Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

173,323 Full-Text Articles 284,440 Authors 45,816,135 Downloads 424 Institutions

All Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Faceted Search

173,323 full-text articles. Page 6079 of 6184.

Impact Of Vital Signs Screening & Clinician Prompting On Alcohol And Tobacco Screening And Intervention Rates: A Pre-Post Intervention Comparison, J. Paul Seale, Sylvia Shellenberger, Mary M. Velasquez, John M. Boltri, Ike S. Okosun MS, MPH, PhD, FRSPH, Monique Guyinn, Dan Vinson, Monica Cornelius, J. Aaron Johnson 2010 Georgia State University

Impact Of Vital Signs Screening & Clinician Prompting On Alcohol And Tobacco Screening And Intervention Rates: A Pre-Post Intervention Comparison, J. Paul Seale, Sylvia Shellenberger, Mary M. Velasquez, John M. Boltri, Ike S. Okosun Ms, Mph, Phd, Frsph, Monique Guyinn, Dan Vinson, Monica Cornelius, J. Aaron Johnson

Public Health Faculty Publications

Background: Though screening and intervention for alcohol and tobacco misuse are effective, primary care screening and intervention rates remain low. Previous studies have increased intervention rates using vital signs screening for tobacco misuse and clinician prompts for screen-positive patients for both alcohol and tobacco misuse. This pilot study’s aims were: (1) To determine the feasibility of combined vital signs screening for tobacco and alcohol misuse, (2) To assess the impact of vital signs screening on alcohol and tobacco screening and intervention rates, and (3) To assess the additional impact of tobacco assessment prompts on intervention rates.

Methods: In five ...


An Examination Of Household Drinking Water Storage And Management Practices In Bonao, Dominican Republic From September 2005-January 2006., Kathryn Holt, Christine E. Stauber, Gloria M. Ortiz, Mark Sobsey 2010 Georgia State University

An Examination Of Household Drinking Water Storage And Management Practices In Bonao, Dominican Republic From September 2005-January 2006., Kathryn Holt, Christine E. Stauber, Gloria M. Ortiz, Mark Sobsey

Public Health Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of The Relationship Between Levels Of Drinking Water Quality Indicators And The Occurrence Of Self-Reported Diarrheal Disease: A Five-Month Prospective Cohort Study In The Dominican Republic, 2005-2006., Shannon M. Kraft, Christine E. Stauber, Gloria M. Ortiz, Mark Sobsey 2010 Georgia State University

An Examination Of The Relationship Between Levels Of Drinking Water Quality Indicators And The Occurrence Of Self-Reported Diarrheal Disease: A Five-Month Prospective Cohort Study In The Dominican Republic, 2005-2006., Shannon M. Kraft, Christine E. Stauber, Gloria M. Ortiz, Mark Sobsey

Public Health Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Simulación Del Nivel De Eliminación De Sarampión Y Rubéola Según La Estratificación E Interacción Social (Simulating Measles And Rubella Elimination Levels According To Social Stratification And Interaction), Doracelly Hincapié-Palacio, Juan Ospina-Giraldo, Rubén D. Gómez-Arias, Anthony Uyi-Afuwape, Gerardo Chowell 2010 Universidad de Antioquia

Simulación Del Nivel De Eliminación De Sarampión Y Rubéola Según La Estratificación E Interacción Social (Simulating Measles And Rubella Elimination Levels According To Social Stratification And Interaction), Doracelly Hincapié-Palacio, Juan Ospina-Giraldo, Rubén D. Gómez-Arias, Anthony Uyi-Afuwape, Gerardo Chowell

Public Health Faculty Publications

Objetivo: Comparar el nivel de eliminación de enfermedades como sarampión y rubéola en población homogénea y heterogénea según la existencia de estratos sociales con interacción entre individuos de estrato social alto y bajo y diversidad en el número promedio de contactos entre ellos.

Métodos: Simulaciones del ritmo reproductivo efectivo, derivado de un modelo matemático tipo SIR (Susceptibles Infectados Recuperados), según diferentes ritmos de inmunidad. Se utilizaron datos de incidencia de sarampión (1980 y 2005) y rubéola (1998 y 2005) de América Latina y el Caribe. Se analizó la interacción entre individuos del estrato social alto y bajo con diferente número ...


