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Cost-Effectiveness Of Using Standardized Patients To Assess Student-Pharmacist Communication Skills, Chris Gillette, Robert B. Stanton, Nicole Rockich-Winston, Michael Rudolph, H. Glenn Anderson Jr. 2017 Marshall University

Cost-Effectiveness Of Using Standardized Patients To Assess Student-Pharmacist Communication Skills, Chris Gillette, Robert B. Stanton, Nicole Rockich-Winston, Michael Rudolph, H. Glenn Anderson Jr.

Pharmacy Practice & Administration

Objective. To explore the cost-effectiveness of including standardized patients (SP) in the didactic curriculum for application and assessment of students’ pharmacist-patient communication skills.

Methods. Five role play/case study (RP/CS) activities from a communication skills curriculum were replaced with five SP encounters. Communication was assessed using a rubric. This study developed an economic model to examine the costs and effectiveness of replacing RP/CS events with SP events in knowledge-application and communication assessment. Costs consisted of SP hourly wages for training and delivery of SP events. Outcomes examined were the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) per student.

Results. The ICER ...


Ixekizumab Efficacy And Safety With And Without Concomitant Conventional Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (Cdmards) In Biologic Dmard (Bdmard)-Naive Patients With Active Psoriatic Arthritis (Psa): Results From Spirit-P1, Laura Coates, M Kishimoto, Alice Gottlieb, C Shuler, C Lin, C Lee, P Mease 2017 New York Medical College

Ixekizumab Efficacy And Safety With And Without Concomitant Conventional Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (Cdmards) In Biologic Dmard (Bdmard)-Naive Patients With Active Psoriatic Arthritis (Psa): Results From Spirit-P1, Laura Coates, M Kishimoto, Alice Gottlieb, C Shuler, C Lin, C Lee, P Mease

NYMC Faculty Publications

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ixekizumab alone or with concomitant conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (cDMARDs) versus placebo in patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) as part of a SPIRIT-P1 subgroup analysis (NCT01695239). Methods: Patients were stratified by cDMARD use (concomitant cDMARDs use (including methotrexate) or none (past or naive use)) and randomly assigned to treatment groups (ixekizumab 80 mg every 4 weeks (IXEQ4W) or every 2 weeks (IXEQ2W) or placebo). Efficacy was evaluated versus placebo at week 24 by the American College of Rheumatology criteria (ACR20/50/70), modified total Sharp score and Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index ...


Reducing Medication Errors In Pneumonia Patients During Transitions Of Care, Laressa Bethishou, Noah Fang, Lisa Shieh 2017 Chapman University

Reducing Medication Errors In Pneumonia Patients During Transitions Of Care, Laressa Bethishou, Noah Fang, Lisa Shieh

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose: At Stanford Health Care, as part of a hospital-wide initiative to reduce pneumonia readmission rates, an interdisciplinary collaborative effort was created between physicians and transitions of care (ToC) pharmacists to optimize discharge planning and medication management for pneumonia patients. The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of the ToC pharmacist in identifying and reducing medication errors on discharge for pneumonia patients.

Methodology: Retrospective chart review was conducted on patients discharged with a pneumonia diagnosis between December 2015 to Feb 2016. Patients were stratified based on whether they received ToC pharmacist medication review vs. standard of care ...


Evaluating Patient Preferences For Different Incentive Programs To Optimize Pharmacist-Provided Patient Care Program Enrollment, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Tim Cernohaus, Rajiv Vaidyanathan 2017 Chapman University

Evaluating Patient Preferences For Different Incentive Programs To Optimize Pharmacist-Provided Patient Care Program Enrollment, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Tim Cernohaus, Rajiv Vaidyanathan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

BACKGROUND: Employers have increased efforts to engage employees in health and wellness programs. Providing employees with incentives to participate in these programs has been shown to improve overall enrollment and engagement. One program that has had challenges with enrollment and engagement is medication therapy management (MTM).

OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine how individuals evaluate different financial incentives to improve participation in an MTM program and (b) measure the effect of participant characteristics on incentive preference.

METHODS: This study was composed of a paper-based survey administered to participants after focus group sessions. Participants included MTMeligible beneficiaries from 2 employer groups and included ...


Addressing A Need: Applying Classroom Knowledge And Skills In A National Pharmacy Chain, Evan Schmidt, Phu Vo 2017 Purdue University

Addressing A Need: Applying Classroom Knowledge And Skills In A National Pharmacy Chain, Evan Schmidt, Phu Vo

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Evan Schmidt and Phu Vo, third-year PharmD students in the Purdue College of Pharmacy describe their experiences at Walgreens Pharmacy in Lafayette, Indiana, as part of taking the Safety and Service-Learning elective at Purdue. The students discuss the potential impact they can have by utilizing their knowledge to address a need in a national pharmacy chain, as well as what they took away from the experience.


