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Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment Commons

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Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction With Traditional Docking Compared To Novel Surgical Techniques, Kayley D. Guy, Brendon P. McDermott, Kaitlin Gallagher, Tyrone Washington 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction With Traditional Docking Compared To Novel Surgical Techniques, Kayley D. Guy, Brendon P. Mcdermott, Kaitlin Gallagher, Tyrone Washington

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction (UCLR) is a surgical procedure on one of the main ligaments that provides normal stability for the elbow joint against excessive valgus stress. Damage to this ligament is common in athletes performing overhead throwing activities, primarily baseball players, due to excessive valgus stress during the throwing motion. The most common form of treatment for this type of injury is reconstructive surgery of the ligament, especially if athletes wish to return to sport participation. This type of surgery is extremely invasive and requires extensive post-operative rehabilitation in order to facilitate return to play. To date, many ...


Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome From Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use During Pregnancy, Elizabeth Kramer, Maria Patnella, Rachel Bulko, Allie Harrison, Hannah Lamb, Manoranjan D'Souza 2019 Ohio Northern University

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome From Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor Use During Pregnancy, Elizabeth Kramer, Maria Patnella, Rachel Bulko, Allie Harrison, Hannah Lamb, Manoranjan D'Souza

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a concern for infants born to mothers receiving treatment with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) throughout the pregnancy. The risk of NAS associated with SSRI use during pregnancy varies with the specific SSRI that is used by the patient during pregnancy. Common symptoms of NAS include premature delivery, gastrointestinal disturbances, irritability, low birth weight, short length and lack of response to various stimuli. Neonates that present with these symptoms can be scored using either the Finnegan or Lipsitz scoring tools. Neonates experiencing NAS can be calmed or treated using nonpharmacologic methods such as swaddling ...


Repetitive Finger Movement And Circle Drawing In Persons With Parkinson’S Disease, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Andrew Zaman, Jennifer Uzochukwu 2019 Iowa State University

Repetitive Finger Movement And Circle Drawing In Persons With Parkinson’S Disease, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Andrew Zaman, Jennifer Uzochukwu

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Little is known regarding how repetitive finger movement performance impacts other fine motor control tasks, such as circle drawing, in persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Previous research has shown that impairments in repetitive finger movements emerge at rates near to and above 2 Hz in most persons with PD. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare circle drawing performance in persons with PD that demonstrate impairment in repetitive finger movement and those that do not. Twenty-two participants with PD and twelve healthy older adults completed the study. Only participants with PD completed the repetitive finger movement task ...


Transplantation Of Renal Allograft After Removal Of Renal Cell Carcinoma: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Anthony P. Tran, Paulo N.A. Martins, Zachary G. Papazian, Vijay K. Vanguri, Babak Movahedi, Pang-Yen Fan, Kenneth A. Bodziak, Jennifer K. Yates, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, Adel Bozorgzadeh 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Transplantation Of Renal Allograft After Removal Of Renal Cell Carcinoma: Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Anthony P. Tran, Paulo N.A. Martins, Zachary G. Papazian, Vijay K. Vanguri, Babak Movahedi, Pang-Yen Fan, Kenneth A. Bodziak, Jennifer K. Yates, Mitchell H. Sokoloff, Adel Bozorgzadeh

Open Access Articles

With the rising incidence of end-stage renal disease in the United States, patients needing renal transplants are waiting longer for increasingly scarce grafts. Formerly, the general practice was to avoid organs with tumors for transplant because of the risk of malignancy transmission to the recipient. However, with comprehensive donor selection and a small-sized primary tumor, the positive outcomes of transplant outweigh the risks of transmission after a partial nephrectomy. In our case, a 31-year-old woman, the daughter of the recipient, underwent a laparoscopic nephrectomy with an existing 8-mm tumor later confirmed as renal cell carcinoma. An ex vivo tumor enucleation ...


Repetitive Finger Movement And Circle Drawing In Persons With Parkinson’S Disease, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Andrew Zaman, Jennifer Uzochukwu 2019 Iowa State University

Repetitive Finger Movement And Circle Drawing In Persons With Parkinson’S Disease, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Andrew Zaman, Jennifer Uzochukwu

Kinesiology Publications

Little is known regarding how repetitive finger movement performance impacts other fine motor control tasks, such as circle drawing, in persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Previous research has shown that impairments in repetitive finger movements emerge at rates near to and above 2 Hz in most persons with PD. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare circle drawing performance in persons with PD that demonstrate impairment in repetitive finger movement and those that do not. Twenty-two participants with PD and twelve healthy older adults completed the study. Only participants with PD completed the repetitive finger movement task ...


