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The Efficacy Of Extended-Release Eprinomectin For The Reduction Of Horn Flies, Face Flies, And Fecal Egg Counts Of Parasitic Nematodes In Replacement Beef Heifers, Sophia F. Landers 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Efficacy Of Extended-Release Eprinomectin For The Reduction Of Horn Flies, Face Flies, And Fecal Egg Counts Of Parasitic Nematodes In Replacement Beef Heifers, Sophia F. Landers

Animal Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of extended-release eprinomectin against horn flies, face flies, and fecal egg counts of parasitic nematodes in crossbreed replacement beef heifers. Fifty-four heifers were randomly placed into three treatment groups (N=18 heifers/treatment). Group 1 was administered the labeled dosage of extended-release eprinomectin on day 0. Group 2 acted as the negative control. Group 3 received the anthelmintic injection once a quarter of the heifers in the group reached the threshold treatment level for horn flies (N=200 flies/animal; day 41). Nematode infections were measured via fecal egg counts ...


Identifying The Risk Factors To Postpartum Depression, Jannica Bondoc Santos 2019 Dominican University of California

Identifying The Risk Factors To Postpartum Depression, Jannica Bondoc Santos

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

A woman’s life instantly changes after the birth of their child. Furthermore, culture influences the stigma that a mother is the primary caregiver of their children and are accountable for the health and upbringing of the child. Giving birth to a baby and taking up the responsibility of another human life is a great impact in a female’s existence. In addition to the new tasks that come with motherhood, women are also challenged to cope with their emotional and mental state after giving birth. The most chronic mental illness that can develop after labor is postpartum depression (PPD ...


Medically Tailored Meals As A Prescription For Treatment Of Food-Insecure Type 2 Diabetics, Leslie J. Rabaut 2019 Aurora Health Care

Medically Tailored Meals As A Prescription For Treatment Of Food-Insecure Type 2 Diabetics, Leslie J. Rabaut

Aurora Family Medicine Residents

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an immense burden to the health of our population and to our current health care system, and the weight of this burden is only projected to multiply in coming years. A nutritious diet is an indispensable aspect of diabetes treatment, and the lack of access to food engenders poor disease-state control, which correlates with increased health care utilization. Interventions aimed at improving access to food through medically tailored meals (MTMs) have demonstrated effectiveness in improving the health of food-insecure type 2 diabetic patients and reducing health care costs. Further studies are necessary to increase the ...


What Is The Smartpill®?, Christina Ciccone, Pul Lee, Kimberly Loughlin, David Koh 2019 Ohio Northern University

What Is The Smartpill®?, Christina Ciccone, Pul Lee, Kimberly Loughlin, David Koh

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

The SmartPill® is a new, noninvasive technology to evaluate the gastrointestinal tract. It is a nondigestible capsule that migrates through the gastrointestinal tract to measure pH, pressure, and temperature. It was approved by the FDA in 2006 for the evaluation of colonic transit time in patients with chronic constipation and to evaluate gastric transit time in patients with suspected gastroparesis. Other currently used gastrointestinal monitoring systems have some disadvantages, and the SmartPill® is suggested as an alternative. The SmartPill® has also been used for research purposes in various studies and has the potential to be used in diagnosis and monitoring ...


Combating Antibiotic Resistance In The 21st Century, Kevin Krivanek, Brian Heilbronner, Brendan Rasor, Kelsey Lindsley, Andrew Roecker 2019 Ohio Northern University

Combating Antibiotic Resistance In The 21st Century, Kevin Krivanek, Brian Heilbronner, Brendan Rasor, Kelsey Lindsley, Andrew Roecker

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Antibiotic resistance is one of the most significant challenges facing the medical community today. In response, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created a list of the greatest antibiotic resistance threats, a number of which are gram-positive bacteria. The cell wall of these organisms has long been a favored target of antibiotic therapies, but the development of numerous resistance mechanisms has led to widespread resistance against nearly all major antibiotic compounds on the market. The medical community is faced with the task of developing better antibiotic compounds that preclude the spread of bacterial resistance and also increasing the ...


Pain Management In Dementia Patients In Nursing Homes, Tiffany Kneuss, Kelsey Weisenburger, Hannah Stewart, Kelly Reilly Kroustos 2019 Ohio Northern University

Pain Management In Dementia Patients In Nursing Homes, Tiffany Kneuss, Kelsey Weisenburger, Hannah Stewart, Kelly Reilly Kroustos

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Pain in the elderly, especially those with dementia, is often undertreated and misdiagnosed by health care professionals in the long-term care setting. Communication barriers in patients with cognitive impairment force pain assessment to rely heavily on subjective interpretation of behavioral factors due to the inability of patients to self-report pain symptoms. It is important for clinicians to develop a standard method of identifying and assessing signs of pain in patients with dementia in order to appropriately treat those experiencing discomfort. Patients with dementia who present with a sudden onset of behavioral changes should receive a comprehensive evaluation that includes a ...