Patient Care: The Forefront Of Pharmacy Practice, Dakota L. Richart 2017 Purdue University

Patient Care: The Forefront Of Pharmacy Practice, Dakota L. Richart

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

For the past three years, Richart has been a member of APhA–ASP and has actively participated in numerous events. She planned, organized, and executed health fairs, educational presentations, and other direct patient care experiences alongside other members. An interaction as simple as a five-minute discussion with a patient about their blood pressure, antihypertensive medications, and lifestyle modifications can help save their life. Each patient interaction has impacted her by strengthening her communication skills, developing her professionalism, and providing confidence as she applies her knowledge with patients. Whether APhA–ASP’s events focus on a small audience at a local ...


Difatty Acyl-Conjugated Linear And Cyclic Peptides For Sirna Delivery, Hung Do, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Parvin Mahdipoor, Emira Bousoik, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi 2017 Chapman University

Difatty Acyl-Conjugated Linear And Cyclic Peptides For Sirna Delivery, Hung Do, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Parvin Mahdipoor, Emira Bousoik, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A number of amphiphilic difatty acyl linear and cyclic R5K2 peptide conjugates were synthesized by solid-phase peptide methods to enhance the interaction with the hydrophobic cellular phospholipid bilayer and to improve siRNA delivery and silencing. Binding to siRNA molecules was significantly less for the cyclic peptide conjugates. A gradual decrease was observed in the particle size of the complexes with increasing peptide/siRNA ratio for most of the synthesized peptides, suggesting the complex formation. Most of the complexes showed a particle size of less than 200 nm, which is considered an appropriate size for in vitro siRNA delivery. A number ...


Pharmacy Practice And The Michigan Immunization Registry: Results From A Multi-Organizational Collaborative Study, Jeff Goad, Albert Bach 2017 Chapman University

Pharmacy Practice And The Michigan Immunization Registry: Results From A Multi-Organizational Collaborative Study, Jeff Goad, Albert Bach

Jeff Goad

No abstract provided.


Role Of Microglial Amylin Receptors In Mediating Beta Amyloid (Aβ)-Induced Inflammation, Wen Fu, Vlatka Vukojevic, Aarti Patel, Rania Soudy, David MacTavish, David Westaway, Kamaljit Kaur, Valeri Goncharuk, Jack Jhamandas 2017 University of Alberta

Role Of Microglial Amylin Receptors In Mediating Beta Amyloid (Aβ)-Induced Inflammation, Wen Fu, Vlatka Vukojevic, Aarti Patel, Rania Soudy, David Mactavish, David Westaway, Kamaljit Kaur, Valeri Goncharuk, Jack Jhamandas

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Neuroinflammation in the brain consequent to activation of microglia is viewed as an important component of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathology. Amyloid beta (Aβ) protein is known to activate microglia and unleash an inflammatory cascade that eventually results in neuronal dysfunction and death. In this study, we sought to identify the presence of amylin receptors on human fetal and murine microglia and determine whether Aβ activation of the inflammasome complex and subsequent release of cytokines is mediated through these receptors.

Methods: The presence of dimeric components of the amylin receptor (calcitonin receptor and receptor activity modifying protein 3) were ...


Development And Validation Of Triticum Phytobiological Method As An Alternative Procedure For Investigating In Vivo Acute Toxicity On Mice, Emil Ştefănescu, Aurelia N. Cristea, Cornel Chiriță, Octavian Olaru, Adriana Anghel, Mihaela Dinu 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Development And Validation Of Triticum Phytobiological Method As An Alternative Procedure For Investigating In Vivo Acute Toxicity On Mice, Emil Ştefănescu, Aurelia N. Cristea, Cornel Chiriță, Octavian Olaru, Adriana Anghel, Mihaela Dinu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The goal of this study was to validate an alternative method for determining in vivo acute toxicity using vegetal material instead of laboratory animals, starting from the phytobiological method known also as the Triticum technique. We set out to demonstrate that vegetal cells have similar sensitivity to some toxic agents as animal cells, in which case a statistical correlation could be established. A series of new compounds synthesized by the Romanian National Institute for Chemical Pharmaceutical Research and Development as potential β3 adrenergic receptors agonists were tested for their acute toxicity using classic animal exposure models, before investigating possible anti-diabetic ...


Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Ligands Inhibit Igf-Ii And Adipokine Stimulated Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation, Travis B. Salisbury, Gary Z. Morris, Justin K. Tomblin, Ateeq R. Chaudhry, Carla Cook, Nalini Santanam 2017 Marshall University

Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Ligands Inhibit Igf-Ii And Adipokine Stimulated Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation, Travis B. Salisbury, Gary Z. Morris, Justin K. Tomblin, Ateeq R. Chaudhry, Carla Cook, Nalini Santanam

Carla R. Cook

Obesity increases human cancer risk and the risk for cancer recurrence. Adipocytes secrete paracrine factors termed adipokines that stimulate signaling in cancer cells that induce proliferation. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that plays roles in tumorigenesis, is regulated by exogenous lipophilic chemicals, and has been explored as a therapeutic target for cancer therapy. Whether exogenous AHR ligands modulate adipokine stimulated breast cancer cell proliferation has not been investigated. We provide evidence that adipocytes secrete insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF-2) at levels that stimulate the proliferation of human estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer cells. Using ...


Trkb-Enhancer Facilitates Functional Recovery After Traumatic Brain Injury, John Marshall, Joanna Szmydynger-Chodobska, Mengia S. Rioult-Pedotti, Kara Lau, Andrea T. Chin, Siva K. Reddy Kotla, Rakesh Tiwari, Keykavous Parang, Steven W. Threlkeld, Adam Chodobski 2017 Brown University

Trkb-Enhancer Facilitates Functional Recovery After Traumatic Brain Injury, John Marshall, Joanna Szmydynger-Chodobska, Mengia S. Rioult-Pedotti, Kara Lau, Andrea T. Chin, Siva K. Reddy Kotla, Rakesh Tiwari, Keykavous Parang, Steven W. Threlkeld, Adam Chodobski

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a key player in regulating synaptic strength and learning, is dysregulated following traumatic brain injury (TBI), suggesting that stimulation of BDNF signaling pathways may facilitate functional recovery. This study investigates whether CN2097, a peptidomimetic ligand which targets the synaptic scaffold protein, postsynaptic density protein 95, to enhance downstream signaling of tropomyosin-related kinase B, a receptor for BDNF, can improve neurological function after TBI. Moderate to severe TBI elicits neuroinflammation and c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation, which is associated with memory deficits. Here we demonstrate that CN2097 significantly reduces the post-traumatic synthesis of proinflammatory mediators and inhibits the ...


Relationship Between Self-Efficacy And Patient Knowledge On Adherence To Oral Contraceptives Using The Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (Mmas-8), Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Benjamin D. Aronson, Margarette L. Kading, Donald E. Morisky 2017 Chapman University

Relationship Between Self-Efficacy And Patient Knowledge On Adherence To Oral Contraceptives Using The Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (Mmas-8), Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Benjamin D. Aronson, Margarette L. Kading, Donald E. Morisky

Pharmacy Faculty Scholarship

Background
Preconception care, including family planning, is a vital component of healthcare for women of reproductive age. An average female spends the majority of her reproductive life trying to prevent a pregnancy. In order to prevent unintended pregnancy, women often rely on the use of hormonal contraceptives. In the United States, the majority of hormonal contraceptive users are prescribed oral contraceptive pills (OCPs). Reduced adherence to OCPs decreases their ability to prevent pregnancy. The study aimed to measure OCP adherence among female college students, and explore the relationship between OCP adherence, knowledge, and self-efficacy.

Methods
This cross-sectional study recruited a ...


Tumor-Targeted Delivery Of Sirna Using Fatty Acyl-Cgkrk Peptide Conjugates, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Hung Do, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi 2017 Chapman University

Tumor-Targeted Delivery Of Sirna Using Fatty Acyl-Cgkrk Peptide Conjugates, Meenakshi Sharma, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Hung Do, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Tumor-targeted carriers provide efficient delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to tumor tissue. CGKRK is one of the well-known tumor targeting peptides with significant specificity for angiogenic blood vessels and tumor cells. Here, we designed fatty acyl conjugated CGKRK peptides, based on the hypothesis that hydrophobically-modified CGKRK peptide could enhance cellular permeation and delivery of siRNA targeted to tumor cells for effective silencing of selected proteins. We synthesized six fatty acyl-peptide conjugates, using a diverse chain of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids to study the efficiency of this approach. At peptide:siRNA weight/weight ratio of 10:1 (N/P ≈ 13.6 ...


Exploring The Potential For Using Drug Indications To Prevent Look-Alike And Sound-Alike Drug Errors, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Saad Alqahtani, Gordon Schiff 2017 Chapman University

Exploring The Potential For Using Drug Indications To Prevent Look-Alike And Sound-Alike Drug Errors, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Saad Alqahtani, Gordon Schiff

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Look-alike, sound-alike (LASA) drug names are a cause of medication errors with resulting patient harm and healthcare costs. This study assessed to which extent the use of the generic drug name, therapeutic class, health problem, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved indications might be used to differentiate LASA drug pairs.