Cannabidiol Is Beneficial In Management Of Drug-Resistant Dravet Syndrome, Nikita Desai 2019 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Cannabidiol Is Beneficial In Management Of Drug-Resistant Dravet Syndrome, Nikita Desai

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Devinsky O, Cross H, Laux L, et al. Trial of Cannabidiol for Drug-Resistant Seizures in the Dravet Syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(21):2011-2020. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1611618.


Influence Of Gut Microbiome On Obesity In Western-Style Dietary Practices Versus Other Diets: A Systematic Review, Keely A. Niemeyer, Doris I. Buezo, Loren Landeros, Karina Corral 2019 California State University San Bernardino

Influence Of Gut Microbiome On Obesity In Western-Style Dietary Practices Versus Other Diets: A Systematic Review, Keely A. Niemeyer, Doris I. Buezo, Loren Landeros, Karina Corral

OSR Journal of Student Research

BACKGROUND: The human gut is home to a microbiome that has a complex relationship to human health. Like the human genome project, microbiome is catching the attention of researchers who seek new methods to combat obesity and negative health outcomes associated with it.

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to distinguish the impact of a Western diet on gut health verses a plant-based diet.

DATA SOURCES: EBSCOHost library databases inclusive of CINAHL plus, ScienceDirect, and PubMed using keywords to better understand the correlation of dietary practices and microbiome balance.

STUDY ELIGIBILITY: Criteria that include diet, current research, and scholarly peer reviewed ...


Effect Of 3-Dimensional Virtual Reality Models For Surgical Planning Of Robotic-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy On Surgical Outcomes: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Joseph D Shirk, David D Thiel, Eric M Wallen, Jennifer M Linehan, Wesley M White, Ketan K Badani, James R Porter 2019 John Wayne Cancer Institute, Providence St John's Health Center, Santa Monica, California

Effect Of 3-Dimensional Virtual Reality Models For Surgical Planning Of Robotic-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy On Surgical Outcomes: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Joseph D Shirk, David D Thiel, Eric M Wallen, Jennifer M Linehan, Wesley M White, Ketan K Badani, James R Porter

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Importance: Planning complex operations such as robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy requires surgeons to review 2-dimensional computed tomography or magnetic resonance images to understand 3-dimensional (3-D), patient-specific anatomy.

Objective: To determine surgical outcomes for robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy when surgeons reviewed 3-D virtual reality (VR) models during operative planning.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed. Ninety-two patients undergoing robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy performed by 1 of 11 surgeons at 6 large teaching hospitals were prospectively enrolled and randomized. Enrollment and data collection occurred from October 2017 through December 2018, and data analysis was performed from December 2018 through March ...


Chemical Epitope Targeting: Review Of A Novel Screening Technology, Qurrat Ul-Ain, Rene Kandler, Dylan Gillespie, Arundhati Nag 2019 Clark University

Chemical Epitope Targeting: Review Of A Novel Screening Technology, Qurrat Ul-Ain, Rene Kandler, Dylan Gillespie, Arundhati Nag

Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal at Clark

Chemical Epitope Targeting is a novel technology developed for designing peptide ligands with high affinity and specificity against specific regions of a protein that may be inaccessible to small molecules or antibodies. In this review, we summarize the key steps and significant applications of this technology. Operating on the same principles as antibody-antigen interactions, this technique involves chemically synthesizing the region of interest on the protein, called the epitope, as a polypeptide with a biotin detection tag and a strategically placed alkyne or azide presenting amino acid. The constructed epitope is screened against a comprehensive linear or cyclic One Bead ...


Rapid, Remote Education For Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Among Non-Physician Emergency Care Providers In A Resource Limited Setting, Benjamin M. Terry, David L. Polan, Rashidah Nambaziira, Julius Mugisha, Mark C. Bisanzo, Romolo Joseph Gaspari 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Rapid, Remote Education For Point-Of-Care Ultrasound Among Non-Physician Emergency Care Providers In A Resource Limited Setting, Benjamin M. Terry, David L. Polan, Rashidah Nambaziira, Julius Mugisha, Mark C. Bisanzo, Romolo Joseph Gaspari

Open Access Articles

Introduction: Access to high-quality emergency care in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) is lacking. Many countries utilise a strategy known as "task-shifting" where skills and responsibilities are distributed in novel ways among healthcare personnel. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has the potential to significantly improve emergency care in LMICs.

