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Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Of Azaheterocyclic Compounds, Keyur M. Pandya 2018 Rowan University

Synthesis And Cytotoxicity Of Azaheterocyclic Compounds, Keyur M. Pandya

Theses and Dissertations

Multicomponent coupling reactions (MCRs) have been known for a long time and one such reaction that utilizes isocyanides is Passerini reaction. It is a powerful tool to synthesize libraries of different compounds. Azaheterocyclic compounds play an important role in medicinal chemistry. Motifs such as imidazoles, piperazines, pyrazoles, pyridines, triazoles, etc. are routinely observed in several compounds of pharmacological interest. Several natural products also contain these motifs in them. We have undertaken a library synthesis of heterocyclic molecules driven by our group's long-standing interest of synthesizing medicinally relevant small molecules employing green chemistry techniques.

This thesis details our efforts on ...


Linear Ubiquitin Chain-Binding Domains, Lilian Fennell, Simin Rahighi, Fumiyo Ikeda 2018 Vienna BioCenter

Linear Ubiquitin Chain-Binding Domains, Lilian Fennell, Simin Rahighi, Fumiyo Ikeda

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Ubiquitin modification (ubiquitination) of target proteins can vary with respect to chain lengths, linkage type, and chain forms, such as homologous, mixed, and branched ubiquitin chains. Thus, ubiquitination can generate multiple unique surfaces on a target protein substrate. Ubiquitin‐binding domains (UBDs) recognize ubiquitinated substrates, by specifically binding to these unique surfaces, modulate the formation of cellular signaling complexes and regulate downstream signaling cascades. Among the eight different homotypic chain types, Met1‐linked (also termed linear) chains are the only chains in which linkage occurs on a non‐Lys residue of ubiquitin. Linear ubiquitin chains have been implicated in immune ...


A Study Of Albendazole And Artemisinin Drugs Under Electrochemical Oxidation, Zahilis A. Mazzochette 2018 Rowan University

A Study Of Albendazole And Artemisinin Drugs Under Electrochemical Oxidation, Zahilis A. Mazzochette

Theses and Dissertations

This work is aimed to investigate the metabolic behavior of albendazole and artemisinin. The electrochemical oxidation and reduction of these drugs were performed on electrode materials to mimic their metabolism in vivo using cyclic voltammetry and bulk electrolysis analysis. The oxidation of albendazole on gold electrode surface yielded albendazole sulfoxide and albendazole sulfone which are the main metabolites of this drug in vivo. Reduction of artemisinin on glassy carbon (GC) electrode surface yielded dihydroartemisinin and deoxy artemisinin. The formation of these products was monitored using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry techniques. The redox processes for both drugs were shown to ...


Comparing The Side Effects Of Prescription Opioids And Medicinal Marijuana In The Treatment Of Chronic Pain, Callie Glenn, Ryan Bopp 2018 Carroll College - Helena

Comparing The Side Effects Of Prescription Opioids And Medicinal Marijuana In The Treatment Of Chronic Pain, Callie Glenn, Ryan Bopp

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Opioids are medications that interact with receptors in the central nervous system to provide pain relief, and have been a standard foundation for treatment of chronic pain since their discovery. But advancements in medical technology have led to the discovery of several alternatives to narcotics, one being medical marijuana. Cannabis has become increasingly pertinent in the medical field due to the medicinal and recreational legalization of the substance in several states. The purpose of this Evidence Based Practice Brief is to determine how the side effects of medical marijuana compared to those of opioid treatment affect quality of life for ...


Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown PhD, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada MD 2018 East Tennessee State University

Refrigerated Stability Of Diluted Cisatracurium, Rocuronium, And Vecuronium For Skin Testing After Perioperative Anaphylaxis, Kristen Dinsmore, Bethany Campbell, Timothy Archibald, Greg Mosier, Stacy Brown Phd, Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada Md

Appalachian Student Research Forum

Rationale: The purpose of this study is to investigate the stored stability of dilutions of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs), namely cisatracurium, rocuronium, and vecuronium, for skin prick/intradermal testing.

Methods: Concentrations of NMBAs were monitored by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for a period of 14 days. Dilutions of NMBAs were prepared in saline by factors of 10x, 100x, 1,000x, 10,000x, and 100,000x as sensitivity of the assay allowed. Diluted drug products were stored in a laboratory refrigerator until sampling. On sampling days, aliquots of each dilution were removed and compared to a freshly prepared set of ...