Research design and methods: We collected information about LASA drug pairs reported by the FDA to have look-alike sound-alike similarities. To assess potential for differentiating LASA drug pairs, we compared the following drug characteristics: generic name, therapeutic class, health problem, and FDA-approved indication.

Results: For ...


Challenges And Solutions In Library And Information Sciences: Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker 2017 Chapman University

Challenges And Solutions In Library And Information Sciences: Formulating A Pharmacy Collection Without A Prescription, Kristin Laughtin-Dunker

Library Presentations, Posters, and Videos

Librarians, pharmacists, and scientists encounter diverse challenges relating to knowledge management, the creation, organization, and retrieval of information. This session will highlight current challenges faced in this area by colleagues from across the Academy. Participants will have the opportunity to engage in two roundtable discussions. By the end of the session, participants will be able to describe current challenges faced in Library and Information Science, and bring solutions back to their academic program.

These slides include the "Formulating a Pharmacy Collection Without a Prescription" portion of the panel, which discussed the collection development process for a group of non-health science ...


Design And Implementation Of An Elective Career Planning Course For Pharmacy Students, Jennifer K. Grundey, Kelly Shields 2017 Ohio Northern University

Design And Implementation Of An Elective Career Planning Course For Pharmacy Students, Jennifer K. Grundey, Kelly Shields

Pharmacy Faculty Scholarship

Objective: The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education Standards 2016 encourage student pharmacists to examine and reflect on attributes necessary for professional and personal growth. Data from an AACP survey of recent graduates also indicated perceived deficiencies in career planning. Therefore, an elective course was created for 5th year students (0-6 program) to encourage self-assessment and preparation for post-graduate employment and personal development. The objective of this poster is to describe important elements of this course to aid faculty at other intuitions.

Method: The course was designed after review of publications regarding career advancement and life-skills. Additionally, business faculty who ...


The Pharmacy (Organization) Divide: A Focus On The Impact In Pediatric Pharmacy, Chad A. Knoderer, Lisa Lubsch, Kristin C. Klein 2017 Butler University

The Pharmacy (Organization) Divide: A Focus On The Impact In Pediatric Pharmacy, Chad A. Knoderer, Lisa Lubsch, Kristin C. Klein

Chad A. Knoderer

No abstract provided.


Compatibility Of Vancomycin And Oxacillin During Simulated Y-Site Delivery, Chad A. Knoderer, Hilary M. Teibel, Kristen R. Nichols 2017 Butler University

Compatibility Of Vancomycin And Oxacillin During Simulated Y-Site Delivery, Chad A. Knoderer, Hilary M. Teibel, Kristen R. Nichols

Chad A. Knoderer

Background: Vancomycin and oxacillin may be used together as empiric coverage in patients with proven or suspected Staphylococcus aureus infections. Though vancomycin hydrochloride 20 mg/mL and oxacillin sodium 160 mg/mL are reported to be compatible via Y-site delivery, Y-site compatibility of commonly used concentrations, vancomycin 10 mg/mL and oxacillin 20 mg/mL, has not yet been reported. Objective: To determine the Y-site compatibility of vancomycin 10 mg/mL and oxacillin 20 mg/mL. Methods: One vancomycin hydrochloride 1 g vial was reconstituted with 10 mL sterile water for injection (SWFI) and diluted with 90 mL 5% dextrose ...


Optimizing Guideline-Recommended Antibiotic Doses For Pediatric Infective Endocarditis, Chad A. Knoderer, Kristen R. Nichols, Emily N. Israel, Christopher A. Thomas 2017 Butler University

Optimizing Guideline-Recommended Antibiotic Doses For Pediatric Infective Endocarditis, Chad A. Knoderer, Kristen R. Nichols, Emily N. Israel, Christopher A. Thomas

Chad A. Knoderer

The American Heart Association recently published an updated scientific statement on the management of infective endocarditis in childhood. The recommendations included for vancomycin, aminoglycoside, and β-lactam dosing and monitoring are based primarily on expert opinion and do not consider available evidence for dose optimization based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles in pediatric patients. This is concerning because even when clinically necessary, some practitioners may be hesitant to deviate from guideline-recommended doses. In this perspective, we highlight potential areas for improvement in the statement-recommended doses and summarize evidence supporting antibiotic dosing optimization. The addition of a pediatric clinical pharmacist with expertise ...


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