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Communication Sciences and Disorders Commons

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Relationships Between Ambient Noise Levels And Vocal Effort When Working As A Restaurant Bartender, Ashley Bautista 2019 University of Northern Colorado

Relationships Between Ambient Noise Levels And Vocal Effort When Working As A Restaurant Bartender, Ashley Bautista

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

Workers in many different fields depend upon their voice for job performance. Vocal load, the way a voice is used and how much it is used, increases as a function of the total time speech is produced and the intensity (“loudness”) of the voice. Speakers tend to increase pitch, intensity, and duration of speech in the presence of noise, known as the Lombard Effect, which can lead to greater vocal fold stress and subsequent risk of vocal injury. In addition to increased risk of vocal injury, high levels of ambient noise might put workers at risk of auditory damage. The ...


Feeding Outcomes In Children With Craniofacial Anomalies, Meghan R. Hansen, Shannon M. Theis, Deanna Britton 2019 Portland State University

Feeding Outcomes In Children With Craniofacial Anomalies, Meghan R. Hansen, Shannon M. Theis, Deanna Britton

Student Research Symposium

Feeding disorders in children with craniofacial anomalies, specifically cleft lip and/or palate, have been documented in the literature as a source of parental stress and can lead to difficulties with the early parent-infant bonding process, as well other medical co-morbidities including poor growth, impairment to the respiratory and developmental health of the child, and increased hospitalizations (Miller, 2011). However, there is a dearth of information in the literature regarding atypical craniofacial anomalies and early feeding difficulties. By utilizing an interdisciplinary team approach, we present a series of three case studies of early feeding difficulties in children with varying degrees ...


An Ocean Of Brain Waves: Analyzing Methods To Find Erp Signals In The Noise, Andrea Hamblen, Mallory Owens, Lindsay Robb, Susan Wiggins, Sarah Key-DeLyria 2019 Portland State University

An Ocean Of Brain Waves: Analyzing Methods To Find Erp Signals In The Noise, Andrea Hamblen, Mallory Owens, Lindsay Robb, Susan Wiggins, Sarah Key-Delyria

Student Research Symposium

Questions:
Will the N400 ERP be observed when participants read word pairs that are either related (semantically, causally, hierarchically, or associatively) or unrelated?

Will a replication of a study using word pairs with varying degrees of relatedness produce similar results to the model study in terms of N400 latency and amplitude?

Can results from a robust, easily-recognizable ERP be used to validate methods for the discovery of more subtle ERP’s?

Hypotheses:

It is expected that our results will mirror the findings of our model study, revealing significant negative-going neural activity between 200 and 500ms after seeing the stimulus. We ...


Cross-Language Transfer In Intervention With Bilingual Adults Who Stutter: Two Case Studies, Marlen Castellanos, Hillary Landers, Megann McGill 2019 Portland State University

Cross-Language Transfer In Intervention With Bilingual Adults Who Stutter: Two Case Studies, Marlen Castellanos, Hillary Landers, Megann Mcgill

Student Research Symposium

The purposes of this study are 1) to examine the effectiveness of bilingual stuttering intervention in two sequential Spanish-English bilingual individuals who stutter 2) to evaluate the degree of cross-language transfer in an AB-single-subject design model of intervention.


Socialsibs: The Effects Of A Hybrid Intervention On The Core Social Communicative Behaviors Of Children With Asd, Marissa Montejano 2019 Portland State University

Socialsibs: The Effects Of A Hybrid Intervention On The Core Social Communicative Behaviors Of Children With Asd, Marissa Montejano

Student Research Symposium

Purpose/Introduction
Social communication challenges are a central feature of autism spectrum disorders (ASD; APA, 2013). Social communication skills are often a key focus of intervention; however, generalization of skills to natural contexts, particularly peer relationships is a challenge for many children on the spectrum (Ferraioli & Harris, 2011; Schreiber, 2011; Wang & Spillane, 2009).

