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313 full-text articles. Page 4 of 13.

Evaluation Of Radiation And Design Criteria For A Lunar Habitat, Hayley E. Bower, Daniel Gomez, Antonio Bobet, Julio A. Ramirez, Shirley J. Dyke, H. Jay Melosh 2017 Purdue University

Evaluation Of Radiation And Design Criteria For A Lunar Habitat, Hayley E. Bower, Daniel Gomez, Antonio Bobet, Julio A. Ramirez, Shirley J. Dyke, H. Jay Melosh

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Extraterrestrial habitation has long been the object of science fiction, and experts in the fields of science and engineering have proposed many designs for a lunar base. The research conducted has focused on either structural stability, radiation protection, or meteorite-impact vulnerabilities, but rarely have these been considered together. The Resilient ExtraTerrestrial Habitats (RETH) project aims to design a lunar habitat from a hazards perspective, considering general degradation, meteorite impacts, seismic activity, radiation exposure, thermal extremes, and geomagnetic storms in addition to the physiological, psychological, and sociological aspects of astronauts living in such a habitat. Several members of the RETH team ...


Surface Modification Of Icy Satellites: Space Weathering Of The Large Moons Of Uranus And Alluvial Fan Formation On Saturn’S Moon Titan, Richard John Cartwright 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Surface Modification Of Icy Satellites: Space Weathering Of The Large Moons Of Uranus And Alluvial Fan Formation On Saturn’S Moon Titan, Richard John Cartwright

Doctoral Dissertations

The surfaces of icy satellites are continually modified by space weathering and geologic processes. This dissertation explores the processes changing the surface compositions of the large moons of Uranus and mechanisms for development of possible alluvial fans on the Saturnian moon, Titan. On the Uranian satellites, I hypothesize that the origin and distribution of carbon dioxide ice results from charged particle bombardment, and that spectrally red material originated on retrograde irregular satellites. On Titan, I hypothesize that landforms identified as alluvial fans at low and mid latitudes were formed by sheetfloods, whereas possible alluvial fans at high latitudes were formed ...


Growth And Survivability Of Microorganisms At Martian Temperatures And Pressures, Rebecca Lynne Mickol 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Growth And Survivability Of Microorganisms At Martian Temperatures And Pressures, Rebecca Lynne Mickol

Theses and Dissertations

The discovery of methane in the martian atmosphere via numerous ground- and space-based sources has prompted the study of methanogens as models for life on Mars. Methanogens are microorganisms within the domain Archaea, many of which utilize carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen to produce methane. The non-photosynthetic nature of methanogens indicates that they could exist in sub-surface environments, protected from harmful UV and ionizing radiation on the surface of Mars. These organisms also do not require organics, which are sparse on the planet.

Additionally, the wide variety of environments we find life in on Earth, as well as evidence for ...


Using Bolide Airwaves To Estimate Meteoroid Source Characteristics And Window Damage Potential, Nayeob Gi 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Using Bolide Airwaves To Estimate Meteoroid Source Characteristics And Window Damage Potential, Nayeob Gi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

We examined the far-field infrasonic signals produced by 78 bolides simultaneously detected by U.S. government sensors to determine the mechanisms responsible for interstation spreads in infrasound signal period. These signal period spreads lead to large variances in source energy estimates. Our analysis suggests that while acoustic source height contributes to some extent to the variance in signal periods, the range from the source to the station and in particular station noise plays a more significant role.

By simulating the near-field weak shocks from a suite of well-observed energetic fireballs, we have empirically estimated how often fireball shocks produce overpressure ...


Oxygen Isotope Composition Of Water In Martian Meteorites, Oleg Vitalivich Maltsev 2017 University of New Mexico

Oxygen Isotope Composition Of Water In Martian Meteorites, Oleg Vitalivich Maltsev

Earth and Planetary Sciences ETDs

The oxygen isotope composition of water extracted from Martian meteorites appears not to be in isotopic equilibrium with the silicate portion of the meteorites. This disequilibrium suggests the existence of multiple distinct oxygen isotope reservoirs on planet Mars. Here we present oxygen isotope measurements of waters extracted from Martian shergottites Tissint, Zagami and NWA-7042 and from nakhlite NWA-10153. These waters were extracted by stepwise heating to preserve segregation between low temperature adsorbed waters, intermediate temperature mineral waters and the high temperature mineral structural OH groups. The results of our study, analyzed cooperatively with previous work by Karlsson et al., (1992 ...


