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Maternal And Infant Health Benefits Related To Infantile Feeding Methods, Michaela Wolford, Alexa Bouts, Carmen Lariccia, Cara Walden, Anh Dao Le, Andrew M. Roecker 2019 Ohio Northern University

Maternal And Infant Health Benefits Related To Infantile Feeding Methods, Michaela Wolford, Alexa Bouts, Carmen Lariccia, Cara Walden, Anh Dao Le, Andrew M. Roecker

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Human breast milk is known to provide the most complete nutrition to growing infants. There may be more gained from breastfeeding than simply nutritional fulfillment-recent research has uncovered benefits related to the development and health of infants. Breastfeeding has been shown to stimulate immune system development by exposing the infant to bacteria and antibodies from the mother. Breastfeeding may also benefit nursing mothers by improving insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance as well as decreasing postpartum weight gain. In place of breastfeeding, formulas are able to provide an infant with necessary nutrition. Many infant formulas have been enriched with probiotics and ...


Medically Tailored Meals As A Prescription For Treatment Of Food-Insecure Type 2 Diabetics, Leslie J. Rabaut 2019 Aurora Health Care

Medically Tailored Meals As A Prescription For Treatment Of Food-Insecure Type 2 Diabetics, Leslie J. Rabaut

Aurora Family Medicine Residents

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an immense burden to the health of our population and to our current health care system, and the weight of this burden is only projected to multiply in coming years. A nutritious diet is an indispensable aspect of diabetes treatment, and the lack of access to food engenders poor disease-state control, which correlates with increased health care utilization. Interventions aimed at improving access to food through medically tailored meals (MTMs) have demonstrated effectiveness in improving the health of food-insecure type 2 diabetic patients and reducing health care costs. Further studies are necessary to increase the ...


Safety And Efficacy Of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (Hcg) In Weight Loss, Todd A. Tucker Jr., Justin W. Steele, Amanda Hoersten, Amanda Meyer, Sandra L. Hrometz 2019 Ohio Northern University

Safety And Efficacy Of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (Hcg) In Weight Loss, Todd A. Tucker Jr., Justin W. Steele, Amanda Hoersten, Amanda Meyer, Sandra L. Hrometz

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) has recently experienced a resurgence in popular media. Late night television commercials and Internet advertisements have suggested that it is an essential, unequivocal means to losing weight fast. ls hCG really a miracle cure to help patients shed unwanted pounds? In 1954, A.T.W. Simeons claimed that hCG impacts weight loss by decreasing hunger, increasing fat redistribution, and increasing overall mood. Knowing that weight loss cannot be directly attributed to hCG use, Simeons developed a very low calorie diet (VLCD) to which the success of the therapy can be attributed. He saw hCG as a ...


Investigating Whether Consuming Meals In A Dining Room Impacts Patients’ Mood, Level Of Interaction, And Subsequent Nutrient Intake In A Stroke Rehabilitation Ward., Sali Abouhajar, Grace bennett, Linda Dooley Ms., Tracy Waldron Ms., Katie Walsh Ms., Sile Murphy Ms., Aoibheann McMorrow Dr., Joseph Harbison Prof., Suzanne L Doyle Dr. 2019 Technological University Dublin, Kevin street

Investigating Whether Consuming Meals In A Dining Room Impacts Patients’ Mood, Level Of Interaction, And Subsequent Nutrient Intake In A Stroke Rehabilitation Ward., Sali Abouhajar, Grace Bennett, Linda Dooley Ms., Tracy Waldron Ms., Katie Walsh Ms., Sile Murphy Ms., Aoibheann Mcmorrow Dr., Joseph Harbison Prof., Suzanne L Doyle Dr.

Sure-J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Background/objectives
Malnutrition is evident in hospitals and stroke patients are at increased risk. Protected mealtimes may help increase nutrient intake especially when patients interact and enjoy the dining room atmosphere. The aim of this research is to investigate if eating in a communal dining room increases nutritional intake compared to eating at the bedside and to investigate whether patient interaction and mood affects patient nutrient intake.

Population/methods:
A randomised cross-sectional study of 20 patients, assessing a comparison of patient’s mealtime consumption at lunchtime in the dining room and at the beside. Patients’ meals were weighed before and ...


