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Putting Parental Concerns On Short Stature In Perspective, Maria Cristina Murano 2019 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Putting Parental Concerns On Short Stature In Perspective, Maria Cristina Murano

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Reimagining Icarus: Ethics, Law And Policy Considerations For Commercial Human Spaceflight, Sara M. Langston 2019 Senmurv Consulting LLC

Reimagining Icarus: Ethics, Law And Policy Considerations For Commercial Human Spaceflight, Sara M. Langston

Sara Langston

Commercial human spaceflight presents an area for engaging novel human activity and objectives, to include space exploration, entertainment, transportation and extraterrestrial resource acquisition. The inherent dangers and lack of scientific and medical certainty involved however raise interrelated questions of ethics, bioethics, law and public policy. This is particularly the case with spaceflight participant (SFP) screening, selection, and commercial human spaceflight activities where regulations are currently silent or lacking. In the absence of established law, ethics can play an important role by informing industry standards, policies and best practices. Understanding the fundamental ethical values at stake in the application of new ...


When Parents Take Conflicts To Digital Media, Bryanna Moore 2019 Children's Mercy Bioethics Center

When Parents Take Conflicts To Digital Media, Bryanna Moore

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Public Health Policy: An Ethical Analysis Of Quarantine, Dina Alqahtani 2019 Duquesne University

Public Health Policy: An Ethical Analysis Of Quarantine, Dina Alqahtani

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As a public health measure quarantine has both historical and contemporary significance both in the United States and abroad. On the surface it represents a low-cost, low-tech way in which the spread of disease can be mitigated as its core requirement is that those who may have been exposed to an infectious agent are kept away from those who have not been exposed to that agent for enough time to determine whether or not infection has been spread. This has been utilized for centuries with both limited questions and scattered, inconsistent, or impossible to achieve oversight and goals. In understanding ...


An Ethical Analysis Of Reproductive Justice In The Context Of The Egenics Movement In The United States, Bernetta Welch 2019 Duquesne University

An Ethical Analysis Of Reproductive Justice In The Context Of The Egenics Movement In The United States, Bernetta Welch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The history of forced sterilization and the American cultural agreement with this practice robbed women of color of control of their own bodies, destinies, and communities. Negative eugenics as genetic proof of low intelligence, low possibility, and low productivity fed the system of compulsory sterilization even though the science proved faulty and incorrect. As advances in medical technology and genetic science increases, eugenics is making a return into the American psyche. Vulnerable populations which include women of color make reproduction and the subsequent control of their bodies vulnerable once again.

The Reproductive Justice Movement is a collaboration of organized women ...


Female Genital Mutilation In The United States: Estimating The Number Of Girls At Risk, Phyllis Chesler 2019 Phyllis Chesler Organization

Female Genital Mutilation In The United States: Estimating The Number Of Girls At Risk, Phyllis Chesler

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Female genital mutilation (FGM) destroys the capacity of women to experience sexual pleasure. It causes serious medical complications such as bleeding, painful urination, cysts, dangerous and recurrent bladder and urinary tract infections, the growth of scar tissue that make marital intercourse a nightmare and that turns childbirth into an experience of danger and torture. Due to immigration, FGM now poses a potential health crisis in the West, both in Europe and in the United States. To estimate how many girls who live in the West are at risk, one can measure the prevalence of FGM in the non-Western countries where ...


Ethical Aspects In Managing Patients Diagnosed With Digestive Cancers; A Review Of Literature, Andrada Dumitru, Cornelia Nitipir, Gabriel Preda, Dragos Radu Marcu, Dumitru Cristinel Badiu, Gheorghe Andreea, Corina Silvia Pop, Laura Marina Serban, Roxana Hulea, Silviu Pituru 2019 Ovidius University, Faculty of Medicine, 124 Mamaia Blvd., Constanta, Romania (900527)

Ethical Aspects In Managing Patients Diagnosed With Digestive Cancers; A Review Of Literature, Andrada Dumitru, Cornelia Nitipir, Gabriel Preda, Dragos Radu Marcu, Dumitru Cristinel Badiu, Gheorghe Andreea, Corina Silvia Pop, Laura Marina Serban, Roxana Hulea, Silviu Pituru

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Numerous bioethical recommendations are now available in the complex process of communication with cancer patients. In this review, we have focused on the complex process of managing patients with different types of oncologic digestive diseases, immediately after the diagnosis is made.