Socialsibs is a hybrid intervention that targets social interaction, communication, and reciprocity using a combination of video modeling and sibling-mediation within a naturalistic behavioral framework. The intervention was examined within a waitlist control design study with children with ASD and their neurotypical siblings. The current poster will report the effects of Socialsibs on the collateral behaviors of behavior regulation, social interaction and joint attention skills. These behaviors were not directly targeted within the intervention, but hypothesized to change as a function of targeting individualized social communication goals.

Sibling-Mediated Intervention:
Sibling mediated intervention is based on peer-mediated intervention (PMI), which coaches NT peers in strategies to facilitate and reinforce the social communication of children on the spectrum. The sibling is taught strategies such as: increasing responsiveness to communication bids; asking questions to maintain interactions; offering choices to maintain motivation; and commenting on the play. PMI has been found effective for increasing and supporting the generalization of social communication skills in children with ASD (National Autism Center, 2009; 2014) PMI is typically conducted in within the context of preferred naturalistic play ...


Unplugged, Krisha Patel '21, Jonathan Gao '21, Jason Li '21 2019 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Unplugged, Krisha Patel '21, Jonathan Gao '21, Jason Li '21

Student Leadership Exchange (SLX)

Technology has infiltrated every aspect of our lives. Regardless of financial conditions, most people have a cellphone in their hands at all times—usually a smartphone. TVs are installed in almost every single room in the typical American household and very often powered up with a marathon of a favorite show, playing episode after episode without pause. Kids become obsessed with the latest video game consoles and games, paying exorbitant amounts to be the first of their friends to get their hands on them. Even many parents compulsively check and post updates to a variety of social media sites throughout ...


Effects Of Primary And Secondary Cigarette Smoke On Auditory Function: A Systematic Review, Hilary McManus 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Effects Of Primary And Secondary Cigarette Smoke On Auditory Function: A Systematic Review, Hilary Mcmanus

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Objective: The goal of this paper was to systematically review literature in order to investigate the effects of active and passive cigarette smoke on auditory function when assessing outcome measures including pure tone audiometry, otoacoustic emissions, high-frequency audiometry, and auditory evoked potentials.

Methods: A comprehensive search using the Medline Complete database was conducted to identify relevant studies published after 2005. Inclusion criteria included the use of pure tone audiometry, high-frequency audiometry, otoacoustic emissions, and/or auditory evoked potentials to examine the effect of primary or secondary cigarette smoke. Studies involving noise exposure or other confounding factors were excluded.

Results: A ...


Across Curriculums: A Need For Audiology Instruction For Teachers Of The Deaf And Hard Of Hearing, Jenna M. Morishita 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Across Curriculums: A Need For Audiology Instruction For Teachers Of The Deaf And Hard Of Hearing, Jenna M. Morishita

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Objective: The purpose of this project is to gain insight into the requirements of teacher education programs with regard to instruction in audiology for teachers of the deaf and hard of hearing. Though individual teacher preparation programs have vast differences as they pertain to philosophy and methodology, graduates of each of these programs seek to work with children with hearing loss and therefore should have more than a basic understanding of audiology.

Method: The websites and course catalogs (when available) were reviewed for the 48 graduate programs listed on DeafEd.net. Data was collected on courses with the term “audiology ...


Review Of Au.D. Program Curriculums And The Current State Of Audiology Roles And Responsibilities In The United States, Kerri L. Heesemann 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Review Of Au.D. Program Curriculums And The Current State Of Audiology Roles And Responsibilities In The United States, Kerri L. Heesemann

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Audiology, a health profession concerned with all auditory impairments and their effect on communication, has rapidly and dramatically changed over the last 70 years of its existence (American Academy of Audiology [AAA], 2004). What began as a field dedicated to helping address veterans with hearing difficulties sustained while in the service, has now become a medical profession with a wide and varied Scope of Practice that requires an entry level a doctoral degree. With the evolution of technology, and knowledge about hearing loss, there has been an increase in the information and knowledge required for best practice. While education standards ...