Methods: POCUS was incorporated into a training program for a ten-person cohort of non-physician Emergency Care Providers (ECPs) in rural Uganda. We performed a prospective observational evaluation on the impact of a remote, rapid review of POCUS studies on the primary objective of ECP ultrasound quality and secondary objective of ultrasound utilisation. The ...


Oral Administration Of An Anti-Cfae Secretory Iga Antibody Protects Against Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli Diarrheal Disease In A Non-Human Primate Model, Matteo Stoppato, Carlos Gaspar, James Regeimbal, Gladys Nunez, Serena Giuntini, Melissa A. Gawron, Jessica R. Pondish, Joseph C. Martin III, Matthew Schneider, Zachary A. Schiller, Mark S. Klempner, Lisa A. Cavacini, Yang Wang 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Oral Administration Of An Anti-Cfae Secretory Iga Antibody Protects Against Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli Diarrheal Disease In A Non-Human Primate Model, Matteo Stoppato, Carlos Gaspar, James Regeimbal, Gladys Nunez, Serena Giuntini, Melissa A. Gawron, Jessica R. Pondish, Joseph C. Martin Iii, Matthew Schneider, Zachary A. Schiller, Mark S. Klempner, Lisa A. Cavacini, Yang Wang

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is a leading cause of diarrhea-associated illness in developing countries. There is currently no vaccine licensed to prevent ETEC and the development of an efficacious prophylaxis would provide an intervention with significant impact. Recent studies suggested that effective protection could be achieved by inducing immunity to block colonization of ETEC. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of secretory (s) IgA2 and dimeric (d) IgA2 of an anti-colonization factor antigen antibody, 68-61, in the Aotus nancymaae non-human primate (NHP) ETEC challenge model via oral and parental delivery. Thirty-nine animals were distributed across 3 groups of 13, and challenged ...


Wavelet-Based Analysis Of Physical Activity And Sleep Movement Data Fromwearable Sensors Among Obese Adults, Rahul Soangra, Vennila Krishnan 2019 Chapman University

Wavelet-Based Analysis Of Physical Activity And Sleep Movement Data Fromwearable Sensors Among Obese Adults, Rahul Soangra, Vennila Krishnan

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Decreased physical activity in obese individuals is associated with a prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. Physicians usually recommend that obese individuals change their lifestyle, specifically changes in diet, exercise, and other physical activities for obesity management. Therefore, understanding physical activity and sleep behavior is an essential aspect of obesity management. With innovations in mobile and electronic health care technologies, wearable inertial sensors have been used extensively over the past decade for monitoring human activities. Despite significant progress with the wearable inertial sensing technology, there is a knowledge gap among researchers regarding how to analyze longitudinal multi-day inertial sensor data ...


Drug Screening For Discovery Of Broad-Spectrum Agents For Soil-Transmitted Nematodes, Elfawal A. Mostafa, Sergey N. Savinov, Raffi V. Aroian 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Drug Screening For Discovery Of Broad-Spectrum Agents For Soil-Transmitted Nematodes, Elfawal A. Mostafa, Sergey N. Savinov, Raffi V. Aroian

Open Access Articles

Soil-transmitted nematodes (STNs), namely hookworms, whipworms, and ascarids, are extremely common parasites, infecting 1-2 billion of the poorest people worldwide. Two benzimidazoles, albendazole and mebendazole, are currently used in STN mass drug administration, with many instances of low/reduced activity reported. New drugs against STNs are urgently needed. We tested various models for STN drug screening with the aim of identifying the most effective tactics for the discovery of potent, safe and broad-spectrum agents. We screened a 1280-compound library of approved drugs to completion against late larval/adult stages and egg/larval stages of both the human hookworm parasite Ancylostoma ...


Assessing Workplace Wellness For The Occupation Of Hairdressing, Alex Kim 2019 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Assessing Workplace Wellness For The Occupation Of Hairdressing, Alex Kim

Student Capstone Projects

There is presently a lack of occupational therapy interventions that holistically treat work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) commonly found in the hairdressing population. Current studies found in the literature solely focus on the hairdressers’ symptoms, which leads to a more limited understanding of their situation. Furthermore, this focus on symptoms could lead to the possibility of overlooking confounding variables that could play a role in impacting these workers. This capstone project aims to examine the hairdressing occupation as a whole, assessing the health-related needs of hairdressers and create a holistic program that would address current needs and future preventative treatments for ...