Ajulemic Acid: Potential Treatment For Chronic Inflammation, Sumner Burstein 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ajulemic Acid: Potential Treatment For Chronic Inflammation, Sumner Burstein

Open Access Articles

Ajulemic acid (AJA, CT-3, IP-751, JBT-101, anabasum) is a first-in-class, synthetic, orally active, cannabinoid-derived drug that preferentially binds to the CB2 receptor and is nonpsychoactive. In preclinical studies, and in Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials, AJA showed a favorable safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic profile. It also demonstrated significant efficacy in preclinical models of inflammation and fibrosis. It suppresses tissue scarring and stimulates endogenous eicosanoids that resolve chronic inflammation and fibrosis without causing immunosuppression. AJA is currently being developed for use in 4 separate but related indications including systemic sclerosis (SSc), cystic fibrosis, dermatomyositis (DM), and systemic lupus erythematosus. Phase ...


Novel Aminobenzoboroxoles As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents, Bhawankumar Pravinchandra Patel 2018 Rowan University

Novel Aminobenzoboroxoles As Potential Anti-Cancer Agents, Bhawankumar Pravinchandra Patel

Theses and Dissertations

Boronic acids are a promising class of compounds due to their wide range of applications in medicinal and materials chemistry, and as coupling agents in organic synthesis. B-hydroxy-1,2-oxaborolanes (benzoboroxoles) are categorized as cyclic boronic acid derivatives and they are very important organic molecules because of their metabolic stability and their ability to undergo important C-C bond forming reactions such as Suzuki cross coupling. Several of these cyclic boronic acids are found to have promising pharmacological properties as antifungal, antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agents. However, based on the literature reports, synthesis of highly functionalized benzoboroxoles is typically cumbersome and not very ...


Synthesis, Characterization, And In Vitro Cytotoxicity Of Fatty Acyl-Cgkrk-Chitosan Oligosaccharides Conjugates For Sirna Delivery, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Meenakshi Sharma, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Magda Goda El-Meligy, Ahmed Kamed El-Zaity, Zenat Adeeb Nageib, Rakesh Tiwari 2018 National Research Center, Egypt

Synthesis, Characterization, And In Vitro Cytotoxicity Of Fatty Acyl-Cgkrk-Chitosan Oligosaccharides Conjugates For Sirna Delivery, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Meenakshi Sharma, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi, Magda Goda El-Meligy, Ahmed Kamed El-Zaity, Zenat Adeeb Nageib, Rakesh Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

In this studies, three fatty acyl derivatives of CGKRK homing peptides were coupled successfully to chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) using sulfosuccinimidyl-4-(N-maleimidomethyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylate sodium salt (sulfo-SMCC). The COS-SMCC was prepared by direct coupling between COS and sulfo-SMCC in PBS (pH 7.5) at RT for 48 h. The structure of COS-SMCC and the three fatty acyl-CGKRK-SMCC-COS conjugates were characterized by FT-IR, 13C NMR, and SEM. The ability of three conjugates to condense siRNA into nanosized polyplexes and their efficacy in protecting siRNA from serum nucleases degradation were investigated. Among the investigated derivatives, S-CGKRK-COS showed higher siRNA binding affinity as ...


Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio 2018 MCPHS University

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Metformin+Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors Compared To Metformin+Sulfonylureas For Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes, Christina S. Kwon, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) typically use several drug treatments during their lifetime. There is a debate about the best second-line therapy after metformin monotherapy failure due to the increasing number of available antidiabetic drugs and the lack of comparative clinical trials of secondary treatment regimens. While prior research compared the cost-effectiveness of two alternative drugs, the literature assessing T2D treatment pathways is scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4i) compared to sulfonylureas (SU) as second-line therapy in combination with metformin in patients with T2D.

Methods: A Markov ...


Amine Containing Analogs Of Sulindac For Cancer Prevention, Bini Mathew, Judith V. Hobrath, Michele C. Connelly, R. Kiplin Guy, Robert C. Reynolds 2018 Southern Research Institute

Amine Containing Analogs Of Sulindac For Cancer Prevention, Bini Mathew, Judith V. Hobrath, Michele C. Connelly, R. Kiplin Guy, Robert C. Reynolds

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Background:

Sulindac belongs to the chemically diverse family of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) that effectively prevent adenomatous colorectal polyps and colon cancer, especially in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Sulindac sulfide amide (SSA), an amide analog of sulindac sulfide, shows insignificant COX-related activity and toxicity while enhancing anticancer activity in vitro and demonstrating in vivo xenograft activity.

Objective:

Develop structure-activity relationships in the sulindac amine series and identify analogs with promising anticancer activities.

Method:

A series of sulindac amine analogs were designed and synthesized and then further modified in a “libraries from libraries” approach to produce amide, sulfonamide and N ...


