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Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen 2017 National Chengchi University

Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen

Journal of Law and Health

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement mandates member states to implement a patent linkage system vested in Article 18.53. To successfully join the TPP Agreement, Taiwan has begun the legislation of a patent linkage system by proposing an amendment for the Pharmaceutical Affairs Act. Article 18.53 requires a member either to adopt a notification mechanism under Paragraph 1 or to stay the issuance of marketing approval under Paragraph 2. But, Taiwan’s proposal includes both measures. Taiwan’s patent linkage system allows a pioneer drug company to register patents claiming (a) a material, (b) a combination or formula, or ...


Efficient Synthesis Of Cn2097 Using In Situ Activation Of Sulfhydryl Group, Shaban Darwish, Keykavous Parang, John Marshall, Dennis J. Goebel, Rakesh Tiwari 2017 Chapman University

Efficient Synthesis Of Cn2097 Using In Situ Activation Of Sulfhydryl Group, Shaban Darwish, Keykavous Parang, John Marshall, Dennis J. Goebel, Rakesh Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

CN2097 (R7Cs-sCYK[KTE(β-Ala)]V) is a rationally designed peptidomimetic that shows effectiveness in preclinical models for the treatment of neurological disorders, such as Angelman syndrome, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and stroke. Because of its potential therapeutic activity for the treatment of human CNS disorders, there was an urgent need to develop an efficient strategy for large-scale synthesis of CN2097. The synthesis of CN2097 was accomplished using Fmoc/tBu solid phase chemistry in multiple steps. Two different peptide fragments (activated polyarginine peptide Npys-sCR7 and CYK[KTE(β-Ala)]V) were synthesized, followed by solution phase coupling in water ...


Pharmacological Approaches For The Management Of Patients With Moderately Elevated Triglycerides (150-499 Mg/Dl), Michael S. Kelly, Craig Beavers, John D. Bucheit, Evan M. Sisson, Dave L. Dixon 2017 Chapman University

Pharmacological Approaches For The Management Of Patients With Moderately Elevated Triglycerides (150-499 Mg/Dl), Michael S. Kelly, Craig Beavers, John D. Bucheit, Evan M. Sisson, Dave L. Dixon

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Hypertriglyceridemia, defined as serum triglyceride (TG) levels > 150 mg/dL, now affects over one-quarter of the U.S. adult population and is associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Available guidelines for managing hypertriglyceridemia vary with respect to triglyceride thresholds and severity of disease. Lifestyle modifications and management of secondary causes (e.g., diabetes) remain the first step in managing hypertriglyceridemia, with pharmacotherapy reserved to reduce the risk of pancreatitis and/or further reduce TG levels. Several classes of lipid-lowering agents are available with variable TG-lowering efficacy. While there is no consensus regarding the choice of initial TG-lowering ...


Identification Of A Nucleoside Analog Active Against Adenosine Kinase-Expressing Plasma Cell Malignancies, Utthara Nayar, Jouliana Sadek, Jonathan Reichel, Denise Hernandez-Hopkins, Gunkut Akar, Peter J. Barelli, Michelle A. Sahai, Hufeng Zhou, Jennifer Totonchy, David Jayabalan, Ruben Niesvizky, Ilaria Guasparri, Duane Hassane, Yifang Liu, Shizuko Sei, Robert H. Shoemaker, J. David Warren, Olivier Elemento, Kenneth M. Kaye, Ethel Cesarman 2017 Weill Cornell Medical College

Identification Of A Nucleoside Analog Active Against Adenosine Kinase-Expressing Plasma Cell Malignancies, Utthara Nayar, Jouliana Sadek, Jonathan Reichel, Denise Hernandez-Hopkins, Gunkut Akar, Peter J. Barelli, Michelle A. Sahai, Hufeng Zhou, Jennifer Totonchy, David Jayabalan, Ruben Niesvizky, Ilaria Guasparri, Duane Hassane, Yifang Liu, Shizuko Sei, Robert H. Shoemaker, J. David Warren, Olivier Elemento, Kenneth M. Kaye, Ethel Cesarman

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a largely incurable malignancy of B cell origin with plasmacytic differentiation. Here, we report the identification of a highly effective inhibitor of PEL. This compound, 6-ethylthioinosine (6-ETI), is a nucleoside analog with toxicity to PEL in vitro and in vivo, but not to other lymphoma cell lines tested. We developed and performed resistome analysis, an unbiased approach based on RNA sequencing of resistant subclones, to discover the molecular mechanisms of sensitivity. We found different adenosine kinase–inactivating (ADK-inactivating) alterations in all resistant clones and determined that ADK is required to phosphorylate and activate 6-ETI. Further ...


