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Penicillin Allergy Skin Testing In The Inpatient Setting, Julie Ann Justo, Wesley D. Kufel, Lisa M. Avery, P. Brandon Bookstaver 2019 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Penicillin Allergy Skin Testing In The Inpatient Setting, Julie Ann Justo, Wesley D. Kufel, Lisa M. Avery, P. Brandon Bookstaver

Pharmacy Faculty/Staff Publications

The consequences of a documented penicillin allergy in the medical record are especially troublesome in acutely ill, hospitalized patients. A penicillin allergy label may lead to alternative or second line therapies resulting in adverse drug events, negative clinical outcomes and increased costs. Reconciling penicillin allergies is a necessity to facilitate early, optimal therapy and is a shared responsibility among the healthcare team. Penicillin skin testing (PST) has been utilized successfully in hospitalized patients to de-label erroneous penicillin allergies and optimize antibiotic therapy. This targeted review aims to discuss the practical development and implementation of PST in the inpatient setting. This ...


Drug Screening For Discovery Of Broad-Spectrum Agents For Soil-Transmitted Nematodes, Elfawal A. Mostafa, Sergey N. Savinov, Raffi V. Aroian 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Drug Screening For Discovery Of Broad-Spectrum Agents For Soil-Transmitted Nematodes, Elfawal A. Mostafa, Sergey N. Savinov, Raffi V. Aroian

Open Access Articles

Soil-transmitted nematodes (STNs), namely hookworms, whipworms, and ascarids, are extremely common parasites, infecting 1-2 billion of the poorest people worldwide. Two benzimidazoles, albendazole and mebendazole, are currently used in STN mass drug administration, with many instances of low/reduced activity reported. New drugs against STNs are urgently needed. We tested various models for STN drug screening with the aim of identifying the most effective tactics for the discovery of potent, safe and broad-spectrum agents. We screened a 1280-compound library of approved drugs to completion against late larval/adult stages and egg/larval stages of both the human hookworm parasite Ancylostoma ...


Synthesis Of Betulinic Acid Via Baylis-Hillman Reaction, Sai Krishna Kommineni 2019 Rowan University

Synthesis Of Betulinic Acid Via Baylis-Hillman Reaction, Sai Krishna Kommineni

Theses and Dissertations

Betulin is readily isolated from the bark of birch trees using simple extraction techniques and this molecule as well as its derivatives (eg. betulinic acid) exhibit impressive levels of biological activity. While it is naturally available and shows selective toxicity towards certain cancers, betulin suffers from a general lack of solubility in aqueous conditions. In this regard, we took up a project involving the synthesis of conjugates of betulin with improved solubility characteristics and we were able to identify a series of compounds that showed cytotoxicity against breast and pancreatic cancer cells.

This thesis describes our efforts on the development ...


No Meaningful Drug Interactions With Doravirine, Lamivudine And Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Co-Administration., Matt S. Anderson, Jocelyn Gilmartin, Li Fan, Ka Lai Yee, Walter K. Kraft, Ilias Triantafyllou, Christina Reitmann, Ying Guo, Rachael Liu, Marian Iwamoto 2019 Merck & Co., Inc.; Certara USA, Inc.

No Meaningful Drug Interactions With Doravirine, Lamivudine And Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Co-Administration., Matt S. Anderson, Jocelyn Gilmartin, Li Fan, Ka Lai Yee, Walter K. Kraft, Ilias Triantafyllou, Christina Reitmann, Ying Guo, Rachael Liu, Marian Iwamoto

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Doravirine (DOR) is a novel non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor available as a single tablet and a three-drug combination with lamivudine (3TC) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to treat HIV-1 infection. These analyses assessed pharmacokinetic (PK) interactions with co-administration.

