyan, M. Muthukrishnan, Renu Vyas 2019 CSIR· National Chemical Laboratory

Synthesis, Biological Evaluation And Molecular Modeling Studies Of Novel Chromone/Aza-Chromone Fused Α-Aminophosphonates As Src Kinase Inhibitors, S. Bapat, N. Viswanadh, M. Mujahid, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Rakesh Tiwari, Keykavous Parang, M. Karthikeyan, M. Muthukrishnan, Renu Vyas

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A series of novel chromone/aza-chromone fused α-aminophosphonate derivatives were synthesized in good yields using silica chloride as the catalyst. All the synthesized compounds were tested for their c-Src kinase inhibitory activity. Aza-chromone compound showed Src kinase inhibition with an IC50 value of 15.8 µM. The compounds were subjected to molecular docking and dynamics simulations to study the atomic level interactions with an unphosphorylated proto-oncogenic tyrosine protein kinase Src (PDB code 1Y57) as well as phosphorylated tyrosine protein kinase Src (PDB code 2H8H). Docking and molecular dynamic results revealed phosphorylated Src tyrosine kinase protein better results than unphosphorylated tyrosine ...


Bisthioether Stapled Peptides Targeting Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Gene Repression, Gan Zhang 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bisthioether Stapled Peptides Targeting Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Gene Repression, Gan Zhang

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Interactions between proteins play a key role in nearly all cellular process, and therefore, disruption of such interactions may lead to many different types of cellular dysfunctions. Hence, pathologic protein-protein interactions (PPIs) constitute highly attractive drug targets and hold great potential for developing novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of incurable human diseases. Unfortunately, the identification of PPI inhibitors is an extremely challenging task, since traditionally used small molecule ligands are mostly unable to cover and anchor on the extensive flat surfaces that define those binary protein complexes. In contrast, large biomolecules such as proteins or peptides are ideal fits ...


Antitumor Properties Of Imidazolium Salts, Jenna Frantz 2019 The University of Akron

Antitumor Properties Of Imidazolium Salts, Jenna Frantz

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This is the final write-up for an honors research project for the University of Akron Williams Honors College. Synthesis of novel imidazolium salts was conducted. Following synthesis of imidazolium salts, the stability of the compound was tested at 37°C over a 72-hour period to give preliminary information about drug stability in vivo. 2D NMR was also conducted to confirm the structure of TPP-1. The student wrote an experimental protocol for the use of C57BL/6 mice and performed the online CITI training by the IRB to prepare to work with animals in a study of the antitumor properties of ...


Development And Characterization Of Ldv Peptide Targeted Nanocarriers For Paclitaxel Delivery: A Comparative Study Of Micelles, Liposomes And Solid Lipid Nanoparticles, Poonam Dattani 2019 University of the Pacific

Development And Characterization Of Ldv Peptide Targeted Nanocarriers For Paclitaxel Delivery: A Comparative Study Of Micelles, Liposomes And Solid Lipid Nanoparticles, Poonam Dattani

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Nanocarriers have been established as delivery vehicles to target cancer tumors. However, premature drug leakage is one of the major reasons for inefficient drug delivery of nanocarriers to the tumor. Drug diffusion out of the nanocarriers or destabilization of drug loaded nanocarriers by physiological interactions with blood cells, serum proteins, and cell membranes upon systemic administration contribute to premature drug release. In this study, targeted micelles, liposomes and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) of similar composition were prepared and characterized to compare physicochemical characteristics, in vitro stability, in vitro release rates in release media and in vivo performance. Peptide Amphiphiles (PAs ...


Rgd Conjugated Cell Uptake Off To On Responsive Nir-Aza Fluorophores: Applications Toward Intraoperative Fluorescence Guided Surgery, Dan Wu, Harrison C. Daly, Marco Grossi, Emer Conroy, Bo Li, William M. Gallagher, Robert Elmes, Donal F. O'Shea 2019 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Rgd Conjugated Cell Uptake Off To On Responsive Nir-Aza Fluorophores: Applications Toward Intraoperative Fluorescence Guided Surgery, Dan Wu, Harrison C. Daly, Marco Grossi, Emer Conroy, Bo Li, William M. Gallagher, Robert Elmes, Donal F. O'Shea

Chemistry Articles

The use of NIR-fluorescence imaging to demarcate tumour boundaries for real-time guidance of their surgical resection has a huge untapped potential. However, fluorescence imaging using molecular fluorophores, even with a targeting biomolecule attached, has a major shortcoming of signal interference from non-specific background fluorescence outside the region of interest. This poor selectivity necessitates prolonged time delays to allow clearance of background fluorophore and retention within the tumour prior to image acquisition. In this report, an innovative approach to overcome this issue is described in which cancer targeted off to on bio-responsive NIRfluorophores are utilised to switch-on first within the tumour ...