Using Electronic Referrals To Address Health Disparities And Improve Blood Pressure Control, Amy Bettano, Thomas Land, Alice Byrd, Susan Svencer, Laura Nasuti 2019 Massachusetts Department of Public Health

Using Electronic Referrals To Address Health Disparities And Improve Blood Pressure Control, Amy Bettano, Thomas Land, Alice Byrd, Susan Svencer, Laura Nasuti

Open Access Articles

INTRODUCTION: Massachusetts developed and used bidirectional electronic referrals to connect clinical patients across the state to interventions run by community organizations. The objective of our study was to determine whether the use of Massachusetts's electronic referral system (MA e-Referral) reached racial/ethnic groups experiencing health disparities and whether it was associated with improved health outcomes.

METHODS: We assembled encounter-level medical records from September 2013 through June 2017 for patients at Massachusetts clinics funded by the Clinical Community Partnerships for Prevention into 2 cohorts. First, all patients meeting program eligibility guidelines for an e-Referral (N = 21,701) were examined to ...


Predicting Premature Birth Risk With Cfrna, Jason Lin, Jonathan Marin, John Santerre 2019 Southern Methodist University

Predicting Premature Birth Risk With Cfrna, Jason Lin, Jonathan Marin, John Santerre

SMU Data Science Review

Identifying which genes are early indicators for preterm births using cell-free ribonucleic acid (cfRNA) from non-invasive blood tests provided by pregnant women can improve prenatal care. Currently, there are no medical tests for early detection of preterm birth risk in routine checkups for pregnant women. Recent studies have shown potential genes that can predict preterm birth. Machine learning techniques are utilized to see if the Area Under the Curve (AUC) can be improved upon when evaluating the prediction accuracy for chosen genes sequences and concentrations. Using cell-free RNA data from non-invasive blood tests in conjunction with machine learning, we improve ...


Neutral Diagnosis: An Innovative Concept For Medical Device Clinical Trials, Bo Zhang, Shangyuan Ye, Sravya B. Shankara, Hui Zhang, Qingfeng Zheng 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neutral Diagnosis: An Innovative Concept For Medical Device Clinical Trials, Bo Zhang, Shangyuan Ye, Sravya B. Shankara, Hui Zhang, Qingfeng Zheng

Open Access Articles

Study design and statistical analysis are crucial in pivotal clinical trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of new medical devices under investigation. In recent years, innovative intraoperative in vivo breast tumor diagnostic devices have been proposed to improve the accuracy and surgical outcomes of breast tumor patients undergoing resection. Although such technologies are promising, investigators need to obtain statistical evidence for the effectiveness and safety of these devices by conducting valid clinical trials. However, the study design and statistical analysis for these clinical trials are complicated. While these trials are designed to provide real-time intraoperative diagnosis of cancerous tissue ...


Innovative Information Visualization Of Symptom Cluster Management Data: A Systematic Literature Review, Kalika Q. Lacy, Benjamin Carpenter 2019 Purdue University

Innovative Information Visualization Of Symptom Cluster Management Data: A Systematic Literature Review, Kalika Q. Lacy, Benjamin Carpenter

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Lab Values In Research: An Introduction, Steven C. Hatch 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Lab Values In Research: An Introduction, Steven C. Hatch

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation provides an overview of lab values in research from a clinical research perspective. Presentation goals include: Discuss sensitivity and specificity; Discuss predictive value; Reviews Type I and Type II error; Consider reliability and validity.


The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan 2019 Federal University of Pelotas

The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan

Open Access Articles

Objectives: To describe changes in the private market for selected originators, branded generics ('similares'), and generic products during the 10 years following passage of the Brazilian Generics Law.

Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data collected by IQVIA(R) on quarterly sales by wholesalers to retail pharmacies in Brazil from 1998 through 2010, grouped by originators, branded generics, and generic products in three therapeutic classes (antibiotics, antidiabetics, and antihypertensives). Outcomes included market share (proportion of the total private market volume), sales volume per capita, prices and number of manufacturers by group.

Results: In the private market share, generics became dominant in each ...


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