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The Oral Microbiome, Dental Caries And Probiotics, McKenna Schnack 2019 Iowa State University

The Oral Microbiome, Dental Caries And Probiotics, Mckenna Schnack

Creative Components

Over the past 25 years, dental research has begun to focus on investigating the potential of probiotics as an agent to prevent dental caries. Previous efforts to treat cavities have been most successful with preventative measures and then basic reactionary solutions, mainly fillings and extractions. Many hypothesize that probiotics possess the ability to revolutionize caries treatment by providing a maintenance of balance within the oral microbiome. Demineralization and decay are caused by the domination of acidogenic bacteria within the colonizing biofilm and a subsequent build up of their acidic metabolic byproducts. There have been previous efforts to target cariogenic bacteria ...


Biofilms And Their Consequences In The Oral Cavity, Tyler Olson 2019 Iowa State University

Biofilms And Their Consequences In The Oral Cavity, Tyler Olson

Creative Components

The oral cavity offers a wide variety of microenvironments that can support a wide array of microflora. These different environments create a diversity of microflora. In the oral cavity, this microflora produces biofilms that are distinct to the mouth and that can be both beneficial and pathogenic. Practically all bacteria prefer to live in biofilms compared to planktonic solutions. Oxygen availability, nutrient availability, shedding and non-shedding substratum, along with other factors determines which organisms inhabit specific regions of the oral cavity. These organisms attach to surfaces through a succession; primary colonizers initially use the host’s glycoproteins to attach to ...


Judged Facial Attractiveness Of Extraction And Non-Extraction Orthodontic Treatment In Repose And Smiling, Nicolette R. Chahin 2019 West Virginia University

Judged Facial Attractiveness Of Extraction And Non-Extraction Orthodontic Treatment In Repose And Smiling, Nicolette R. Chahin

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Background and Objectives: More so than ever, the public is becoming exceedingly aware of esthetics, and will evaluate their treatment outcome based upon the improvement to their smile and overall enhancement of their facial appearance. There exists a debate in orthodontics, as to whether or not extractions harm the profile. The aim of this study was to determine if facial attractiveness is harmed in subjects having completed orthodontic treatment involving the extraction of four premolars both in repose and smiling when viewed in lateral profile. Another objective is to identify any impact upper incisor retraction has on facial attractiveness.

Experimental ...


Effect Of Shear Bond Strength With Novel Apc™ Flash-Free Brackets And Different Bonding Protocol: An In Vitro Study, Carl Bernstein 2019 West Virginia University

Effect Of Shear Bond Strength With Novel Apc™ Flash-Free Brackets And Different Bonding Protocol: An In Vitro Study, Carl Bernstein

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Background and Objectives: In today’s time, there is an increasingly crowded field of competition vying over a small subset of the population. Now, more than ever it is imperative to compete with efficiency and esthetics. Each step for orthodontic bonding procedures increases the chance for error to occur. However, orthodontic bracket, etchant, sealant, and adhesive material has the ability to improve bond strength and final outcome for the patient and provider. The aim of this study was to determine effective bonding protocols for Advanced Clarity APC™ Flash-Free Brackets and to determine if adhesive remains on enamel or orthodontic bracket ...


Perception Of Patient Cooperation Among Dentist, Guardian, And Child, Cole A. Staines DDS 2019 VCU School of Dentistry

Perception Of Patient Cooperation Among Dentist, Guardian, And Child, Cole A. Staines Dds

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: Evaluate behavior assessment and agreement among dentist, guardian, and child. Evaluate child behavior by appointment type.

Methods: Patients recruited from the pediatric dental department at Virginia Commonwealth University for this convenience sample. Inclusion criteria: patients presenting for clinical exams and/or restorative treatment without the use of advanced behavior guidance between August 29, 2018, and March 7, 2019; ages 4-12-years-old; and scheduled with a single clinician. Appointments were stratified by difficulty. Behavior was assessed by dentist and caregiver using the Frankl Scale. Patient self-assessed cooperation using an age-appropriate modified Frankl Scale, developed for this study. Agreement assessed among the ...


Comparison Of Triple Combination Oral Sedation Regimens For Pediatric Dental Treatment, Brett H. Henderson 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Comparison Of Triple Combination Oral Sedation Regimens For Pediatric Dental Treatment, Brett H. Henderson

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: Compare the efficacy of two benzodiazepines (diazepam or midazolam) in combination with meperidine and hydroxyzine for pediatric dental sedation. Methods: A randomized, double blind observation study of behaviors and outcomes related to two sedation groups. Frankl and Houpt behavior scores were recorded at three time points: injection time, initiation of treatment and at the end of treatment. Postoperative phone call surveys were conducted within eight hours of discharge to assess sleep, activity, and behavior. Results: A total of 40 sedation subjects were included in the study, of which 20 were treated with diazepam triple Combination (Di+M+H) and ...