Robert J. Lefkowitz And Discovery Of The G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Family, Clarence Lee 2019 Parkland College

Robert J. Lefkowitz And Discovery Of The G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Family, Clarence Lee

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

This poster for the Natural Sciences Poster Session at Parkland College features Dr. Robert J. Lefkowitz, 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry winner (with Brian Kobilka) for their research on G-protein-coupled receptors, proteins in the plasma membrane that allow for the transmission of information through the membrane and into the cell. This research was to impact the development of medications that target these receptors, such as SSRIs.


Therapeutic Delivery Technology And Its Economic Impact, Paul E. Savas Jr. 2019 Liberty University

Therapeutic Delivery Technology And Its Economic Impact, Paul E. Savas Jr.

Senior Honors Theses

Therapeutic delivery technology is a current area of high interest in both university and industrial settings. These technologies are being developed in order to deliver therapeutic agents, such as genes, proteins, and drugs, to patients more efficiently. Nanoscale delivery vehicles have proven to be useful for these applications; these vehicles may either be naturally produced or chemically synthesized. The physical properties of these nanomaterials must be characterized correctly using instrumentation that evaluates their size, morphology, and potential for agglomeration. These technologies represent a high-growth economic area that fosters entrepreneurship and innovation. Because of this innovative spirit, research and economic interest ...


Synthesis Of Oligodeoxynucleotides Containing Sensitive Electrophiles, Shahien Shahsavari 2019 Michigan Technological University

Synthesis Of Oligodeoxynucleotides Containing Sensitive Electrophiles, Shahien Shahsavari

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) containing electrophilic groups are useful in many studies including antisense drug development and DNA/protein interaction. Due to the use of strong nucleophiles for cleavage and deprotection, traditional ODN synthesis methods are not suitable for their preparation. To solve this problem, a new ODN synthesis technology using the 1,3- dithiane-2-yl-methoxycarbonyl (Dmoc) function as protecting groups and linker has been developed. Furthermore, Dmoc-derivatives were developed to demonstrate the feasibility of the technology. The Dmoc and Dmoc derivative functions are stable under all ODN synthesis conditions using the phosphoramidite chemistry. Upon oxidation of the sulfides in them, because of ...


Molecular Insights Into Organic Particulate Formation, Manoj Kumar, Emily Burrell, Jason C. Hansen, Joseph S. Francisco 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Molecular Insights Into Organic Particulate Formation, Manoj Kumar, Emily Burrell, Jason C. Hansen, Joseph S. Francisco

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Carboxylic acids have been detected in particles collected in various regions of the world. Here, we use experiments and Born–Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations to better understand the mechanism of particle formation from gas phase mixtures of formic acid (HCOOH), (CH3)3N, and water vapor. A flow reaction cell coupled to two scanning mobility particle sizers has been used to measure particle size, absolute number of particles and kinetics of particle formation. Experimental results show that the addition of (CH3)3N to a mixture of HCOOH and water vapor results in a dramatic increase in particle ...


In-Situ-Investigation Of Enzyme Immobilization On Polymer Brushes, Meike Koenig, Ulla König, Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Martin Muller, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann 2019 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

In-Situ-Investigation Of Enzyme Immobilization On Polymer Brushes, Meike Koenig, Ulla König, Klaus-Jochen Eichhorn, Martin Muller, Manfred Stamm, Petra Uhlmann

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Herein, we report on the use of a combined setup of quartz-crystal microbalance, with dissipation monitoring and spectroscopic ellipsometry, to comprehensively investigate the covalent immobilization of an enzyme to a polymer layer. All steps of the covalent reaction of the model enzyme glucose oxidase with the poly(acrylic acid) brush by carbodiimide chemistry, were monitored in-situ. Data were analyzed using optical and viscoelastic modeling. A nearly complete collapse of the polymer chains was found upon activation of the carboxylic acid groups with N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)-N′-ethylcarbodiimide and N-Hydroxysuccinimide. The reaction with the amine groups of the enzyme occurs simultaneously with ...


Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar 2019 Purdue University

Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Understanding the degradation mechanisms of lead-halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbI3) under exposure to liquid/aerosol water is an essential problem within the photovoltaic community. Herein we investigate both the static and the dynamic properties of the methylammonuim cation (MA) as it coordinates with invading water molecules (MA.(H2O)n, n = 1, 2, 3, 4) using both stationary state quantum mechanics and first principle molecular dynamics simulations. Various solvation structures of MA were characterized by their stabilization energies, dipoles, and Maximally-Localized Wannier Function (MLWF) centers. Calculation – and analysis – of vibrational shifts in the IR spectral region ...


Indole Reverses Intrinsic Antibiotic Resistance By Activating A Novel Dual-Function Importer, Yan Wang, Tian Tian, Jingjing Zhang, Xin Jin, Huan Yue, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Liangcheng Du, Fan Bai 2019 Ocean University of China

Indole Reverses Intrinsic Antibiotic Resistance By Activating A Novel Dual-Function Importer, Yan Wang, Tian Tian, Jingjing Zhang, Xin Jin, Huan Yue, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Liangcheng Du, Fan Bai

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Bacterial antibiotic resistance modulation by small signaling molecules is an emerging mechanism that has been increasingly reported in recent years. Several studies indicate that indole, an interkingdom signaling molecule, increases bacterial antibiotic resistance. However, the mechanism through which indole reduces antibiotic resistance is largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrated a novel mechanism for indole-mediated reversal of intrinsic antibiotic resistance in Lysobacter. This reversal was facilitated by a novel BtuD-associated dual-function importer that can transfer both vitamin B12 and antibiotics. Indole stimulated btuD overexpression and promoted efficient absorption of extracellular vitamin B12; meanwhile, the weak selectivity of the ...


Structural Basis Of 7sk Rna 5′ Γ-Phosphate Methylation And Retention By Mepce, Yuan Yang, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Yaqiang Wang, Duilio Cascio, Juli Feigon 2019 UCLA

Structural Basis Of 7sk Rna 5′ Γ-Phosphate Methylation And Retention By Mepce, Yuan Yang, Catherine D. Eichhorn, Yaqiang Wang, Duilio Cascio, Juli Feigon

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Among RNA 5′-cap structures, γ-phosphate monomethylation is unique to a small subset of noncoding RNAs, 7SK and U6 in humans. 7SK is capped by methylphosphate capping enzyme (MePCE), which has a second non-enzymatic role as a core component of the 7SK RNP that is an essential regulator of RNA transcription. We report 2.0 and 2.1 Å X-ray crystal structures of human MePCE methyltransferase domain bound to S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and uncapped or capped 7SK substrates, respectively. 7SK recognition is achieved by protein contacts to a 5′ hairpin-single-stranded RNA region, explaining MePCE specificity for 7SK and U6. The structures ...


High Initial Reversible Capacity And Long Life Of Ternary Sno2‑Co‑Carbon Nanocomposite Anodes For Lithium‑Ion Batteries, Pan Deng, Jing Yang, Shengyang Li, Tian-E Fan, Hong-Hui Wu, Yun Mou, Hui Huang, Qiaobao Zhang, Dong-Liang Peng, Baihua Qu 2019 Xiamen University

High Initial Reversible Capacity And Long Life Of Ternary Sno2‑Co‑Carbon Nanocomposite Anodes For Lithium‑Ion Batteries, Pan Deng, Jing Yang, Shengyang Li, Tian-E Fan, Hong-Hui Wu, Yun Mou, Hui Huang, Qiaobao Zhang, Dong-Liang Peng, Baihua Qu

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The two major limitations in the application of SnO2 for lithium-ion battery (LIB) anodes are the large volume variations of SnO2 during repeated lithiation/delithiation processes and a large irreversible capacity loss during the first cycle, which can lead to a rapid capacity fade and unsatisfactory initial Coulombic efficiency (ICE). To overcome these limitations, we developed composites of ultrafine SnO2 nanoparticles and in situ formed Co(CoSn) nanocrystals embedded in an N-doped carbon matrix using a Co-based metal–organic framework (ZIF-67). The formed Co additives and structural advantages of the carbon-confined SnO2/ Co nanocomposite effectively inhibited ...


