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Outcome Of Immediate Versus Delayed Loading Of Full Arch Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthesis: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chanathip Srisuthep 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Outcome Of Immediate Versus Delayed Loading Of Full Arch Implant-Supported Fixed Prosthesis: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Chanathip Srisuthep

Dental Theses

Objective: A systematic review including meta-analysis was conducted to test the null hypothesis of no difference between immediate loading and delayed loading fixed implant-supported restoration for completely edentulous arch in terms of implant failure rates and marginal bone resorption against the alternative hypothesis of a difference.

Materials and methods: An electronic search was undertaken in January 2019. Inclusion criteria including clinical human studies, either randomized or not, studies comparing success, survival, or failure rates of immediately loaded implants with fixed restoration to delayed loaded implants on edentulous jaw, patients who were examined clinically at follow up visits for at least ...


Mapping The Literature Of Dental Hygiene: An Update, Carol L. Watwood, Terry Dean 2019 Western Kentucky University

Mapping The Literature Of Dental Hygiene: An Update, Carol L. Watwood, Terry Dean

Carol L. Watwood

Objective: This study updates Haaland’s 1999 dental hygiene mapping study. By identifying core journals and estimating database coverage, it characterizes changes in dental hygiene research and aids librarians in collection development and user education.

Method: Cited references from a three-year (2015–2017) sample of core dental hygiene journals were collected, categorized into five formats, and analyzed by format and publication year according to Bradford’s Law of Scattering. CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were surveyed to determine the indexing coverage of cited journals.

Results: The number of cited journal titles increased from 389 in 1999 to 1,675 in ...


Assessing Patient Acceptance Of Integrating Oral Care With Prenatal Care In A Safety Net Clinic, Iyabo Obasanjo, William Mann 2019 William & Mary

Assessing Patient Acceptance Of Integrating Oral Care With Prenatal Care In A Safety Net Clinic, Iyabo Obasanjo, William Mann

Iyabo Obasanjo

Background: Lack of adequate oral health has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, and both the American Dental Association and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists advocate oral health care for women while pregnant, especially women served by health centers serving the underinsured and uninsured.

Objective: A Rural, Safety Net Clinic, which provides healthcare to medically underserved persons in the Williamsburg area of Virginia, began offering dental care to pregnant women accessing prenatal care from January 2015. We want to document the clinic’s experience with patient acceptance of the free dental care offered.

Methods: We reviewed data on ...


Dental Implant Failure Rate And Marginal Bone Loss In Smokers Compared To Non-Smokers: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mohammad S. Akel 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Dental Implant Failure Rate And Marginal Bone Loss In Smokers Compared To Non-Smokers: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Mohammad S. Akel

Dental Theses

Background:Although dental implant therapy is considered a predictable treatment modality with reported high survival and success rates, biological complications do occur, and a number of risk factors have been involved. Tobacco smoking is related to many health risks affecting general & oral health.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to test the null hypothesis of no difference in dental implant failure rates and marginal bone loss between smokers and non-smokers with regards to follow-up time.

Search methods: An extensive electronic search was performed in PubMed, Scopus and EBSCOhost Dentistry and Oral Sciences source to identify relevant ...


Dentists' Attitudes Towards Chairside Medical Conditions Screening In A Dental Setting In Saudi Arabia: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study., Saba Kassim, Badr Othman, Sakher AlQahtani, Alemad Mustafa Kawthar, Sterling M McPherson, Barbara L. Greenberg 2019 Touro College of Dental Medicine

Dentists' Attitudes Towards Chairside Medical Conditions Screening In A Dental Setting In Saudi Arabia: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study., Saba Kassim, Badr Othman, Sakher Alqahtani, Alemad Mustafa Kawthar, Sterling M Mcpherson, Barbara L. Greenberg

Touro College of Dental Medicine at NYMC Publications and Research

BACKGROUND: Screening for medical conditions (MCs) of public health importance is a first step in disease prevention and control. Prior studies in the United States found oral health care providers (OHCPS) embrace screening for increased risk of medical conditions in the dental setting. Our objectives were to assess Saudi Arabian (SA) dentist's attitudes, willingness and perceived barriers towards implementing screening for MCs into their dental practices.

METHODS: A self-administered, 5-point Likert Scale (1 = very important/willing to 5 = very unimportant/unwilling) questionnaire was given to a convenience sample of 190 practicing dentists. Friedman nonparametric analysis of variance was used ...