Current Trials And Therapies For The Treatment Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis And Frontotemporal Dementia, Adam Smith, Angela Chu, Lucy Wagala, Hannah Stewart, Lindsey Peters 2019 Ohio Northern University

Current Trials And Therapies For The Treatment Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis And Frontotemporal Dementia, Adam Smith, Angela Chu, Lucy Wagala, Hannah Stewart, Lindsey Peters

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

An area of health care that provides many more questions than answers includes neurodegenerative disorders. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are both diseases about which we know very little. However, ALS and FTD affect nearly 30,000 and 60,000 Americans respectively. Currently, there is not a cure for ALS or FTD and treatment options are aimed toward symptom management. Much of the pathophysiology of these diseases is unknown, but we do know there are genetic implications, specifically in SOD1, TARDBP and c90RF72. These mutations lead to cognitive deficits, muscle ...


Combined Neprilysin And Angiotensin Inhibitor For The Treatment Of Heart Failure, Albert Bui, Victoria Cho, Rebecca Worden, Haley Armstrong, Rachel Pucel, Lindsey Peters 2019 Ohio Northern University

Combined Neprilysin And Angiotensin Inhibitor For The Treatment Of Heart Failure, Albert Bui, Victoria Cho, Rebecca Worden, Haley Armstrong, Rachel Pucel, Lindsey Peters

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Heart failure (HF) is a highly prevalent disease state worldwide that can progress into a disabling condition. It is pertinent to have a treatment regimen that is effective in lowering the number of HF exacerbations and, therefore, hospital readmission rates. A novel medication currently in clinical trials, LCZ696, blocks both neprilysin and angiotensin type I receptors. The overall effects are an inhibition of the breakdown of natriuretic peptides which leads to a decrease in renin and aldosterone release. This, combined with the antagonization of angiotensin type I receptors, leads to a decrease in blood pressure, blood volume and systemic vascular ...


Potential Use Of Dopamine And Dopamine Agonists As Angiogenesisinhibitors In The Treatment Of Cancer, Benjamin Finley, Katherine Liu, Daniel Powell, Jamie Kellner, David H. Kinder 2019 Ohio Northern University

Potential Use Of Dopamine And Dopamine Agonists As Angiogenesisinhibitors In The Treatment Of Cancer, Benjamin Finley, Katherine Liu, Daniel Powell, Jamie Kellner, David H. Kinder

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

In recent years, there have been numerous developments in monoclonal antibodies used as anticancer drugs with a focus on reducing the ability of cancers to metastasize and produce new vasculature. These agents are called angiogenesis inhibitors and although these agents have been proven effective in treating certain types of cancers, production and administration of monoclonal antibodies comes at a steep cost with a severe side effect profile. Under normal physiologic conditions, angiogenesis is an important mechanism to create new blood vessels from preexisting vessels, usually occurring in adults. Tumor cells can hijack the angiogenesis pathway to produce new distant tumors ...


Lbrutinib (Lmbruvica™) For Treatment Of Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Brittany Crowe, Joy Hoffman, Hannah Stewart, Alison Steinbrunner, Mark E. Olah 2019 Ohio Northern University

Lbrutinib (Lmbruvica™) For Treatment Of Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Brittany Crowe, Joy Hoffman, Hannah Stewart, Alison Steinbrunner, Mark E. Olah

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare and moderately aggressive form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) that predominantly presents at an advanced stage in older males. Patients often present with multiple involvement in the lymph nodes, blood, spleen, bone marrow and gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Some patients may be asymptomatic in early stages or present with an incurable, indolent (slow progressing) form, while other patients display rapid growth of more aggressive lymphomas. Overall survival for patients diagnosed with MCL is four to five years and treatment should be initiated in those who are symptomatic. Mantle cell lymphoma responds well to first-line ...