Age-Adjusted Us Cancer Death Rate Predictions, Matt Hayat, Ram C. Tiwari, Kaushik Ghosh, Mark Hachey, Ben Hankey, Rocky Feuer 2010 Georgia State University

Age-Adjusted Us Cancer Death Rate Predictions, Matt Hayat, Ram C. Tiwari, Kaushik Ghosh, Mark Hachey, Ben Hankey, Rocky Feuer

Public Health Faculty Publications

The likelihood of developing cancer during one's lifetime is
approximately one in two for men and one in three for women in the
United States. Cancer is the second-leading cause of death and
accounts for one in every four deaths. Evidence-based policy
planning and decision making by cancer researchers and public health
administrators are best accomplished with up-to-date age-adjusted
site-specific cancer death rates. Because of the 3-year lag in
reporting, forecasting methodology is employed here to estimate the
current year's rates based on complete observed death data up
through three years prior to the current year. The authors ...


Pharmaceutical Crops: An Overview, Shiyou Li, Wei Yuan, Peiying Yang, Mikhail Antoun, Michael Balick, Gordon Cragg 2010 Stephen F Austin State University, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture

Pharmaceutical Crops: An Overview, Shiyou Li, Wei Yuan, Peiying Yang, Mikhail Antoun, Michael Balick, Gordon Cragg

Faculty Publications

Pharmaceutical crops is an ambiguous term used by biologists and chemists for different categories of plants. We define pharmaceutical crops as those cultivated species that are used for extraction or preparation of therapeutic substances such as active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), excipients used in pharmaceutical formulations, vaccines and antibodies, as well as other therapeutic proteins. Based on the type of pharmaceutical product, these crops can be classified into three distinct yet sometimes overlapping categories: crops for the production of small therapeutic molecules (STMs), large therapeutic molecules (LMTs), or standard therapeutic extracts (STEs). This review briefly discusses the relationships of pharmaceutical crops ...


An Overview Of Genus Aesculus L.: Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, And Pharmacological Activities, Shiyou Li, Xiao-Yuan Lian, Zhizhen Zhang 2010 Stephen F Austin State University, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture

An Overview Of Genus Aesculus L.: Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, And Pharmacological Activities, Shiyou Li, Xiao-Yuan Lian, Zhizhen Zhang

Faculty Publications

The genus Aesculus L. (Hippocastanaceae) has 12 species distributed in eastern Asia, eastern and western North America, and Europe. In Europe and the United States, A. hippocastanum has been used for the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, hemorrhoids, and postoperative edema. In China, A. chinensis var. chinense has been used as a stomachic and analgesic in the treatment of distention and pain in the chest and the abdomen, malaria, dysentery, and heart disease. The objective of this paper is to review the ethnobotany, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of the genus Aesculus. To date, more than 210 compounds have been isolated ...


A Systems Approach To Implementing The Enhancefitness Program In Michigan, Karen McCloskey 2010 Michigan Department of Community Health

A Systems Approach To Implementing The Enhancefitness Program In Michigan, Karen Mccloskey

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, 2010 Grand Valley State University

Front Matter

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Hookah: Prevalence, Perceived Harmfulness, And Factors Associated With Its Use Among College Students, Dae Shik Kim, Patricia Tattersall, Theresa Green, Margaret Richardson, Amy B. Curtis 2010 Western Michigan University

Hookah: Prevalence, Perceived Harmfulness, And Factors Associated With Its Use Among College Students, Dae Shik Kim, Patricia Tattersall, Theresa Green, Margaret Richardson, Amy B. Curtis

Michigan Journal of Public Health

Introduction: Given the increased use and availability of hookah among the US college students, coupled with the health risks related to its use, the current study examined awareness and use of hookah among college students as well as what characteristics are related to the use of hookah. Methods: The study utilized a self administered anonymous survey to gather information about hookah use from the students in an undergraduate general education class (n = 108). Results: The survey results indicated that the large majority of students were aware of hookah, and nearly half of them had used hookah more than once. Level ...


Exploring The Public Health Continuum From Practice And Evaluation To Community-Based Participatory Research, Julie Gleason-Comstock, Talat Danish, Richard Douglass 2010 Wayne State University

Exploring The Public Health Continuum From Practice And Evaluation To Community-Based Participatory Research, Julie Gleason-Comstock, Talat Danish, Richard Douglass

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Prostate Health Education And Awareness For Native American Men, Noel Pingatore 2010 Grand Valley State University

Prostate Health Education And Awareness For Native American Men, Noel Pingatore

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Gis Mapping In Targeted Health Surveillance Efforts For Illicit Drug Use In Detroit, Michigan, Gerry Polverento 2010 Wayne County Medical Examiner Office

The Use Of Gis Mapping In Targeted Health Surveillance Efforts For Illicit Drug Use In Detroit, Michigan, Gerry Polverento

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


A.S.P.E.N. Ethics Position Paper, Albert Barrocas, Cynthia Geppert, Sharon M. Durfee, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet, Cheryl Monturo, Charles Mueller, Kathleen Stratton, Christina Valentine, A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors 2010 West Chester University of PA

