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Commentary: Phytocannabinoids As Therapeutic Agents To Combat Chronic Gingival Disease., Nick Narek Ohanian 2020 Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry University of the Pacific

Commentary: Phytocannabinoids As Therapeutic Agents To Combat Chronic Gingival Disease., Nick Narek Ohanian

Pacific Journal of Health

The therapeutic potential of cannabis has been harnessed for thousands of years yet the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has still not approved cannabis as a safe or effective drug. The FDA has, however, approved the manufacturing of pharmaceutical drugs, which contain a “synthetic version of a substance that is present in the marijuana” and other compounds that mimic its action. A search of the US National Library of Medicine and National Institute of Health for keywords “CBD” and “Periodontitis” together yields only 2 publications. Although the current State and Federal regulations on the use of cannabis for ...


Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit 2020 Department of Clinical Dental Health Sciences, College of Dentistry, University of the Philippines, Manila

Differential Diagnosis And Histopathological Analysis Of Localized Gingival Overgrowths: Study Of 218 Cases From Northeast Thailand, Lordjie Marr Morilla, Ajiravudh Subarnbhesaj, Poramaporn Klanrit

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Localized gingival overgrowths (LGOs) are relatively common clinical findings. These lesions can be associated with chronic irritation, infections, or they can represent benign or malignant tumors that can either be primary or metastatic. The etiology of these lesions is multifactorial, but the most prevalent cause is reactive hyperplasia and inflammation induced by dental plaque. Objective: This study presents the prevalence of LGOs in Northeast Thailand and identifies the most common LGOs in the region. Methods: A series of 218 LGO cases was studied. Results: Pyogenic granuloma (PG), gingival squamous cell carcinoma (GSCC), and peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) were the three ...


Caries Prevalence And Severity In Immature Permanent First Molar Teeth In Sanliurfa City, Turkey, Ahmet Aras, Mehmet Sinan Dogan 2020 Department of Pediatric Dentistry , Faculty of Dentistry, Harran University Sanliurfa, Turkey

Caries Prevalence And Severity In Immature Permanent First Molar Teeth In Sanliurfa City, Turkey, Ahmet Aras, Mehmet Sinan Dogan

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The prevalence of dental caries, a major public health problem in high-income countries, is gradually increasing in many low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and severity of caries in the immature permanent first molars (PFMs) of children aged 7–9 years. Methods: This work is a retrospective analysis of caries in immature PFMs as observed from the panoramic radiographs of patients aged 7–9 years who presented to the pediatric clinic. The mean number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT) and caries severity of immature PFMs were assessed. Results: A total ...


Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş 2020 Ministry of Health, Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Evaluation Of Clinical Single Dental Implants Made Between 2013 And 2017, Zozan Erdoğmuş

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This retrospective study aimed to determine the profile of patients who underwent single tooth implants between 2013 and 1017 and to evaluate long-term follow-up and success. Methods: The results of 79 patients who underwent single dental intra-bone dental implantation in Diyarbakır Oral and Dental Health Hospital between 2013 and 2017 were evaluated separately in terms of gender, age, implanted area and number, systemic diseases affecting implant health, and missing implants. Results: In this study, single tooth implants were evaluated in 79 patients with a mean age of 39.55 years in men and 30.44 years in women. The ...


Oral Health And Related Behavior Of Children Aged 9–12 With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Tron District, Thailand, Duangruethai Khobkham, Kanyarat Korwanich, Narumanas Korwanich 2020 Faculty of Public Health, Chiang Mai University, 50202 Chiang Mai Province, Thailand

Oral Health And Related Behavior Of Children Aged 9–12 With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Tron District, Thailand, Duangruethai Khobkham, Kanyarat Korwanich, Narumanas Korwanich

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common biobehavioral childhood disorder that leads to significant behavioral problems that affect everyday life. Objective: This study aimed to compare oral health and oral health behaviors among children with and without ADHD. Methods: The study included 105 children aged 9–12 years with ADHD and 105 age-, gender-, and family income-matched children without ADHD. Clinical data as caries, periodontal health, and traumatic dental injuries were recorded by calibrated examiners. All parents of the children completed questionnaires about the oral health behaviors of their children by a single interview. Data were compared using Chi-square ...


Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti 2020 Oral Medicine Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Health-Related Anxiety In The Management Of Oral Soreness In An Hivseropositive Patient, Masita Mandasari, Zulvia Oktanida Syarif, Febrina Rahmayanti

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) has been increasing since the first known case in the early 1980s. However, PLHIV can also experience comorbidities, such as health anxiety. In the oral cavity, anxiety is often associated with the etiology of parafunctional habits. Anxiety can be measured using self-administered instruments, such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Short-Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), which is specifically used in the medical setting. Objectives: We are describing a case of HIV positive patient with health anxiety who presented to the oral medicine clinic in our hospital with a complaint of ...


Erupted Compound Odontoma Associated With Missing Tooth: A Rare Case Report, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Sirilawan Tohnak, Lalitkorn Promma, Soranan Chantarangsu 2020 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Dentistry, Naresiun University, Phitnasulok 65000, Thailand

Erupted Compound Odontoma Associated With Missing Tooth: A Rare Case Report, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Sirilawan Tohnak, Lalitkorn Promma, Soranan Chantarangsu

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Odontomas are one of the most frequently found odontogenic tumors that consist of dental tissues. Odontomas have been classified into two types: compound and complex odontomas. They are usually discovered on routine radiographic examination. In rare cases, the odontoma erupt into the oral cavity, called an erupted odontoma. The first case was published in 1980, and since then, there have been not more than 50 cases being reported in the literature. Most of the reported cases are erupted complex odontoma. This case report represents a rare case of an erupted compound odontoma in a young patient who came with the ...


Host Modulation And The Inflammatory Response, Carleigh Fraley, Jennifer Knox-Rodriguez, Diana V. Macri 2020 CUNY Hostos Community College

Host Modulation And The Inflammatory Response, Carleigh Fraley, Jennifer Knox-Rodriguez, Diana V. Macri

Publications and Research

Host modulation therapy may be effective in controlling the immune response responsible for periodontal diseases.


Marijuana Legislation: Identifying The Impact On The Oral Healthcare Provider, Abby L. Geiser, Jessica Reid-Burrell 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Marijuana Legislation: Identifying The Impact On The Oral Healthcare Provider, Abby L. Geiser, Jessica Reid-Burrell

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objectives/Aims: Since the mid-2000s, the United States has seen a surge in legislation involving the legalization of marijuana, both recreationally and medicinally. The relaxed laws translated into an increase of marijuana consumption and thereby a potential increase in the number of patients a provider will see that are cannabis users. The purpose of this review is to illustrate how the providers begin to see pathologies related to cannabis use more frequently, and how they will need to be prepared for ways this can be addressed. Additionally, oral healthcare providers will face ethical dilemmas and legal challenges when treating patients ...


The Effect Of Competitive Swimming On Oral Health Status, Laura Apsley, Alexandra Walter 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Effect Of Competitive Swimming On Oral Health Status, Laura Apsley, Alexandra Walter

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objectives/Aims: Competitive athletes are often considered to be susceptible to bodily injury. It is now being realized that competitive swimmers are also at risk, specifically in the unsuspected realm of the oral cavity. The purpose of our research is to examine the effect of competitive swimming on an athlete's oral health status.

Methods: Using sources found on Pubmed and Google Scholar, the data used for the correlation of swimming pools and generalized dental trauma are as follows: competitive swimmers and non- competitive swimmers were examined for specific variables such as decayed, missing, or restoratively involved teeth, plaque and ...