Impact Of Lactation Support Program On Initiation Of Breastfeeding In Term Infants, Binu Ninan Dr, Umamaheswari Balakrishnan Dr, Asiff Mohamed Dr, Munusamy Manjula, Thangaraj Abiramalatha Dr, Ashok Chandrasekaran Dr, Prakash Amboiram Dr 2019 Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research

Impact Of Lactation Support Program On Initiation Of Breastfeeding In Term Infants, Binu Ninan Dr, Umamaheswari Balakrishnan Dr, Asiff Mohamed Dr, Munusamy Manjula, Thangaraj Abiramalatha Dr, Ashok Chandrasekaran Dr, Prakash Amboiram Dr

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Purpose

Early initiation of Breastfeeding (EIBF) significantly decreases neonatal mortality and improves exclusive breastfeeding. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of lactation Support Program (LSP) on early initiation of Breastfeeding (BF) among term well infants.

Methods

A ‘before -and – after’ design was used to study the effect of the LSP on EIBF at a tertiary care institute in India over a period of two and a half years. EIBF was defined as BF initiated(VD) and < 2 hours in cesarean section (CS). Impact of LSP was assessed by comparing baseline data (control group) with data after initiation of LSP (study group). Even after 1 year of initiation of LSP, EIBF in CS remained low, hence a hospital policy was implemented to alter a modifiable factor to promote EIBF in CS. Data of the Study group was analyzed over two time periods, as study group A (prior to implementation of hospital policy) and study group B (following the commencement of hospital policy).

Results

A total of 2769 postnatal mothers were included for the study with 537 in the control group, 1157 ...


Influence Of Gut Microbiome On Obesity In Western-Style Dietary Practices Versus Other Diets: A Systematic Review, Keely A. Niemeyer, Doris I. Buezo, Loren Landeros, Karina Corral 2019 California State University San Bernardino

Influence Of Gut Microbiome On Obesity In Western-Style Dietary Practices Versus Other Diets: A Systematic Review, Keely A. Niemeyer, Doris I. Buezo, Loren Landeros, Karina Corral

OSR Journal of Student Research

BACKGROUND: The human gut is home to a microbiome that has a complex relationship to human health. Like the human genome project, microbiome is catching the attention of researchers who seek new methods to combat obesity and negative health outcomes associated with it.

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to distinguish the impact of a Western diet on gut health verses a plant-based diet.

DATA SOURCES: EBSCOHost library databases inclusive of CINAHL plus, ScienceDirect, and PubMed using keywords to better understand the correlation of dietary practices and microbiome balance.

STUDY ELIGIBILITY: Criteria that include diet, current research, and scholarly peer reviewed ...


September 2019, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2019 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

September 2019, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month

One in 5 children in the United States have obesity. Childhood obesity puts kids at risk for health problems that were once seen only in adults, like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

The good news is that childhood obesity can be prevented. In honor of National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month, SWOSU encourages your family to make healthy changes together.

  • Get active outside! Walk around the neighborhood, go on a bike ride, or play basketball at the park.
  • Limit screen time. Keep screen time (time spent on the computer, watching TV, or ...


Occupied, Judy Diamond, Tom Floyd, Rebecca Smith, Ann Downer-Hazell, Martin Powell, Nick Poliwko, Angie Fox, Amy Spiegel, Patricia Wonch Hill, Julia McQuillan 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Occupied, Judy Diamond, Tom Floyd, Rebecca Smith, Ann Downer-Hazell, Martin Powell, Nick Poliwko, Angie Fox, Amy Spiegel, Patricia Wonch Hill, Julia Mcquillan

Zea E-Books

Our bodies are home to more microbes than human cells. The balance of helpful to harmful microbes in our bodies can make us sick or healthy. The Biology of Human project focuses on helping people understand themselves by exploring scientific principles that underlie modern research in human biology. Biology of Human is an alliance of science educators, artists, science writers, and biomedical researchers working to increase public understanding about viruses and infectious disease. In this comic, Daniel and Miguel find themselves in the world of the microbes, where they meet the Roid (Bacteroides), Longo biffi (Bifidobacterium longum), E. coli (Escherichia ...


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Age-Related Smell Changes And Their Effects On The Health Status Of Older Americans, Emily Duran Frontera 2019 University of Maine

Age-Related Smell Changes And Their Effects On The Health Status Of Older Americans, Emily Duran Frontera

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Olfactory impairment is a prevalent but underreported condition among older adults in the United States (U.S.). In the elderly, this impairment is associated with a host of adverse health conditions and issues that affect the quality of life. This study investigated the prevalence of smell disorders in older adults over 60 years of age, the potential risk factors for smell deterioration, and the influence of smell dysfunction on health status using the data collected through the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014 questionnaires and examination components.

Participants were categorized as smell impaired (‘SI Present’) if they were ...