METHODS: Two trials were conducted. Study 1: two-period, fixed-sequence; 8 healthy participants; Period 1, DOR 100 mg followed by ≥7-day washout; Period 2, TDF 300 mg once daily for 18 days, co-administration of DOR 100 mg on day 14. Study 2: three-period, crossover, 15 healthy participants; Treatment A, DOR 100 mg; Treatment B, 3TC 300 mg + TDF 300 mg; Treatment C ...


Kids Vs. Adults In Clinical Research, Nationwide Children's Hospital 2019 DIAMOND

Kids Vs. Adults In Clinical Research, Nationwide Children's Hospital

Training Materials

Differences in Pediatric Clinical Research


Development Of Functionalized Imidazoles As Potential Therapeutical Agents, Drew Christopher Morgan 2019 Rowan University

Development Of Functionalized Imidazoles As Potential Therapeutical Agents, Drew Christopher Morgan

Theses and Dissertations

Imidazoles are heterocyclic small molecules that play a major role in medicinal chemistry and drug discovery. There are several drugs in the market which contain imidazoles as the pharmacophore. Metronidazole, an imidazole containing compound, is a prominent antibiotic and antiprotozoal medication used for the treatment of a variety of infections such as amoebiasis, trichomoniasis, bacterial vaginosis, etc. The current work involves the synthesis of small molecule libraries of imidazoles derived from metronidazole using Baylis-Hillman (BH) reaction. BH reaction is a carbon-carbon bond forming reaction and involves the coupling of aldehydes or imines with activated alkenes such as acrylates, acrolein, or ...


Functionalized Heterocyclics As Potential Therapeutics, Anupama Indukuri 2019 Rowan University

Functionalized Heterocyclics As Potential Therapeutics, Anupama Indukuri

Theses and Dissertations

Heterocyclic compounds play an important role in pharmaceutical drug development. Several natural products and biologically active compounds contain heterocyclic motifs in them. Multicomponent coupling reactions offer an excellent platform for the synthesis of diverse libraries of heterocyclic compounds. We have been working on the synthesis of novel heterocyclic small molecules utilizing reactions such as Baylis-Hillman reaction, Passerini reaction, Click reaction, reductive amination aldol condensation, etc.

In the current project, we prepared three series of heterocyclic compounds using Passerini and Baylis-Hillman reactions as key steps. Owing to the importance of heterocyclic chemistry in drug discovery and the ease of synthesis, the ...


Development Of An Imaging Analysis Algorithm For Fluorescence-Based High Content Screening In Parkinson’S Disease, Ryan Arlinghaus 2019 Purdue University

Development Of An Imaging Analysis Algorithm For Fluorescence-Based High Content Screening In Parkinson’S Disease, Ryan Arlinghaus

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


A Pharmacological Model Of Trpa1-Mediated Nociception In Zebrafish For Therapeutic Discovery, Emre Coskun 2019 Purdue University

A Pharmacological Model Of Trpa1-Mediated Nociception In Zebrafish For Therapeutic Discovery, Emre Coskun

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan 2019 Federal University of Pelotas

The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan

Open Access Articles

Objectives: To describe changes in the private market for selected originators, branded generics ('similares'), and generic products during the 10 years following passage of the Brazilian Generics Law.

Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data collected by IQVIA(R) on quarterly sales by wholesalers to retail pharmacies in Brazil from 1998 through 2010, grouped by originators, branded generics, and generic products in three therapeutic classes (antibiotics, antidiabetics, and antihypertensives). Outcomes included market share (proportion of the total private market volume), sales volume per capita, prices and number of manufacturers by group.

Results: In the private market share, generics became dominant in each ...


Rna-Based Compositions And Adjuvants For Prophylactic And Therapeutic Treatment, Peixuan Guo, Hui Li, Emil F. Khisamutdinov, Daniel L. Jasinski 2019 University of Kentucky

Rna-Based Compositions And Adjuvants For Prophylactic And Therapeutic Treatment, Peixuan Guo, Hui Li, Emil F. Khisamutdinov, Daniel L. Jasinski

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

The present invention is directed towards an artificial RNA nano structure comprising multiple external strands of RNA, each external strand comprising about 40-50 nucleotides; one internal strand of RNA comprising more than about 50 nucleotides; the internal strands and external strands assembled to form a triangle nanostructure, a square nanostructure, or a polygon nanostructure and a pRNA three-way junction (3WJ) motif at each vertex of the nanostructure. Such nanostructure can be provided in a composition together with an adjuvant for use in inducing the production of high affinity neutralizing antibodies or inhibitory antibodies, inducing the production of cytokines, inducing an ...