Impact Of Two Distinct Dental Anesthesia Simulation Models On The Perception Of Learning By Students, Jadith Merino-Parra, Ricardo E. Madrazo-Meneses, Takashi Komabayashi, Bernardino I. Cerda-Cristerna 2019 Universidad Veracruzana, School of Dentistry

Impact Of Two Distinct Dental Anesthesia Simulation Models On The Perception Of Learning By Students, Jadith Merino-Parra, Ricardo E. Madrazo-Meneses, Takashi Komabayashi, Bernardino I. Cerda-Cristerna

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

We evaluated an infiltration anesthesia simulation model (IAM) and a conduction anesthesia simulation model (CAM) on the perception of learning by Mexican dental students. Our aim was to compare the perception of learning by dental students trained with two distinct dental anesthesia simulation model (DASM) with dental students who were not trained with a DASM. 3 groups participated in the study: G1 (N=12 students) learned to block the mental nerve (BMN) by participating in a theoretical lecture (stage 1) and a clinical demonstration (stage 2); G2 (N=12 students) learned the BMN by participating in the stage 1, stage ...


Oral Hygiene In Intensive Care Units: A Survey On Protocol, Kayla J. Gallegos, Christine Nathe 2019 University of New Mexico

Oral Hygiene In Intensive Care Units: A Survey On Protocol, Kayla J. Gallegos, Christine Nathe

Dental Hygiene ETDs

The purpose of this study was to learn about various Intensive Care Units’ current oral hygiene care protocols, nurses’ values, and interests in interprofessional collaboration with a dental professional. An online survey was created and intended recipients included 1,696 members of the Trauma ICU Nurses/Critical Care Medicine Facebook page. Participants were asked about their value of oral hygiene, oral hygiene education, and interest in interprofessional collaboration. Of the 1,696 nurses 34 (2%) opted to participate in this survey study. Findings from this study suggest that these nurses’ value oral health in themselves and in patients. Half of ...


An Assessment Of A Video On The Link Between Diabetes And Peridontal Disease To Educate Native American Populations., Valerie E. Long 2019 University of New Mexico

An Assessment Of A Video On The Link Between Diabetes And Peridontal Disease To Educate Native American Populations., Valerie E. Long

Dental Hygiene ETDs

As the Native American population of the Navajo Nation, becomes affected with diabetes dental offices across the Navajo Reservation must ensure that evidence based research is being presented n the oral systemic link of diabetes and periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to bring awareness to the important topic of the bi-directional link of diabetes and periodontal disease with Native American dental patients. This topic seems to not be valued during oral hygiene education time and so that addition of a culturally-specific educational video on the topic should add value to the message. This topic was investigated via ...


Mapping The Literature Of Dental Hygiene: An Update, Carol L. Watwood, Terry Dean 2019 Western Kentucky University

Mapping The Literature Of Dental Hygiene: An Update, Carol L. Watwood, Terry Dean

DLPS Faculty Publications

Objective: This study updates Haaland’s 1999 dental hygiene mapping study. By identifying core journals and estimating database coverage, it characterizes changes in dental hygiene research and aids librarians in collection development and user education.

Method: Cited references from a three-year (2015–2017) sample of core dental hygiene journals were collected, categorized into five formats, and analyzed by format and publication year according to Bradford’s Law of Scattering. CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were surveyed to determine the indexing coverage of cited journals.

Results: The number of cited journal titles increased from 389 in 1999 to 1,675 in ...


Effect Of Heat-Treatment Time On Bending Properties Of Cobolt-Chromium Orthodontic Wires, Melanie Hammerbeck 2019 Marquette University

Effect Of Heat-Treatment Time On Bending Properties Of Cobolt-Chromium Orthodontic Wires, Melanie Hammerbeck

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Different protocols appear in the literature with respect to heat-treating cobalt-chromium orthodontic wires. The objective was to determine the effect of variable heat-treatment time and method on the bending properties of CoCr wires. Two tempers of CoCr ‘Elgiloy’ wires (Rocky Mountain Orthodontics), blue (B) and yellow (Y), were heat-treated for different durations. The groups (n=20/group/temper) included: 1) as-received (control); 2) brush-flame; 3) 480oC for 5sec; 4) 480oC for 10min; 5) 480oC for 2hr; and 6) 480oC for 5hr. Wire segments were tested by a three-point bend test. Stiffness/flexural modulus, percent recovery, and force values at select ...