The Impact Of Dietary Supplementation Of Arginine During Gestation In A Commercial Swine Herd: I. Gilt Reproductive Performance, Elizabeth A. Hines, Matthew R. Romoser, Zoë E. Kiefer, Aileen F. Keating, Lance H. Baumgard, Jarad Niemi, Nicholas K. Gabler, John F. Patience, Benjamin Haberl, Noel H. Williams, Brian J. Kerr, Kevin J. Touchette, Jason W. Ross 2019 Iowa State University

The Impact Of Dietary Supplementation Of Arginine During Gestation In A Commercial Swine Herd: I. Gilt Reproductive Performance, Elizabeth A. Hines, Matthew R. Romoser, Zoë E. Kiefer, Aileen F. Keating, Lance H. Baumgard, Jarad Niemi, Nicholas K. Gabler, John F. Patience, Benjamin Haberl, Noel H. Williams, Brian J. Kerr, Kevin J. Touchette, Jason W. Ross

Aileen Keating

Supplemental Arg during gestation purportedly benefits fetal development. However, the benefits of a gestational Arg dietary strategy in commercial production are unclear. Therefore, objectives of this study examined Arg supplementation during different gestational stages and the effects on gilt reproductive performance. Pubertal gilts (n = 548) were allocated into four treatment groups: Control (n = 143; 0% supplemental Arg) or one of three supplemental Arg (1% as fed) treatments: from 15 to 45 d of gestation (n = 138; Early-Arg); from 15 d of gestation until farrowing (n = 139; Full-Arg); or from 85 d of gestation until farrowing (n = 128; Late-Arg). At farrowing ...


August 2019, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2019 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

August 2019, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

National Immunization Month

We all need shots (vaccines) to help protect us from serious diseases. This protection is called immunization and it is in place to help keep our community safe. Shots can prevent serious diseases like the flu, measles, and pneumonia. It’s important to know which shots you need and when to get them.


Piloting A Cooking Demonstration Curriculum For Dietetics Students, Jill Henderson 2019 Utah State University

Piloting A Cooking Demonstration Curriculum For Dietetics Students, Jill Henderson

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Cooking demonstrations are a unique and effective way to teach nutritional concepts and basic cooking skills in a community setting. They have been found to be beneficial for participants in attendance as they improve confidence in the kitchen, cooking skills development, and the promotion of healthier foods into the diet. Classroom learning facilitates critical thinking but does not necessarily provide a platform for hands-on learning. In planning and executing community-involved cooking demonstrations, students are able to connect content learned in the classroom to professional practice. Over the last decade the field of dietetics has involved more community-based programs designed to ...


Reducing Sugary Drink Intake Through Youth Empowerment: Results From A Pilot-Site Randomized Study, Monica L. Wang, Marisa Otis, Milagros C. Rosal, Christina F. Griecci, Stephenie C. Lemon 2019 Boston University

Reducing Sugary Drink Intake Through Youth Empowerment: Results From A Pilot-Site Randomized Study, Monica L. Wang, Marisa Otis, Milagros C. Rosal, Christina F. Griecci, Stephenie C. Lemon

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Efficacious strategies to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among youth are needed. This pilot study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a community-based youth empowerment intervention to reduce SSB consumption and obesity risk among a low-income, ethnically diverse sample of youth.

METHODS: The H2GO! intervention was pilot-tested in an afterschool setting (Boys and Girls Clubs (BGC)) in Massachusetts, USA. One site was randomized to receive the intervention; the other site received standard programming. Youth ages 9-12 years and their parents/caregivers were eligible to participate. A total of N = 110 parent-child pairs (N = 55 parent-child pairs per site ...


An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Investigating Uk Female Experiences Of Psychosocial Adjustment Following Bariatric Surgery, Mark J. Maxwell 2019 Northumbria University

An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Investigating Uk Female Experiences Of Psychosocial Adjustment Following Bariatric Surgery, Mark J. Maxwell

The Qualitative Report

The psychosocial impact of bariatric surgery has not been studied as diligently as the physical impact, particularly within the first 6 months following surgery. The aim of the present study was to explore psychosocial adjustment in UK bariatric candidates within this time-scale. Six female participants were purposively recruited to complete a semi-structured interview, and Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to analyse their experiences. Four super-ordinate themes emerged from the interview data which were: (1) "It was me but it wasn’t me": pre-surgery identity, (2) "I don’t see myself as this fat blob of a person anymore": transforming identity ...