Power Dissipation And Power Correlations For A Retreatblade Impeller Under Different Baffling Conditions, Chadakarn Sirasitthichoke 2017 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Power Dissipation And Power Correlations For A Retreatblade Impeller Under Different Baffling Conditions, Chadakarn Sirasitthichoke

Theses

Glass-lined stirred reactors and tanks are commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry because of their corrosion resistance, ease of cleanliness and minimization of product contamination. Most industrial glass-lined tank reactors are provided with a


Companion Diagnostics For Breast Cancer Chemotherapeutics, Monica Tawadros, Michael Morin, Peter Gaines, Abiche H. Dewilde 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Companion Diagnostics For Breast Cancer Chemotherapeutics, Monica Tawadros, Michael Morin, Peter Gaines, Abiche H. Dewilde

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Chemotherapy plays a major role in breast cancer treatment. However, not every chemotherapeutics is appropriate for each cancer due to the person’s individual cancer characteristics and whether the patient has developed chemoresistance to a particular drug. In this research, the InVitro-Q is used to detect subtle differences in tumor cell proliferation post-treatment with four-breast cancer chemotherapeutics used: paclitaxel, docetaxel, nocodazole, and cytochalasin B. Our multi-well cell-based sensor that can monitor real-time biological changes in living cells, such as mass redistribution, and viscoelasticity. This system provides unique kinetic information regarding the phenotypic change in the cells post treatment. Each drug ...


Combination Photodynamic Therapy And Chemotherapy For Temozolomide-Resistant Glioblastoma, Janel Kydd, Rahul Jadia, Prakash Rai 2017 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Combination Photodynamic Therapy And Chemotherapy For Temozolomide-Resistant Glioblastoma, Janel Kydd, Rahul Jadia, Prakash Rai

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Polymer based nanoparticles (NPs) are useful vehicles for drug therapy in treating glioblastoma because of their ideal characteristics such as small size, to cross the blood-brain barrier, and bind to overexpressed transferrin receptors via peptide conjugation and surface modification of NPs. The use of a photosensitizer drug such as verteporfin, or BPD, in combination with a repurposed drug, Cediranib (CED), prepared as a nanoparticle therapy will provide the medical field with new research on the possible ways to treat glioblastoma. BPD-CED-loaded NPs have the potential to induce cytotoxicity in glioblastoma cells by 1) remotely triggering BPD through photodynamic therapy by ...


Structure Activity Relationship Studies Of Novel Diarylpentanoid Analogs Targeting The Androgen Receptor In Prostate Cancer Cells, Haili Coffin, Marco Bisoffi 2017 Chapman University

Structure Activity Relationship Studies Of Novel Diarylpentanoid Analogs Targeting The Androgen Receptor In Prostate Cancer Cells, Haili Coffin, Marco Bisoffi

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The development of prostate cancer (PCa) relies strongly on the activation of the androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway by its natural ligand dihydrotestosterone. Furthermore, PCa progression to metastatic disease represents oncogene addiction to AR activity. Androgen ablation therapy is thus a mainstay therapy against this disease, but the development of ligand-independent AR activation and persisting AR expression eventually leads to castration resistant PCa (CRPC). Therefore, down-regulation of AR expression in PCa cells may be an effective therapeutic modality. The diarylpentanoid ca27 has previously been shown to down-regulate AR expression by an unknown mechanism of action. The present work represents a ...


Age-Associated Expression Patterns Of Oatp 1b1 And Oatp 1b3 And Their Effect On The Disposition Of Fexofenadine, Margaret Mary Thomson 2017 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Age-Associated Expression Patterns Of Oatp 1b1 And Oatp 1b3 And Their Effect On The Disposition Of Fexofenadine, Margaret Mary Thomson

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

As part of the drug disposition process (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion), an often overlooked aspect is transport. In order for drugs to be metabolized and excreted from the body they go through the liver or other drug removal organs. For drugs that are polar or are large they must rely upon transport mechanisms to transport them across the biomembranes of the drug removal organs. OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 are transporters on the sinusoidal membrane of the liver which work in concert with the drug metabolizing enzymes as part of the drug removal process. It is known that the development of each ...


Translational Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling And Simulation In The Development Of Spectinamides, A Novel Class Of Anti-Tuberculosis Agents, Chetan Rathi 2017 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Translational Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling And Simulation In The Development Of Spectinamides, A Novel Class Of Anti-Tuberculosis Agents, Chetan Rathi

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

New chemotherapeutic agents are urgently needed to control the spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) forms of tuberculosis, which still remains an important public health challenge globally. Recently, spectinamides have emerged as a novel class of anti-tuberculosis agents that overcomethe native drug efflux. Spectinamides bind to the 30S bacterial ribosomal subunit which interferes with ribosomal translocation, and ultimately results in inhibition of protein synthesis. They have potent in vitro activity against drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), and also demonstrated sustained efficacy in (Mtb)-infected mouse models. Pharmacokinetic (PK)/ pharmacodynamic (PD) analyses play a critical role in identifying the ...