The Potential Effects Of Hormonal Therapy And Stress On The Oral Health Of The Transitioning Population, Elena G. Cantwell, Devon McClure 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Potential Effects Of Hormonal Therapy And Stress On The Oral Health Of The Transitioning Population, Elena G. Cantwell, Devon Mcclure

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Problem: In terms of healthcare, the transgender population is underserved. Unfortunately, these individuals often experience stress related to seeking preventative care and fear discrimination. These factors preventing them from seeking care, in addition to hormone therapy taken during the transition process, could have severe impacts on their dental health. The purpose of this study is to establish a link between the hormone therapy used during gender transitioning and the effect on oral health. While there is a correlation between hormone replacement therapy and clinical evidence that sex hormones can impact on periodontal tissues, few studies have linked this knowledge to ...


Lead X-Ray Vests: Pros And Cons In Dental Radiography And Patient Education On Radiographic Technology, Kayla D. Oakley, Emily Deker 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Lead X-Ray Vests: Pros And Cons In Dental Radiography And Patient Education On Radiographic Technology, Kayla D. Oakley, Emily Deker

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Problem: There is a greater need to emphasize and educate patients and providers about radiologic advancements and patient exposure. The tradition of placing lead x-ray vests on patients for all radiographs is no longer a necessity. Without the explanation of why lead aprons are no longer needed, unnecessary steps for the provider and potential harm to the patient could be caused.

Methods: This review of literature was assembled by analyzing data from primary and secondary sources through online databases. The most recent research on the risks and benefits of the use of lead x-ray vests towards patients in the dental ...


The Ethics Of Using A Live Patient For Dental Board Exams, Aaliyah Gibbs, Ashley Christ 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Ethics Of Using A Live Patient For Dental Board Exams, Aaliyah Gibbs, Ashley Christ

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objective: This study will discuss the various viewpoints regarding the ethics of using a live patient for board examination in dentistry. It will expand upon the inconsistency of the exam to include the compromised patient care, dishonorable delay in care needed so students can perform care during boards, the dignity of both the student and the patient that is paid to agree to be subject to such procedures, and the potential and irreversible harm caused to these patients. The research in this paper will explore various options for obtaining a license for clinical boards in dentistry and dental hygiene in ...


Teledentistry: An Innovative Workforce Model For Dental Hygienists, Kayla T. Khau, Hannah H. Nguyen 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Teledentistry: An Innovative Workforce Model For Dental Hygienists, Kayla T. Khau, Hannah H. Nguyen

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objective/Aims: This review of literature seeks to explore teledentistry as an alternative dental hygiene workforce model that places a dental hygienist in the role of the mid-level practitioner as part of a digitally-connected oral healthcare team. It will also emphasize the innovative methods of teledentistry giving better health care delivery to diverse populations.

Methods: The review of literature analyzed the conclusions and discussions of primary and secondary scholarly articles from PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and CINAHL. Specific key terms included teledentistry, telehealth, teleconsultation, dental hygiene, dentistry, workforce model, health care delivery. Articles included in this review were published within ...


The Role Of Dental Hygienist In Hpv Prevention And Education In Parents Of Adolescents, Kelsey Dore, Sari Sweet 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Role Of Dental Hygienist In Hpv Prevention And Education In Parents Of Adolescents, Kelsey Dore, Sari Sweet

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objectives/Aims: Today the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infects nearly 14 million people each year in the United States alone. HPV is responsible for several cancers, including oropharyngeal, which is currently on the rise. Each year an estimated 53,000 cases of oropharyngeal cancers are diagnosed, with 70% of the cases related to HPV. The significance of educating dental providers and patients of the correlations between HPV and oropharyngeal cancers involves increased prevention strategies in dental practices. The aim is to begin offering multi-level education to adolescents’ parent’s in routine dental care visits, in order to provide an innovative approach ...


Probiotic Biotherapy: Discussing Its Influential Role In Oral Health, Karla Florez, Claudette Sullano 2020 Virginia Commonwealth University

Probiotic Biotherapy: Discussing Its Influential Role In Oral Health, Karla Florez, Claudette Sullano

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Introduction: Probiotics are widely known for their health promoting benefits, especially with its association to gastrointestinal health. For many years, most research has been focused on the prevention or treatment of gastrointestinal infections or diseases. However, recently probiotics has been a subject of investigation with its association to oral health. This review of literature is designed to analyze the effectiveness of using probiotics as a preventative and therapeutic method for oral infections/diseases such as periodontitis, dental caries, and the like.