Plasma Phospholipid Fatty Acids And Coronary Heart Disease Risk: A Matched Case-Control Study Within The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, Qing Liu, Nirupa R. Matthan, JoAnn E. Manson, Barbara V. Howard, Lesley F. Tinker, Marian L. Neuhouser, Linda V. Van Horn, Jacques E. Rossouw, Matthew A. Allison, Lisa W. Martin, Wenjun Li, Linda G. Snetselaar, Lu Wang, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Charles B. Eaton 2019 Brown University

Plasma Phospholipid Fatty Acids And Coronary Heart Disease Risk: A Matched Case-Control Study Within The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, Qing Liu, Nirupa R. Matthan, Joann E. Manson, Barbara V. Howard, Lesley F. Tinker, Marian L. Neuhouser, Linda V. Van Horn, Jacques E. Rossouw, Matthew A. Allison, Lisa W. Martin, Wenjun Li, Linda G. Snetselaar, Lu Wang, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Charles B. Eaton

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association of fatty acids with coronary heart disease (CHD) has been examined, mainly through dietary measurements, and has generated inconsistent results due to measurement error. Large observational studies and randomized controlled trials have shown that plasma phospholipid fatty acids (PL-FA), especially those less likely to be endogenously synthesized, are good biomarkers of dietary fatty acids. Thus, PL-FA profiles may better predict CHD risk with less measurement error.

METHODS: We performed a matched case-control study of 2428 postmenopausal women nested in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Plasma PL-FA were measured using gas chromatography and expressed ...


Social Cognitive Theories And Electronic Health Design: Scoping Review, Patricia Grace-Farfaglia 2019 University of New Haven

Social Cognitive Theories And Electronic Health Design: Scoping Review, Patricia Grace-Farfaglia

Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: There are several social cognitive theories (SCTs) and models that support platform design in electronic health (eHealth) promotion trials. The rationale for this scoping review was to determine how social design features (informational aid, expressive support, gaming, and tailored content) are used to promote self-efficacy, engagement, knowledge, and behavior change. Objective: This study aimed to review a broad spectrum of digital health interventions in the literature seeking trials that use SCTs for the design of eHealth applications. Methods: The author conducted a systematic scoping review of 161 Web-based health interventions from published randomized clinical trials using 1 or more ...


The Impact Of Dietary Supplementation Of Arginine During Gestation In A Commercial Swine Herd: I. Gilt Reproductive Performance, Elizabeth A. Hines, Matthew R. Romoser, Zoë E. Kiefer, Aileen F. Keating, Lance H. Baumgard, Jarad Niemi, Nicholas K. Gabler, John F. Patience, Benjamin Haberl, Noel H. Williams, Brian J. Kerr, Kevin J. Touchette, Jason W. Ross 2019 Iowa State University

The Impact Of Dietary Supplementation Of Arginine During Gestation In A Commercial Swine Herd: I. Gilt Reproductive Performance, Elizabeth A. Hines, Matthew R. Romoser, Zoë E. Kiefer, Aileen F. Keating, Lance H. Baumgard, Jarad Niemi, Nicholas K. Gabler, John F. Patience, Benjamin Haberl, Noel H. Williams, Brian J. Kerr, Kevin J. Touchette, Jason W. Ross

Animal Science Publications

Supplemental Arg during gestation purportedly benefits fetal development. However, the benefits of a gestational Arg dietary strategy in commercial production are unclear. Therefore, objectives of this study examined Arg supplementation during different gestational stages and the effects on gilt reproductive performance. Pubertal gilts (n = 548) were allocated into four treatment groups: Control (n = 143; 0% supplemental Arg) or one of three supplemental Arg (1% as fed) treatments: from 15 to 45 d of gestation (n = 138; Early-Arg); from 15 d of gestation until farrowing (n = 139; Full-Arg); or from 85 d of gestation until farrowing (n = 128; Late-Arg). At farrowing ...


July 2019, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2019 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

July 2019, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

UV Safety Month

Summer has arrived and while the sun is shining bright it's a golden time to highlight July as UV Safety Awareness Month! We all love to take in those warm summer rays, but everyone must remember to protect their skin and eyes from the damaging effects of the sun.


A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton III, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams 2019 Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, East Tennessee State University

A Coordinated School Health Approach To Obesity Prevention Among Appalachian Youth: Middle School Student Outcomes From The Winning With Wellness Project, William T. Dalton Iii, Karen Schetzina, Elizabeth Conway-Williams

Karen E. Schetzina

The Winning With Wellness (WWW) project was a school-based obesity prevention program that was developed to promote healthy eating and physical activity in youth residing in rural Appalachia. The project was based on the Coordinated School Health model (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2013a) and used a community-based participatory research approach with an emphasis on feasibility and sustainability. The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported health outcomes for middle school students across the course of the intervention. Sixth grade middle school students (N = 149; 52% girls) from four schools in Northeast Tennessee completed a survey assessing ...


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