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Corn And Soybean Response To Wastewater-Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizers, Shane Ylagan 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Corn And Soybean Response To Wastewater-Recycled Phosphorus Fertilizers, Shane Ylagan

Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

The ability to recycle phosphorus (P) from wastewaters could provide a sustainable, continuous source of P that might also help protect surface water quality from P enrichment. The mineral struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) is an understudied material that can be created from Pcontaining wastewater and has been shown to have agricultural fertilizer value. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of electrochemically precipitated struvite (ECST), chemically precipitated struvite (Crystal Green; CG), diammonium phosphate (DAP), monoammonium phosphate (MAP), rock phosphate (RP), and triple super phosphate (TSP) on corn (Zea mays) and soybean (Glycine max) response in a 79-day greenhouse ...


Modification Of Chm20 Lab: Synthesis Of Aspirin, Nicole Diaz, Amy Musselman Prof. 2020 Kutztown University of Pennsylvania

Modification Of Chm20 Lab: Synthesis Of Aspirin, Nicole Diaz, Amy Musselman Prof.

KU Inspires! Undergraduate Research Day

No abstract provided.


Synthesis And Fabrication Of Self-Sustainable Triboelectric, Abu Masa Abdullah, Alejandro Flores, Aminur Rashid Chowdhury, Jianzhi Li, Yuanbing Mao, Jasim Uddin 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Synthesis And Fabrication Of Self-Sustainable Triboelectric, Abu Masa Abdullah, Alejandro Flores, Aminur Rashid Chowdhury, Jianzhi Li, Yuanbing Mao, Jasim Uddin

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

In recent times, Triboelectric Nanogenerators (TENG) have attained the focus of the scientific community due to its potential as a medium to harvest mechanical energy from the ambient environment. Human motion has been attributed as a source of mechanical energy to drive electronic devices and sensors through TENG. Based on the principles of single electrode TENG, we have developed a Triboelectricity based Stepping and Tapping Energy Case (TESTEC) which magnifies the prospect to power touch electronic devices by utilizing finger tapping and stepping motion. This novel case was constructed with two single electrode TENG operating through the triboelectric mechanism between ...


Synthesis, Characterisation And Biological Evaluation Of Tyramine Derived Schiff Base Ligand And Its Transition Metal(Ii) Complexes, Abdul Khader Jailani, N.S.K. Gowthaman, Mookkandi Palsamy Kesavan 2020 Hajee Karutha Rowther Howdia College, Uthamapalayam-625 533,Tamil Nadu,India.

Synthesis, Characterisation And Biological Evaluation Of Tyramine Derived Schiff Base Ligand And Its Transition Metal(Ii) Complexes, Abdul Khader Jailani, N.S.K. Gowthaman, Mookkandi Palsamy Kesavan

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In this study, a new tyramine derived Schiff base ligand (L) (L=1,3-phenylene-bis-4-aminoantipyrinyl-4-aminoethylphenol) and its derived transition metal(II) complexes [Cu(L)Cl2](1), [Ni(L)Cl2](2), [Co(L)Cl2] (3) and [Zn(L)Cl2] (4) have been synthesized and well characterized by the way of different spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Analytical and spectroscopic studies result suggests that metal(II) complexes more probably have octahedral geometry. DNA binding tendency of L and metal(II) complexes 1-4 have been assessed by probing their ability to bind with Calf Thymus DNA (CT-DNA) via electronic absorption and ...


Evaluation Of Structure And Properties Of Various Sol–Gel Nanocoatings On Biomedical Titanium Surface, Mohsin Talib Mohammed, Sarah Mohammed Hussein 2020 Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq

Evaluation Of Structure And Properties Of Various Sol–Gel Nanocoatings On Biomedical Titanium Surface, Mohsin Talib Mohammed, Sarah Mohammed Hussein

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

This study deals with the preparation and characterization of different bioceramic nanofilms formed on the surface of new metastable β-titanium (Ti) alloy. The films of pure TiO2, pure HA, TiO2/HA bilayer and HA/TiO2 composite were coated successfully on Ti surface by sol-gel using spray pyrolysis deposition technique. The surface characteristics of coated substrates, such as thickness, topography, morphology, phase transformations and wear behavior, were evaluated and compared to uncoated substrate. The results showed that the sol-gel is a promising technique to create biocoatings on Ti surface with outstanding structure and properties for biomedical applications.


Transition State Theory Application To H2 Gas Sensitivity Of Pristine And Pd Doped Sno2 Clusters, Mudar Abdulsattar 2020 Ministry of Science and Technology

Transition State Theory Application To H2 Gas Sensitivity Of Pristine And Pd Doped Sno2 Clusters, Mudar Abdulsattar

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The reaction of H2 and O2 gases with pristine and Pd doped Sn10O16 clusters is investigated using transition state theory and density functional theory. The reaction of hydrogen and oxygen molecules is controlled by a transition state that implies crossing an activation energy hill to react with the SnO2 cluster. Our investigation performs thermodynamic calculations, including Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy of activation and reaction in the temperature range 25-500 °C. The results show that the Gibbs free energy of activation of H2 gas reaction is 0.23 and 0.18 eV ...


On The Dynamic Behaviour Of Automobile Pulleys Under Cyclic Loading, Haval Kamal Asker, Thaker Saleh Dawood 2020 University of Duhok

On The Dynamic Behaviour Of Automobile Pulleys Under Cyclic Loading, Haval Kamal Asker, Thaker Saleh Dawood

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

This paper investigates the dynamic characteristics of pulley systems with different numbers of bolt holes. Models with four, six and eight bolt holes were chosen for the pulley. Three sets of cyclic pressure were applied to the pulley system to resemble the different running revolutions of an engine. The study investigates the effect of the number of holes on the system’s stiffness and natural frequency. Finite element models were used to simulate the obtained deformations, stresses and frequency response function (FRF) for pulley models comprising four, six and eight bolt holes under different cyclic pressures. The results show that ...


Optically Thick Radiating Free Convective Mhd Nanofluid Flow Over An Exponentially Accelerated Plate, D.P. Bhatta, S.R. Mishra, J.K. Dash 2020 Siksha O Anusandhan Deemed to be University

Optically Thick Radiating Free Convective Mhd Nanofluid Flow Over An Exponentially Accelerated Plate, D.P. Bhatta, S.R. Mishra, J.K. Dash

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The present analysis investigates an unsteady conducting water-based nanofluid embedding with porous medium over an exponentially accelerated vertical plate. The plate is accelerated with moving ramped temperature. However, water is treated as the base fluid with Copper (Cu) and Titanium Oxide (TiO2) as nanoparticles. Effects of thermal radiation, heat source, and radiation absorption are taken care of in the energy equation which may enhance the heat transfer properties of nanofluid. The crux of the investigation is to find the closed-form solution of nonlinear coupled partial differential equations. Laplace Transform technique is employed to solve these equations. The influence of ...


A Support Vector Machine-Based Prediction Model For Electrochemical Machining Process, Subham Agarwal Mr., Shruti Sudhakar Dandge Ms., Shankar Chakraborty Prof. 2020 Jadavpur University

A Support Vector Machine-Based Prediction Model For Electrochemical Machining Process, Subham Agarwal Mr., Shruti Sudhakar Dandge Ms., Shankar Chakraborty Prof.

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Manufacturing of quality products is one of the core measures to address competitiveness in industries. Hence, it is always necessary to accomplish quality prediction at early stages of a manufacturing process to attain high quality products at the minimum possible cost. To achieve this goal, the past researchers have developed and investigated the applications of different intelligent techniques for their effective deployment at various stages of manufacturing processes. In this paper, support vector machine (SVM), a supervised learning system based on a novel artificial intelligence paradigm, is employed for prediction of three responses, like material removal rate, surface roughness and ...