Methods: Databases such as the PubMed, and Google Scholar were utilized to find current and relevant findings for this ...


Tobacco Cessation In A Dental School Setting, Kerri T. Simpson 2020 West Virginia University

Tobacco Cessation In A Dental School Setting, Kerri T. Simpson

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Introduction

Tobacco use remains the single largest preventable cause of death in the United States. Currently, the prevalence of tobacco use is 20.7% in adults (≥18 years old) and 31.2% among high school students. According to various studies, over 60% of Americans want to quit tobacco, but it takes a person several attempts to quit before they are successful. There is limited data in the literature that discusses the effectiveness of tobacco cessation programs in US dental schools. Therefore, information on the effectiveness of a tobacco cessation program in a dental school setting could benefit this state and ...


Medical Conditions And Oral Diseases In Elderly Thai Dental Patients In Lower Northern Thailand, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Pissacha Daroonpan, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Jadesada Palasuk, Ronnayut Chansamat 2019 Department of Oral Diagnosis, Faculty of Dentistry, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand

Medical Conditions And Oral Diseases In Elderly Thai Dental Patients In Lower Northern Thailand, Ruchadaporn Kaomongkolgit, Pissacha Daroonpan, Weeraya Tantanapornkul, Jadesada Palasuk, Ronnayut Chansamat

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to strengthen oral health promotion and disease prevention around the globe. The prevalence and association of systemic diseases and oral diseases has been reported. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate prevalence of medical conditions and oral diseases in elderly Thai dental patients. Methods: Three hundred dental records of patient aged 60 years old and older were retrospectively reviewed. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s Chi-square and Fisher›s exact test with the significant level at p < 0.05. Results: All of them were Thai of 142 males (47.3%) and 158 females (52 ...


Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Myrmecodia Pendens Extract And Fraction Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis Atcc 29212, Faisal Kuswandani, Mieke H. Satari, Ani M. Maskoen 2019 Biomedical Science Master Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java 45363, Indonesia

Antimicrobial Efficacy Of Myrmecodia Pendens Extract And Fraction Combination Against Enterococcus Faecalis Atcc 29212, Faisal Kuswandani, Mieke H. Satari, Ani M. Maskoen

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Enterococcus faecalis can withstand harsh environmental conditions in the root canal and cause a secondary infection. Myrmecodia pendens is an herbal medicine rich in polyphenol compounds that have antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Objectives: To analyze the effects of M. pendens fraction combination on the sensitivity of E. faecalis. Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using a serial microdilution method, and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was determined by adding the test sample to sterile Mueler Hinton agar medium. Results: The MIC of combination 1 (hexane-ethyl acetate, HE) was 0.049 mg/mL, whereas those of combinations 2 ...


Persistent Endodontics Pathogens Biofilm Inhibited By Lactobacillus Reuteri Indonesian Strain, Armelia Sari Widyarman, Njoo Kiky Elysia Lazaroni 2019 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Trisakti University, Jakarta, 11440 Indonesia

Persistent Endodontics Pathogens Biofilm Inhibited By Lactobacillus Reuteri Indonesian Strain, Armelia Sari Widyarman, Njoo Kiky Elysia Lazaroni

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Lactobacillus reuteri is known as probiotics that effective to improve oral health. Objective: To analyze the effect of L. reuteri Indonesian strain, towards Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans biofilm growth. Methods: This study was conducted using biofilm assay. Each E. faecalis ATCC-29212 and C. albicans ATCC-10231 were cultured in Brain Heart Infusion Broth, distributed into 96 well-microplate and incubated for 24h, 37°C, anaerobic condition for E. faecalis and aerobic condition for C. albicans. L. reuteri LC382415 (Indonesian strain) was cultured in deMann Rogosa Shar pe Broth and diluted into different concentrations (108,106, and 104CFU ...


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