Trametinib And Dabrafenib: New Agents For Advanced Stage Melanoma, Kelsey Weisenburger, Kevin Krivanek, Armond Cosiano, Kasie Bellmann, Mark E. Olah 2019 Ohio Northern University

Trametinib And Dabrafenib: New Agents For Advanced Stage Melanoma, Kelsey Weisenburger, Kevin Krivanek, Armond Cosiano, Kasie Bellmann, Mark E. Olah

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, is caused primarily by exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Tumor formation occurs early in disease progression and can easily metastasize. The development of the disease can be described by one of four stages, characterized by tumor size and risk of spreading. The B-rafprotein plays an important role in cell proliferation and has the ability to develop a mutation for continuous activation, resulting in uncontrolled cell growth. Sixty percent of melanomas possess a V600E mutation in the BRAF gene. Recently, drug developers have turned the focus of melanoma treatments toward preventing the activation of the ...


Answers About The Need For Vitamin D Supplementation, Halle Orlinski, Hannah Stewart, Amanda Lanker, Sarah Kradel, Sandra L. Hrometz 2019 Ohio Northern University

Answers About The Need For Vitamin D Supplementation, Halle Orlinski, Hannah Stewart, Amanda Lanker, Sarah Kradel, Sandra L. Hrometz

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Vitamin D has a significant role in bone health, calcium homeostasis, immune function and other biological functions. In our bodies, the main source of vitamin D is linked to our skin's exposure to sunlight. It can also be obtained through foods that contain vitamin D. Despite these two sources, vitamin D supplementation is often necessary. It is available in two forms, cholecalciferol and ergocalciferol as over-the-counter (OTC) products, as well as calcitriol as prescription only. Reasons for vitamin D deficiency include lack of sunlight, poor diet, malabsorption of vitamin D, liver and/or kidney disease. Vitamin D deficiencies lead ...


Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Targeted Review For Pharmacists, Andrew Skouby, Gabi Gegenheimer, Kelsey Lindsley, Sarah Kradel, Michael Rush 2019 Ohio Northern University

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Targeted Review For Pharmacists, Andrew Skouby, Gabi Gegenheimer, Kelsey Lindsley, Sarah Kradel, Michael Rush

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a disease that impacts drug-exposed infants and describes an array of issues that arise in newborns just hours after birth. Patient presentation and disease symptomatology vary widely based upon the specific substance utilized by the mother while pregnant and duration of exposure. Treatment is dependent on which symptoms are present and, assuming an opioid-derived abstinence syndrome, is based primarily on opioid supplementation to prevent symptoms of withdrawal. Treatment of non-opioid derived abstinence syndrome is often slightly more complex and involves the use of different agents depending on the drug of exposure. Due to the intricate ...


Whooping Cough: A Pharmacist's Role In An Emerging Endemic, Haley Armstrong, Lydia Suchecki, Sarah Lipperman, Taylor Roberson, Andrew M. Roecker 2019 Ohio Northern University

Whooping Cough: A Pharmacist's Role In An Emerging Endemic, Haley Armstrong, Lydia Suchecki, Sarah Lipperman, Taylor Roberson, Andrew M. Roecker

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Pertussis is an acute infectious disease caused by the organism Bordetella pertussis and characterized by a "whooping cough." Incidence of the disease had declined since the development of a vaccine, but is now increasing in reported cases. This increase has been attributed to both an increased awareness but also surmised to be related to a decrease in vaccinations. The pertussis vaccine is given in conjunction with tetanus and diphtheria vaccines to children before the age of 6 in five separate injections over the course of four to six years. A booster is now recommended for the older child and adults ...


Evidence For The Potential Use Of Polyphenols And Their Derivatives In Moderating Allergic Immune Responses, Jamie Kellner, Lindsay Mark, Kasie Bellmann, Kelly Shields 2019 Ohio Northern University

Evidence For The Potential Use Of Polyphenols And Their Derivatives In Moderating Allergic Immune Responses, Jamie Kellner, Lindsay Mark, Kasie Bellmann, Kelly Shields

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Polyphenols are naturally occurring compounds that are found within numerous plant sources. They have a wide variety of structures and functions and have potential clinical uses in multiple disease states. Emerging studies involving polyphenols have demonstrated their antioxidative properties, as well as reduced risks of cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer. Due to these discoveries, there has been a marked increase in research related to the chemical properties of polyphenols and their potential uses in prevention of common acquired and inherited disease states. This article focuses on the effects that some polyphenolic compounds exert on immune function in regard ...