Quinolone Allergy, Edoabasi U. McGee, Essie Samuel, Bernadett Boronea, Nakoasha Dillard, Madison N Milby, Susan J Lewis 2019 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Quinolone Allergy, Edoabasi U. Mcgee, Essie Samuel, Bernadett Boronea, Nakoasha Dillard, Madison N Milby, Susan J Lewis

Essie Samuel

Quinolones are the second most common antibiotic class associated with drug-induced allergic reactions, but data on quinolone allergy are scarce. This review article discusses the available evidence on quinolone allergy, including prevalence, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical manifestations, cross-reactivity, and management of allergic reactions. Although the incidence of quinolone allergy is still lower than beta-lactams, it has been increasingly reported in recent decades, most likely from its expanded use and the introduction of moxifloxacin. Thorough patient history remains essential in the evaluation of quinolone allergy. Many diagnostic tools have been investigated, but skin tests can yield false-positive results and in vitro ...


A Quantitative Study Of Drug Recrystallization In Drug-In-Adhesive Transdermal Patches Using Vibrational Spectroscopy, Yi Li 2019 Duquesne University

A Quantitative Study Of Drug Recrystallization In Drug-In-Adhesive Transdermal Patches Using Vibrational Spectroscopy, Yi Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Drug-in-adhesive (DIA) transdermal patches are an important type of transdermal drug delivery system (TDDS). The drugs used in the DIA system are frequently present in metastable forms, such as amorphous solids or supercooled liquids. These drug states are thermodynamically unstable and tend to undergo recrystallization. Recrystallization of the active pharmaceutical ingredient can adversely affect the efficacy of transdermal products. This dissertation demonstrates a systematic approach to quantify the crystalline content of the API in DIA systems. This approach uses a novel method of preparing calibration standards and a spectroscopic method to reliably predict crystalline content in DIA patches. Spectroscopic tools ...


Helsinn Healthcare S.A. V. Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.: “Sale” Keeps Its Old Meaning Under The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act, Sherrie Holdman 2019 University of Minnesota Law School

Helsinn Healthcare S.A. V. Teva Pharmaceuticals Usa, Inc.: “Sale” Keeps Its Old Meaning Under The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act, Sherrie Holdman

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Report Of The Aacp Criminal Background Check Advisory Panel, H. Anderson, M. A. Kirkpatrick, M. McKenzie, W. M. Moore, K. Williams, W. Wuller, E. Anagnostiadis, L. Ross 2019 Selected Works

Report Of The Aacp Criminal Background Check Advisory Panel, H. Anderson, M. A. Kirkpatrick, M. Mckenzie, W. M. Moore, K. Williams, W. Wuller, E. Anagnostiadis, L. Ross

W. Mark Moore

No abstract provided.


Treating Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review Of Efficacy And Safety, E. P. Mills, K. P. Brown, K. Trotta, P. W. Vang, J. D. Smith 2019 Selected Works

Treating Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review Of Efficacy And Safety, E. P. Mills, K. P. Brown, K. Trotta, P. W. Vang, J. D. Smith

Beth Mills

Objective:

To review current literature for the efficacy and safety of treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Data sources:

A PubMed literature search from January 1990 to June 2017 was conducted using the search terms nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes mellitus, type 2, therapy, treatment, treat, therapeutics, nonalcoholic fatty liver, nonalcoholic hepatosteatosis, NASH, NAFLD, metformin, and statin. Bibliographies of chosen articles were reviewed.

