Development Of A Lectin-Fc Fusion Protein With Antiviral And Anti-Cancer Activity., 2019 University of Louisville
Development Of A Lectin-Fc Fusion Protein With Antiviral And Anti-Cancer Activity., Matthew William Dent
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
This thesis describes the development of a novel lectin-Fc fusion protein and its antiviral and anti-cancer activity. The molecule, Avaren-Fc (AvFc), is a fusion of a variant of the actinomycete lectin actinohivin (Avaren) and the Fc region of human IgG1, and is selective for the terminal α1,2-mannose residues found at the ends of high-mannose-type glycans that can be found on the surface of certain heavily glycosylated viruses and cancer cells. Here, AvFc was found to be able to neutralize simian immunodeficiency virus as well as Hepatitis C virus with nanomolar IC50 values. Furthermore, AvFc recognizes a number of ...
Safe Injection Facilities, 2019 Dominican University of California
Safe Injection Facilities, Timothy Kwong
According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “In 2016, a total of 63,632 persons in the United States died from drug overdoses; the age-adjusted rate was 19.8 deaths per 100,000 persons.” There have been countless programs with the sole purpose of reducing the amount of drug related deaths. Some with positive outcomes and others with negative outcomes. Since there is no feasible method of eradicating the problem as a whole, the next logical thing to do would to be creating effect prevention programs.
Safe Injection Facilities (SIFs) have been around for over three decades ...
Integration Of Native American Medicinal Plants Into The Heber W. Youngken Jr. Garden, 2019 University of Rhode Island
Integration Of Native American Medicinal Plants Into The Heber W. Youngken Jr. Garden, Emily Lyn Murray
Senior Honors Projects
Healthcare among Native American tribes was focused on all aspects of a patient’s life, such as physical, spiritual, and environmental elements. Healthy outcomes were obtained by maintaining a balance among all of these components. This “bio-psycho-socio-spiritual” approach to healthcare was thought to not only play a role in the health of a certain individual, but the health of the tribe as a whole. An illness was not only precipitated by a physical source, but by an imbalance of these components. Medicinal plants served as an integral role in direct physical healing, as well as an important element for the ...
Effects Of Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury On Cytochrome P450 Activity, 2019 University of Rhode Island
Effects Of Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury On Cytochrome P450 Activity, Milleah Sawtelle
Senior Honors Projects
Approximately 2 million people worldwide and more than 670,000 Americans are affected by end-stage renal diseases (ESRD). The current standard of care for ESRD is kidney transplantation. However, the surgical procedure of kidney transplantation inherently involves ischemia, which interrupts blood flow and reduces oxygen, during kidney graft preservation. The ischemic period is followed by reperfusion (the restoration of blood flow to the transplanted graft), resulting in varying degrees of ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. I/R injury is a leading cause of both organ dysfunction and graft failure. Furthermore, kidney I/R injury has been shown to cause ...
The Characterization Of A New Metabolite From A Trichodesmium Bloom, 2019 University of Rhode Island
The Characterization Of A New Metabolite From A Trichodesmium Bloom, Kelly M. Mcmanus
Senior Honors Projects
Our laboratory has been investigating blooms of Trichodesmium, a genus of ecologically important, nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria, collected from Padre Island in the Gulf of Mexico. Trichodesmium species are an underexplored biological source of cyanobacteria – a taxa that has been shown to produce chemically diverse secondary metabolites. With our focus on the isolation and structure characterization of new bioactive marine natural products, our research group has discovered over 25 new-to-science compounds over the past three years from these blooms. UV and mass spectrometry-guided isolation of Trichodesmium chromatography fractions were utilized to isolate a new metabolite. Isolation of this metabolite was carried out ...
An Exploratory Study Of Suboxone (Buprenorphine/ Naloxone) Film Splitting: Cutting Methods, Content Uniformity, And Stability, Kristin L. Reindel, Michael J. Deangelis, Alexander S. Ferrara, Kelly Conn, Elizabeth Phillips, Anthony Corigliano, Fang Zhao
Doctoral External Publications
Suboxone films are U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved to treat opioid dependence. While the package insert states that films should not be cut, physicians often prescribe film fractions for treatment and tapering. There is no data to support this practice, and this study was initiated to evaluate cutting methods, content uniformity, and stability of split films. Suboxone 8-mg buprenorphine/2-mg naloxone films were split using four methods: 1) ruler/razor cut, 2) scissor cut, 3) fold/rip, and 4) fold/scissor cut. United States Pharmacopeia Chapter <905> was used to evaluate the weight variation and content uniformity of split ...905>
Exploring The Relationship Of Digital Information Sources And Medication Adherence, 2019 Chapman University
Exploring The Relationship Of Digital Information Sources And Medication Adherence, Cody Arbuckle, Daniel Tomaszewski, Lawrence Brown, Jon C. Schommer, Donald Morisky, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti, Erik J. Linstead
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
We present a retrospective analysis of data collected in the United States from the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience and Pharmacists’ Role in order to model the relationship between health information sources and medication adherence and perception. Our results indicate that while the digital age has presented prescription users with many non-traditional alternatives for health information, the use of digital content has a significant negative correlation with pharmaceutical adherence and attitudes toward medication. These findings along with previous research suggest that in order to fully realize the potential benefits of the digital age in regards to patient ...