Celiac Disease: Current And Investigational Therapies And The Role Of The Pharmacist, Sarah Turley, Gabriella Gegenheimer, Emily Blum, Erin Petersen 2019 Ohio Northern University

Celiac Disease: Current And Investigational Therapies And The Role Of The Pharmacist, Sarah Turley, Gabriella Gegenheimer, Emily Blum, Erin Petersen

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Celiac disease is a genetically-linked autoimmune disease which affects the gastrointestinal tract. It is an inflammatory reaction to ingested gluten-containing substances that produces the most frequent symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating and intermittent or chronic diarrhea. Diagnosis can be made by blood testing for specific IgA autoantibodies and a confirmation duodenal biopsy to look for the characteristic scalloping and villous atrophy that occurs in response to the inflammation. A gluten-free diet, until recently, was the only treatment available and continues to be the mainstay of treatment. Newer adjunct therapies to dietary management include larazotide acetate, peptidases, the use of parasite ...


A Comparison Of Mipomersen (Kynamro®) And Lomitapide (Juxtapid®): Medications For The Treatment Of Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia, Ann Marie Ruhe, Austin Brown, Ginny Daniels, Kelsey Fink, David Bright 2019 Ohio Northern University

A Comparison Of Mipomersen (Kynamro®) And Lomitapide (Juxtapid®): Medications For The Treatment Of Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia, Ann Marie Ruhe, Austin Brown, Ginny Daniels, Kelsey Fink, David Bright

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is a rare disease that involves mutations in the genes coding for low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors, preventing the uptake of LDL cholesterol from the serum and resulting in extremely high cholesterol levels.1 Between December 2012, and January 2013, two orphan drugs were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HoFH. Mipomersen (Kynamro®) is a subcutaneous injection that functions as an antisense oligonucleotide inhibitor and ultimately prevents the translation of mRNA coding for apolipoprotein B (apoB)-100 which binds to LDL and very low density lipoprotein (vLDL) cholesterol ...


Signifor® Receives Fda Approvalfor The Management Of Cushing's Disease, Justin Steele, Ann Marie Ruhe, Andrew Skouby, Eric Stack, Sandra L. Hrometz 2019 Ohio Northern University

Signifor® Receives Fda Approvalfor The Management Of Cushing's Disease, Justin Steele, Ann Marie Ruhe, Andrew Skouby, Eric Stack, Sandra L. Hrometz

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Cushing's disease is a disorder characterized by supraphysiologic levels of circulating cortisol due to excessive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion. Most often hypersecretion of ACTH is due to a pituitary adenoma, where surgical resection of the tumor is considered first-line treatment for the disease. Alternatively, the FDA has recently approved the somatostatin analogue, Signifor® (pasireotide), for the management of Cushing's disease in patients for whom surgery is not an option. In clinical trials, pasireotide has shown a statistically significant reduction in urinary free cortisol levels, as well as significant improvements in quality of life. Based on current data, pasireotide ...


Novel Oral Anticoagulants: A Comparative Study Of The Clinical Potential For Dabigatran, Rivaroxaban, And Apixaban Versus Warfarin, Lindsay Mark, Joanne Tran, Zachary Jones, Jessica Beck, David Bright 2019 Ohio Northern University

Novel Oral Anticoagulants: A Comparative Study Of The Clinical Potential For Dabigatran, Rivaroxaban, And Apixaban Versus Warfarin, Lindsay Mark, Joanne Tran, Zachary Jones, Jessica Beck, David Bright

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Although Coumadin® (warfarin) has been the standard outpatient anticoagulant for long-term prevention of thrombosis for many decades, it presents with significant challenges for both patients and health care providers in optimizing standards of care including dietary and drug restrictions, regular monitoring of the patient's International Normalized Ratio (INR), and difficulty maintaining therapeutic levels. Despite its unmistakable effectiveness, there has been an interest from the medical community in developing potential alternative drug therapies. As a result, within the past three years the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of three new oral anticoagulant drugs (dabigatran ...


Fda Approves New Tuberculosis Drug: Bedaquiline (Sirturo®), Megan Ruffner, Kent Wilin, Charles Hay, Zachary Crawford, Andrew Roecker 2019 Ohio Northern University

Fda Approves New Tuberculosis Drug: Bedaquiline (Sirturo®), Megan Ruffner, Kent Wilin, Charles Hay, Zachary Crawford, Andrew Roecker

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the acid-fast bacilli (AFB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is an infectious disease that continues to greatly impact morbidity and mortality worldwide; in 2011 it caused 1.4 million deaths. Some strains of the bacteria have become resistant to current treatment regimens, resulting in multidrug-resistant (MOR) and extensively drugresistant (XOR) TB. The emergence of these resistant strains of bacteria calls for new treatment regimens that can quickly and effectively eradicate the organism. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved Sirturo® (bedaquiline) with the indication of MDR pulmonary TB. Bedaquiline introduces a novel mechanism of action via ...


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