Creating An Experimental Learning And Research Driven Spacesuit Lab For Erau, Ryan L. Kobrick, Erik Seedhouse 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Creating An Experimental Learning And Research Driven Spacesuit Lab For Erau, Ryan L. Kobrick, Erik Seedhouse

Publications

This paper evaluates key functional data parameters that must be considered for suborbital spaceflight participants wearing pressurized suits for intravehicular activity (IVA). Data parameters of an analog spacesuit worn in an analog flight environment were obtained from 40 civilian participants using the Suborbital Space Flight Simulator (SSFS) at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) while donning Final Frontier Design’s (FFD) fully pressurized third-generation spacesuit as part of their training for Project PoSSUM (the Polar Suborbital Science in the Upper Mesosphere Project). The physiological data collected included: blood pressure, electrocardiograms, heart rate, grip strength, and skin temperature. These parameters were measured using ...


Cultural Beliefs Regarding Solar Eclipses, Nicole Inman 2017 Western Oregon University

Cultural Beliefs Regarding Solar Eclipses, Nicole Inman

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

No abstract provided.


How The Indians Discovered Solar Eclipses, Taylor Hojnowski, Alek Showalter 2017 Western Oregon University

How The Indians Discovered Solar Eclipses, Taylor Hojnowski, Alek Showalter

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Eclipse And Eye Safety, Marvel Davis, Jessica Donahue 2017 Western Oregon University

Eclipse And Eye Safety, Marvel Davis, Jessica Donahue

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Jovian Shadow Events, Landon Glynn 2017 Western Oregon University

Jovian Shadow Events, Landon Glynn

Academic Excellence Showcase Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Shoot The Moon: A Complete Guide To Lunar Imaging, T. D. Oswalt 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Book Review: Shoot The Moon: A Complete Guide To Lunar Imaging, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Shoot the Moon: a Complete Guide to Lunar Imaging by Dupont-Bloch, Nicolas. Cambridge, 2016, 323 p index, 9781107548442 $39.95, 9781316657867 $32.00.


Temperature Variations In The Dayside Magnetosheath And Their Dependence On Ion-Scale Magnetic Structures: Themis Statistics And Measurements By Mms, A. P. Dimmock, A. Osmane, T. I. Pulkkinen, K. Nykyri, E. Kilpua 2017 Aalto University

Temperature Variations In The Dayside Magnetosheath And Their Dependence On Ion-Scale Magnetic Structures: Themis Statistics And Measurements By Mms, A. P. Dimmock, A. Osmane, T. I. Pulkkinen, K. Nykyri, E. Kilpua

Publications

The magnetosheath contains an array of waves, instabilities, and nonlinear magnetic structures which modify global plasma properties by means of various wave-particle interactions. The present work demonstrates that ion-scale magnetic field structures (∼0.2–0.5 Hz) observed in the dayside magnetosheath are statistically correlated to ion temperature changes on orders 10–20% of the background value. In addition, our statistical analysis implies that larger temperature changes are in equipartition to larger amplitude magnetic structures. This effect was more pronounced behind the quasi-parallel bow shock and during faster solar wind speeds. The study of two separate intervals suggests that this ...


Shape Modeling And Boulder Napping Of Asteroid 1992 Uy4., Nicholas D Duong 2017 University of Louisville

Shape Modeling And Boulder Napping Of Asteroid 1992 Uy4., Nicholas D Duong

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

In August 2005, the near-Earth Asteroid 1992 UY4 made a close flyby, coming within 0.04 au of our planet. Between the dates of 1-10 August 2005, it was observed via delay-Doppler radar imaging by the Arecibo Observatory (2380 MHz, 13 cm) and the DSS-14 antenna at the Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex (8560 MHz, 3.5 cm). The images achieve a resolution as fine as 7.5 m/pixel and reveal a lumpy and modestly asymmetric object. The images also revealed the presence of numerous large boulders/blocks on the surface of 1992 UY4. By using the modeling software ...