A.S.P.E.N. Ethics Position Paper, Albert Barrocas, Cynthia Geppert, Sharon M. Durfee, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet, Cheryl Monturo, Charles Mueller, Kathleen Stratton, Christina Valentine, A.S.P.E.N. Board Of Directors

Nursing Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Nerve Cells Of The Retina, Penina Winkler 2010 Touro College

The Nerve Cells Of The Retina, Penina Winkler

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

The visual pathway in the retina consists of a chain of different nerve cells. Light first travels through all the layers until it reaches the photoreceptor layer, the rod and cone layer. Rods and cones use photopigments, which contain opsin and a chromophore, to help them convert light into energy. This energy is then passed on to the horizontal and bipolar cells. Horizontal cells prevent the hyperpolarization of peripheral rods and cones if needed, and they receive color-coded signals from cones that they then continue along the optic pathway. Bipolar cells can be divided into rod bipolar cells and cone ...


North Carolina Hispanic Farmworkers And Intestinal Parasitism: A Pilot Study Of Prevalence And Health-Related Practices,And Potential Means Of Foodborne Transmission, Mindi Russell, Maria Correa, Christine E. Stauber, Julie Case 2010 North Carolina State Laboratory of Public Health

North Carolina Hispanic Farmworkers And Intestinal Parasitism: A Pilot Study Of Prevalence And Health-Related Practices,And Potential Means Of Foodborne Transmission, Mindi Russell, Maria Correa, Christine E. Stauber, Julie Case

Public Health Faculty Publications

Migrant and seasonal farmworkers provide much of the necessary labor to harvest and process agricultural commodities desired by consumers. Little is known about the health status (especially the parasitic burden) of farm laborers, who handpick agricultural items such as fruits and vegetables, despite being implicated as a means of foodborne pathogen transmission. The goal of this research was to develop a framework to investigate enteric parasitic infections among Hispanic farmworkers in Eastern North Carolina. Seventy-one interviews were conducted, 16 stool samples were collected, and two parasite-positive workers were found. In addition, some potentially harmful health practices (e.g., self-medication) were ...


Improving Household Drinking Water Quality: Use Of Biosand Filter In Cambodia, Kaida Liang, Mark Sobsey, Christine E. Stauber 2010 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Improving Household Drinking Water Quality: Use Of Biosand Filter In Cambodia, Kaida Liang, Mark Sobsey, Christine E. Stauber

Public Health Faculty Publications

The BSF is a robust water treatment technology for use in rural Cambodian households, capable of effective removal of bacteria, and significant reduction of diarrheal disease. BSF performance is comparable to other recommended household water treatment interventions.


Perspectives Emerging From Neuroscience On Why People Become Addicted And What To Do About It, Jill Littrell 2010 Georgia State University

Perspectives Emerging From Neuroscience On Why People Become Addicted And What To Do About It, Jill Littrell

Social Work Faculty Publications

This paper reviews the new ideas emerging from neuroscience regarding the question of why some people are compelled to use drugs. During the process of drug exposure, the brain’s motivational system is changed in ways that co-opts the individual’s motivational system. Changes in the brain’s motivational structures along with changes in the brain’s self-regulatory structures compel an individual to drug use. Ways to reverse those changes in an addicted brain have been identified, as have ways to enhance self-regulatory control. The information from neuroscience offers a new perspective on “loss of control” as well as offering ...


An In-Depth Study Of Staphylooccus Aureus Infections And Cases Of Colonization In The Inpatient Population At A University Teaching Hospital, Nancy Russell Dupont 2010 University of Connecticut Health Center

An In-Depth Study Of Staphylooccus Aureus Infections And Cases Of Colonization In The Inpatient Population At A University Teaching Hospital, Nancy Russell Dupont

UCHC Graduate School Masters Theses 2003 - 2010

Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a pathogen that has historically been identified in hospital-acquired infections since the mid 1900's. Epidemiologically significant trends have occurred which have identified the increasing prevalence of MRSA in the community setting. Methods: An investigation of all isolates positive for Staphylococcus aureus of the inpatient population was conducted over a nine year time period in a university teaching hospital. Additionally, a unit specific case/control study was conducted during an outbreak of MRSA in a neonatal intensive care unit. Results: From January of 1997 through December of 2005, the number of isolates identified as ...


Uconn School Of Medicine Dean's Newsletter, Winter 2010, Cato T. Laurencin 2010 University of Connecticut School of Medicine and Dentistry

Uconn School Of Medicine Dean's Newsletter, Winter 2010, Cato T. Laurencin

Annual Reports - Education

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress