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Antigen-Presenting Cells Under The Influence Of Alcohol, Audrey Lau, Gyongyi Szabo, Angus Thomson 2010 University of California

Antigen-Presenting Cells Under The Influence Of Alcohol, Audrey Lau, Gyongyi Szabo, Angus Thomson

Gyongyi Szabo

The negative influence of alcohol (ethanol) and its metabolites on innate and adaptive immunity is well-recognized. Much attention has recently been focused on the impact of acute and chronic alcohol exposure on antigen-presenting cells (APC). In particular, insights have been gained into how the properties of human blood monocytes and rodent macrophages are influenced by alcohol in vitro and in vivo. Here, we review the impact of alcohol on various aspects of APC function and the underlying mechanisms, including its effects on intracellular signaling events. We also discuss new information regarding the influence of alcohol on various APC populations in ...


Alcohol-Induced Modulation Of Signaling Pathways In Liver Parenchymal And Nonparenchymal Cells: Implications For Immunity, Bharath Nath, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Alcohol-Induced Modulation Of Signaling Pathways In Liver Parenchymal And Nonparenchymal Cells: Implications For Immunity, Bharath Nath, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Alcoholic liver injury involves a complex array of derangements in cellular signaling of hepatic parenchymal and nonparenchymal cells as well as cells of the immune system. In the hepatocyte, chronic ethanol abuse leads to lipid accumulation and liver steatosis. Multiple pathways are affected to promote lipid accumulation in the ethanol-exposed hepatocyte. Chronic ethanol renders Kupffer cells hyperresponsive to endotoxin, which results in production of inflammatory cytokines and the tumor necrosis factor-alpha via a toll-like receptor 4 dependent pathway, leading to inflammation and hepatic necrosis. Dysfunction of the innate and adaptive immune responses caused by ethanol contributes to impaired antiviral response ...


Mechanisms Of Altered Monocyte Prostaglandin E2 Production In Severely Injured Patients, Carol Miller-Graziano, Mitchell Fink, Jia-Yan Wu, Gyongyi Szabo, Karen Kodys 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Mechanisms Of Altered Monocyte Prostaglandin E2 Production In Severely Injured Patients, Carol Miller-Graziano, Mitchell Fink, Jia-Yan Wu, Gyongyi Szabo, Karen Kodys

Gyongyi Szabo

Monocytes from immunosuppressed trauma (11 patients) and burn (12 patients) patients stimulated with muramyl dipeptide, a potent prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) secretagogue, showed twofold greater PGE2 production compared with normal controls or immunocompetent patients. Monocyte plasminogen activator production was markedly depressed and inversely correlated to patients' monocyte hyper PGE2 production. Levels of the PGE2-producing monocyte subset (selected as high-affinity Fc+ receptors) were progressively elevated after injury in immunosuppressed patients, reaching 65% to 80% of the total monocyte population (39% for normal controls). Although early T-suppressor (Ts) lymphocytes did not augment monocyte PGE2 secretion, Ts lymphocytes that appeared late (greater than 12 ...


Diverse Regulation Of Nf-Kappab And Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors In Murine Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver, Laszlo Romics, Karen Kodys, Angela Dolganiuc, Lucia Graham, Arumugam Velayudham, Pranoti Mandrekar, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Diverse Regulation Of Nf-Kappab And Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors In Murine Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver, Laszlo Romics, Karen Kodys, Angela Dolganiuc, Lucia Graham, Arumugam Velayudham, Pranoti Mandrekar, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Fatty liver is highly sensitive to inflammatory activation. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) have anti-inflammatory effects and regulate lipid metabolism in the fatty liver. We hypothesized that fatty liver leads to endotoxin sensitivity through an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory signals. Leptin-deficient, ob/ob mice and their lean littermates were challenged with single or double insults and pro- and anti-inflammatory pathways were tested on cytokine production and activation of nuclear regulatory factors NF-kappaB and peroxisome proliferator receptor element (PPRE). Ob/ob mice produced significantly higher serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin (IL) 6 and showed increased hepatic NF-kappaB activation ...


Moderate Drinking, Inflammation, And Liver Disease, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Moderate Drinking, Inflammation, And Liver Disease, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

It is well known that heavy drinking increases the risk of alcohol-related liver disease (ALD). Female gender, hepatitis C or B, obesity, and other cofactors increase susceptibility to ALD, so “safe” levels of alcohol consumption in regard to ALD vary among individuals. Inflammation is one mechanism by which alcohol causes liver damage. Increasing evidence suggests that in contrast to the proinflammatory activation by chronic excessive alcohol consumption, acute moderate alcohol administration has anti-inflammatory effects. Long-term alcohol administration results in increased baseline nuclear regulatory factor κB (NF-κB) activation in the livers of mice; in contrast, acute alcohol administration in mice attenuates ...


Management Of Recurrent Hepatitis C After Liver Transplantation: A Concise Review, Gyongyi Szabo, Eliezer Katz, Herbert Bonkovsky 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Management Of Recurrent Hepatitis C After Liver Transplantation: A Concise Review, Gyongyi Szabo, Eliezer Katz, Herbert Bonkovsky

Gyongyi Szabo

Recurrent hepatitis C infection and subsequent graft failure are increasingly recognized problems after orthotopic liver transplantation. Although many prospective therapeutic, controlled trials in primary hepatitis C disease have been reported, large-scale studies are yet to be performed in patients with posttransplant recurrent hepatitis C after liver transplantation. In this review, we summarize the current literature on the therapeutic approaches for recurrent hepatitis C and discuss the results of published studies on therapy with ribavirin or interferon (IFN) alone and on combination therapy with IFN plus ribavirin. Further, we discuss results of prophylactic approaches to the problem of recurrent hepatitis C ...


Polymorphonuclear Functions In Patients With Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, E. Bodolay, Katalin Lukacs, G. Frendl, Gyongyi Szabo, G. Arato, Gyula Szegedi 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Polymorphonuclear Functions In Patients With Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, E. Bodolay, Katalin Lukacs, G. Frendl, Gyongyi Szabo, G. Arato, Gyula Szegedi

Gyongyi Szabo

Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) from 29 patients with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) were studied "in vitro" for their phagocytic and chemotactic function as well as for granulocyte alkaline phosphatase (GAP) activity. Fc-receptor expression detected by EA-rosette formation was comparable to the control. Yeast-phagocytosis, C3b-receptor mediated phagocytosis and chemotaxis of PMNs, however, significantly decreased in MCTD. At the same time, photometric measure of alkaline phosphatase activity indicated a nearly two fold increase in PMNs from patients with MCTD. Although no correlation was found between PMN functions and the activity of the disease, PMN disorders may play a role in pathogenesis of ...


Acute Alcohol Inhibits The Induction Of Nuclear Regulatory Factor Kappa B Activation Through Cd14/Toll-Like Receptor 4, Interleukin-1, And Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptors: A Common Mechanism Independent Of Inhibitory Kappa B Alpha Degradation, Pranoti Mandrekar, Angela Dolganiuc, Gary Bellerose, Karen Kodys, Laszlo Romics, Rabia Nizamani, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Acute Alcohol Inhibits The Induction Of Nuclear Regulatory Factor Kappa B Activation Through Cd14/Toll-Like Receptor 4, Interleukin-1, And Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptors: A Common Mechanism Independent Of Inhibitory Kappa B Alpha Degradation, Pranoti Mandrekar, Angela Dolganiuc, Gary Bellerose, Karen Kodys, Laszlo Romics, Rabia Nizamani, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

BACKGROUND: Nuclear translocation and DNA binding of the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is an early event in inflammatory cell activation in response to stimulation with bacterial components or cytokines. Cell activation via different receptors culminates in a common pathway leading to NF-kappaB activation and proinflammatory cytokine induction. We have previously shown that acute alcohol inhibits NF-kappaB activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in human monocytes. Here we investigated whether acute alcohol treatment of human monocytes also inhibits NF-kappaB when induced through activation of the interleukin (IL)-1 or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors. METHODS: Human peripheral blood monocytes were treated with LPS ...


Acute Alcohol Consumption Attenuates Interleukin-8 (Il-8) And Monocyte Chemoattractant Peptide-1 (Mcp-1) Induction In Response To Ex Vivo Stimulation, Gyongyi Szabo, Sangeeta Chavan, Pranoti Mandrekar, Donna Catalano 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Acute Alcohol Consumption Attenuates Interleukin-8 (Il-8) And Monocyte Chemoattractant Peptide-1 (Mcp-1) Induction In Response To Ex Vivo Stimulation, Gyongyi Szabo, Sangeeta Chavan, Pranoti Mandrekar, Donna Catalano

Gyongyi Szabo

No abstract provided.


A Recent Perspective On Alcohol, Immunity, And Host Defense, Gyongyi Szabo, Pranoti Mandrekar 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Recent Perspective On Alcohol, Immunity, And Host Defense, Gyongyi Szabo, Pranoti Mandrekar

Gyongyi Szabo

BACKGROUND: Multiple line of clinical and experimental evidence demonstrates that both acute, moderate, and chronic, excessive alcohol use result in various abnormalities in the functions of the immune system.

METHODS: Medline and PubMed databases were used to identify published reports with particular interest in the period of 2000-2008 in the subject of alcohol use, infection, inflammation, innate, and adaptive immunity.

RESULTS: This review article summarizes recent findings relevant to acute or chronic alcohol use-induced immunomodulation and its consequences on host defense against microbial pathogens and tissue injury. Studies with in vivo and in vitro alcohol administration are both discussed. The ...


Monocyte Functions In Patients With Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, E. Bodolay, Katalin Lukacs, Gyongyi Szabo, G. Frendl, T. Ben, Gyula Szegedi 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Monocyte Functions In Patients With Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, E. Bodolay, Katalin Lukacs, Gyongyi Szabo, G. Frendl, T. Ben, Gyula Szegedi

Gyongyi Szabo

The authors investigated the number and functions of peripheral blood monocytes in patients with mixed connective tissue disease. Moderate monocytopenia was detected in the active stage of the disease. There was a close correlation between the sensitized sheep red blood cell binding capacity of monocytes and the elevated levels of circulating immune complexes. The yeast phagocytosis of monocytes and the chemotactic activity were normal in patients with mixed connective tissue disease. C3b receptor mediated phagocytosis of monocytes decreased in the active and inactive stages of the disease. This study suggests that the decreased function of C3b receptors of monocytes is ...


Human Macrophages Degrade Tryptophan Upon Induction By Interferon-Gamma, Ernst Werner, Gabriele Bitterlich, Dietmar Fuchs, Arno Hausen, Gilbert Reibnegger, Gyongyi Szabo, Manfred Dierich, Helmut Wachter 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Human Macrophages Degrade Tryptophan Upon Induction By Interferon-Gamma, Ernst Werner, Gabriele Bitterlich, Dietmar Fuchs, Arno Hausen, Gilbert Reibnegger, Gyongyi Szabo, Manfred Dierich, Helmut Wachter

Gyongyi Szabo

Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, monocytes-macrophages and T-cells were stimulated with human recombinant interferon-gamma, interferon-alpha and phytohemagglutinin. The culture supernatants were analyzed for tryptophan, kynurenine, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, anthranilic acid and neopterin by high performance liquid chromatography. Tryptophan was decreased and the four other compounds were increased in supernatants of peripheral blood mononuclear cells activated by interferon-gamma (250 U/ml), interferon-alpha (10.000 U/ml) and phytohemagglutinin (1 microgram/ml). After splitting of peripheral blood mononuclear cells by adherence, the monocytes and macrophages but not the T-cells degraded tryptophan upon stimulation by interferon-gamma in a dose dependent manner. Supernatants of phytohemagglutinin ...


Acute Ethanol Consumption Synergizes With Trauma To Increase Monocyte Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Production Late Postinjury, Gyongyi Szabo, Pranoti Mandrekar, Bikash Verma, Ann Isaac, Donna Catalano 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Acute Ethanol Consumption Synergizes With Trauma To Increase Monocyte Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Production Late Postinjury, Gyongyi Szabo, Pranoti Mandrekar, Bikash Verma, Ann Isaac, Donna Catalano

Gyongyi Szabo

The hypothesis that acute ethanol uptake plus trauma can synergize to increase immunosuppression was tested. We found that, unlike non-alcohol-exposed patients, patients with acute alcohol use prior to trauma have a transient decrease in monocyte tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) production during the very early postinjury (0-3 days) period. However, TNF alpha production by these alcohol-exposed patients' monocytes (M0) became hyperelevated late postinjury (> 9 days). Consequently, these massively elevated M0 TNF alpha levels can contribute to posttrauma immunosuppression after acute alcohol use. We also demonstrate that normal monocyte activation with the superantigen, Staphylococcus enterotoxin B (SEB), results in a ...


New Insights Into The The Molecular Mechanisms Of Alcoholic Hepatitis: A Potential Role For Nf-Kappab Activation, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

New Insights Into The The Molecular Mechanisms Of Alcoholic Hepatitis: A Potential Role For Nf-Kappab Activation, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

No abstract provided.


Hepatitis C Core Protein - The "Core" Of Immune Deception, Gyongyi Szabo, Angela Dolganiuc 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hepatitis C Core Protein - The "Core" Of Immune Deception, Gyongyi Szabo, Angela Dolganiuc

Gyongyi Szabo

No abstract provided.


Vsl#3 Probiotic Treatment Attenuates Fibrosis Without Changes In Steatohepatitis In A Diet-Induced Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Model In Mice, Arumugam Velayudham, Angela Dolganiuc, Michael Ellis, Jan Petrasek, Karen Kodys, Pranoti Mandrekar, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Vsl#3 Probiotic Treatment Attenuates Fibrosis Without Changes In Steatohepatitis In A Diet-Induced Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Model In Mice, Arumugam Velayudham, Angela Dolganiuc, Michael Ellis, Jan Petrasek, Karen Kodys, Pranoti Mandrekar, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its advanced stage, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), are the most common causes of chronic liver disease in the United States. NASH features the metabolic syndrome, inflammation, and fibrosis. Probiotics exhibit immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory activity. We tested the hypothesis that probiotic VSL#3 may ameliorate the methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet-induced mouse model of NASH. MCD diet resulted in NASH in C57BL/6 mice compared to methionine-choline-supplemented (MCS) diet feeding evidenced by liver steatosis, increased triglycerides, inflammatory cell accumulation, increased tumor necrosis factor alpha levels, and fibrosis. VSL#3 failed to prevent MCD-induced liver steatosis or inflammation. MCD ...


Regulation Of Monocyte Interleukin-12 Production By Acute Alcohol: A Role For Inhibition By Interleukin-10, Linda Girouard, Pranoti Mandrekar, Donna Catalano, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Regulation Of Monocyte Interleukin-12 Production By Acute Alcohol: A Role For Inhibition By Interleukin-10, Linda Girouard, Pranoti Mandrekar, Donna Catalano, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Acute ethanol treatment results in decreased antigen presentation capacity (Th1-type immunity) and elevated interleukin IL-10 (Th2 cytokine) production in human monocytes. Monocytes can contribute to both Th1 (IL-12) and Th2 (IL-10) immune responses via production of IL-12 and IL-10, respectively. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that acute alcohol treatment might affect Th1/Th2 immune balance by altering monocyte production of IL-12 and IL-10. Neither acute ethanol treatment alone (25 to 100 mM) nor its combination with a bacterial challenge Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) induced IL-12 production in isolated blood monocytes. In contrast, the same physiological alcohol concentrations increased monocyte IL-10 ...


Pattern Recognition Receptors: A Contemporary View On Liver Diseases, Gyongyi Szabo, Angela Dolganiuc, Pranoti Mandrekar 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pattern Recognition Receptors: A Contemporary View On Liver Diseases, Gyongyi Szabo, Angela Dolganiuc, Pranoti Mandrekar

Gyongyi Szabo

Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) function as sensors of microbial danger signals enabling the vertebrate host to initiate an immune response. PRRs are present not only in immune cells but also in liver parenchymal cells and the complexity of the cell populations provide unique aspects to pathogen recognition and tissue damage in the liver. This review discusses the role of different PRRs in pathogen recognition in the liver, and focuses on the role of PRRs in hepatic inflammation, cholestasis, ischemia, repair and fibrosis. PRRs as novel therapeutic targets are evaluated.


The Emerging Role Of Toll-Like Receptor Pathways In Surgical Diseases, Laszlo Romics, Gyongyi Szabo, John Calvin Coffey, Jiang Huai Wang, Henry Paul Redmond 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Emerging Role Of Toll-Like Receptor Pathways In Surgical Diseases, Laszlo Romics, Gyongyi Szabo, John Calvin Coffey, Jiang Huai Wang, Henry Paul Redmond

Gyongyi Szabo

OBJECTIVE: To outline the emerging significance of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathways in surgical diseases. DATA

SOURCES: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken by searching the MEDLINE database for the period 1966 to 2005 without language restriction.

STUDY SELECTION: Original or review articles that described experimental data on the activation of TLR signaling pathways in surgically relevant diseases were selected for inclusion in this review.

DATA EXTRACTION: Data were obtained from peer-reviewed articles and references.

DATA SYNTHESIS: The role of TLRs in the recognition of pathogens renders them a key figure in the activation of both innate and ...


Human Monocyte Il-10 Production Is Increased By Acute Ethanol Treatment, Pranoti Mandrekar, Donna Catalano, Linda Girouard, Gyongyi Szabo 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Human Monocyte Il-10 Production Is Increased By Acute Ethanol Treatment, Pranoti Mandrekar, Donna Catalano, Linda Girouard, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Immune alterations after acute ethanol treatment are characterized by abnormal monocyte mediator production and antigen presentation capacity. Here, we tested the hypothesis that some of the regulatory effects of ethanol on monocyte functions are mediated by elevated M phi IL-10 production. Physiologically relevant in vitro doses of ethanol (25-100 mM) resulted in significantly increased IL-10 secretion by normal blood monocytes after 18 h stimulation. We found that monocyte IL-10 production induced by either ethanol or LPS increased at 10 h, maximized at 18 h and decreased by 40 h post-stimulation. Furthermore, ethanol significantly augmented LPS-induced monocyte IL-10 secretion at 18 ...


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