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Prevention And Treatment Of Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis, Mackenzie DeVine, Anh Dao Le, Julie Puvogel, Victoria Cho, Michelle Musser 2019 Ohio Northern University

Prevention And Treatment Of Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis, Mackenzie Devine, Anh Dao Le, Julie Puvogel, Victoria Cho, Michelle Musser

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Osteoporosis is a disease state resulting in decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and increased risk of fracture, specifically of the vertebrae, spine and hip. Risk factors and high risk populations for developing osteoporosis include low BMD, long-term glucocorticoid therapy, genetics, diet, postmenopausal women and patients with inflammatory or chronic disease states. A variety of signaling pathways involving hormones, cytokines and other signaling molecules are involved in bone formation and are affected by long-term glucocorticoid therapy, leading to the development of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO).

There are a variety of drugs that work efficaciously to prevent and treat GIO. Alendronate is a ...


Latest Trends In The Heroin Epidemic And The Responsibility Of The Pharmacist In Controlling Heroin Abuse, Alexandra Herman, Cassandra Hacker, Emily Wells, Sabrina Hamman, Manoranjan D'Souza 2019 Ohio Northern University

Latest Trends In The Heroin Epidemic And The Responsibility Of The Pharmacist In Controlling Heroin Abuse, Alexandra Herman, Cassandra Hacker, Emily Wells, Sabrina Hamman, Manoranjan D'Souza

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Over the last few years, there has been an exponential increase in morbidity and mortality associated with heroin abuse. The current rise in heroin abuse and overdose is attributed to widespread use and abuse of prescription opioids, which can produce significant euphoric effects in humans. In fact, reports suggest that heroin abusers initially become addicted to prescription opioids but subsequently switch to heroin because it is cheaper and more easily available than prescription opioids. Over the years, the purity of heroin available for illicit use has been on the decline. Smugglers and heroin vendors have started mixing heroin with other ...


Maternal And Infant Health Benefits Related To Infantile Feeding Methods, Michaela Wolford, Alexa Bouts, Carmen Lariccia, Cara Walden, Anh Dao Le, Andrew M. Roecker 2019 Ohio Northern University

Maternal And Infant Health Benefits Related To Infantile Feeding Methods, Michaela Wolford, Alexa Bouts, Carmen Lariccia, Cara Walden, Anh Dao Le, Andrew M. Roecker

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Human breast milk is known to provide the most complete nutrition to growing infants. There may be more gained from breastfeeding than simply nutritional fulfillment-recent research has uncovered benefits related to the development and health of infants. Breastfeeding has been shown to stimulate immune system development by exposing the infant to bacteria and antibodies from the mother. Breastfeeding may also benefit nursing mothers by improving insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance as well as decreasing postpartum weight gain. In place of breastfeeding, formulas are able to provide an infant with necessary nutrition. Many infant formulas have been enriched with probiotics and ...


Health Risks And Emerging Trends With The Use Of Electronic Cigarettes, Lucy Wagala, Austin Hopkins, Natalie Lennartz, Brian Heilbronner, Brittany L. Long, Natalie DiPietro Mager 2019 Ohio Northern University

Health Risks And Emerging Trends With The Use Of Electronic Cigarettes, Lucy Wagala, Austin Hopkins, Natalie Lennartz, Brian Heilbronner, Brittany L. Long, Natalie Dipietro Mager

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Cigarette smoking is associated with many health risks and complications. Despite smokers' strong desire to quit, most battle with nicotine withdrawal and relapse. Because electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) do not contain tobacco, some believe them to be safer than traditional cigarettes and have used them as a replacement or adjunct nicotine source to prevent withdrawal symptoms. Electronic cigarettes are designed to mimic traditional cigarettes and expel a vapor composed of nicotine, water, glycerol, propylene glycol and other flavorings. Many e-cigarette companies use appealing platforms, which promise smoking cessation and harm reduction, to attract consumers; however, several studies have found e-cigarettes actually ...


Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome From Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use During Pregnancy, Elizabeth Kramer, Maria Patnella, Rachel Bulko, Allie Harrison, Hannah Lamb, Manoranjan D'Souza 2019 Ohio Northern University

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome From Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use During Pregnancy, Elizabeth Kramer, Maria Patnella, Rachel Bulko, Allie Harrison, Hannah Lamb, Manoranjan D'Souza

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a concern for infants born to mothers receiving treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) throughout the pregnancy. The risk of NAS associated with SSRI use during pregnancy varies with the specific SSRI that is used by the patient during pregnancy. Common symptoms of NAS include premature delivery, gastrointestinal disturbances, irritability, low birth weight, short length and lack of response to various stimuli. Neonates that present with these symptoms can be scored using either the Finnegan or Lipsitz scoring tools. Neonates experiencing NAS can be calmed or treated using nonpharmacologic methods such as swaddling ...


The Effect Of Cyp3a5 Polymorphism On Kidney Transplant Recipients Given Tacrolimus, Samia Alam, Sunitha Johns, Haval Norman, Brian Heilbronner, Yousif Rojeab 2019 Ohio Northern University

The Effect Of Cyp3a5 Polymorphism On Kidney Transplant Recipients Given Tacrolimus, Samia Alam, Sunitha Johns, Haval Norman, Brian Heilbronner, Yousif Rojeab

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant agent indicated for organ transplants, is commonly administered to reduce the risk of renal graft rejection in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). Due to its narrow therapeutic index and high inter-patient variability, studies have suggested that CYP3A5-based dosing provides specialized regimens which may significantly improve the chances of achieving therapeutic concentrations. According to the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) recommendations, extensive (CYP3A5*1/*1) and intermediate metabolizers (CYP3A5*1/*3) require a higher initial dose while poor metabolizers (CYP3A5*3/*3) require a lower initial dose in order to achieve ...


Treatment Of Basal Cell Carcinoma With Vismodegib, Sunitha Johns, Katlyn Brown, Emily Loudermilk, Crystal Zheng, Anh Dao Le, Sophocles Chrissobolis 2019 Ohio Northern University

Treatment Of Basal Cell Carcinoma With Vismodegib, Sunitha Johns, Katlyn Brown, Emily Loudermilk, Crystal Zheng, Anh Dao Le, Sophocles Chrissobolis

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

The most prevalent nonmelanoma skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (aBCC). Current, effective first-line treatments for BCC aim to remove and destroy cancerous skin cells through excision surgery, Mohs surgery, radiation therapy and cryotherapy, while treatment of aBCC remains limited. An emerging treatment option for aBCC that promotes tumor size reduction is vismodegib, a pharmaceutical product approved in 2012 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Vismodegib was approved for the treatment of aBCC, metastasized HCC (mBCC) or recurrent BCC after surgery as well as for use in adults who are ...


Improving Healthcare Costs And Patient Outcomes Across Healthcare Professions, Hannah Lamb, Jourdan Ujlaki, Paige Torbet, Isabel Cwikla, Rebecca Worden, Michael Rush 2019 Ohio Northern University

Improving Healthcare Costs And Patient Outcomes Across Healthcare Professions, Hannah Lamb, Jourdan Ujlaki, Paige Torbet, Isabel Cwikla, Rebecca Worden, Michael Rush

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Healthcare professionals must be aware of the importance of preventive medicine and the responsibility they have in contributing to it. There are three levels of preventive medicine that a healthcare professional can provide based on the patient population that is receiving care and the goals of the particular service. Preventive medicine has the ability to improve both overall healthcare costs and have a positive impact on a patient's quality of life. All healthcare professionals have the potential to fulfill a role in each level of preventive medicine, and should understand the role of each member of the healthcare team ...