Influence Of Carbon Fibres On Strain Sensing And Structural Properties Of Rc Beams Without Stirrups, Arvind Kumar Cholker, Manzoor Ahmad Tantray 2020 NIT Srinagar

Influence Of Carbon Fibres On Strain Sensing And Structural Properties Of Rc Beams Without Stirrups, Arvind Kumar Cholker, Manzoor Ahmad Tantray

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In present study, effect of micro carbon fibres on strain sensing property and structural behavior of the reinforced concrete (RC) beams in absence of stirrups was experimentally investigated. A total of three RC beams of dimensions, 125 mm width, 350 mm height and 1500 mm long were manufactured without stirrups. All the three beams had different longitudinal reinforcement ratios (0.9%, 1.43% and 1.03 %) and uniform strength of concrete of 36.5 MPa. All the beams had carbon fibre based concrete (CFBC) at top and bottom surface in mid span for a length of 350mm and depth of ...


Approximating Fixed Points In Modular Spaces, Salwa Salman Abed, Meena Fouad Abduljabbar 2020 university of Baghdad

Approximating Fixed Points In Modular Spaces, Salwa Salman Abed, Meena Fouad Abduljabbar

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

A generic two theorems for the two step iterative sequence of multivalued mappings are proved in a complete convex real modular space, and then cite some corollaries that are special cases of these theorems.


Editorial Board, 2020 Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Editorial Board

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

No abstract provided.


Multiscale Modeling Reveals The Cause Of Surface Stress Change On Microcantilevers Due To Alkanethiol Sam Adsorption, Yue Zhao, Agnivo Gosai, Kyungho Kang, Pranav Shrotriya 2020 Iowa State University

Multiscale Modeling Reveals The Cause Of Surface Stress Change On Microcantilevers Due To Alkanethiol Sam Adsorption, Yue Zhao, Agnivo Gosai, Kyungho Kang, Pranav Shrotriya

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Experimental results show that the adsorption of the self assembled monolayers (SAMs) on a gold surface induces surface stress change that cause a deformation of the underlying substrate. However, the exact mechanism of stress development is yet to be elucidated. In the present study, multiscale computational models based on molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are applied to study the mechanism governing surface stress change. Distinct mechanisms for adsorption induced surface deformation, namely inter chain repulsion and thiol-gold interaction driven gold surface reconstruction, are investigated. Two different inter-atomic potentials, embedded atom method (EAM) and surface embedded atom method (SEAM), are used in ...


Full-Scale Ab Initio Simulation Of Magic-Angle-Spinning Dynamic Nuclear Polarization, Frédéric A. Perras, Muralikrishna Raju, Scott L. Carnahan, Dooman Akbarian, Adri C. T. van Duin, Aaron Rossini, Marek Pruski 2020 Ames Laboratory

Full-Scale Ab Initio Simulation Of Magic-Angle-Spinning Dynamic Nuclear Polarization, Frédéric A. Perras, Muralikrishna Raju, Scott L. Carnahan, Dooman Akbarian, Adri C. T. Van Duin, Aaron Rossini, Marek Pruski

Chemistry Publications

Theoretical models aimed at describing magic-angle-spinning (MAS) dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) NMR typically face a trade-off between the scientific rigor obtained with a strict quantum mechanical description, and the need for using realistically large spin systems, for instance using phenomenological models. Thus far, neither approach has accurately reproduced experimental results, let alone achieved the generality required to act as a reliable predictive tool. Here, we show that the use of aggressive state-space restrictions and an optimization strategy allows full-scale ab initio MAS-DNP simulations of spin systems containing thousands of nuclei. Our simulations are the first ever to achieve quantitative reproduction ...


Effect Of Different Phosphate Glass Compositions On The Process-Induced Macromolecular Dynamic Of Polyamide 66, Imane Belyami, Mohammad K. Hassan 2020 University of Southern Mississippi

Effect Of Different Phosphate Glass Compositions On The Process-Induced Macromolecular Dynamic Of Polyamide 66, Imane Belyami, Mohammad K. Hassan

Faculty Publications

The present study provides a fundamental understanding of the mechanism of action of special new phosphate glass (P-glass) systems, having different glass transition temperatures (Tg), in polyamide 66 (PA66). Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) revealed that the Tg of PA66/low Tg P-glass (ILT-1) was significantly shifted to a lower Tg (65 °C), and another transition appeared at high temperature (166 °C). This was supported by a drop in the melting point and the crystallinity of the PA66/ILT-1 hybrid material as detected by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The dielectric spectroscopic investigation on the networks’ molecular level ...


Table Of Contents, 2020 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Non-Equilibrium Growth Of Metal Clusters On A Layered Material: Cu On Mos2, Dapeng Jing, Ann Lii-Rosales, King C. Lai, Qiang Li, Jaeyoun Kim, Michael C. Tringides, James W. Evans, Patricia A. Thiel

Chemistry Publications

We use a variety of experimental techniques to characterize Cu clusters on bulk MoS2 formed via physical vapor deposition of Cu in ultrahigh vacuum, at temperatures ranging from 300 K to 900 K. We find that large facetted clusters grow at elevated temperatures, using high Cu exposures. The cluster size distribution is bimodal, and under some conditions, large clusters are surrounded by a denuded zone. We propose that defect-mediated nucleation, and coarsening during deposition, are both operative in this system. At 780 K, a surprising type of facetted cluster emerges, and at 900 K this type predominates: pyramidal clusters with ...


Heavy Metals In Particulate Matter In Spokane County, Delaney M. White 2020 Eastern Washington University

Heavy Metals In Particulate Matter In Spokane County, Delaney M. White

2020 Symposium Posters

Heavy metals in particulate matter (e.g., dust) have multiple negative health ramifications for humans including cancer, infertility, and reduced lung function. The Spokane Regional Clean Air Agency (SRCAA) has seven air quality monitoring stations around Spokane County to measure total levels of PM2.5 (particles with a diameter less than 2.5 micrometers) and PM10 (particles with a diameter less than 10 micrometers). For comparison, the width of a human hair is between 50 and 70 micrometers. The objective of this research is to examine the heavy metal composition of the particulate matter including elements such as lead, copper ...


Ternary Polar Intermetallics Within The Pt/Sn/R Systems (R = La− Sm): Stannides Or Platinides?, Melissa L. Rhodehouse, Volodymyr Smetana, Chris Celania, Anja-Verena Mudring, Gerd H. Meyer 2020 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Ternary Polar Intermetallics Within The Pt/Sn/R Systems (R = La− Sm): Stannides Or Platinides?, Melissa L. Rhodehouse, Volodymyr Smetana, Chris Celania, Anja-Verena Mudring, Gerd H. Meyer

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Starting generally with a 4:6:3 molar ratio of Pt, Sn, and R (where R = La–Sm), with or without the application of a NaCl flux, seven ternary compounds were obtained as single crystals. The platinides Pt4Sn6R3 (R = La–Nd) crystallize with the Pt4Ge6Pr3 type of structure (oP52, Pnma, a = 27.6–27.8 Å, b = 4.59–4.64 Å, c = 9.33–9.40 Å). With R = Pr, Pt4Sn6Pr3–x (oP52, Pnma, a = 7.2863(3) Å, b = 4.4909(2) Å, c = 35.114(1) Å) is also obtained, which might be considered a ...


Investigating Transfer Of Energy Concepts Learned In Physics To Biology Contexts, Brittany Mureno, Eric McKenzie 2020 Western Washinton University

Investigating Transfer Of Energy Concepts Learned In Physics To Biology Contexts, Brittany Mureno, Eric Mckenzie

Scholars Week

Problem solving interviews were used to investigate student understanding of energy concepts in a biology course for preservice K-8 teachers. Interview subjects constructed an energy-based explanation for a biology scenario. Subjects had previously taken a physics course in which an energy-based model for interactions had been developed. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed to identify common themes in student reasoning. These themes describe discipline-specific understanding, but also cut across disciplines, providing insight into how learners make sense of energy as a unifying concept.


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