Implications Of Vestibular Dysfunction Among The Aging Population: A Pocket Guide For Health Care Professionals, Maia L. Weisenfeld 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Implications Of Vestibular Dysfunction Among The Aging Population: A Pocket Guide For Health Care Professionals, Maia L. Weisenfeld

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The goal of this health information booklet is to provide healthcare professionals with the appropriate tools and information required to ensure all patients with a vestibular impairment are cared for and treated appropriately. The following guide includes overview of the vestibular system, vestibulotoxic medications, and common vestibular disorders. These notable areas are required for appropriate treatment and referral to other professionals for treatment.


The Effectiveness Of Interpersonal Communication And Active-Listening Skills With Individuals With Communication Disorders, Mandy C. Adams, Erinn Finke Dr. 2019 University of Tennessee Knoxville

The Effectiveness Of Interpersonal Communication And Active-Listening Skills With Individuals With Communication Disorders, Mandy C. Adams, Erinn Finke Dr.

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Screening For Hearing Loss: Physician Attitudes And Practice, Theresa N. Vitale 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Screening For Hearing Loss: Physician Attitudes And Practice, Theresa N. Vitale

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Age related hearing loss (ARHL) is considered a public health hazard in large part due to the negative health outcomes with which it is associated, such as, cognitive decline, increased risk of falling, social isolation and depression. Despite the health-related costs of ARHL, physician’s rarely screen older adults for ARHL. Some of the reasons previously cited include a lack of time and resources in medical offices, a lack of reimbursement for such measures, or lack of knowledge of risk factors associated with hearing loss. The latter is problematic as improved communication among physicians and their patients is an important ...


Readability Of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures For Persons With Aphasia, Sara Gray 2019 University of Central Florida

Readability Of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures For Persons With Aphasia, Sara Gray

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The relationship between positive health outcomes in persons with aphasia (PWA) and personcentered care is highlighted by personally relevant information obtained directly from the PWA. Such is often facilitated via patient reported outcome measures (PROMs). In order to provide accurate responses to PROMs, PWAs must to read, comprehend, formulate and generate answers to a variety of questions. PROMs designed for other clinical populations assessed/treated by speech-language pathologists have been found to be largely unreadable. Despite the significant role of PROMs in assessment and management of aphasia, no study to date has examined the readability of these measures. Four readability ...


Implementation Of The Roles And Responsibilities Of Speech Language Pathologists In The Schools, Tamar Nir 2019 University of Central Florida

Implementation Of The Roles And Responsibilities Of Speech Language Pathologists In The Schools, Tamar Nir

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine how the roles and responsibilities of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in schools are being implemented, whether speech-language pathologists in schools feel comfortable with their roles, and whether they are willing to engage in professional learning activities to hone knowledge and skills in role areas in order to inform pre-service and in-service learning This study utilized an online survey to collect responses. The survey included questions related to the rate of implementation, comfort level, and desire for further professional learning with regards to the roles and responsibilities prescribed by American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA ...


Exploring The Cochlear Implant Controversy: The Role Of And Experience With Deaf Culture For Parents Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users, Tia Kilgore 2019 University of Northern Colorado

Exploring The Cochlear Implant Controversy: The Role Of And Experience With Deaf Culture For Parents Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users, Tia Kilgore

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

This project examined the relationships between pediatric cochlear implantation and Deaf Culture. More specifically, this research investigated how/if parents are educated about or exposed to Deaf Culture during the cochlear implant candidacy evaluation process, and what type of interactions (if any) the child or caregiver had with members of the Deaf community after the child received a cochlear implant. A short survey was distributed to caregivers of pediatric cochlear implantees. While the responses were varied, a majority of caregivers responded that Deaf culture was not an active piece of the CI candidacy process. Additionally, interactions with members of the ...