Experimental Pharmacological Research Regarding Some New Quinazolin-4-Ones Derivatives, 2019 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Experimental Pharmacological Research Regarding Some New Quinazolin-4-Ones Derivatives, Cornel Chiriță, Emil Ștefănescu, Cristina E. Zbârcea, Simona Negreș, Mihaela Bratu, Diana C. Nuță, Carmen Limban, Ileana C. Chiriță, Cristina D. Marineci
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
A series of new compounds with quinazolin-4-one structure, synthesized by the Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department of the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” Bucharest, was studied. Five of them were selected, conventionally named S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, and investigated in terms of their potential influence on the central nervous system (CNS). For this purpose, the antidepressant effect was determined using the forced swimming test; the anxiolytic/ anxiogenic effect was determined using the suspended plus-shaped maze (Ugo Basile); the effect on the motor activity was determined using the Ugo Basile activity cage; and the potential ...
Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, 2019 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, Ryan G. Vacca, James Ming Chen, Jay Dratler Jr., Thomas Folsom, Timothy S. Hall, Yaniv Heled, Frank A. Pasquale, Elizabeth A. Reilly, Jeffery Samuels, Katherine J. Strandburg, Kara W. Swanson, Andrew W. Torrance, Katharine A. Van Tassel
Timothy S. Hall
On October 26, 2012, the University of Akron School of Law’s Center for Intellectual Property and Technology hosted its Sixth Annual IP Scholars Forum. In attendance were thirteen legal scholars with expertise and an interest in IP and public health who met to discuss problems and potential solutions at the intersection of these fields. This report summarizes this discussion by describing the problems raised, areas of agreement and disagreement between the participants, suggestions and solutions made by participants and the subsequent evaluations of these suggestions and solutions. Led by the moderator, participants at the Forum focused generally on three ...
Sensory Primary Cilium Is A Responsive Camp Microdomain In Renal Epithelia, 2019 Chapman University
Sensory Primary Cilium Is A Responsive Camp Microdomain In Renal Epithelia, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Ashraf M. Mohieldin, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Dagmar Wachten, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Surya M. Nauli
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Primary cilia are hair-like cellular extensions that sense microenvironmental signals surrounding cells. The role of adenylyl cyclases in ciliary function has been of interest because the product of adenylyl cyclase activity, cAMP, is relevant to cilia-related diseases. In the present study, we show that vasopressin receptor type-2 (V2R) is localized to cilia in kidney epithelial cells. Pharmacologic inhibition of V2R with tolvaptan increases ciliary length and mechanosensory function. Genetic knockdown of V2R, however, does not have any effect on ciliary length, although the effect of tolvaptan on ciliary length is dampened. Our study reveals that tolvaptan may have a cilia-specific ...
Metabolism Of Primaquine In Normal Human Volunteers: Investigation Of Phase I And Phase Ii Metabolites From Plasma And Urine Using Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, 2019 Selected Works
Metabolism Of Primaquine In Normal Human Volunteers: Investigation Of Phase I And Phase Ii Metabolites From Plasma And Urine Using Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry, B. Avula, B. L. Tekwani, N. D. Chaurasiya, P. S. Fasinu, N. D. Nanayakkara, H. B. Herath, Y. H. Wang, J. Y. Bae, S. I. Khan, M. A. Elsohly, J. D. Mcchesney
No abstract provided.
Formation Primaquine-5, 6-Orthoquinone, The Putative Active And Toxic Metabolite Of Primaquine Via Direct Oxidation In Human Erythrocytes, P. S. Fasinu, N. D. Nanayakkara, Y. H. Wang, N. D. Chaurasiya, H. B. Herath, J. D. Mcchesney, B. Avula, I. Khan, B. L. Tekwani, L. A. Walker
No abstract provided.
A Background Of The Opioid Epidemic And Its Relationship To The Medicaid Expansion, 2019 Liberty University
A Background Of The Opioid Epidemic And Its Relationship To The Medicaid Expansion, Er Yearn Jang
Senior Honors Theses
Despite the recent increase in public awareness of the opioid epidemic, the background of this epidemic is still disappointingly unknown to the public. The opioid epidemic is a national crisis which impacts, not only individuals’ wellbeing but the economy of the United States. The federal government sought to mitigate it through the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The Medicaid expansion, which was built into this law, sparked controversy; controversy which has yet to be solved to this day. Going forward, the knowledge we gather from examining the connection between this epidemic and the Medicaid expansion will ...
Exploring The Structure-Activity Relationship Of Various Seh Inhibitors In Promoting Brown Adipogenesis, 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Exploring The Structure-Activity Relationship Of Various Seh Inhibitors In Promoting Brown Adipogenesis, Sue Lim Choi
EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement
Background: Brown adipose tissue has emerged as a novel target for obesity prevention and treatment due to its responsibility for heat production. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a cytosolic enzyme that degrades epoxy fatty acids (EpFAs) (lipid signaling molecules) into inactive diols. Potent sEH inhibitors (sEHIs) are beneficial for many chronic diseases as they stabilize endogenous EpFAs by blocking the degradation. Our preliminary results have shown that trans-4- [4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (t-AUCB), a potent sEH inhibitor, dose-dependently promotes brown adipogenesis.