We have analyzed the literature data on the topic. MEDSCAPE and PubMed databases have been studied. Issues such as telling the truth to patients with digestive cancer, the physician's responsibility in the psychological management of patients and their relatives, the nurses’ duties, the consented death, the practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS) as well as the clinical ...


Developing Technologically Advanced Research In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Isa Abdulkadir, Tina Slusher, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Sean Riordan, Jean-Baptiste LePichon, Laila Hassan, Shehu Abdullahi, Akinyemi Ofakunrin, Stephen Oguche, Steven Shapiro, William Ogala 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Developing Technologically Advanced Research In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Isa Abdulkadir, Tina Slusher, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Sean Riordan, Jean-Baptiste Lepichon, Laila Hassan, Shehu Abdullahi, Akinyemi Ofakunrin, Stephen Oguche, Steven Shapiro, William Ogala

Posters

This poster presents a collaboration between a group of scientists in Nigeria and the USA in developing a genomic research project and the solutions adopted in tackling the ethical implications and partnership equity and ownership of such a project.


The Role Of Compassion In Medical Ethics And Its Reintegration In Modern Practice, Hannah E. Borchers 2019 Liberty University

The Role Of Compassion In Medical Ethics And Its Reintegration In Modern Practice, Hannah E. Borchers

Senior Honors Theses

Compassion has been an integral part of medical ethics since its origins, but as medicine progressed, compassion slowly disappeared from practice. The development of any industry results from many complex factors, but the decline of compassion in medicine can be largely attributed to the evolution of technology and role of medical ethics committees. Change is not always negative, but in this case, medicine neglected one of its foundational principles. This is seen by analyzing the history and progression of medical ethics and its four pillars. Plato and Aristotle defined justice in Greek philosophy, Hippocrates used the concept of non-maleficence in ...


Advance Directives: Assessing Effectiveness At A Health System, Rose Allen, Tanya Cohn, Christine Edozie, Susan Howard, Patricia McCrink 2019 Baptist Health South Florida

Advance Directives: Assessing Effectiveness At A Health System, Rose Allen, Tanya Cohn, Christine Edozie, Susan Howard, Patricia Mccrink

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Designing Ethakul: A Mobile Just-In-Time Learning Environment For Bioethics In Pakistan, Azra Naseem, Kulsoom Ghias, Sohail Bawani, Mohammad Ali Shahab, Sameer Nizamuddin, Waqar Kashif, Kausar S. Khan, Tashfeen Ahmad, Murad Khan 2019 Aga Khan University

Designing Ethakul: A Mobile Just-In-Time Learning Environment For Bioethics In Pakistan, Azra Naseem, Kulsoom Ghias, Sohail Bawani, Mohammad Ali Shahab, Sameer Nizamuddin, Waqar Kashif, Kausar S. Khan, Tashfeen Ahmad, Murad Khan

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

In developing countries such as Pakistan, bioethics has not been included in mainstream thinking in medical education. The authors’ experiences suggest that current methods of teaching bioethics are problematic as students are unable to translate theory to practice. Alternative pedagogies, such as just-in-time learning (JiTL) using mobile devices, may be able to foster the development and implementation of ethical reasoning among nurses, doctors, and medical and nursing students. This research was conceived to determine the effectiveness of mobile JiTL – anytime, anyplace learning through mobile devices – for teaching bioethics. After obtaining ethical clearance, a participatory design (PD) approach was adopted to ...


Genetic Modification Of Animals: Scientific And Ethical Issues, Jarrod Bailey 2019 Cruelty Free International

Genetic Modification Of Animals: Scientific And Ethical Issues, Jarrod Bailey

Jarrod Bailey, Ph.D.

There remain serious ethical and scientific issues with genetically modifying animals, including via the relatively new method of CRISPR. This chapter outlines these problems, and, while suportive of the technology in some respects, cautions against the creation of, and experimentation on, GM animals.


Usa: Millions Of Cats Killed, Millions Of Cats Declawed; The Culture Of Convenience And The Lack Of Respect For Life, Alev Dudek 2019 Western Michigan University

Usa: Millions Of Cats Killed, Millions Of Cats Declawed; The Culture Of Convenience And The Lack Of Respect For Life, Alev Dudek

Alev Dudek

It is estimated that approximately 95.6 million cats are kept as pets in the U.S.A. An estimated 20 - 25 percent (approximately 19.1 – 23.9 million) is believed to have been declawed.
 