Study selection and data extraction:

Relevant articles on metformin, thiazolidinediones (TZD), glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA), and statins for the treatment of NAFLD which included patients with ...


A Background Of The Opioid Epidemic And Its Relationship To The Medicaid Expansion, Er Yearn Jang 2019 Liberty University

A Background Of The Opioid Epidemic And Its Relationship To The Medicaid Expansion, Er Yearn Jang

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

This paper provides a background to the opioid epidemic in the United States. The opioid epidemic, a public health crisis, is perceived by the public to be caused by issues in the medical field. By providing a historical background to the epidemic, this study demonstrates that the beginnings of the opioid crisis were not only rooted in past issues within the healthcare field but in previous social misconceptions about opioids. This historical backdrop is proceeded by an examination of opioid pharmacology, which discusses what opioids are, what is currently known about opioid addiction and reviews the presently used treatments for ...


Proteomic Evaluation And Cytotoxicity Of Red Maple (Acer Rubrum) Leaves, Saud Alshammari 2019 Chapman University

Proteomic Evaluation And Cytotoxicity Of Red Maple (Acer Rubrum) Leaves, Saud Alshammari

Pharmaceutical Sciences (MS) Theses

Red maple (Acer rubrum), also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is endemic to eastern and central North America and was widely used as traditional medicine by the first peoples. Commercially, its well-known products include maple syrup and high-quality lumber. The potential medicinal benefits of phenolic compounds extracted from the red maple plant, such as glucitol-core containing gallotannins, include antioxidant, and antiglycation effects as well as their importance in cosmetic applications. Plant-derived proteins and peptides are important biomolecules; however to date, there is no published data on the identification of proteins/peptides from red maple leaves. Therefore, the present ...


Codelivery Of Genistein And Mirna-29b To A549 Cells Using Aptamer-Hybrid Nanoparticle Bioconjugates., Koita Sacko, Karthik Thangavel, Sunday A. Shoyele 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Codelivery Of Genistein And Mirna-29b To A549 Cells Using Aptamer-Hybrid Nanoparticle Bioconjugates., Koita Sacko, Karthik Thangavel, Sunday A. Shoyele

College of Pharmacy Faculty Papers

This study aimed to evaluate the anti-cancer effect of a combination therapy of miRNA-29b and genistein loaded in mucin-1 (MUC 1)-aptamer functionalized hybrid nanoparticles in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell line. Genistein-miRNA-29b-loaded hybrid nanoparticles (GMLHN) was prepared and characterized. Particle size and zeta potential were measured using photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS). Encapsulation efficiency and loading efficiency were determined using HPLC. Preferential internalization of MUC 1-aptamer functionalized GMLHN by A549 cells was evaluated and compared to normal MRC-5 cells. The ability of GMLHN to downregulate targeted oncoproteins Phosphorylated protein kinase, strain AK, Thymoma (Phosphorylated protein kinase B) (pAKT ...


Applying Contemporary Management Principles To Implementing And Evaluating Value-Added Pharmacist Services., Shane P. Desselle, Leticia R Moczygemba, Antoinette B Coe, Karl Hess, David P Zgarrick 2019 Touro University California

Applying Contemporary Management Principles To Implementing And Evaluating Value-Added Pharmacist Services., Shane P. Desselle, Leticia R Moczygemba, Antoinette B Coe, Karl Hess, David P Zgarrick

College of Pharmacy (TUC) Publications and Research

Value-added pharmacy services encompass traditional and emerging services provided by pharmacists to individual and entire populations of persons increasingly under the auspices of a public health mandate. The success of value-added pharmacy services is enhanced when they are carried out and assessed using appropriate theory-based paradigms. Many of the more important management theories for pharmacy services consider the "servicescape" of these services recognizing the uniqueness of each patient and service encounter that vary based upon health needs and myriad other factors. In addition, implementation science principles help ensure the financial viability and sustainability of these services. This commentary reviews some ...


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