Bimetallic Complexes: The Fundamental Aspects Of Metal-Metal Interactions, Ligand Sterics And Application, Michael Bernard Pastor 2018 University of the Pacific

Bimetallic Complexes: The Fundamental Aspects Of Metal-Metal Interactions, Ligand Sterics And Application, Michael Bernard Pastor

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Metal containing complexes have been used to catalyze various organic transformations for the past few decades. The success of several mononuclear catalysts led to transition metal catalysts used in pharmaceuticals, environmental, and industrial processes. While mononuclear complexes have been used extensively, bimetallic systems have received far less attention. Bimetallic or polynuclear sites are commonly found in metalloenzymes that perform elegant transformation in biological systems, underlying their significance. Inorganic chemists take inspiration from nature and design model bimetallic complexes to further study this cooperativity effect. A bimetallic platform offers many structural and functional differences such as the identity of the metal ...


The Development Of Novel Non-Peptide Proteasome Inhibitors For The Treatment Of Solid Tumors, Zachary C. Miller 2018 University of Kentucky

The Development Of Novel Non-Peptide Proteasome Inhibitors For The Treatment Of Solid Tumors, Zachary C. Miller

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

The proteasome is a large protein complex which is responsible for the majority of protein degradation in eukaryotes. Following FDA approval of the first proteasome inhibitor bortezomib for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) in 2003, there has been an increasing awareness of the significant therapeutic potential of proteasome inhibitors in the treatment of cancer. As of 2017, three proteasome inhibitors are approved for the treatment of MM but in clinical trials with patients bearing solid tumors these existing proteasome inhibitors have demonstrated poor results. Notably, all three FDA-approved proteasome inhibitors rely on the combination a peptide backbone and reactive ...


Discovery Of New Antimicrobial Options And Evaluation Of Aminoglycoside Resistance Enzyme-Associated Resistance Epidemic, Selina Y. L. Holbrook 2018 University of Kentucky

Discovery Of New Antimicrobial Options And Evaluation Of Aminoglycoside Resistance Enzyme-Associated Resistance Epidemic, Selina Y. L. Holbrook

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

The extensive and sometimes incorrect and noncompliant use of various types of antimicrobial agents has accelerated the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). In fact, AMR has become one of the greatest global threat to human health in this era. The broad-spectrum antibiotics aminoglycosides (AGs) display excellent potency against most Gram-negative bacteria, mycobacteria, and some Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus. The AG antibiotics amikacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, and tobramycin are still commonly prescribed in the U.S.A. for the treatment of serious infections. Unfortunately, bacteria evolve to acquire resistance to AGs via four different mechanisms: i) changing in membrane permeability ...


Elucidation Of Substrate Binding Interactions For Human Organic Cation Transporters 1 (Slc22a1) And 2 (Slc22a2) Using In Silico Homology Modeling In Conjunction With In Vitro Site-Directed Mutagenesis And Kinetic Analysis, Raymond E. Lai 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Elucidation Of Substrate Binding Interactions For Human Organic Cation Transporters 1 (Slc22a1) And 2 (Slc22a2) Using In Silico Homology Modeling In Conjunction With In Vitro Site-Directed Mutagenesis And Kinetic Analysis, Raymond E. Lai

Theses and Dissertations

The organic cation transporters (OCTs) play a critical role in the absorption, distribution and elimination of many drugs, hormones, herbal medicines, and environmental toxins. Given the broad substrate specificity of OCTs, they fall victim to the high susceptibility for contributing to harmful drug-drug interactions. Further defining how human (h)OCTs mechanistically bind to its broad array of substrates will provide significant insight to the understanding and prediction of drug-drug interactions in polypharmacy patients and the advancement of future rational drug design for therapeutics targeting OCTs. The goal of the current study was to elucidate the critical amino acid residues for ...


Propafenone (Rythmol), Maria Figueiredo 2018 Parkland College

Propafenone (Rythmol), Maria Figueiredo

Natural Sciences Poster Sessions

For this poster presented at the Natural Science Poster Session at Parkland College, the student chose the drug Propafenone, also known as Rythmol, whose labeled uses are to treat ventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, and paroxysmal supraventricular tachicardia. Chemical information, identification, and effects on the body are also included on the poster.


Pharmacological Characterization Of A Homomeric Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Formed By Ancylostoma Caninum Acr-16, Nicole Musselman 2018 Iowa State University

Pharmacological Characterization Of A Homomeric Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Formed By Ancylostoma Caninum Acr-16, Nicole Musselman

Creative Components

Parasitic nematode infections affect millions of people worldwide and are a significant cause of human and veterinary disease. Chronic infections cause debilitating health problems in humans, domestic animals, and livestock. Infections are treated using anthelmintic drugs, some target nicotinic acetylcholine receptors located in several different tissues. The exact mode of action of antinematode drugs is unknown. Research leading to better understand the mode of action is desirable to appreciate how resistance mechanisms develop. There is an urgent need for novel therapeutic agents to overcome resistance.