Biodegradable Polymeric Biomaterials In Different Forms For Long-Acting Contraception And Drug Delivery To The Eye And Brain, Dileep Reddy Janagam 2017 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Biodegradable Polymeric Biomaterials In Different Forms For Long-Acting Contraception And Drug Delivery To The Eye And Brain, Dileep Reddy Janagam

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Efficacy of many of the new and existing therapeutics is often hampered by the lack of an effective and compliant method of delivery. Typically, drugs have poor water solubility, short half-lives, and low permeability across the biological membranes. The result is low bioavailability of the drugs at the target site and can cause toxicity and side effects at high doses. Often the conventional dosage forms fail to overcome these limitations. In the recent decades, biodegradable polymeric drug delivery systems have emerged as promising candidates to solve the challenges of poor solubility, low permeability and sustained release owing to the advantages ...


Discovery Of Natural Product-Based Antimycobacterial Agents Effective Against Non-Replicating Bacilli, Shajila Siricilla 2017 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Discovery Of Natural Product-Based Antimycobacterial Agents Effective Against Non-Replicating Bacilli, Shajila Siricilla

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

New antimycobacterial molecules that kill non-replicating Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) were identified by screening libraries of synthetic natural products. De novo screening of a 400-membered library of aurachin RE analogs resulted in discovery of UT-317 ((R)-20). UT-317 is a selective vitamin K2 biosynthesis (MenA) inhibitor that killed replicating and non-replicating Mtb at 2.31 μg/mL (MIC) and 0.85 μg/mL, respectively. A 50-membered library of capuramycin analogs was evaluated in their enzymatic inhibitory activities against translocase I (MraY/MurX) and prenyl-phosphate-GlcNAc-1-phosphate transferase (WecA). UT-01320 (45) is identified as a selective WecA inhibitor that kills both replicating and non-replicating ...


Synthesis Of 20s-Hydroxyvitamin D3 Analogs And Their 1Α-Hydroxyl Derivatives As Potent Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Zongtao Lin 2017 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Synthesis Of 20s-Hydroxyvitamin D3 Analogs And Their 1Α-Hydroxyl Derivatives As Potent Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Zongtao Lin

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the autoimmune diseases, and is affecting 2.5 million Americans in total. Among the treatment options of RA, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] is the only steroidal drug used clinically for anti-inflammatory and immune diseases. However, long-term use of 1,25(OH)2D3 (625 µg/day) in human would result in hypercalcemia (toxicity), and 1,25(OH)2D3 has substantial hypercalcemic effects (toxicity) in mice at a dose as low as only 2 µg/kg. Fortunately, during the investigation of novel metabolic pathway of vitamin D3 by cytochrome P450 enzymes, we found ...


The Development Of Methods To Account For Physiologic Dynamic Changes And Their Effects On The Pharmacokinetics Of Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies And Other Therapeutics, Josiah Thomas Ryman 2017 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The Development Of Methods To Account For Physiologic Dynamic Changes And Their Effects On The Pharmacokinetics Of Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies And Other Therapeutics, Josiah Thomas Ryman

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Physiologic changes in the body can drastically affect the clearance of a medication, and therefore increase the variability in exposure to the medication. Physiologic changes that can have a profound effect on the exposure of a medication can stem from changes CYP enzymes, transport proteins, binding protein expression, organ function, immune reactivity, and health status to name a few; with the focus of this dissertation on the dynamic changes in the ontogeny of MRP2 (an apical liver transport protein) and the dynamic changes caused by an immune response to a therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb). Several approaches can be used to ...


Pharmacodynamic Activity Of Fosfomycin Simulating Urinary Concentrations Achieved After A Single 3 Gram Oral Dose Versus Escherichia Coli Using An In Vitro Model, George G. Zhanel, Kate Parkinson, Sean Higgins, Andrew Denisuik, Heather Adam, Johann Pitout, Ayman Noreddin, James A. Karlowsky 2017 University of Manitoba

Pharmacodynamic Activity Of Fosfomycin Simulating Urinary Concentrations Achieved After A Single 3 Gram Oral Dose Versus Escherichia Coli Using An In Vitro Model, George G. Zhanel, Kate Parkinson, Sean Higgins, Andrew Denisuik, Heather Adam, Johann Pitout, Ayman Noreddin, James A. Karlowsky

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

We assessed the activity of fosfomycin simulating urinary concentrations achieved after a single 3 gram oral dose against Escherichia coli using an in vitro pharmacodynamic model. Eleven urinary isolates of E. coli were studied. Isolates were ESBL-producing or carbapenemase-producing. The in vitro pharmacodynamic model was inoculated with an inoculum of (~1 × 106 cfu/mL). Fosfomycin was administered to simulate maximum free (ƒ) urine (U) concentrations and a t1/2 obtained after a standard single 3 gram oral dose in healthy volunteers (ƒUmax, 4000 mg/L; t1/2, 6 h). Sampling was performed over 48 h to ...


Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong 2017 Cedarville University

Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Pharmacogenomics (PGx) focuses on how genomics and genetic variants (inherited and acquired) affect drug response. A better understanding of the association between genetic markers and individual phenotypes may improve therapy by enhancing drug efficacy, safety, and advance precision medicine. The FDALabel database (https://rm2.scinet.fda.gov/druglabel/#simsearch-0) was developed from the FDA's Structured Product Labeling (SPL) repository to allow users to perform full-text and customizable searches of the labeling section {e.g. Boxed Warning, Warning and Precautions, Adverse Reaction (AR) sections}. In this study, 48 known biomarkers were used to query PGx relevant contents from the FDALabel ...


Neurofeedback Or Neuroplacebo?, Robert T. Thibault, Michael Lifshitz, Amir Raz 2017 McGill University

Neurofeedback Or Neuroplacebo?, Robert T. Thibault, Michael Lifshitz, Amir Raz

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

This scientific commentary refers to ‘Better than sham? A double-blind placebo-controlled neurofeedback study in primary insomnia’, by Schabus et al.. (doi:10.1093/brain/awx011).


A Standardized Patient Counseling Rubric For A Pharmaceutical Care And Communications Course, Niambi Horton PharmD, Kenna D. Payne PharmD, Michelle Jernigan PharmD, Jill Frost PharmD, Stephen Wise PharmD, Mary Klein PharmD, Joel Epps MBA, H. Glenn Anderson PharmD 2017 Marshall University

A Standardized Patient Counseling Rubric For A Pharmaceutical Care And Communications Course, Niambi Horton Pharmd, Kenna D. Payne Pharmd, Michelle Jernigan Pharmd, Jill Frost Pharmd, Stephen Wise Pharmd, Mary Klein Pharmd, Joel Epps Mba, H. Glenn Anderson Pharmd

H. Glenn Anderson

Objective. To restructure a required pharmaceutical care and communications course to place greater emphasis on communication skills and include a high-stakes assessment. Design. A standardized counseling rubric was developed for use throughout the pharmacy curriculum and the counseling laboratory practicals were changed to high-stakes assessments. Assessment. An annual mid-semester and end-of-semester high-stakes patient-counseling objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) conducted prior to and after revision of the course and counseling rubric documented improvements in students’ scores. Performance on the post-course annual assessment patient counseling OSCE improved compared to that on the pre-course (p,0.001). Conclusion. The 2010 course revision improved ...


Ethical Imperatives Of Timely Access To Orphan Drugs: Is Possible To Reconcile Economic Incentives And Patients’ Health Needs?, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, T. Spargo, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Ethical Imperatives Of Timely Access To Orphan Drugs: Is Possible To Reconcile Economic Incentives And Patients’ Health Needs?, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, T. Spargo, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

More than 6,800 rare diseases and conditions have been identified in the US, which affect 25–30 million Americans. In 1983, the US Congress enacted the Orphan Drug Act (ODA) to encourage the development and marketing of drugs to treat rare diseases and conditions. This study analyzed all orphan designations and FDA approvals since 1983 through 2015, discussed the effectiveness of incentives for the development of treatments for rare diseases, and reflected on the ethical imperatives for timely access to orphan drugs.

Methods

Study data were derived from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Orange Book and the ...


Lung Disposition Model-Based Analyses Of Clinical Pharmacokinetic Profiles For Inhaled Drugs, Anuja Raut 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Lung Disposition Model-Based Analyses Of Clinical Pharmacokinetic Profiles For Inhaled Drugs, Anuja Raut

Theses and Dissertations

There has been a desire to accurately interpret the inhaled pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of drugs in humans to aid successful inhaled drug and product developments. However, challenges are layered, as 1) the drug dose delivered to the lung (DTL) from inhalers is a portion of the formulated dose but rarely determined; 2) lung delivery and regional deposition differ, depending on drug, formulation and inhaler; 3) drugs are not only absorbed from the lung but may also be from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract; and 4) in addition to absorption into the systemic circulation, multiple non-absorptive processes also eliminate drugs from the ...


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