Can Your Dog Hear You? Perceptions About Canine Hearing Loss And Noise Exposure, Nakita Jarmon 2019 University of Northern Colorado

Can Your Dog Hear You? Perceptions About Canine Hearing Loss And Noise Exposure, Nakita Jarmon

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

This research study was designed to explore dog owners’ views on how often they expose their dogs to loud noises and whether or not the owners believe noise exposure affects their dogs’ hearing. Many humans are not aware that dogs, too, can suffer from hearing loss. To determine dog owners’ perceptions of the amount of noise exposure their dogs face and if their hearing is affected as a result, I created a survey for dog owners in Colorado. The results indicated that many dog owners do not believe they expose their dogs to loud noises. A majority of individuals were ...


A Virtual Reality System For Practicing Conversation Skills For Children With Autism, Natalia Stewart Rosenfield, Kathleen Lamkin, Jennifer Re, Kendra Day, LouAnne E. Boyd, Erik J. Linstead 2019 Chapman University

A Virtual Reality System For Practicing Conversation Skills For Children With Autism, Natalia Stewart Rosenfield, Kathleen Lamkin, Jennifer Re, Kendra Day, Louanne E. Boyd, Erik J. Linstead

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

We describe a virtual reality environment, Bob’s Fish Shop, which provides a system where users diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can practice social interactions in a safe and controlled environment. A case study is presented which suggests such an environment can provide the opportunity for users to build the skills necessary to carry out a conversation without the fear of negative social consequences present in the physical world. Through the repetition and analysis of these virtual interactions, users can improve social and conversational understanding.


An Exploration Of Resources Available To Deaf Children Attending Public And Deaf Community Schools, Katelyn Reid 2019 Western Michigan University

An Exploration Of Resources Available To Deaf Children Attending Public And Deaf Community Schools, Katelyn Reid

Honors Theses

The purpose of this paper is to explore current literature surrounding the similarities, differences, advantages and disadvantages that Deaf children experience while attending mainstream schools compared to the experiences of Deaf children attending all-Deaf and signing schools. A literature review was conducted using the terms: “mainstream schools” , “signing schools” , “resources” , and “Deaf children” were used. Areas of specific interest included social skills, academic performance, overall mood, and the availability of classroom and communication resources. A review of the literature in these four specific areas revealed mixed findings about which academic environment is more beneficial for Deaf children. As a result ...


Patient Perception And Clinician Ratings Of Voice Disorder Severity, Elissa C. Doll 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Patient Perception And Clinician Ratings Of Voice Disorder Severity, Elissa C. Doll

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The goal of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between clinician measures of voice disorder severity and patients’ perceived impact of their voice disorders through a retrospective analysis of patients evaluated at the UTHSC Hearing and Speech Center from 2015 to 2019. The Consensus Auditory Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V), a clinician rating scale, and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI), a self-rating form, were reviewed for eighty-nine patients diagnosed with dysphonia and who met the criteria. Results of the Pearson Product Moment Correlation determined a significant correlation between the two measures (r-.558, p


Value Of Otoacoustic Emissions Testing In Pre-School Hearing Screenings: A Literature Review, Paige Stabrawa, Scott E. Seeman PhD 2019 Illinois State University

Value Of Otoacoustic Emissions Testing In Pre-School Hearing Screenings: A Literature Review, Paige Stabrawa, Scott E. Seeman Phd

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Unidentified hearing loss in children can have a potential effect on their speech and language, educational, cognitive, and social development. The goal of early detection is to minimize the effects of hearing loss through the appropriate referral for diagnosis and treatment. Hearing screenings throughout the preschool and school-age years are vital for the detection of a late-onset, late identified, or acquired hearing loss. Three influential organizations known as The American Academy of Audiology (AAA), The American Speech- Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), and The National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM), have considered behavioral pure tone screening as the “gold standard ...


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