This study considered Anycylstoma caninum ACR-16 as a drug target and was investigated using two-electrode ...


Clearance Concepts: Fundamentals And Application To Pharmacokinetic Behavior Of Drugs, Reza Mehvar 2018 Chapman University

Clearance Concepts: Fundamentals And Application To Pharmacokinetic Behavior Of Drugs, Reza Mehvar

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Clearance concepts were introduced into the pharmacokinetics discipline in the 1970s and since then have played a major role in characterization of the pharmacokinetic behavior of drugs. These concepts are based on the relationship between organ extraction ratio or clearance and physiologic parameters such as the organ blood flow and the intrinsic capability of the eliminating organ to remove the free (unbound) drug from the body. Several theoretical models have been developed, which define these relationships and may be used to predict the effects of changes in the physiological parameters on various pharmacokinetic parameters of drugs, such as drug clearance ...


Design And Evaluation Of Gemini Surfactant-Based Lipoplexes Modified With Cell-Binding Peptide For Targeted Gene Therapy, Waleed Mohammed-Saeid, Rania Soudy, Richa Tikoo, Kamaljit Kaur, Ronald E. Verrall, Ildiko Badea 2018 University of Saskatchewan

Design And Evaluation Of Gemini Surfactant-Based Lipoplexes Modified With Cell-Binding Peptide For Targeted Gene Therapy, Waleed Mohammed-Saeid, Rania Soudy, Richa Tikoo, Kamaljit Kaur, Ronald E. Verrall, Ildiko Badea

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose Achieving successful gene therapy requires delivery of a gene vector specifically to the targeted tissue with efficient expression and a good safety profile. The objective of this work was to develop, characterize and determine if a novel gemini surfactant-based lipoplex systems, modified with a cancer-targeting peptide p18-4, could serve this role. Methods The targeting peptide p18-4 was either chemically coupled to a gemini surfactant backbone or physically co-formulated with the lipoplexes. The influence of targeting ligand and formulation strategies on essential physicochemical properties of the lipoplexes was evaluated by dynamic light scattering and small angle X-ray scattering techniques. In ...


Development Of Small Molecule Neuroprotectants, Ashley Boice 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Development Of Small Molecule Neuroprotectants, Ashley Boice

Theses and Dissertations

Neurodegenerative diseases are a class of conditions that lead to progressive atrophy of different parts of the central nervous system (CNS). These diseases lead to devastating clinical outcomes to patients and give rise to an enormous socio-economical burden on society.1 One commonality among some of the most well-known neurodegenerative disorders, e.g. Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), and multiple sclerosis (MS), is neuroinflammation.2-4 Neuroinflammation stems from interactions of the innate immune system with toxins and insults to the central nervous system. In the case of irremovable or chronic insults and toxins, this leads to ...


Pde8 Is Expressed In Human Airway Smooth Muscle And Selectively Regulates Camp Signaling By Β 2 Ar-Ac6, Timothy B. Johnstone, Kaitlyn H. Smith, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Fengying Li, Austin G. Kazarian, Maia L. Corpuz, Maya Shumyachter, Frederick J. Ehlert, Bianca E. Himes, Reynold A. Pannettieri Jr., Rennolds S. Ostrom 2017 Chapman University

Pde8 Is Expressed In Human Airway Smooth Muscle And Selectively Regulates Camp Signaling By Β 2 Ar-Ac6, Timothy B. Johnstone, Kaitlyn H. Smith, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Fengying Li, Austin G. Kazarian, Maia L. Corpuz, Maya Shumyachter, Frederick J. Ehlert, Bianca E. Himes, Reynold A. Pannettieri Jr., Rennolds S. Ostrom

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Two cAMP signaling compartments centering around adenylyl cyclase (AC) exist in human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells, one containing ß2AR-AC6 and another containing E prostanoid receptors (EPR)-AC2. We hypothesized that different phosphodiesterase (PDE) isozymes selectively regulate cAMP signaling in each compartment. According to RNA-seq data, 18 of 24 PDE genes were expressed in primary HASM cells derived from age- and gender-matched donors with and without asthma. PDE8A was the third most abundant of the cAMP-degrading PDE genes, after PDE4A and PDE1A. Knockdown of PDE8A using shRNA evoked 2-fold greater cAMP responses to 1 DM forskolin in the presence of ...


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