Triple Therapy Or Triple Threat: An Analysis Of Triple Antiplatelet Therapy Compared To Dual Antiplatelet Therapy, Isabel E. Cwikla, Kara C. Horvath, Elaina Gollmar, Austin Hilverding, Erin Petersen 2019 Ohio Northern University

Triple Therapy Or Triple Threat: An Analysis Of Triple Antiplatelet Therapy Compared To Dual Antiplatelet Therapy, Isabel E. Cwikla, Kara C. Horvath, Elaina Gollmar, Austin Hilverding, Erin Petersen

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Triple antiplatelet therapy (TAPT, or triple therapy), is an oral medication regimen designed to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events. It consists of aspirin, clopidogrel or an alternative, and an oral anticoagulant (OAC). It differs from dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) due to inclusion of an OAC. Multiple clinical studies have indicated that triple therapy is more effective at clot prevention, when compared to aspirin monotherapy and DAPT, but is associated with a higher risk of major bleeding. Pharmacists have a key role in determining candidates for DAPT and TAPT regimens. Other opportunities for pharmacists include patient monitoring, counseling and ...


Programmed Death Pathway Inhibition: Emerging Therapeutic Options For Treatment Of Advanced Or Refractory Cancers, Katherine Elsass, Morgan Homan, Jana Randolph, Brendan Rasor, David Kinder 2019 Ohio Northern University

Programmed Death Pathway Inhibition: Emerging Therapeutic Options For Treatment Of Advanced Or Refractory Cancers, Katherine Elsass, Morgan Homan, Jana Randolph, Brendan Rasor, David Kinder

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

The programmed death-1 (PD-1) pathway has a significant role in the promotion of immune tolerance. The PD-1 receptor ligands are normally expressed on various inactive immune cells. When cancer cells express these ligands, they are able to interact with active T and B lymphocytes to induce this tolerance. Nivolumab and pembrolizumab are two recently approved agents that act to disrupt this binding and facilitate an immune response against cancer cells. Numerous trials, including KEYNOTE-002 and CheckMate 063, have demonstrated the superior safety and efficacy of these drugs in patients with advanced or refractory cancers. Initially approved for the treatment of ...


Zika Virus Induced Neurological Disorders And Impacts On Public Health, Alexandra Herman, Martha Zimmerman, Olivia Vanscoy, Olivia Henton, Lindsey Peters 2019 Ohio Northern University

Zika Virus Induced Neurological Disorders And Impacts On Public Health, Alexandra Herman, Martha Zimmerman, Olivia Vanscoy, Olivia Henton, Lindsey Peters

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Zika virus is a public health emergency of international concern. Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne pathogen that is carried by the Aedes genus. Zika is spread through direct bite and nonvector transmission. Most individuals infected with Zika will be asymptomatic, but some may present nonspecific viral symptoms. A rising number of neurological disorders in newborns whose mothers were infected with ZIKV during pregnancy have been reported due to recent outbreaks. Neurological disorders affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems and can result from bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infections of the nervous system or from the immune response ...


Pcsk9 Inhibitors: A Novel Class Of Pharmacotherapy For Hypercholesterolemia, Angela Chu, Austin Hilverding, Elizabeth Kramer, Brendan Rasor, Boyd Rorabaugh 2019 Ohio Northern University

Pcsk9 Inhibitors: A Novel Class Of Pharmacotherapy For Hypercholesterolemia, Angela Chu, Austin Hilverding, Elizabeth Kramer, Brendan Rasor, Boyd Rorabaugh

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

The recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of two new drugs, alirocumab (Praluent®) and evolocumab (Repatha®) is a breakthrough in the treatment of familial hypercholesterolemia. These drugs are a part of a new class called the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors that act by increasing the number of low density lipoprotein receptors (LDL-R) recycled to hepatocyte membranes. The increased density of LDL-R facilitates greater clearance of low density lipoproteins from the blood. Numerous clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of these agents, particularly for patients in whom standard cholesterol-lowering therapy is insufficient. However, data ...


Zika Virus: Infectious Process And Public Health Response, Morgan Homan, Julia Dickman, Jenna Deininger, Austin Hopkins, Olivia Henton, Steven N. Leonard 2019 Ohio Northern University

Zika Virus: Infectious Process And Public Health Response, Morgan Homan, Julia Dickman, Jenna Deininger, Austin Hopkins, Olivia Henton, Steven N. Leonard

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

The Zika virus has become a growing concern as a global pandemic. Since being identified in Uganda in 1947, the virus has spread around the world, recently emerging in South America with a great impact on Brazil. As of 2016, Zika has made its appearance in the United States and is now actively being transmitted in Florida. The virus is a mosquito-vectored flavivirus primarily transmitted by the Aedes mosquito which infects a human through biting. Transmission through sexual intercourse is also possible as well as transmission from a pregnant woman to her fetus. This latter form of transmission presents the ...