The Role Of Il-6 In Osteogenic And Neurogenic Differentiation Potentials Of Dental Pulp Stem Cells (Dpscs), YongTae Park, Xiaoxing Kou, Songtao Shi 2019 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Il-6 In Osteogenic And Neurogenic Differentiation Potentials Of Dental Pulp Stem Cells (Dpscs), Yongtae Park, Xiaoxing Kou, Songtao Shi

Dental Theses

Introduction: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic soluble mediator which is involved with many different parts of inflammatory processes. Studies have shown that there is a significantly higher concentration of IL-6 in inflamed pulp tissues when compared to healthy pulp tissues. However, there are no comprehensive studies on how IL-6 can interact with dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) from healthy (H-DPSCs) and inflamed pulp tissues (I-DPSCs) and how it can affect the differentiation potential of DPSCs. Therefore, I hypothesized that IL-6 can promote osteogenesis while inhibiting neurogenesis from DPSCs. The aims of this study were to investigate the baseline differences ...


Craniofacial Growth Of Untreated Children: A Longitudinal Cbct Study, Leah S. Yi 2019 leahyi90

Craniofacial Growth Of Untreated Children: A Longitudinal Cbct Study, Leah S. Yi

Dental Theses

Objectives: To conduct a longitudinal study of growth in untreated patients using CBCT. Materials and Methods: CBCT images were obtained for eleven male children (mean age 8.8 years at T1, 11.8 years at T2) and eighteen females (mean age 9.1 years at T1, 10.8 years at T2) and had been taken at least 1 year apart. A non-magnified 2D lateral cephalogram was derived from each CBCT image and superimposed to evaluate sagittal and vertical growth. The transverse widths of various skeletal areas (anterior and posterior nasal cavity, infra orbital foramina, infrazygomatic, mental foramina, Gonion, Antegonion, condyle ...


The Role Of Mrgprx2/Mrgprb2 In Regulating Mast Cell Function, Ibrahim S. Alkanfari 2019 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Mrgprx2/Mrgprb2 In Regulating Mast Cell Function, Ibrahim S. Alkanfari

Dental Theses

Mast"cells"(MCs)"are"derived"from"bone"marrow"pluripotent"hematopoietic" stem" cells" and" are" located" in" close" proximity" to" the" external" environment." MCs" expresses"several"receptors"on"their"surface"such"as"the"high"affinity"IgE"receptor" (Fc!RI)"and"G"ProteinECoupled"Receptors"(GPCRs)."MRGPRX2"is"a"GPCR,"which" consists"of"seven"transmembrane"domains"and"is"expressed"exclusively"in"MCs" but" no" other" immune" cells." This" receptor" is" activated" by" multiple" amphipathic" ligands" including" neuropeptides," US" Food" and" Drug" Administration" (FDA)E approved"peptidergic"drugs"and"host"defense"peptides"such"as"LL_37."HDPs"also" known" as" antimicrobial" peptides" (AMPs)" have" been ...


Validity Of Self-Perceived And Clinically Diagnosed Gingival Status Among 12–15-Year-Old Children In Indonesia, Robbykha Rosalien, Frida Avianing Isnanda Saragih, Ary Agustanti, Febriana Setiawati, Diah Ayu Maharani 2019 Oral Epidemiology and Clinical Studies in Dentistry Cluster, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia

Validity Of Self-Perceived And Clinically Diagnosed Gingival Status Among 12–15-Year-Old Children In Indonesia, Robbykha Rosalien, Frida Avianing Isnanda Saragih, Ary Agustanti, Febriana Setiawati, Diah Ayu Maharani

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

A few studies have revealed the self-perceived gingival status using questionnaires among children. Perceived health is a crucial factor that has an impact on quality of life. The objective of the study was to assess self-perceived and clinically diagnosed gingival status among children in Indonesia. This was a cross-sectional study of 494 schoolchildren (aged 12–15 years). Periodontal status was recorded using the gingival index (GI) and plaque index (PI) based on the World Health Organization standards. Data were collected through a brief visual, noninvasive clinical oral examination and a self-administered questionnaire. The sensitivity and specificity of self-perceived assessment were ...


The Mechanism Kshv Plays In Mesenchymal To Endothelial Transition In Kaposi Sarcoma, Sausan Alfaris 2019 University of Pennsylvania

The Mechanism Kshv Plays In Mesenchymal To Endothelial Transition In Kaposi Sarcoma, Sausan Alfaris

Dental Theses

To gain a better understanding of the tumorigenesis of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) it is essential to understand the role KSHV plays in the mesenchymal-to endothelial transition (MEndT). PROX1 in human related cancers can act as a transcriptional repressor or activator that leads to several effects on cellular differentiation and proliferation1-3. PROX1 upregulation may play a significant role in the MEndT and in turn effect the tumorigenesis of KS. This study was conducted to evaluate if PROX1 is upregulated by KSHV. To test this, human GMSCs and human PDLSCs were used, as well as 293T cells. They were transfected at ...