Detailed Characterization Of The Solution Kinetics And Thermodynamics Of Biotin, Biocytin And Haba Binding To Avidin And Streptavidin, Roberto F. Delgadillo, Timothy C. Mueser, Kathia Zaleta-Rivera, Katie A. Carnes, Jose Gonzalez-Valdez, Lawrence J. Parkhurst 2019 Tecnologico de Monterrey

Detailed Characterization Of The Solution Kinetics And Thermodynamics Of Biotin, Biocytin And Haba Binding To Avidin And Streptavidin, Roberto F. Delgadillo, Timothy C. Mueser, Kathia Zaleta-Rivera, Katie A. Carnes, Jose Gonzalez-Valdez, Lawrence J. Parkhurst

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

The high affinity (KD ~ 10−15 M) of biotin for avidin and streptavidin is the essential component in a multitude of bioassays with many experiments using biotin modifications to invoke coupling. Equilibration times suggested for these assays assume that the association rate constant (kon) is approximately diffusion limited (109 M-1s-1) but recent single molecule and surface binding studies indicate that they are slower than expected (105 to 107 M-1s-1). In this study, we asked whether these reactions in solution are diffusion controlled, which reaction model and thermodynamic cycle describes the ...


Urease Is An Essential Component Of The Acid Response Network Of Staphylococcus Aureus And Is Required For A Persistent Murine Kidney Infection, Chunyi Zhou, Fatema Bhinderwala, McKenzie K. Lehman, Vinai C. Thomas, Sujata S. Chaudhari, Kelsey J. Yamada, Kirk W. Foster, Robert Powers, Tammy Kielian, Paul D. Fey 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Urease Is An Essential Component Of The Acid Response Network Of Staphylococcus Aureus And Is Required For A Persistent Murine Kidney Infection, Chunyi Zhou, Fatema Bhinderwala, Mckenzie K. Lehman, Vinai C. Thomas, Sujata S. Chaudhari, Kelsey J. Yamada, Kirk W. Foster, Robert Powers, Tammy Kielian, Paul D. Fey

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Staphylococcus aureus causes acute and chronic infections resulting in significant morbidity. Urease, an enzyme that generates NH3 and CO2 from urea, is key to pH homeostasis in bacterial pathogens under acidic stress and nitrogen limitation. However, the function of urease in S. aureus niche colonization and nitrogen metabolism has not been extensively studied. We discovered that urease is essential for pH homeostasis and viability in urea-rich environments under weak acid stress. The regulation of urease transcription by CcpA, Agr, and CodY was identified in this study, implying a complex network that controls urease expression in response to changes ...


Highly Stable And Efficient All-Inorganic Lead-Free Perovskite Solar Cells With Native-Oxide Passivation, Min Chen, Ming-Gang Ju, Hector F. Garces, Alexander D. Carl, Luis K. Ono, Zafer Hawash, Yi Zhang, Tianyi Shen, Yabing Qi, Ronald L. Grimm, Domenico Pacifici, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Yuanyuan Zhou, Nitin P. Padture 2019 Brown University

Highly Stable And Efficient All-Inorganic Lead-Free Perovskite Solar Cells With Native-Oxide Passivation, Min Chen, Ming-Gang Ju, Hector F. Garces, Alexander D. Carl, Luis K. Ono, Zafer Hawash, Yi Zhang, Tianyi Shen, Yabing Qi, Ronald L. Grimm, Domenico Pacifici, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Yuanyuan Zhou, Nitin P. Padture

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

There has been an urgent need to eliminate toxic lead from the prevailing halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs), but the current lead-free PSCs are still plagued with the critical issues of low efficiency and poor stability. This is primarily due to their inadequate photovoltaic properties and chemical stability. Herein we demonstrate the use of the lead-free, allinorganic cesium tin-germanium triiodide (CsSn0.5Ge0.5I3) solid-solution perovskite as the light absorber in PSCs, delivering promising efficiency of up to 7.11%. More importantly, these PSCs show very high stability, with less than 10% decay in efficiency after ...


Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar 2019 Purdue University

Role Of Water On The Rotational Dynamics Of The Organic Methylammonium Cation: A First Principles Analysis, Ross D. Hoehn, Joseph S. Francisco, Sabre Kais, Ali Kachmar

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Understanding the degradation mechanisms of lead-halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbI3) under exposure to liquid/aerosol water is an essential problem within the photovoltaic community. Herein we investigate both the static and the dynamic properties of the methylammonuim cation (MA) as it coordinates with invading water molecules (MA.(H2O)n, n = 1, 2, 3, 4) using both stationary state quantum mechanics and first principle molecular dynamics simulations. Various solvation structures of MA were characterized by their stabilization energies, dipoles, and Maximally-Localized Wannier Function (MLWF) centers. Calculation – and analysis – of vibrational shifts in the IR spectral region ...


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