Catching Shadow Bands, Laurence A. Marschall 2017 Gettysburg College

Catching Shadow Bands, Laurence A. Marschall

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Even though shadow bands are only visible for a few fleeting minutes, it is possible to catch them if you prepare in advance. Get a large piece of white cardboard or white-painted plywood to act as a screen--the bands are subtle and can be more easily seen against a clean, white surface. (excerpt)


Remote Neutron Spectroscopy On Mars, Christopher Gayle Tate 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Remote Neutron Spectroscopy On Mars, Christopher Gayle Tate

Doctoral Dissertations

Remote neutron spectroscopy is an important technique in planetary science that allows for classification of the amount of light elements in a planetary regolith. It is especially suited for studying hydrogen abundances and elements with high thermal neutron absorption cross sections in the top ~1 meter of regolith. The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity carries the first rover based neutron spectrometer Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN) in Gale crater, Mars. As the DAN instrument operates in passive mode, it is sensitive to neutrons produced through Galactic Cosmic Ray interactions and neutrons generated by the rover's Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator ...


Imf Dependence Of Energetic Oxygen And Hydrogen Ion Distributions In The Near-Earth Magnetosphere, H. Luo, E. A. Kronberg, K. Nykyri, K. J. Trattner, P. W. Daly, G. X. Chen, A. M. Du, Y. S. Ge 2017 Chinese Academy of Sciences

Imf Dependence Of Energetic Oxygen And Hydrogen Ion Distributions In The Near-Earth Magnetosphere, H. Luo, E. A. Kronberg, K. Nykyri, K. J. Trattner, P. W. Daly, G. X. Chen, A. M. Du, Y. S. Ge

Publications

Energetic ion distributions in the near-Earth plasma sheet can provide important information for understanding the entry of ions into the magnetosphere and their transportation, acceleration, and losses in the near-Earth region. In this study, 11 years of energetic proton and oxygen observations (> ~274 keV) from Cluster/Research with Adaptive Particle Imaging Detectors were used to statistically study the energetic ion distributions in the near-Earth region. The dawn-dusk asymmetries of the distributions in three different regions (dayside magnetosphere, near-Earth nightside plasma sheet, and tail plasma sheet) are examined in Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The results show that the energetic ion distributions ...


Characterization Of Venusian Atmospheric Dynamics Using Venus Express Images And Ground-Based Observations, Jacob L. Gunnarson 2017 College of William and Mary

Characterization Of Venusian Atmospheric Dynamics Using Venus Express Images And Ground-Based Observations, Jacob L. Gunnarson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The equatorial atmosphere of Venus rotates 60 times faster than the solid planet, a poorly understood phenomenon known as superrotation. Kelvin-like waves have been hypothesized to maintain the superrotation against dissipation, and the planet- scale “Y-feature”, a transient cloud feature, is likely their visible manifestation. In order to detect these waves, the spatial and temporal evolution of Venus’ atmosphere as a whole must be better characterized on long time scales. Using data from the Venus Monitoring Camera on board Venus Express, we have found yearly average zonal wind profiles by using Correlation Image Velocimetry. In order to better char- acterize ...


Have We Found Our Neighbors? The Search For Habitable Planets Outside Our Solar System, Madeline Galbraith 2017 Duquesne University

Have We Found Our Neighbors? The Search For Habitable Planets Outside Our Solar System, Madeline Galbraith

D.U.Quark

No abstract provided.


Book Review: From The Realm Of The Nebulae To Populations Of Galaxies: Dialogues On A Century Of Research, Astrophysics And Space Science Library, 435, T. D. Oswalt 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Book Review: From The Realm Of The Nebulae To Populations Of Galaxies: Dialogues On A Century Of Research, Astrophysics And Space Science Library, 435, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of From the Realm of the Nebulae to Populations of Galaxies : Dialogues on a Century of Research, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 435. by Mauro D'Onofrio, Roberto Rampazzo, and Simone Zaggia Springer, 2016 785p bibl index afp, 9783319310046 $279.00, 9783319310060 $219.00


Thermal Evolution Of Moon, Arshdeep Singh Gill 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Thermal Evolution Of Moon, Arshdeep Singh Gill

Master's Theses and Project Reports

In August, 2014 three experiments were conducted using infrared systems deployed at White Mountain Research center, CA. The data was acquired for the whole month of August. Teams of 3-4 students from Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and UC Santa Barbara were stationed at the research center for 2-3 days to operate the equipment. The three experiments were:(1) creating spatial-temporal time series of lunar surface temperatures;(2) identifying atmospheric meteor trails;(3) search for meteor impacts on the Moon surface. Out of the three this thesis focusses on experiment 1 and the results from this experiment could also help ...


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