Epidemiologic Evaluation Of Nhanes For Environmental Factors And Periodontal Disease, P. Emecen-Huja, H-F Li, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, J. Lambert, H. Bush 2019 Medical University of South Carolina

Epidemiologic Evaluation Of Nhanes For Environmental Factors And Periodontal Disease, P. Emecen-Huja, H-F Li, Jeffrey L. Ebersole, J. Lambert, H. Bush

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation that destroys periodontal tissues caused by the accumulation of bacterial biofilms that can be affected by environmental factors. This report describes an association study to evaluate the relationship of environmental factors to the expression of periodontitis using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (NHANES) from 1999–2004. A wide range of environmental variables (156) were assessed in patients categorized for periodontitis (n = 8884). Multiple statistical approaches were used to explore this dataset and identify environmental variable patterns that enhanced or lowered the prevalence of periodontitis. Our findings indicate an array of environmental variables were ...


Epidemiologic Evaluation Of Nhanes For Environmental Factors And Periodontal Disease., P Emecen-Huja, H-F Li, J L Ebersole, J Lambert, H Bush 2019 Providence St. Joseph Health of Oregon, Medical Data and Research Center, Portland, OR, USA

Epidemiologic Evaluation Of Nhanes For Environmental Factors And Periodontal Disease., P Emecen-Huja, H-F Li, J L Ebersole, J Lambert, H Bush

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation that destroys periodontal tissues caused by the accumulation of bacterial biofilms that can be affected by environmental factors. This report describes an association study to evaluate the relationship of environmental factors to the expression of periodontitis using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (NHANES) from 1999-2004. A wide range of environmental variables (156) were assessed in patients categorized for periodontitis (n = 8884). Multiple statistical approaches were used to explore this dataset and identify environmental variable patterns that enhanced or lowered the prevalence of periodontitis. Our findings indicate an array of environmental variables were different ...


My Preferred Pronoun Is She: Understanding Transgender Identity And Oral Health Care Needs, Diana V. Macri, Kate Wolfe 2019 CUNY Hostos Community College

My Preferred Pronoun Is She: Understanding Transgender Identity And Oral Health Care Needs, Diana V. Macri, Kate Wolfe

Publications and Research

This literature review summarizes current research and evidence regarding transgender persons and oral health. Methods: A search of the literature was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO Host, Science Direct, and Wiley Online Library using the keywords "transgender identity, gender non-conforming, discrimination, transition, binary systems, transgender oral cavity, transgender, transgender oral health, transgender dental health." Articles published from 2000 to 2017 in both peer-reviewed and non-peer reviewed journals, which reported information regarding the oral health status of transgender populations, were selected for review. Results: The search revealed 18 articles, only 7 of which pertained to the oral ...


Oral Rapid Hiv Testing In The Dental Setting: Experiences From Three Dental Hygiene Clinics, Anthony J. Santella, Susan H. Davide, Hanna Horowitz, Bhuma Krishnamachari, Petal Leuwaisee 2019 Hofstra University

Oral Rapid Hiv Testing In The Dental Setting: Experiences From Three Dental Hygiene Clinics, Anthony J. Santella, Susan H. Davide, Hanna Horowitz, Bhuma Krishnamachari, Petal Leuwaisee

Publications and Research

Background: Oral rapid HIV testing (ORHT) is implemented in the dental setting to make individuals aware of their possibly undiagnosed HIV infection. The testing process and characteristics of clients willing to receive ORHT has yet, however, to be systematically collected. Case description: Three dental hygiene clinics located in academic institutions implemented ORHT from March 2016 to April 2017. Results: 231 persons received ORHT; all had non-reactive results. Most had seen a primary care provider in the past year (n = 130), had had a previous ORHT (n = 111), and described themselves as extremely likely or likely to accept a chairside screening ...


New Periodontal Pathogens And Their Biogeography In Ex Vivo Biofilms, Fany B. Ocampo 2019 University of Pennsylvania

New Periodontal Pathogens And Their Biogeography In Ex Vivo Biofilms, Fany B. Ocampo

Dental Theses

Background: About 35% of the oral microbiome remains uncultured due to limitations of conventional laboratory techniques. More than 200 of those phylotypes have been catalogued in the HOMD and a subset of them had been proposed as candidate periodontal pathogens. This segment of the microbiome merits further investigation, as it might harbor important pathogens that are currently overlooked. Objective: The objective of this study was to devise an imaging approach to study such phylotypes in the conditions most conducive to their growth and begin to unveil their ecological and biogeographical characteristics.

Methods: Previous work from the Teles Lab had identified ...


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