Declawing has been outlawed (or has never been a viable option) in many countries around the world. Even though there is an overwhelming consensus that the practice is painful and cruel, declawing is to-date widely practiced in the U.S. Besides the U.S., Canada is the only known country where declawing is similarly commonly practiced.
 
Many pet parents believe that declawing is “merely” a ...


Social Inequity Is A Life And Death Situation For Our Patients, Stephanie Clough, Mira Hamame, Elizabeth Bavers 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Social Inequity Is A Life And Death Situation For Our Patients, Stephanie Clough, Mira Hamame, Elizabeth Bavers

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

Advocating for change in the economic structure of health care in the United States is a moral imperative.


Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski 2019 Louisiana State University Law Center

Biting The Hands That Feed “The Alligators”: A Case Study In Morbid Obesity Extremes, End-Of-Life Care, And Prohibitions On Harming And Accelerating The End Of Life, Michael J. Malinowski

Michael J. Malinowski

Obesity, recognized as a disease in the U.S. and at times as a terminal illness due to associated medical complications, is an American epidemic according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”), American Heart Association (“AHA”), and other authorities. More than one third of Americans (39.8% of adults and 18.5% of children) are medically obese. This article focuses on cases of “extreme morbid obesity” (“EMO”)—situations in which death is imminent without aggressive medical interventions, and bariatric surgery is the only treatment option with a realistic possibility of success. Bariatric surgeries themselves are very high ...


Faculty Socialization Of Graduate Students’ Attitudes And Perceptions Toward The Irb, Elisa Jolls 2019 Abilene Christian University

Faculty Socialization Of Graduate Students’ Attitudes And Perceptions Toward The Irb, Elisa Jolls

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Graduate student mistrust and fear of the institutional review board (IRB) is an issue that is commonly encountered at academic institutions. Research has shown that students emulate and are vulnerable to assuming the norms of faculty, which is supported by research that shows that students who have difficult relationships with the IRB often have faculty mentors who also have difficult relationships with the IRB. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to explore how novice researchers’ perceptions of the IRB changed through their research submission and IRB interactions required during the IRB approval process, as well as to identify ...


Escaping Death: Naloxone's Chemical Nature And Potential To Combat The Opioid Epidemic, Abigale Miller 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Escaping Death: Naloxone's Chemical Nature And Potential To Combat The Opioid Epidemic, Abigale Miller

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Naloxone is a life-saving drug with the ability to reverse an opioid overdose. As the opioid epidemic’s death toll rises, we can turn to Naloxone as a tool to combat the crisis. The epidemic, born of corruption, has a wide reach among the people of the United States, with especially firm grasps on middle-aged people, sufferers of chronic pain, white Americans and those living in the eastern portion of the country. Naloxone’s elegant design saves lives by effectively competing for a position on an opioid biding receptor in the brain to almost instantly end an overdose and restore ...


Commentary: Telehealth Holds Promise, But Human Touch Still Needed, Todd Czartoski 2019 PSJH

Commentary: Telehealth Holds Promise, But Human Touch Still Needed, Todd Czartoski

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

No abstract provided.


Toward A Rhetoric Of Dna: The Advent Of Crispr, Michael J. Zerbe 2019 York College of Pennslyvania

Toward A Rhetoric Of Dna: The Advent Of Crispr, Michael J. Zerbe

Poroi

The nucleic acid DNA, which contains an organism’s genetic information, consists of a four-letter alphabet that has until recently been characterized as a read-only text. The development of a quick, inexpensive DNA targeting and manipulation technique called CRISPR, pronounced “crisper,” though, has changed DNA from this arhetorical, read-only data set, as it has been characterized in the rhetoric literature to date, to a fully rhetorical text—one that can be not only read but created, interpreted, copied, altered, and stored as well. The Book of Nature, an idea with roots in antiquity but popularized during the nineteenth century, provides ...


Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin J. Black 2019 Selected Works

Medical And Ethical Issues And Latter-Day Saints, Kevin J. Black

Kevin J. Black, MD

Handout for a lecture in the Washington University School of Medicine elective course “Major religious traditions and health care.” This document represents my personal views and does not necessarily represent the opinions of the University or of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


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