The Efficacy Of A Fluoride-Containing Orthodontic Primer In Preventing Demineralization, Alyssa G. Ricci 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Efficacy Of A Fluoride-Containing Orthodontic Primer In Preventing Demineralization, Alyssa G. Ricci

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of a fluoride-containing orthodontic primer in preventing demineralization adjacent to brackets and compare the quality of enamel on tooth surfaces that received interproximal reduction (IPR).

Methods: Patients at the VCU Orthodontic clinic who consented to orthodontic treatment involving extraction of at least 2 premolars were recruited to this pilot clinical study. Brackets were bonded to premolars using one of two primers, fluoride-containing experimental or control. IPR was also performed, and the experimental primer was applied to randomly selected teeth. Extracted teeth were analyzed visually for the presence of white spot lesions (WSLs). Micro-CT analyses were ...


The Effect Of Occlusal Pressure On Vertical Force Generation On Dentate And Edentulous Subjects, Matthew Thomas Harper 2019 WVU School of Dentistry

The Effect Of Occlusal Pressure On Vertical Force Generation On Dentate And Edentulous Subjects, Matthew Thomas Harper

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Objectives: To determine 1) the difference in lower extremity power obtained from a vertical jump in individuals who are dentate or edentulous (implants or dentures) and 2) the difference occlusal pressure makes on lower body force output. Variables included jump height, maximum kicking force, maximum push off force, take off velocity, flight time, jump impulse, and maximum velocity. Groups included dentate, implant overdenture, and conventional denture.

Methods: Counter movement jumping with force plate collection was utilized to test the three populations in this study. The three populations were dentate, mandibular implant overdenture opposing maxillary complete denture, and conventional maxillary and ...


Dentistry: Are Stem Cells The Future?, Tova Zemel 2019 Touro College

Dentistry: Are Stem Cells The Future?, Tova Zemel

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Stem cell research is currently advancing in every area of medicine. New information about regenerating stem cells is being uncovered on a daily basis. An area of stem cells that has not been focused on until recently is the use of dental stem cells. The objective of this paper is to elucidate the most current research about dental stem cells. Much of what is discussed in this paper has not been implemented yet, and is still in clinical trials. Dental stem cells are important because they could be an alternative way of treating caries, performing root canals, and other traumas ...


Assessing Patient Acceptance Of Integrating Oral Care With Prenatal Care In A Safety Net Clinic, Iyabo Obasanjo, William Mann 2019 William & Mary

Assessing Patient Acceptance Of Integrating Oral Care With Prenatal Care In A Safety Net Clinic, Iyabo Obasanjo, William Mann

Arts & Sciences Articles

Background: Lack of adequate oral health has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, and both the American Dental Association and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists advocate oral health care for women while pregnant, especially women served by health centers serving the underinsured and uninsured.

Objective: A Rural, Safety Net Clinic, which provides healthcare to medically underserved persons in the Williamsburg area of Virginia, began offering dental care to pregnant women accessing prenatal care from January 2015. We want to document the clinic’s experience with patient acceptance of the free dental care offered.

Methods: We reviewed data on ...


Ua66/4 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Allied Health, WKU Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Ua66/4 Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Allied Health, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records created by and about the Department of Allied Health.

Files are organized into the following subseries:

  1. Administration
  2. Publications


Ua61/11/1 Health & Human Services Dental Hygiene & Clinic Student Organizations, WKU Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Ua61/11/1 Health & Human Services Dental Hygiene & Clinic Student Organizations, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records created by and about Dental Hygiene student organizations.


Radiation Safety Practices Of Dental Hygienists In The United States, Kimberly Lintag, Ann M. Bruhn, Susan Lynn Tolle, Norou Diawara 2019 Old Dominion University

Radiation Safety Practices Of Dental Hygienists In The United States, Kimberly Lintag, Ann M. Bruhn, Susan Lynn Tolle, Norou Diawara

Dental Hygiene Faculty Publications

Purpose: The As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) principle was developed to promote awareness and minimization of radiation exposure and is supported by radiation control and professional organizations. The purpose of this study was to determine licensed dental hygienists' current radiation safety practices.