Belsomra®: A Novel Dual Orexin Receptor Antagonist For The Treatment Of Insomnia, Shane Bogusz, Steven Blake, Michaela Wolford, Victoria Cho, Manoranjan D'Souza 2019 Ohio Northern University

Belsomra®: A Novel Dual Orexin Receptor Antagonist For The Treatment Of Insomnia, Shane Bogusz, Steven Blake, Michaela Wolford, Victoria Cho, Manoranjan D'Souza

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Insomnia is a disease state characterized by a persistent difficulty in falling asleep, and results in enormous health-related and economic costs to both the individual and society. Several medications are currently available for the treatment of insomnia; however, these medications are associated with several limitations including anterograde amnesia, dependence, withdrawal symptoms upon stopping the medication and rebound insomnia. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved suvorexant (Belsomra®) as a treatment for insomnia. Suvorexant is a first-in-class dual orexin receptor antagonist for the treatment of insomnia. This review will first describe the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ...


Https://supplementsworld.org/Bionatrol-Cbd-Oil-Reviews/, murray rice 2019 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

Https://supplementsworld.org/Bionatrol-Cbd-Oil-Reviews/, Murray Rice

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Bionatrol CBD Oil Reviews implies it when they state they are for the client and nobody else. They endeavor to make great Bionatrol CBD Oil Reviews oil that reliably makes individuals' lives simpler and, at any rate up until this point, have been succeeding. Their client service group are knowledgable and simple to converse with, so you can generally connect on the off chance that you have any inquiries.





Resep Masakan Untuk Penderita Asam Urat Dan Kolesterol.Doc, kurnia cantik 2019 University of California, San Francisco

Resep Masakan Untuk Penderita Asam Urat Dan Kolesterol.Doc, Kurnia Cantik

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Cara menurunkan asam urat salah satunya ada;ah dengan memperhatikan resep masakan yang pas untuk di konsumsi, selain itu tentunya juga dengan pengobtan herbal. Untuk mendapat obat herbal penurun asam urat, silahkan hubungi kami di 0852 9342 4149


Alamat Jual Titan Gel Asli Di Bogor Cod 081283377890, Amin Saekul Saekul 2019 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

Alamat Jual Titan Gel Asli Di Bogor Cod 081283377890, Amin Saekul Saekul

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Harga Obat Bulldozer Asli Di Bogor Bayar Tempat 081283377890, Amin Saekul Saekul 2019 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

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Bogor, Balumbang Jaya, Bubulak, Cilendek, Curug, Gunung Batu, Loji, Margajaya, Menteng, Pasir Jaya, Pasir Mulya, Semplak, Sindang Barang, Situ Gede, Batutulis, Bojongkerta, Bondongan, Cikaret, Cipaku, Empang, Genteng, Harjasari, Kertamaya, Gintung, Muarasari, Mulyaharja, Pakuan, Pamayonan, Rancamaya, Ranggamekar, Babakan, Babakan Pasar, Cibogor, Ciwaringin, Gudang, Kebon Kalapa, Pabaton, Paledang, Panaragan, Sempur, Tegallega ...


Alamat Jual Obat Bentrap Di Bogor Gratis Ongkir 081283377890, Amin Saekul Saekul 2019 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

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Https://www.megasupplementmart.com/Velofel/, broden kamoni 2019 University of California, San Francisco

Https://www.megasupplementmart.com/Velofel/, Broden Kamoni

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Velofel - Male Enhancement When using this Velofel Male Enhancement, it quickly provides a way for blood flow to the penis naturally. This is made up of natural elements, and hence performance will be boosted without any hassles. You will use this pill for having a healthy sexual lifestyle forever. The chambers are allow to deliver the smooth solution and able to classify with more blood. This increased in capacity and thus tends to support for overall male health. It also boosts the testosterone level and thus has a safe sexual life forever. It helps to increase penis size and also ...


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