Objectives: The objective of this study is to investigate the structure and activity relationship of various sEHIs with ...
Responding To Opioid Use Disorder: Identifying The Therapeutic Commitment Of Maine Nurse Practitioners, Jordan S. Porter
DNP Scholarly Projects
Background: Buprenorphine, an underutilized pharmacotherapy, can play a key role in closing the substantial opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment gap in the United States. Although 2016 US legislation authorized trained nurse practitioners (NPs) to obtain the Drug Enforcement Agency waiver to prescribe buprenorphine for OUD, many NPs do not have the waiver, and a large proportion of waivered NPs do not prescribe to capacity. Purpose: To identify the therapeutic commitment of Maine NPs to OUD as well as understand why Maine NPs do not adopt and utilize buprenorphine for the treatment of OUD. Review of Evidence: Commitment to OUD and ...
Amphiphilic Peptides For Efficient Sirna Delivery, 2019 Chapman University
Amphiphilic Peptides For Efficient Sirna Delivery, Saghar Mozaffari, Emira Bousoik, Farideh Amirrad, Robert Lamboy, Melissa Coyle, Ryley Hall, Abdulaziz Alasmari, Parvin Mahdipoor, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
A number of amphiphilic cyclic peptides—[FR]4, [WR]5, and [WK]5—containing hydrophobic and positively-charged amino acids were synthesized by Fmoc/tBu solid-phase peptide methods and evaluated for their efficiency in intracellular delivery of siRNA to triple-negative breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468, in the presence and absence of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE). Among the peptides, [WR]5, which contains alternate tryptophan (W) and arginine (R) residues, was found to be the most efficient in the delivery of siRNA by improving the delivery by more than 3-fold when compared to other synthesized cyclic peptides that were not efficient ...
Application Of Beers Criteria And A Brown Bag Event To Increase Prescribing Safety In Older Adults, 2019 Valparaiso University
Application Of Beers Criteria And A Brown Bag Event To Increase Prescribing Safety In Older Adults, Kristen Garza
Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports
With older adults making up about 14.5% of the U.S. population, polypharmacy may be an unintended consequence of adhering to clinical practice guidelines (Kim & Luck Parish, 2017). Effective polypharmacy interventions are needed in the primary care setting to increase prescribing safety and lower the risk of adverse drug events among older adults. The application of the Beers criteria, in conjunction with a brown bag medication reconciliation event, was initiated as focused interventions for a private primary practice without electronic health records. Outcomes included medication reduction, identification of possible inappropriate medication, decrease of medication dosages, and identification of duplicate ...
Investigations Of Novel Strategies To Treat Bacterial Infection And Development Of New Reaction Methodology, Shane Philippi
Theses and Dissertations
Quorum Sensing (QS), a form of bacteria communication mediated through chemical signaling, was investigated in the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. QS has the ability to regulate when a bacterial pathogen is infective or benign. LasR is the main regulator in this system and is also the receptor targeted for inhibition. A Structure Activity Relationship was produced for the system along with the binding pocket being explored.
A new reaction methodology was developed inspired by the Haloform reaction. The reaction was optimized based on solvent, stoichiometry, and conditions. Changing the initial electrophile and the reagent nucleophile created the scope of the ...
Iron-Containing Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Chrionic Biofilm Infections In Cystic Fibrosis, 2019 University of New Mexico - Main Campus
Iron-Containing Nanoparticles For The Treatment Of Chrionic Biofilm Infections In Cystic Fibrosis, Leisha M. A. Martin
Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common genetic disease resulting in the morbidity and mortality of Caucasian children and adults worldwide. Due to a genetic mutation resulting in malfunction of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) protein, CF patients produce highly viscous mucus in their respiratory tract. This leads to impairment of the mucociliary clearance of inhaled microbes. In addition to reduced microbial clearance, anoxic environmental conditions in the lungs promote biofilm-mode growth of the pathogenic bacterial species Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Chronic infections of P. aeruginosa begin in early childhood and typically persist until respiratory failure and death result. The ...
Extended Infusions Of Meropenem For Febrile Neutropenia, 2019 Butler University
Extended Infusions Of Meropenem For Febrile Neutropenia, Daniel J. Przybylski, Pharmd, David J. Reeves, Pharmd, Bcop
Background: Neutropenic fever is an oncologic emergency that requires quick intervention with anti-pseudomonal beta-lactam antibiotics, such as meropenem. Previous literature suggests that extended infusions of beta-lactam antibiotics may improve clinical outcomes. To date, there are 3 prior studies utilizing an extended infusion beta-lactam in this population; however, there is only one previous study investigating the use of extended infusion meropenem in patients with febrile neutropenia.
Objective: To describe the outcomes of eight patients receiving extended infusions of meropenem for the treatment of febrile neutropenia.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was completed including adult patients admitted to a community teaching hospital ...