Methods: Data were collected with a 22 item, online survey administered to a convenience sample of 1,500 dental hygienists in the United States. Questions focused on respondents' use of the American Dental Association (ADA) radiographic examination selection guidelines, their individual dental practice policies, and hand-held portable x-ray device use and training. Cross tabulations were obtained using ...


Ua60/5/2 Applied Arts & Health Dental Hygiene Publications, WKU Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Ua60/5/2 Applied Arts & Health Dental Hygiene Publications, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Publications and brochures created by and about Dental Hygiene.


A Needs Assessment: The Barriers Preventing Students At A Large Midwestern University From Accessing The Dental Clinic On Campus For Preventative Care, Pamela Briese 2019 Minnesota State University, Mankato

A Needs Assessment: The Barriers Preventing Students At A Large Midwestern University From Accessing The Dental Clinic On Campus For Preventative Care, Pamela Briese

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Preventive maintenance and dental care for college students is just as important now as it was when they were living with their parents, but even though colleges have been offering campus-based medical care to their students for many years, oral health care has not been included in this health prevention effort. Because of the impact that oral health has on the overall health and well-being of college students, and in following the Healthy People 2020 Oral health goal to “Prevent and control oral and craniofacial diseases, conditions, and injuries, and improve access to preventive services and dental care” (HP2020), this ...


Blood Pressure Screening Practices Among Dental Hygienists, Mariah Sullinger 2019 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Blood Pressure Screening Practices Among Dental Hygienists, Mariah Sullinger

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

“There is consensus on the importance of early detection and treatment of hypertension and dental care is one of the few medical services which involves a considerable proportion of the population returning for routine check-ups” (Berne, Engstrom, Gahnberg, & Svardsudd, 2011, p 194). Little is known about the frequency and consistency of blood pressure screening practices or barriers affecting these procedures. Research findings may support efforts to increase or routinize scope and frequency of this preventive procedure among dental healthcare providers or make it a standard of care. Data from the survey was used to assess what type of setting dental ...


Ua60/5/2 Applied Arts & Health Dental Hygiene Accreditation File, WKU Archives 2019 Western Kentucky University

Ua60/5/2 Applied Arts & Health Dental Hygiene Accreditation File, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Accreditation reports created by and about Dental Hygiene.


Dental Dam Utilization By Dentists In An Intramural Faculty Practice, Terence A. Imbery, Caroline K. Carrico 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Dental Dam Utilization By Dentists In An Intramural Faculty Practice, Terence A. Imbery, Caroline K. Carrico

General Practice Publications

Objectives: From casual observation of our colleagues, only a few individuals use the dental dam for operative procedures in their faculty practice. The purpose of this study was to obtain faculty perceptions of the dental dam, quantify its utilization in their intramural faculty practice, and determine the factors that influence dental dam usage.


Materials and Methods: A survey containing 11 questions was sent to 19 faculty members who teach full time and maintain an intramural dental practice involving operative dentistry. Thirty electronic dental health records of the 19 providers were reviewed to gather the following information from restorative procedures they ...


Acquired Bracket Pellicle Modulation Via Exposure To Histatin 3, Niklas W. Neilson 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Acquired Bracket Pellicle Modulation Via Exposure To Histatin 3, Niklas W. Neilson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objectives: To investigate the effect of histatin 3 on the protein pellicle formation on the orthodontic bracket surface.

Methods: Our study consisted of 4 sample groups. A sample of human parotid saliva without histatin functioned as a control group. Other groups were immersed with or without histatin 3 and human parotid saliva. Each group was incubated for 2 hours in their respective substrate at 37°C. The acquired pellicle from each group was harvested, then analyzed with SDS-PAGE and LC-ESI-MS/MS.

Results: Thirty-nine proteins were identified in the control group, 18 were identified in group 2, and 21 were identified ...


Serum Nutrient Levels And Aging Effects On Periodontitis, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Joshua Lambert, Heather Bush, Pinar Emecen Huja, Arpita Basu 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Serum Nutrient Levels And Aging Effects On Periodontitis, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, Joshua Lambert, Heather Bush, Pinar Emecen Huja, Arpita Basu

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Periodontal disease damages tissues as a result of dysregulated host responses against the chronic bacterial biofilm insult and approximately 50% of US adults >30 years old exhibit periodontitis. The association of five blood nutrients and periodontitis were evaluated due to our previous findings regarding a potential protective effect for these nutrients in periodontal disease derived from the US population sampled as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999–2004). Data from over 15,000 subjects was analyzed for blood levels of cis-β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, folate, vitamin D, and vitamin E, linked with analysis of the presence and severity ...


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